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<_Arthur M. Sack/er ~ ~ ~ I I ~ ~ I I I A - .' OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES Nanoscience: Underlying Physical Concepts and Phenomena National Academy of Sciences Washington, D.C.
Arthur M. Sackler, M.D. 1913-1987 Born in Brooklyn, New York, Arthur M. Sackler was edu- cated in the arts, sciences, and humanities at New York University. These interests remained the focus of his life, as he became widely known as a scientist, art collector, and philan- thropist, endowing institutions of learning and culture through- out the world. He felt that his fundamental role was as a doctor, a vocation he decided upon at the age of four. After completing his internship and service as house physician at Lincoln Hospital in New York City, he became a resident in psychiatry at Creed- moor State Hospital. There, in the 1940s, he started research that resulted in more than 150 papers in neuroendocrinology, psychiatry, and experimental medicine. He considered his scientific research in the metabolic basis of schizophrenia his most significant contribution to science and served as editor of the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Psychobiology from 1950 to 1962. In 1960 he started publication of Medical Tribune, a weekly medical newspaper that reached over one million readers in 20 countries. He established the Laboratories for Therapeutic Research in 1938, a facility in New York for basic research that he directed until 1983. As a generous benefactor to the causes of medicine and basic science, Arthur Sackler built and contributed to a wide range of scientific institutions: the Sackler School of Medicine established in 1972 at Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel; the Sackler Institute of Graduate Biomedical Science at New York University, founded in 1980; the Arthur M. Sackler Science Center dedicated in 1985 at Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts; and the Sackler School of Graduate Biomedical Sciences, established in 1980, and the Arthur M. Sackler Center for Health Communications, established in 1986, both at Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts. His pre-eminence in the art world is already legendary. According to his wife Jillian, one of his favorite relaxations was to visit museums and art galleries and pick out great pieces others had overlooked. His interest in art is reflected in his philanthropy; he endowed galleries at the Metropolitan Museum of Art and Princeton University, a museum at Harvard University, and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery of Asian Art in Washington, DC. True to his oft-stated determination to create bridges between peoples, he offered to build a teaching museum in China, which Jillian made possible after his death, and in 1993 opened the Arthur M. Sackler Museum of Art and Archaeology at Peking University in Beijing. In a world that often sees science and art as two separate cultures, Arthur Sackler saw them as inextricably related. In a speech given at the State University of New York at Stony Brook, Some reflections on the arts, sciences and humanities, a year before his death, he observed: "Communication is, for me, theprimum movens of all culture. In the arts. . . I find the emotional component most moving. In science, it is the intellectual content. Both are deeply interlinked in the humanities." The Arthur M. Sackler Colloquia at the National Academy of Sciences pay tribute to this faith in communication as the prime mover of knowledge and culture.
PNAS Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America Contents Papers from the Arthur M. Sackler Colloquium of the National Academy of Sciences PERSPECTIVES 6451 Emulating biology: Building nanostructures from the bottom up Nadrian C. Seeman and Angela M. Belcher 6456 Quantum dot artificial solids: Understanding the static and dynamic role of size and packing disorder K. C. Beverly, J. L. Sample, J. F. Sampaio, F. Remacle, J. R. Heath, and R. D. Levine COLLOQUIUM PAPERS 6460 Segmented nanofibers of spider dragline silk: Atomic force microscopy and single-molecule force spectroscopy E. Oroudjev, J. Soares, S. Arcdiacono, J. B. Thompson, S. A. Fossey, and H. G. Hansma 6466 Molecular dynamics analysis of a buckyball-antibody complex William H. Noon, Yifei Kong, and Jianpeng Ma 6471 H3PW~2O40-functionalized tip for scanning tunneling microscopy In K. Song, John R. Kitchin, and Mark A. Barteau 6476 Energetics of nanocrystalline TiO2 M. R. Ranade, A. Navrotsky, H. Z. Zhang, J. F. Banfield, S. H. Elder, A. Zaban, P. H. Borse, S. K. Kulkarni, G. S. Doran, and H. J. Whitfield 6482 Study of Nd3+, Pd2+, Pt4+, and Fe3+ dopant effect on photoreactivity of TiO2 nanoparticles S. I. Shah, W. Li, C.-P. Huang, O. Jung, and C. Ni . . _. 6487 Entropically driven self-assembly of multichannel rosette nanotubes Hicham Fenniri, Bo-Liang Deng, Alexander E. Ribbe, Klaas Hallenga, Jaby Jacob, and Pappannan Thiyagarajan 6493 Combining constitutive materials modeling with atomic force microscopy to understand the mechanical properties of living cells Mike McElfresh, Eveline Baesu, Rod Balhorn, James Belak, Michael J. Allen, and Robert E. Rudd 6498 Designing supramolecular porphyrin arrays that self-organize into nanoscale optical and magnetic materials Charles Michael Drain, James D. Batteas, George W. Flynn, Tatjana Milic, Ning Chi, Dalia G. Yablon, and Heather Sommers 6503 Nanoscale surface chemistry Theodore E. Madey, Kalman Pelhos, Qifei Wu, Robin Barnes, Ivan Ermanoski, Wenhua Chen, Jacek J. Kolodziej, and John E. Rowe 6509 Magnetic nanodots from atomic Fe: Can it be done? E. te Sligte, R. C. M. Bosch, B. Smeets, P. van der Straten, H. C. W. Beijerinck, and K. A. H. van Leeuwen 6514 Distributed response analysis of conductive behavior in single molecules Marc in het Panhuis, Robert W. Munn, Paul L. A. Popelier, Jonathan N. Coleman, Brian Foley, and Werner J. Blau 8488 Design of protein struts for self-assembling nanoconstructs Paul Hyman, Regina Valluzzi, and Edward Goldberg