Task Group and Consultant Biographies
TASK GROUP BIOGRAPHIES
James P.Bagian, chair, NAE, is the director of the Veterans Health Administration’s National Center for Patient Safety (NCPS), which was established to develop and lead activities and programs concerned with improving patient safety. He is a diplomat of the American Board of Preventive Medicine with subspecialty certification in aerospace medicine and is a registered professional engineer. Dr. Bagian was a NASA astronaut for over 15 years, with extensive experience in aviation-related safety systems and human factors, and he served as one of the lead investigators of the Challenger Accident Investigation. Dr. Bagian chairs the VA Expert Advisory Panel on Patient Safety System Design. He is a faculty member of the Department of Preventive Medicine and Community Health at the University of Texas, a faculty member of the Department of Military and Emergency Medicine at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences F.Edward Hebert School of Medicine, and a member of the board of directors of the Aerospace Human Factors Society. Dr. Bagian was a member of the NRC Steering Committee for the Workshop on Reducing Space Science Research Mission costs (1996–1997), a joint SSB and ASEB study; was a member of the SSB’s Steering Group for a Workshop on Bionics for Space Exploration (1997–1998); and was chair of the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board’s Committee on Advanced Technology for Human Support in Space (1996–1997). Dr. Bagian previously served on the SSB from 1995 to 1997 and is currently a member of the SSB and chair of the Committee on Space Biology and Medicine.
Noel D.Jones, vice chair, is retired as research advisor (scientific director) and group leader of macromolecular struture research at Eli Lilly and Company, where he spent 27 years. Subsequently he was for 3 years vice president of drug design at Molecular Structure Corporation. He has extensive experience in macromolecular crystallography research, drug design, and research management. His special expertise is in the development of automated instrumentation for protein crystallization and in the development of synchrotron beam lines for diffraction studies. Dr. Jones has frequently served on NIH, NASA, and DOE review panels for evaluation of research programs. He served on the NRC Task Group for Evaluation of NASA’s Biotechnology Facility for the International Space Station, 1999–2000.
Adele L.Boskey is director of research, Hospital for Special Surgery, and professor of biochemistry and cell and molecular biology at the Weill (Cornell University) Medical College. She also is an adjunct professor of bioengineering at the City College of New York. She investigates calcium phosphate crystal
deposition within the extracellular matrices of bones, teeth, ligaments, and tendons in mammals using solution, cell culture, and in vivo models. Dr. Boskey had experiments fly on the space shuttle in 1994 and 1996 and has served on NIH-NASA advisory panels. She is a past president of the Orthopedic Research Society, and she served on the NRC Task Group for the Evaluation of NASA’s Biotechnology Facility for the International Space Station, 1999–2000.
John F.Brady, NAE, is the Chevron Professor of Chemical Engineering at the California Institute of Technology. His awards and honors include the Joliot-Curie Professorship, Ecole Supérieure de Physique et de Chimie Industrielles, Paris, France (1988 and 1996); ASEE Curtis W.McGraw Research Award (1993); Corrsin Lecture in Fluid Mechanics, Johns Hopkins University (1995); J.M.Burgers Professor, Twente University, The Netherlands (1997); the G.K.Batchelor Lecture in Fluid Mechanics, DAMTP, University of Cambridge, England (1997); and the Professional Progress Award, AIChE (1988). Dr. Brady’s research interests cover suspensions and colloids, applied mathematics and computational physics, fluid mechanics, and transport processes.
Jay C.Buckey, Jr., is a research associate professor of medicine at Dartmouth Medical School. He was coinvestigator on cardiovascular experiments on the SLS-1 space shuttle mission and was an alternate payload specialist for the SLS-2 space shuttle mission. In 1998 he flew as a payload specialist astronaut on the Neurolab space mission, STS-90, which focused on the effects of microgravity on the brain and nervous system. Dr. Buckey is immediate past president of the American Society of Gravitational and Space Biology and a member of the NRC Committee on Space Biology and Medicine.
Meredith B.Colket III is principal research scientist, AeroThermodynamics, United Technologies Research Center (UTRC). Dr. Colket has directed and/or participated in research in chemical kinetics, CVD processes, coal devolatilization, combustion of alternate fuels, measurement of nitric oxide, probe phenomena, fuels research, coking studies, soot formation (modeling and experiments), NOx formation and control, catalytic combustion processes, and development of combustion models and pollutant submodels for CFD codes. Dr. Colket is serving or has served as program manager/principal investigator for several projects. His most recent projects include Mitigation of Particulate Formation in Engines via Fuel Additives, Fundamentals of Soot Formation in Gas Turbine Combustors, and Mechanisms Controlling Soot Formation in Diffusion Flames. He was the recipient of UTRC awards in several categories, including the 1989 Special Award for work on soot formation modeling, the 1990 Special Award for work on endothermic fuels, the 1992 UTRC Outstanding Achievement Award for work on a new catalytic combustion concept, and the 1997 Outstanding Achievement Award for contributing to development of a low NOx combustor. Dr. Colket is a member of the American Chemical Society, the Combustion Institute, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. He has served as a member of the Discipline Working Group, Microgravity Combustion Science, since 1999 and as chair, Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, 1999–2001, and member, Advisory Committee 21st Symposium on Combustion, 1986.
Herman Z.Cummins, NAS, is Distinguished Professor of Physics at City College of the City University of New York. Dr. Cummins directs a program of laser light-scattering studies of liquids and solids. His major effort is in the study of phase transitions and critical phenomena, most recently involving the liquid-glass transition, using Raman and Brillouin scattering and photon correlation spectroscopy. He is noted as the coinventor of the laser Doppler velocimetry and pioneered light-scattering techniques to study the diffusion, size, and shape of particles in solution. His research has been concerned primarily with the application of light-scattering spectroscopy to a variety of problems in physics and materials science, primarily phase transitions and critical phenomena.
John H.Hopps, Jr., Northwestern University, is a former provost and senior vice president for academic affairs and professor of physics at Morehouse College. Prior to his position at Morehouse, he was
director of the Division of Materials Research at the National Science Foundation. Dr. Hopps has served in numerous capacities at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, in particular, at the Charles Stark Draper Laboratory, beginning as a research scientist in 1977 and later serving as manager of the Laser Research and Development Facility, chief of photonics, and principal member of the technical staff. He has a broad range of experience in the materials field and is known nationally for his speeches on the subject. Dr. Hopps is the author or coauthor of numerous articles and papers on materials science. He is a member of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics’ Committee on Plasmadynamics and Lasers and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Dr. Hopps is a former member of the NRC Committee on Materials Science Research for the International Space Station (April-November 1997) and the National Materials Advisory Board (1997–1999). He currently serves on the Space Studies Board.
Lynette Jones is a principal research scientist in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Her primary research is on the human proprioceptive system and the role of muscle and cutaneous mechanoreceptors in sensory processes. This research has led to studies of haptic interfaces that are used to interact with computer-generated virtual environments and teleoperated robots. She also does research on the development of wearable health monitoring devices and is involved in developing a portable system to evaluate the visual-vestibular system. Dr. Jones is a member of the Society for Neuroscience and the NRC Committee on Space Biology and Medicine.
Alan Lawley, NAE, is Grosvenor Professor of Metallurgy in the Department of Materials Science at Drexel University. Dr. Lawley’s professional interests and activities involve teaching and research in the areas of physical and mechanical metallurgy, powder metallurgy, composite materials, materials engineering design, and engineering education. The overall mission of his research is to develop and exploit the science base of powder technology and to identify the complex relationships that exist between processing, microstructure, and properties, with a strong emphasis on particulate processing science. Current research focuses on the press and sinter processing of new ferrous alloys and on spray forming. Dr. Lawley is a fellow of APMI International and ASM International, is a former president of the Metallurgical Society (1982) and of AIME (1987), has consulted extensively for government and industry, and served as a member of the National Materials Advisory Board. He received the Distinguished Service to Powder Metallurgy Award of the Metal Powder Industries Federation (1991), the Jenkins Award of the Institute of Materials (1996), and the ASM Gold Medal (1996). He is editor in chief of the International Journal of Powder Metallurgy.
Robert A.Marcus is director of a program in clinical disorders of bone and mineral metabolism at Stanford University. His primary research interests are acquisition, maintenance, and regulation of bone mass in humans. His laboratory studies hormonal nutrition and physical activity determinants of bone mass. Dr. Marcus is a former member of the NRC Committee on Space Biology and Medicine.
Steven E.Pfeiffer is a professor of microbiology at the University of Connecticut Health Center. Dr. Pfeiffer has expertise in molecular cell biology and neurobiology. His research interests are in molecular, cell, and developmental biology of the nervous system and myelinogenesis. He is the recipient of the Javitz Neuroscience Investigator Award from the National Institutes of Health. Memberships include the American Association of Cell Biologists; American Society for Neurochemistry; International Society for Developmental Neuroscience, of which he is past president; and Society for Neuroscience. Dr. Pfeiffer is a member of the NRC Committee on Space Biology and Medicine.
David J.Pine, a retired senior executive with a 34-year career at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), is a consultant to the National Academy of Public Administration, the joint participant in this study. At NASA, Mr. Pine’s organizations in the Office of the Chief Financial Officer and later at the Langley Research Center were responsible for the conduct of major NASA program analysis and evaluation for the NASA Administrator and Deputy Administrator. All major programs, including the International Space Station, were reviewed annually by his organization. In addition, he led the agency’s cost-estimating function. His organization provided NASA senior management with independent cost estimates and assessments of projects’ cost postures to ensure cost realism in the development of agency budgets. From early 1988 through the end of 1990, Mr. Pine was the deputy program manager for the Hubble Space Telescope, specifically responsible for the telescope operations and science support aspects of the program.
Thomas E.Utsman, retired from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), is a consultant to the National Academy of Public Administration. While at NASA, Mr. Utsman served as the space shuttle program director; deputy director of the Office of Space Flight; deputy director of the Kennedy Space Center (KSC); and the director of Space Shuttle Operations at KSC. During these assignments he developed a clear programmatic and operational understanding of human spaceflight.
Other Reports of the Space Studies Board
“On the Next Generation Space Telescope” (2001)
U.S. Astronomy and Astrophysics: Managing an Integrated Program (2001)
Assessment of Mission Size Trade-offs for Earth and Space Science Missions (2000)
“Assessment of NASA’s Office of Space Science Strategic Plan 2000” (2000)
“Assessment of Scientific Aspects of the Triana Mission” (2000)
“Continuing Assessment of Technology Development in NASA’s Office of Space Science” (2000)
Ensuring the Climate Record from the NPP and NPOESS Meteorological Satellites (2000)
Future Biotechnology Research on the International Space Station (2000)
Issues in the Integration of Research and Operational Satellites for Climate Research: I. Science and Design (2000)
Microgravity Research in Support of Technologies for the Human Exploration and Development of Space and Planetary Bodies (2000)
Preventing the Forward Contamination of Europa (2000)
Review of NASA’s Biomedical Research Program (2000)
Review of NASA’s Earth Science Enterprise Research Strategy for 2000–2010 (2000)
The Role of Small Satellites in NASA and NOAA Earth Observation Programs (2000)
“Scientific Assessment of Exploration of the Solar System—Science and Mission Strategy” (2000)
“Scientific Assessment of Options for the Disposition of the Galileo Spacecraft” (2000)
“Assessment of NASA’s Plans for Post-2002 Earth Observing Missions” (1999)
Institutional Arrangements for Space Station Research (1999)
Radiation and the International Space Station: Recommendations to Reduce Risk (1999)
A Science Strategy for the Exploration of Europa (1999)
A Scientific Rationale for Mobility in Planetary Environments (1999)
Size Limits of Very Small Microorganisms: Proceedings of a Workshop (1999)
U.S.-European-Japanese Workshop on Space Cooperation: Summary Report (1999)
Assessment of Technology Development in NASA’s Office of Space Science (1998)
Development and Application of Small Spaceborne Synthetic Aperture Radars (1998)
Evaluating the Biological Potential in Samples Returned from Planetary Satellites and Small Solar System Bodies: Framework for Decision Making (1998)
The Exploration of Near-Earth Objects (1998)
Exploring the Trans-Neptunian Solar System (1998)
Failed Stars and Super Planets: A Report Based on the January 1998 Workshop on Substellar-Mass Objects (1998)
Ground-based Solar Research: An Assessment and Strategy for the Future (1998)
Readiness for the Upcoming Solar Maximum (1998)
Report of the Workshop on Biology-based Technology to Enhance Human Well-being and Function in Extended Space Exploration (1998)
A Strategy for Research in Space Biology and Medicine in the New Century (1998)
Supporting Research and Data Analysis in NASA’s Science Programs: Engines for Innovation and Synthesis (1998)
U.S.-European Collaboration in Space Science (1998)
Copies of these reports are available free of charge from:
Space Studies Board
National Research Council
2101 Constitution Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20418