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Appendix A The Development of Personal Use Vehicles for China in the 21st Century MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING This Memorandum of Understanding is hereby made between the Chinese Academy of Engineering and the National Research Council through friendly negotiation in a bid to jointly promote exchange and cooperation in technological and industrial fields. The parties agree to make every effort to realize a collaboration to carry out the following study. 1. Program objective and framework The objective of the study is to develop recommendations for future approaches to personal use vehicles that are available to all socioeconomic levels in the 21st century. The outline of the cooperative study for personal use vehicles pre- pared jointly by both parties is shown in Annex B-1. 2. Organization and members The Cooperative Study Program shall set up a Committee of approxi- mately 18 persons jointly by CAE and NRC (hereinafter called Commit- tee). Committee members will be selected by CAE and NRC according to the objectives and needs of the Study. There shall be two Co-Chairmen, one from each side. Each Co-Chairman is responsible for organizing his/ her own party, and also coordinating with the other party. Committee members shall work according to the principle of division of labor with 219
220 APPENDIX A individual responsibility. If necessary, the Committee shall invite outside advisers and commission papers and reports to inform the Committee on selected topics. NRC procedures for Committee selection and report re- view will be followed by the parties. Staff for the study shall be provided by both parties, and shall work together in the execution of the study and the preparation of the report. Funds for the project shall be secured by each party, as follows: The travel of U.S. members of the Committee and staff to China and the costs of local travel and lodging and meal expenses of the entire com- mittee and staff when meeting in the United States shall be provided by the NRC. The travel of Chinese members and staff to the U.S. and the local transport and lodging and meal costs of the entire committee and staff when meeting in China shall be paid by the CAE. The costs of all commis- sioned papers and special reports shall be paid by NRC. The costs of trans- lating all working documents and the final report into Chinese and Chi- nese documents into English shall be borne by CAE. No NRC funds can be used to pay fees or salary to committee members. The study will begin as soon as the necessary funds are available, and the Committee will attempt to complete the study in about 18 months. The report shall be prepared in English and Chinese and be reviewed according to procedures of the NRC. Each party will publish the report in its own language. This Memorandum of Understanding is signed in Shanghai, China, by the authorized representatives of both parties on October 27, 1999. Guo Konghui Harold Forsen (Chinese Academy of Engineering) (National Research Council, USA)
APPENDIX A 221 ANNEX A-1 The Development of Personal Use Vehicles for China in the 21st Century Statement of Task (Instructions to the Committee) The Committee on the Future of Personal Transport Vehicles in China, appointed by the U.S. National Research Council and the Chinese Acad- emy of Engineering, will prepare a report with the following objectives. 1. Review the present status of personal transport in China, the United States, and other countries, including present technology, regula- tion, and infrastructure in China and the U.S., and problems and achieve- ments in other countries. 2. Analyze the predicted demand for private vehicles in China in the 21st Century. 3. Identify issues that China should explore in developing an auto- mobile industry, including the economics and competition in the interna- tional auto industry, infrastructure requirements, congestion, pollution, and sprawl, and experience of the U.S. Clean Air and other relevant envi- ronmental legislation. 4. Present and discuss the technological options for Chinese vehicles in the 21st Century. Draw on experience of the U.S. Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles (PNGV). Consider electric, hybrid, fuel cells, smart cars, and other technologies. Include the roles of alternative modes of transport, public and private, and two-wheeled vehicles. 5. Describe the characteristics of a Chinese New Generation Vehicle (CNGV) in terms of energy efficiency, performance, and manufacturing requirements. Outline a strategy for development of the CNGV, includ- ing possible arrangements for government-industry and international col- laboration partnering and joint development. Discuss the effect of new generation vehicle production on sustainable development, and economic, social, and industrial structures. 6. Review model approaches to urban transportation and land use planning, including consideration of institutional capabilities for control- ling land use. This could include examination of the effects of a CNGV on a selected Chinese city. 7. Formulate recommendations, research directions, and policy choices for China in the 21st Century.
222 APPENDIX A ANNEX A-2 Committee members to include the following skills: 1. Automotive engineering for industry, with knowledge of PNGV 2. Automotive energy alternatives for advanced vehicles 3. Transportation infrastructure 4. Urban planning 5. Economics 6. Forecasting models 7. Technology of internal combustion engines, fuel cells, batteries, fuels, and emissions controls. In addition there will be one Chinese and one U.S. Co-Chairman.