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Leadership by Example: Coordinating Government Roles in Improving Health Care Quality (2003)

Chapter: Appendix A: List of Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Web Addresses

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: List of Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Web Addresses." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Leadership by Example: Coordinating Government Roles in Improving Health Care Quality. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10537.
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A
List of Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Web Addresses


AHA

American Hospital Association (www.hospitalconnect.com)

AHCCCS

Arizona Health Care Cost Containment System (www.ahcccs.state.az.us)

AHQA

American Health Quality Association (www.ahqa.org)

AHRQ

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (www.ahrq.gov)

ANSI

American National Standards Institute (www.ansi.org)

APC

ambulatory procedure codes


BBA

Balanced Budget Act


CAHPS

Consumer Assessment of Health Plans (www.ahrq.gov/qual/cahpsix.htm)

CanCORS

Cancer Care Outcomes and Surveillance Consortium

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (www.cdc.gov)

CDR

computerized data repository

CHCS I

Composite Health Care System I

CHCS II

Composite Health Care System II

CMS

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (www.cms.gov)

CMS

Centers of Excellence (cms.hhs.gov/healthplans/research/mpqsdem.asp)

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: List of Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Web Addresses." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Leadership by Example: Coordinating Government Roles in Improving Health Care Quality. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10537.
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CMS Compare Websites:

Nursing Home Compare (www.medicare.gov/NHCompare/home.asp)

Medicare Health Plan Compare (www.medicare.gov/mphCompare/home.asp)

Dialysis Facility Compare (www.medicare.gov/Dialysis/Home.asp)

CONQUEST

Computerized Needs-Oriented Quality Measurement Evaluation System

COP

condition of participation

CPM

clinical performance measure

CPR

computer-based patient record or computerized patient record

CPRS

computerized patient record system

CPT

common procedure terminology


DBSS

Defense Blood Standard System

DHHS

Department of Health and Human Services (www.hhs.gov)

DICOM

Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine

DOD

Department of Defense (www.dod.gov)

DQIP

Diabetes Quality Improvement Project (www.dqip.org)

DRG

diagnosis related group


EQRO

External Quality Review Organizations

ESRD

end stage renal disease


FACCT

Foundation for Accountability (www.facct.org)

FDA

Food and Drug Administration (www.fda.gov)

FFS

fee-for-service

FFY

federal fiscal year

FHIE

Federal Health Information Exchange

FPL

federal poverty level


HCFA

Health Care Financing Agency (now called CMS, see above)

HEDIS

Health Plan Employer Data and Information Set (www.ncqa.org/programs/hedis/index.htm)

HIS

health information system

HIV/AIDS

human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

HOS

Health Outcomes Survey

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: List of Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Web Addresses." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Leadership by Example: Coordinating Government Roles in Improving Health Care Quality. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10537.
×

HRSA

Health Resources and Services Administration (www.hrsa.gov)


ICD

International Classification of Diseases

IHS

Indian Health Service (www.ihs.gov)

IOM

Institute of Medicine (www.iom.edu)

IT

information technology


JCAHO

Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (www.jcaho.org)


KePRO

Keystone Peer Review Organization (www.kepro.org)


LOINC

logical observation identifiers, names and codes


MDS

minimum data set

MedPAC

Medicare Payment Advisory Commission (www.medpac.gov)

MEPS

Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (www.meps.ahrq.gov)

MHS

Military Health System

MSIS

Medicaid Statistical Information Set

MTF

military treatment facility

MUMPS

Massachusetts General Hospital Utility Multi-Programming System


NCI

National Cancer Institute (www.nci.nih.gov)

NCPDP

National Council for Prescription Drug Programs (www.ncpdp.org)

NCPS

National Center for Patient Safety (www.patientsafety.gov)

NCQA

National Committee for Quality Assurance (www.ncqa.org)

NCVHS

National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics (www.ncvhs.hhs.gov)

NDC

National Drug Codes

NHCPI

National Health Care Purchasing Institute (www.nhcpi.net)

NIH

National Institutes of Health (www.nih.gov)

NQF

National Quality Forum (www.qualityforum.gov)

NSQIP

National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (www.nsqip.org)

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: List of Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Web Addresses." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Leadership by Example: Coordinating Government Roles in Improving Health Care Quality. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10537.
×

OASIS

Outcome Assessment and Information Set

OPM

U.S. Office of Personnel Management (www.opm.gov)

ORYX

JCAHO’s performance measurement initiative (www.jcaho.org/pms/index.htm)


PCC

patient care component

PHC4

Pennsylvania Health Care Cost Containment Council (www.phc4.org)

PORT

patient outcome research team

PSTF

Patient Safety Task Force


QA

quality assurance

QIO

Quality Improvement Organization

Q-Span

expansion of quality of care measures

QUERI

Quality Enhancement Research Initiative

QuIC

Quality Interagency Coordination Task Force (www.quic.gov)

QUISMC

Quality Improvement System for Managed Care


SCHIP

State Children’s Health Insurance Program (www.cms.gov/schip/default.asp)

SCRIPT

Study of Clinically Relevant Indicators for Pharmacologic Therapy

SEER

Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results

SNOMED

Systemized Nomenclature of Human and Veterinary Medicine

SSI

Supplemental Security Income

STD

sexually transmitted disease


TMA

TRICARE Management Activity (www.tricare.osd.mil)

TMIP

Theater Medical Information Program

TOPS

TRICARE Operational Performance Statements

TRIAD

Translating Research into Action for Diabetes

TRIP

Translating Research Into Practice


UMLS

Unified Medical Language System

UPN

universal product number


VA

Veterans Administration (www.va.gov)

VHA

Veterans Health Administration (www.va.gov/health_benefits)

VISNs

Veterans Integrated Service Networks

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: List of Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Web Addresses." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Leadership by Example: Coordinating Government Roles in Improving Health Care Quality. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10537.
×

VistA

Veterans Health Information Systems and Technology Architecture


XML

extensible mark-up language

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: List of Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Web Addresses." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Leadership by Example: Coordinating Government Roles in Improving Health Care Quality. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10537.
×
Page 153
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: List of Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Web Addresses." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Leadership by Example: Coordinating Government Roles in Improving Health Care Quality. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10537.
×
Page 154
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: List of Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Web Addresses." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Leadership by Example: Coordinating Government Roles in Improving Health Care Quality. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10537.
×
Page 155
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: List of Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Web Addresses." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Leadership by Example: Coordinating Government Roles in Improving Health Care Quality. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10537.
×
Page 156
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: List of Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Web Addresses." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Leadership by Example: Coordinating Government Roles in Improving Health Care Quality. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10537.
×
Page 157
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The federal government operates six major health care programs that serve nearly 100 million Americans. Collectively, these programs significantly influence how health care is provided by the private sector.

Leadership by Example explores how the federal government can leverage its unique position as regulator, purchaser, provider, and research sponsor to improve care - not only in these six programs but also throughout the nation’s health care system.

The book describes the federal programs and the populations they serve: Medicare (elderly), Medicaid (low income), SCHIP (children), VHA (veterans), TRICARE (individuals in the military and their dependents), and IHS (native Americans). It then examines the steps each program takes to assure and improve safety and quality of care.

The Institute of Medicine proposes a national quality enhancement strategy focused on performance measurement of clinical quality and patient perceptions of care. The discussion on which this book focuses includes recommendations for developing and pilot-testing performance measures, creating an information infrastructure for comparing performance and disseminating results, and more. Leadership by Example also includes a proposed research agenda to support quality enhancement.

The third in the series of books from the Quality of Health Care in America project, this well-targeted volume will be important to all readers of To Err Is Human and Crossing the Quality Chasm - as well as new readers interested in the federal government’s role in health care.

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