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Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV (1988)

Chapter: Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
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Page 504
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
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Page 505
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
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Page 506
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
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Page 507
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
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Page 508
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 509
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 510
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 511
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 512
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 513
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 514
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 515
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 516
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 517
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 518
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 519
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 520
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 521
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 522
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 523
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 524
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 525
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 526
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 527
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 528
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 529
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 530
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 531
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 532
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 533
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 534
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 535
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 536
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 537
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 538
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 539
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 540
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 541
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 542
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 543
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 544
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 545
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 546
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 547
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 548
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 549
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 550
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 551
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 552
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 553
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 554
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 555
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 556
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 557
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 558
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 559
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 560
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 561
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
×
Page 562
Suggested Citation:"Appendix VII: The Combined Effects of Radon Daughters and Cigarette Smoking." National Research Council. 1988. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1026.
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Page 563

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This book describes hazards from radon progeny and other alpha-emitters that humans may inhale or ingest from their environment. In their analysis, the authors summarize in one document clinical and epidemiological evidence, the results of animal studies, research on alpha-particle damage at the cellular level, metabolic pathways for internal alpha-emitters, dosimetry and microdosimetry of radionuclides deposited in specific tissues, and the chemical toxicity of some low-specific-activity alpha-emitters. Techniques for estimating the risks to humans posed by radon and other internally deposited alpha-emitters are offered, along with a discussion of formulas, models, methods, and the level of uncertainty inherent in the risk estimates.

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