National Academies Press: OpenBook

A Modified Baseline Incineration Process for Mustard Projectiles at Pueblo Chemical Depot (2001)

Chapter: Appendix A: Description of Pueblo Chemical Stockpile

« Previous: References
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Description of Pueblo Chemical Stockpile." National Research Council. 2001. A Modified Baseline Incineration Process for Mustard Projectiles at Pueblo Chemical Depot. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10181.
×

Appendixes

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Description of Pueblo Chemical Stockpile." National Research Council. 2001. A Modified Baseline Incineration Process for Mustard Projectiles at Pueblo Chemical Depot. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10181.
×
This page in the original is blank.
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Description of Pueblo Chemical Stockpile." National Research Council. 2001. A Modified Baseline Incineration Process for Mustard Projectiles at Pueblo Chemical Depot. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10181.
×

Appendix A
Description of Pueblo Chemical Depot Stockpile

The entire inventory of munitions at the PCD contains mustard agent. Most projectiles contain agent HD, which is distilled β,β′-dichloroethyl sulfide. Some contain HT, a 60:40 eutectic mixture of HD and bis[2-(2-chloroethylthio)ethyl] ether. All munitions may contain manufacturing by-products or impurities, degradation products, and inorganic residues

Table A-1 lists the kinds and numbers of munitions in the Pueblo Stockpile.

Figures A-1, A-2, and A-3 are cutaway drawings of the

TABLE A-1 Pueblo Chemical Depot Munitions

Item

Quantity

Description

105-mm cartridge, M60, HD

28,375

Complete round in field cartridge case with propellant

105-mm rounds, M60, HD

355,043

Bursters only, with dummy plug

155-mm rounds, M104, HD

33,062

Bursters only, with lifting plug

155-mm rounds, M110, HD

266,492

Bursters only, with lifting plug

4.2-inch mortars, HT, M2

20,384

Fuze, burster, and tail assembly

4.2-inch mortars, HD, M2A1

76,722

Fuze, burster, and tail assembly

 

SOURCE: Adapted from U.S. Army 1997.

105-mm shell, 155-mm shell, and 4.2-inch mortar projectile, respectively,

REFERENCES

U.S. Army. 1977. Army Ammunition Data Sheets. TM 43–0001–28, April. Washington, D.C.: Department of the Army.

U.S. Army. 1997. Assessment of Technologies for Assembled Chemical Weapons Demilitarization. Solicitation Number DAAM01–97-R-0031, July28. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Chemical and Biological Defense Command.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Description of Pueblo Chemical Stockpile." National Research Council. 2001. A Modified Baseline Incineration Process for Mustard Projectiles at Pueblo Chemical Depot. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10181.
×

M60 Cartridge, 105-mm Howitzer

Length

31.1 inches

Booster

M22

Diameter

105mm

Explosive

Tetrytol

Total weight

42.92 lb

Explosive weight

0.3 lb

Agent

HD

Propellant

M67

Agent weight

2.97 lb

Propellant weight

2.83 lb

Fuze

M557/M51A5

Primer

M28A2/M28B2

Burster

M5

Packaging

1 round/fiber container, 2 container/wooden box

FIGURE A-1 105-mm howitzer projectile. NOTE: M60 105-mm cartridges have been reconfigured and therefore will not have propellant attached. SOURCE: Adapted from U.S. Army, 1977.

MHO Projectile, 155-mm Howitzer

Length

31.1 inches

Booster

M22

Diameter

155 mm

Explosive weight

0.41 lb

Total weight

94.6 lb

Propellant

None

Agent

HD

Propellant weight

None

Agent weight

11.71b

Primer

None

Fuze

None

Packaging

8 rounds/wooden pallet

Burster

M6

 

 

FIGURE A-2 155-mm howitzer projectile. SOURCE: Adapted from U.S. Army, 1977.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Description of Pueblo Chemical Stockpile." National Research Council. 2001. A Modified Baseline Incineration Process for Mustard Projectiles at Pueblo Chemical Depot. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10181.
×

Cartridge, 4.2-inch Cartridge/Mortar

 

M2/HT

M2A1/HD

Length

2 1.0 inches

2 1.0 inches

Diameter

4.2 inches

4.2 inches

Total weight

24.67 lb

24.67 lb

Agent

HT

HD

Agent weight

5.8 lb

6.0 lb

Fuze

M8

M8

Burster

M14

M14

Explosive

Tetryl

Tetryl

Explosive weight

0.14 lb

0.14 lb

Propellant

Evaluation of the Army’s Draft Assessment Criteria to Aid in

M6

Propellant weight

0.6 lb

0.4 lb

Primer

M2

M2

Packaging

1 round/fiber container, 2 containers/wooden box

1 round/fiber container, 2 containers/wooden box

FIGURE A-3 4.2-inch mortar cartridge. NOTE: 4.2-inch cartridges/mortars will be reconfigured as projectiles. Most 4.2-inch cartridges will also be defuzed. SOURCE: Adapted from U.S. Army, 1977.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Description of Pueblo Chemical Stockpile." National Research Council. 2001. A Modified Baseline Incineration Process for Mustard Projectiles at Pueblo Chemical Depot. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10181.
×
Page 39
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Description of Pueblo Chemical Stockpile." National Research Council. 2001. A Modified Baseline Incineration Process for Mustard Projectiles at Pueblo Chemical Depot. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10181.
×
Page 40
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Description of Pueblo Chemical Stockpile." National Research Council. 2001. A Modified Baseline Incineration Process for Mustard Projectiles at Pueblo Chemical Depot. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10181.
×
Page 41
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Description of Pueblo Chemical Stockpile." National Research Council. 2001. A Modified Baseline Incineration Process for Mustard Projectiles at Pueblo Chemical Depot. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10181.
×
Page 42
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Description of Pueblo Chemical Stockpile." National Research Council. 2001. A Modified Baseline Incineration Process for Mustard Projectiles at Pueblo Chemical Depot. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10181.
×
Page 43
Next: Appendix B: Reports by the Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program (Stockpile Committee) »
A Modified Baseline Incineration Process for Mustard Projectiles at Pueblo Chemical Depot Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $29.00 Buy Ebook | $23.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

The United States has maintained a stockpile of chemical warfare agents and munitions since World War I. The Army leadership has sought outside, unbiased advice on how best to dispose of the stockpile. In 1987, at the request of the Under Secretary of the Army, the National Research Council (NRC) established the Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program (Stockpile Committee) to provide scientific and technical advice and counsel on the CSDP. This report is concerned with the technology selection for the Pueblo site, where only munitions containing mustard agent are stored. The report assesses a modified baseline process, a slightly simplified version of the baseline incineration system that was used to dispose of mustard munitions on Johnston Island. A second NRC committee is reviewing two neutralization-based technologies for possible use at Pueblo. The evaluation in this report is intended to assist authorities making the selection. It should also help the public and other non-Army stakeholders understand the modified baseline process and make sound judgments about it.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!