National Academies Press: OpenBook
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2002. Measuring Housing Discrimination in a National Study: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10311.
×

Page i

Measuring Housing Discrimination in a National Study

REPORT OF A WORKSHOP

Committee on National Statistics

Angela Williams Foster, Faith Mitchell, and Stephen E. Fienberg, Editors

Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

National Research Council

NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
Washington, DC

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2002. Measuring Housing Discrimination in a National Study: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10311.
×

Page ii

NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W. Washington, DC 20418

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

The project that is the subject of this report was supported by contract SES-9709489 between the National Academy of Sciences and the Department of Housing and Urban Development. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number 0-309-08325-7

Additional copies of this report are available from National Academy Press , 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W. , Lockbox 285, Washington, DC 20055 ; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313 (in the Washington metropolitan area); Internet, http://www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation: National Research Council (2002) Measuring Housing Discrimination in a National Study: Report of a Workshop. Committee on National Statistics. Angela Williams Foster, Faith Mitchell, Stephen E. Fienberg, Editors. Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Printed in the United States of America

Copyright 2002 by the National Academy of Sciences . All rights reserved.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2002. Measuring Housing Discrimination in a National Study: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10311.
×

Page iii

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

National Academy of Sciences

National Academy of Engineering

Institute of Medicine

National Research Council

The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Wm. A. Wulf is president of the National Academy of Engineering.

The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I. Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine.

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts and Dr. Wm. A. Wulf are chairman and vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2002. Measuring Housing Discrimination in a National Study: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10311.
×

Page iv

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2002. Measuring Housing Discrimination in a National Study: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10311.
×

Page v

COMMITTEE ON NATIONAL STATISTICS 2000-2001

JOHN E. ROLPH (Chair), Marshall School of Business, University of Southern California

JOSEPH G. ALTONJI, Department of Economics, Northwestern University

LAWRENCE D. BROWN, Department of Statistics, University of Pennsylvania

JULIE DAVANZO, RAND, Santa Monica, California

WILLIAM F. EDDY, Department of Statistics, Carnegie Mellon University

ROBERT M. GROVES, Joint Program in Survey Methodology, University of Maryland, College Park

JOEL HOROWITZ, Department of Economics, University of Iowa

HERMANN HABERMANN, Statistics Division, United Nations, New York

WILLIAM D. KALSBEEK, Survey Research Unit, Department of Biostatistics, University of North Carolina

RODERICK J.A. LITTLE, School of Public Health, University of Michigan

THOMAS A. LOUIS, RAND, Arlington, VA

DARYL PREGIBON, AT&T Laboratories-Research, Florham Park, New Jersey

FRANCISCO J. SAMANIEGO, Division of Statistics, University of California, Davis

RICHARD L. SCHMALENSEE, Sloan School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

ANDREW A. WHITE, Director

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2002. Measuring Housing Discrimination in a National Study: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10311.
×

Page vi

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2002. Measuring Housing Discrimination in a National Study: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10311.
×

Page vii

Preface

This report summarizes the main points made at a workshop held September 22-23, 2000, to review the design plan for a national study to measure discrimination in housing. The Committee on National Statistics of the National Research Council convened the workshop in response to a request from the Office of Policy Development and Research of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). The workshop discussions encompassed a critique of the methods to be used for the national study, as well as the issues of how to define and measure discrimination. In addition to contributing to HUD's work, it is hoped that this report will advance thinking about methods for assessing discrimination, whether in housing or in other areas.

The workshop was chaired by Stephen E. Fienberg, Maurice Falk University Professor of Statistics and Social Science, Carnegie Mellon University, and overseen by a subcommittee of the Committee on National Statistics comprising Joseph Altonji, Department of Economics, Northwestern University; Roderick Little, School of Public Health, University of Michigan; and Charles Manski, Department of Economics, Northwestern University. The editors would like to thank the presenters for their contributions to the discussion. They include Joseph Altonji, Lawrence Bobo, Nancy Denton, Arthur Goldberger, Tom Jabine, Sanders Korenman, Tom Louis, Charles Manski, Susan Murphy, Steve Ross, Rob Santos, Gregory Squires, Margery Turner, and Min Zhou. In addition, George Galster participated in an earlier planning meeting that helped set the stage for the

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2002. Measuring Housing Discrimination in a National Study: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10311.
×

Page viii

workshop. The editors also thank HUD for its sponsorship of the workshop, and for its patience in awaiting this final report. A full list of the workshop participants, with their affiliations, is provided in Appendix C.

This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the Report Review Committee of the National Research Council. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process.

We thank the following individuals for their participation in the review of this report: Mary Frances Berry, Department of History, University of Pennsylvania, and chair, U.S. Commission on Civil Rights; Xavier de Souza Briggs, JFK School of Government, Harvard University; Alicia H. Munnell, Carroll School of Management, Boston College; William Rodgers, Department of Economics, College of William and Mary; and David R. Williams, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan.

Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions or recommendations nor did they see the final draft of the report before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Eugene Hammel, Department of Demography, University of California at Berkeley. Appointed by the National Research Council, he was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the authoring committee and the institution.

Angela Williams Foster, Faith Mitchell, and Stephen E. Fienberg, Editors

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2002. Measuring Housing Discrimination in a National Study: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10311.
×

Page ix

Contents

1     Introduction 1
2     Overview of the 2000 Housing Discrimination Study 7
3     Defining the Population of Interest 15
4     Defining Housing Discrimination 21
5     Developing a Model of Housing Discrimination 25
6     Auditing Discrimination in Underserved Communities 38
References 48
Appendices
    A     Paired Testing and the 2000 Housing Discrimination Survey
Stephen L. Ross
49
    B     Audit Studies and the Assessment of Discrimination
S.A. Murphy
67
    C     Workshop Materials 73
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2002. Measuring Housing Discrimination in a National Study: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10311.
×

Page x

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2002. Measuring Housing Discrimination in a National Study: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10311.
×
Page R1
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2002. Measuring Housing Discrimination in a National Study: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10311.
×
Page R2
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2002. Measuring Housing Discrimination in a National Study: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10311.
×
Page R3
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2002. Measuring Housing Discrimination in a National Study: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10311.
×
Page R4
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2002. Measuring Housing Discrimination in a National Study: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10311.
×
Page R5
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2002. Measuring Housing Discrimination in a National Study: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10311.
×
Page R6
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2002. Measuring Housing Discrimination in a National Study: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10311.
×
Page R7
Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2002. Measuring Housing Discrimination in a National Study: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10311.
×
Page R8
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2002. Measuring Housing Discrimination in a National Study: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10311.
×
Page R9
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2002. Measuring Housing Discrimination in a National Study: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10311.
×
Page R10
Next: 1 Introduction »
Measuring Housing Discrimination in a National Study: Report of a Workshop Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $29.00 Buy Ebook | $23.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

Federal law prohibits housing discrimination on the basis of seven protected classes including race. Despite 30 years of legal prohibition under the Fair Housing Act, however, there is evidence of continuing discrimination in American housing, as documented by several recent reports. In 1998, the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) funded a $7.5 million independently conducted Housing Discrimination Survey (HDS) of racial and ethnic discrimination in housing rental, sales, and lending markets (Public Law 105-276). This survey is the third such effort sponsored by HUD. Its intent is to provide a detailed understanding of the patterns of discrimination in housing nationwide.

In 1999, the Committee on National Statistics (CNSTAT) of the National Research Council (NRC) was asked to review the research design and analysis plan for the 2000 HDS and to offer suggestions about appropriate sampling and analysis procedures. The review took the form of a workshop that addressed HUD's concerns about the adequacy of the sample design and analysis plan, as well as questions related to the measurement of various aspects of discrimination and issues that might bias the results obtained. The discussion also explored alternative methodologies and research needs. In addition to addressing methodological and substantive issues related specifically to the HDS, the workshop examined broader questions related to the measurement of discrimination.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!