Biographies of Invited Speakers
Arthur Allen is a wildlife biologist in the Social, Economic, and Institutional Analysis Section of the US Geological Survey's Midcontinent Ecological Science Center in Fort Collins, Colorado. Mr. Allen has been a wildlife biologist with federal resource agencies for 26 years, holding positions with the US Forest Service, Fish and Wildlife Service, and National Biological Survey. Since 1993, his primary responsibility has been monitoring of habitat quality associated with the over 30 million-acre Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) of the US Department of Agriculture (USDA). His current work focuses on assisting USDA in definition of CRP grassland-management options that maintain long-term quality of habitats in Great Plains and midwestern agricultural ecosystems.
* David A. Andow is professor of entomology at the University of Minnesota and has expertise in insect ecology and biotechnology. His research interests include the ecology of insects in agricultural systems, resistance management for transgenic plants, conservation of the Karner blue butterfly, and biotechnology science policy. He served on the Agricultural Biotechnology Research Advisory Committee (ABRAC) in the Office of the Secretary of the US Department of Agriculture and chaired the ABRAC Risk Assessment Subcommittee. He has also served on the Environmental Protection Agency Science Advisory Board's Biotechnology Subcommittee
* Indicates Planning Committee Members
and chaired the Department of the Interior's Karner Blue Butterfly Recovery Planning Team. Dr. Andow obtained his PhD in ecology from Cornell University in 1982.
Steven Bartell is a principal of the Cadmus Group, Inc., and manages its Oak Ridge, Tennessee, office. Dr. Bartell's primary research and technical interests include ecosystem science, ecological modeling, and ecological risk assessment. He has conducted ecological risk assessments for a variety of physical, chemical, and biologic stressors in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems for public-sector and private-sector clients. Dr. Bartell has served two terms as a member of the Environmental Protection Agency Science Advisory Board (SAB) Ecological Processes and Effects Committee and is a member of the SAB executive subcommittee on the use of ecological models in supporting environmental regulations. He currently serves on the editorial boards of Risk Analysis, Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, and Chemosphere. He has written more than 100 technical publications concerning ecology, environmental sciences, and risk assessment, including the books Ecological Risk Estimation (Lewis Publishers, 1992) and the Risk Assessment and Management Handbook. Dr. Bartell also holds an adjunct faculty position in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Before joining the Cadmus Group, he was vice president and director of SENES Oak Ridge, Inc. From 1980 to 1992, he was a senior staff scientist in the Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
Max Carter is a farmer in Coffee County, in Georgia's coastal plain region. In 1976, he changed from conventional to no-till farming of corn, soybeans, peanuts, and cotton. National Resources Conservation Service and extension agents began taking visitors to his farm to demonstrate the advantages of no-till agriculture. He serves as treasurer and board member of Georgia Conservation Tillage Alliance, an organization that was founded to promote conservation in farming. He has been president and is now chairman of the board for the Coffee County Conservation Tillage Alliance.
Phil Dale is head of the Genetic Modification and Biosafety Research Group at the John Innes Centre, Norwich, UK. Dr. Dale worked in agriculture for several years before graduating in agricultural botany and obtaining a doctorate in plant genetics. After a period of plant-breeding and genetics research at the Welsh Plant Breeding Station (1972-1985), he became research group leader at the Plant Breeding Institute, Cambridge (1985-1990). Here he was involved in the first field experiments with genetically modified (GM) crops in the UK (1987 onward) and led several
UK and EU research programs on the biosafety assessment of GM crops. In 1990, Dr. Dale moved to the John Innes Centre in Norwich, where he is currently directing research on GM crops, primarily with respect to behavior and stability and their environmental and food safety. From 1993 to 1999, he was a member of the UK Advisory Committee on Releases to the Environment. In 1998, he became a member of the UK Advisory Committee on Novel Foods and Processes, and in 2000 he joined the newly formed Agriculture and Environment Biotechnology Commission, advising the UK cabinet.
Peter Day is the founding director of the Biotechnology Center for Agriculture and the Environment, established in 1987 at Cook College, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey. He began his career in plant science at the John Innes Institute, where he completed a University of London PhD in plant pathology and genetics in 1954. From 1979 to 1987, he was director of the Plant Breeding Institute in Cambridge, England; and from 1964 to 1979, chief of the Genetics Department at the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station in New Haven. Dr. Day is interested in the genetics and molecular biology of host-parasite interaction and the application of molecular biology to crop-plant improvement. He has written more than 100 papers and a number of books, the most recent of which (with coauthor Hermann Prell) is Plant-Fungal Pathogen Interaction: A Classical and Molecular View. He participated in the National Academy of Sciences 1972 report on genetic vulnerability in major crops and chaired the Committee on Managing Global Genetic Resources, which published two reports in 1991 and two more in 1993. He was also a member of the National Institutes of Health Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee from 1976 to 1979; it developed the first national guidelines for rDNA research. From 1986 to 1992, he served on the Board of Trustees of the International Center for Maize and Wheat Improvement in Mexico.
Steven Duke is research leader of the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) research group at the National Center for Natural Products Research, Oxford, Mississippi. He is involved in discovery and development of natural products for pest management and for other uses, such as nutraceuticals and botanical supplements. Earlier, he was director of USDA's Southern Weed Science Laboratory. He has published extensively in plant physiology and biochemistry and has edited and written several books, including Herbicide-Resistant Crops, published in 1996. Over the last decade, he has written numerous reviews on herbicide-resistant crops and has published several research papers on herbicide-resistant weeds. He was recently elected president of the International
Weed Science Society. Dr. Duke earned his PhD in botany at Duke University in 1975.
Jorge Fernandez-Cornejo has been an economist at the Economic Research Service (ERS) of the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) since 1990. While at ERS, he has worked in pest management, technology adoption, and agricultural biotechnology. He has written more than 70 publications, including 12 USDA publications and close to 30 articles in refereed journals, including the American Journal of Agricultural Economics, the European Review of Agricultural Economics, Applied Economics, Oxford Agrarian Studies, the Journal of Economic Studies, and the Journal of Sustainable Agriculture.
Robert Frederick is acting deputy director of the Washington Division of the National Center for Environmental Assessment (NCEA) in the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Research and Development. He has served as assistant center director for research planning and program manager for the Ecological Risk Assessment Research Program in NCEA. From 1993 to 1996, Dr. Frederick was executive secretary of the Biotechnology Advisory Commission at the Stockholm Environment Institute in Stockholm, Sweden. Dr. Frederick has had many roles within EPA, including research program manager in EPA's Office of Environmental Processes and Effects Research; section chief in the Office of Toxic Substances, Exposure Evaluation Division, Environmental Fate Section; and representative to the National Institutes of Health Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee. He has also served on the US-European Commission Task Force on Biotechnology Research, as coordinator of the Office of Science and Technology Policy committee on biotechnology research, and on the International Steering Committee for the 4th International Symposium on the Biosafety Results of Field Tests of Genetically Modified Plants and Microorganisms. He has lectured on biosafety issues in many countries, including China, Cameroon, Syria, Namibia, Kenya, Zimbabwe, Hungary, Argentina, Sweden, Denmark, Germany, and India. His publications include more than 15 on biotechnology regulation.
* Lynn Frewer is head of the Consumer Science Division at the Institute of Food Research in Norwich, UK. Her research involves consumer risk perception and communication, including the underpinnings of public resistance to genetically modified foods. She is developing and applying psychologic methods to the understanding of consumer attitudes toward emerging food technologies with the long-term goals of effectively involving the public in the decision-making process and increasing public confidence in government regulators. Dr. Frewer was a member of the joint
Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization expert committee on risk communication and collaborates internationally with scientists in the European Union, Australia, and New Zealand. She obtained her PhD in applied psychology from the University of Leeds, UK.
* Henry Gholz is professor of ecology in the School of Forest Resources and Conservation at the University of Florida. He has conducted research in temperate and tropical forest ecology, nutrient balances, and trace-gas fluxes from forest canopies. Dr. Gholz has conducted research in Costa Rica, Brazil, Bolivia, and Mexico and was a visiting senior scientist in the UK. He has served as program manager for the ecosystems program at the US Department of Agriculture and as an international forestry adviser to the US Agency for International Development. Dr. Gholz received his PhD in 1979 from Oregon State University. He served as a member of the National Research Council committee that produced Forested Landscapes in Perspective (1997).
Fred Gould is William Neal Reynolds Professor of Entomology at North Carolina State University, where he studies the ecology and genetics of plant-insect interactions. Over the last 14 years, he has focused much of his research on interactions between genetically engineered Bt crops and their pests. Dr. Gould received his BS in biology from Queens College of City University of New York and his PhD in ecology and evolutionary biology from the State University of New York, Stony Brook. He has served on three National Academies committees that generated reports that dealt with transgenic pest-protected crops.
William Hallman is an associate professor in the Department of Human Ecology at Rutgers University, where he teaches courses on risk perception, risk communication, and the politics of environmental issues. He received his MA and PhD in psychology from the University of South Carolina and was honored with the Dissertation of the Year award from the Division of Community Psychology of the American Psychological Association. He has an active research program in public perception of agricultural biotechnology. His latest paper on the subject will be published in an upcoming issue of HortScience. Dr. Hallman has written more than 25 papers and book chapters concerning public perception of risk, risk communication, and how individuals and communities cope with perceived environmental threats. He is a member of the American Psychological Association, the American Evaluation Association, and the Society for Risk Analysis and has served as a consultant to state and federal agencies, utilities, industry associations, private corporations, and nonprofit groups.
Anne Kapuscinski is professor of fisheries and conservation biology at the University of Minnesota and an extension specialist in aquaculture and biotechnology for the Minnesota Sea Grant College Program. Dr. Kapuscinski's laboratory examines the influence of genetic modification and natural genetic makeup on long-term sustainability and evolutionary potential of managed fish and shellfish populations. She is active in analysis and formulation of policies affecting the sustainability of aquatic biodiversity. Dr. Kapuscinski was a member of the Scientists' Working Group on Biosafety, and is a coauthor of A Manual for Assessing Ecological and Human Health Effects of Genetically Engineered Organisms. She was recently appointed to the US secretary of agriculture's Advisory Committee on Agricultural Biotechnology. In 1997, the secretary of agriculture awarded her the US Department of Agriculture's highest individual award for her accomplishments in promoting sound public policies related to applying biotechnology to aquaculture and conserving genetic diversity in fish. She is the founding director of the Institute for Social, Economic, and Ecological Sustainability (ISEES) and serves as an associate director of the MacArthur Program on Global Change, Sustainability and Justice. Dr. Kapuscinski earned her PhD in fisheries genetics in 1984 at Oregon State University.
Warren Lee has served as director of the Resources Inventory Division (RID), Natural Resources Conservation Service, since March 1999. In that capacity, he manages and directs the National Resources Inventory. In April 1999, he was appointed by Agriculture Secretary Glickman to represent the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) on the Interagency Contact Group of the National Drought Policy Commission. He joined the Senior Executive Service in January 1993. Since then, he has served as director of the Conservation Operations Division, leader of the National Wetlands Team, and director of the Watershed and Wetlands Division before becoming director of RID. His career has taken him from Montana to Washington state to Colorado to Hawaii and to Washington, DC, where he served in a variety of technical and management capacities. His last field position was as state conservationist in Hawaii. Mr. Lee received a BS in agricultural engineering from Montana State University in 1969 and did graduate work in public administration at Eastern Washington University. He is a registered professional engineer. He has received many honors for his work over the years, including two USDA Honor Awards.
Mark Lipson is the policy program director for the Organic Farming Research Foundation in Santa Cruz, CA. His work there since 1995 has been focused on federal agricultural research policy and cultivating institutional support for organic farming research and education. He wrote
Searching for the “O-Word” (1997), which documented and analyzed the lack of federal support for organic agricultural research. Since 1983, he has been a partner in a multifamily organic farming enterprise near Davenport, CA. He was chairman of the California Organic Foods Advisory Board from 1991 to 1998. He is a member of the US Department of Agriculture Advisory Committee on Agricultural Biotechnology. He serves on the Governing Council of the Consortium for Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (CSARE). In 1992, he received the Steward of Sustainable Agriculture award from the Ecological Farming Conference. He graduated with honors from the University of California, Santa Cruz in 1981 with an undergraduate degree in environmental planning and public policy.
Robert MacDonald is global product safety manager in the Regulatory Affairs Group of Aventis Crop Science, Inc. in Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, where he is responsible for designing and coordinating the safety-data packages for genetically modified (GM) rapeseed-oil products. After completing postgraduate training in the Department of Environmental Biology at the University of Guelph, he was employed by Hoechst Ag in 1991 and conducted some of the first environmental and food-safety research trials on GM rapeseed in Canada. He has since conducted diverse inhouse safety-assessment studies and has worked with regulatory authorities at the local and international levels. He is now coordinating several postcommercialization GM monitoring trials as a component of an overall product-stewardship initiative for individual GM crops.
* Donald Mattison was named medical director of the March of Dimes in January 1999. He oversees the medical, public-health, and scientific basis of the foundation's programs. Previously, he was dean of the Graduate School of Public Health at the University of Pittsburgh, where he also was professor of environmental and occupational health. In addition, he was professor of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive services in the university's School of Medicine. Dr. Mattison has held numerous academic, clinical, and research appointments, including professor of interdisciplinary toxicology in the Department of Pharmacology and professor of obstetrics and gynecology at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences and chief of the Section on Reproductive Toxicology, Pregnancy Research Branch, at the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. He was a member of the US Public Health Service, where he attained the rank of commander and later served in the reserves. He now serves on various national committees related to environmental health, public health, and disease prevention, including the Children's Environmental Health Advisory Committee of the US Environmental Pro-
tection Agency as chair of the Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention of the Institute of Medicine; and as vice-chair of the Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology of the National Research Council. He also serves on the Science Advisory Board of the National Toxicology Program, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, and the Science Advisory Board of the National Center for Environmental Health of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In 1997, he was elected a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and in 1999, a fellow of the New York Academy of Medicine. He is the author of numerous scientific journal articles, and he coedited the seminal contribution on Male Mediated Developmental Toxicology. Dr. Mattison earned a BA at Augsburg College in Minnesota, an MS at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and an MD at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University. He is a diplomate of the American Board of Toxicology and a fellow of the Academy of Toxicological Sciences.
Thomas Nickson began his career at Monsanto in August 1981 as a chemist; for the next 10 years, he was involved there in process chemistry, in addition to organofluorine, organophosphorus, and natural-products research. Dr. Nickson is now with the Ecological Technology Center and is responsible for developing risk-assessment and risk-management approaches that will be used to ensure the ecological and environmental safety of Monsanto's agricultural products. Dr. Nickson received his BS in chemistry from University of Notre Dame and his PhD in 1982 from the State University of New York at Buffalo.
John Pleasants is a temporary assistant professor in the Zoology and Genetics Department at Iowa State University, where he teaches evolution and Web-based courses in introductory biology and environmental biology. His current research involves monitoring monarch butterfly use of milkweed in agricultural and nonagricultural habitats and assessing the potential levels of Bt corn pollen deposition on milkweed plants in and near Bt cornfields. He is also interested in pollination ecology, foraging ecology, population biology and genetics of endangered plant species, and assessing the timing of pollution events by using tree rings.
Alison G. Power is professor in the Section of Ecology and Systematics at Cornell University. Her research focuses on agroecology, interactions between agricultural and natural ecosystems, biodiversity in managed ecosystems, the ecology and evolution of plant pathogens, and tropical ecology. She has worked on the ecology and epidemiology of three primary disease systems: leafhopper-transmitted pathogens of maize in Central America, rice tungro virus in Thailand, and the barley yellow dwarf
virus in grain crops and wild grass hosts in the United States. Her current research addresses the ecological risks posed by genetically engineered crops expressing transgenic virus resistance. Dr. Power is a fellow of the Aldo Leopold Leadership Program of the Ecological Society of America, a member of the Oversight Committee of the McKnight Foundation Crop Collaborative Research Program, and a member of the Technical Committee of the Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Resources Management Collaborative Research Support Program of the US Agency for International Development. She received her PhD in zoology from the University of Washington in 1985.
* Barbara Schaal is professor of biology and genetics in the Department of Biology of Washington University in St. Louis. In 1999, Dr. Schaal was elected to the National Academy of Sciences for her investigations of the genetic heterogeneity of plant populations. Her work on the application of DNA analysis to plant evolution at the population level showed unexpectedly high diversity and led to the development of DNA "fingerprinting” in plants. Her research includes the use of gene genealogies and coalescence theory to detect geographic patterns of gene migration between populations of North American native plants. She conducts studies on species relationships in plants native to South America, Africa, and Asia and on theoretical issues related to the conservation of rare plants. Her work examines the population-genetics effects of habitat destruction and fragmentation and seeks to provide guidance for conservation and restoration work. Dr. Schaal has served as chair of Washington University's Department of Biology, chair of the Review of Genetic Resources Unit for the Center for International Tropical Agriculture, chair of the Scientific Advisory Council for the Center for Plant Conservation, executive vice president of the Society for the Study of Evolution, associate editor of Molecular Biology and Evolution, and president of the Botanical Society of America. She received her PhD in population biology from Yale University in 1974.
Tim R. Seastedt is professor in the Environmental, Population, and Organismic Biology Department and a fellow of the Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research at the University of Colorado. He received a BA in zoology from the University of Montana, an MS in biological sciences from the University of Alaska, and a PhD in ecology from the University of Georgia. His research has focused on plant-soil, plant-animal, and animal-soil interactions in terrestrial ecosystems. For the last 20 years, Dr. Seastedt has been involved in the long term ecology research programs in grasslands and alpine tundra and has developed monitoring and research programs to measure biotic responses to management and
global-change impacts. A past president of the Association of Ecosystem Research Centers, Dr. Seastedt is interested in the application of ecosystem science to management and policy issues and is studying the consequences of invasive species in grasslands.
* Allison Snow is associate professor of evolution, ecology, and organismal biology at Ohio State University. Dr. Snow has conducted research on gene flow and hybridization in several crop-weed systems. Her laboratory uses molecular techniques to investigate transgene escape to weedy relatives of crops. Dr. Snow's current research focuses on the effects of transgenic-insect resistance on herbivory and fitness in wild sunflowers. She has published extensively on the ecological implications of genetically modified crops and has been an associate editor of Ecology and Evolution. She recently served on the steering committee for the US Department of Agriculture workshop on the ecological effects of pest resistance genes in managed ecosystems and on the Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources Committee on Genetically Modified Pest-Protected Plants. Dr. Snow received her PhD in botany from the University of Massachusetts in 1982.
Neal Stewart is associate professor of biology at the University of North Carolina-Greensboro. He teaches courses in plant physiology and biotechnology and a Web-based distance course on the risks and benefits of agricultural biotechnology targeted for a general audience. His research addresses transgenic-plant ecology, gene expression, and gene flow and plant-insect interactions. His laboratory produces transgenic plants for crop improvement and as delivery agents for oral vaccines. Other projects use transgenic plants as biosensors to detect and report the presence of pathogens, toxins, and land mines. He received an MS in ecology in 1990 and a PhD in plant physiology from Virginia Tech. He performed post-doctoral research at the University of Georgia from 1993 to 1995.
Guenther Stotzky is professor of biology at New York University. His major subjects of research include various aspects of microbial ecology and environmental microbiology and virology, with emphasis on the role of surface-active particles (such as clays and humic substances) in the activity, ecology, and population dynamics of microorganisms, especially in soil. His current research focuses on the fate, gene transfer, and effects of genetically engineered microorganisms in natural habitats and the persistence and biologic activity of the toxins from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) in soil, especially when released from transgenic Bt plants and bound on surface-active particles. He has studied the effects of air pollution and heavy metals on microorganisms. He is the author or coauthor of 185
research papers and 78 review articles and book chapters and the editor or coeditor of five books on soil biology and biochemistry. He is a fellow of four scientific societies and the recipient of numerous honors, awards, and grants.
Jeremy Sweet is head of the Chemistry and Plant Pathology Department at the National Institute of Agricultural Botany (NIAB) in Cambridge, UK. He has been leading the research program on genetically modified (GM) crops at NIAB for several years and has been monitoring the cultivation of the first GM crops in England. His team is conducting research for the Department of the Environment, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Food, and for biotechnology companies on the environmental and agronomic impact of GM crops. He is coordinator of the Botanical and Rotational Implications of Genetically Modified Herbicide Tolerance project, looking at various herbicide-tolerant crops grown in rotation at several centers, and is coordinator of a European Science Foundation program on the impact of GM plants.
Anne K. Vidaver is professor and head of the Department of Plant Pathology and director of the Center for Biotechnology at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. She has just been given the limited appointment of chief scientist for the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) National Research Initiative Competitive Grants Program. Dr. Vidaver, a native of Vienna, Austria, graduated from Russell Sage College with a BA in biology which was followed by an MA and a PhD in bacteriology with a minor in plant physiology at Indiana University-Bloomington. She has served as president of the American Phytopathological Society, the Intersociety Consortium for Plant Protection, and the board of the Henry A. Wallace Institute for Alternative Agriculture. She chairs the National Plant Pathology Board of the American Phytopathological Society and the Food and Agriculture Committee of the American Society for Microbiology's Public and Scientific Affairs Board. She is a former member of USDA's National Agricultural, Research, Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board and serves on the Board of Directors of USDA's Alternative Agricultural Research and Commercialization Corporation. Dr. Vidaver's research has focused principally on plant-associated bacteria. This work has included systematics, epidemiology, and control; plasmid, bacteriophage, and bacteriocin characterization; and genetics. Her work has led to her being an adviser or consultant for several companies and several federal agencies, including membership on the National Institutes of Health Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee and USDA's Agricultural Biotechnology Research Advisory Committee. She is the author or
coauthor of over 180 scientific articles and a book. In collaboration with colleagues, she also holds two patents.
Paul E. Waggoner is Distinguished Scientist at the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, New Haven. His research investigates the forces of consumption and agricultural productivity changing land use, especially the extent of farming and forests. He was educated in meteorology and plant pathology, receiving his PhD from Iowa State University. Recently, he and colleague Donald Aylor wrote a history of plant epidemiology in the 20th century. Dr. Waggoner composed the first mathematical simulator of a plant pest and demonstrated the role of leaf stomata in the hydrologic cycle. He was the director of The Station in 1972-1987 and is a member of the National Academy of Sciences.
Hugh D. Wilson is professor and curator of the herbarium in the Department of Biology, Texas A&M University. Dr. Wilson's research includes biosystematics and floristics. Biosystematic studies use comparative analysis of multiple data sets to define patterns of variation, resolve biotic units, and order those units according to evolutionary and structural relationships. He has focused much of his effort on crop-plant evolution, with emphasis on crop-weed genetic structure among populations of domesticated and allied free-living elements of the genera Chenopodium (quinoa) and Cucurbita (squash). Research with this group has involved basic isozyme genetics, assessment of weed-crop gene flow, analyses of morphogenetic variation, and crop-weed pollen competition. Dr. Wilson received his BA and MA from Kent State University and his PhD in botany from Indiana University (Bloomington) in 1976. His postdoctoral research was completed at the University of Wyoming.
David Winkles is the president of the South Carolina Farm Bureau. He was a founding director of the United Soybean Board, appointed by Secretary of Agriculture Ed Madigan (1991-1999), and served as chairman of the board in 1996-1997. The board has worked to build markets for soy beans domestically and internationally. Mr. Winkles is now serving on the US Department of Agriculture Advisory Committee on Agricultural Biotechnology, appointed by Agriculture Secretary Dan Glickman. The committee advises the secretary of agriculture on policy related to the creation, application, marketability, trade, and use of agricultural biotechnology. Mr. Winkles has also been active with the soybean industry at the state level. He is a member of the Board of Directors of the American Farm Bureau Federation. He graduated from Clemson University with a BA in economics and has done graduate work in agricultural economics. He served on the Commission on the Future of Clemson