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A Shared Destiny: Community Effects of Uninsurance (2003)

Chapter: Appendix C: Data Tables

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Data Tables." Institute of Medicine. 2003. A Shared Destiny: Community Effects of Uninsurance. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10602.
×

C
Data Tables

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Data Tables." Institute of Medicine. 2003. A Shared Destiny: Community Effects of Uninsurance. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10602.
×

TABLE C.1 Sources of Coverage, Distribution of the Uninsured Population Under Age 65, and Uninsured Rates, by Census Region of Residence, 2001

 

No. in Population (<65 yrs) (millions)

Distribution of Population (%)

No. with EmploymentBased Coverage (est.) (millions)

EmploymentBased Coverage Rate (%)

No. with Individually Purchased Coverage (est.) (millions)

By Census Region

Totals

247.5

100

162.3

65.6

16.4

New England

12.0

4.8

8.7

72.8

0.7

Middle Atlantic

34.1

13.8

23.4

68.7

1.7

East North Central

39.2

15.8

28.3

72.2

2.3

West North Central

16.6

6.7

11.9

71.4

1.6

South Atlantic

45.2

18.3

29.5

65.1

3.1

East South Central

14.8

6.0

9.4

63.2

0.9

West South Central

28.0

11.3

16.2

57.8

1.8

Mountain

16.6

6.7

10.6

64.1

1.2

Pacific

41.1

16.6

24.4

59.3

3.3

By Region

Totals

247.5

100

162.3

65.6

16.4

Northeast

46.1

18.6

32.1

69.6

2.4

Midwest

55.8

22.5

40.2

72.0

3.9

South

88.0

35.6

55.1

62.6

5.8

West

57.7

23.3

35.0

60.6

4.4

NOTE: Numbers may not add to 100 due to respondents reporting more than one source of coverage and due to rounding.

SOURCES: Fronstin, 2002, estimates from March 2001 Current Population Survey.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Data Tables." Institute of Medicine. 2003. A Shared Destiny: Community Effects of Uninsurance. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10602.
×

Individually Purchased Coverage Rate (%)

No. with Public Coverage (est.) (millions)

Public Coverage Rate (%)

No. of Uninsured (est.) (millions)

Distribution of Uninsured (%)

Uninsured Rate (%)

6.6

37.9

15.3

40.9

100

16.5

5.7

1.8

14.9

1.2

2.9

10.4

5.0

5.0

14.8

5.1

12.5

15.0

5.9

4.8

12.3

5.1

12.5

12.9

9.4

2.2

13.3

1.8

4.4

10.6

6.8

7.3

16.1

7.6

18.6

16.9

6.2

3.2

21.8

2.2

5.4

14.6

6.3

4.2

15.0

6.8

16.6

24.3

7.1

2.4

14.4

3.1

7.6

18.6

7.9

6.9

16.8

8.1

19.8

19.7

6.6

37.9

15.3

40.9

100

16.5

5.2

6.8

14.8

6.3

15.4

13.7

7.0

7.0

12.5

6.9

16.9

12.4

6.6

14.7

16.7

16.6

40.6

18.9

7.6

9.3

16.1

11.2

27.4

19.4

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Data Tables." Institute of Medicine. 2003. A Shared Destiny: Community Effects of Uninsurance. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10602.
×

TABLE C.2 Distribution of Uninsured Population Under Age 65 and Uninsured Rates, by Designation as Residing in Urban or Nonurban (Rural) Areas, 2001.

 

No. in Population (<65 yrs) (millions)

Distribution of Population (%)

No. with EmploymentBased Coverage (est.) (millions)

EmploymentBased Coverage Rate (%)

No. with Individually Purchased Coverage (est.) (millions)

By designation as metropolitan statistical area (MSA) or non-MSA

Totals

247.5

100

162.3

100

16.4

MSA

202.8

82

134.6

66.4

13.0

Non-MSA

44.7

18

27.6

61.7

3.4

NOTE: Numbers may not add to 100% due to respondents reporting more than one source of coverage and due to rounding, MSA = metropolitan statistical area.

SOURCE: Fronstin, 2002, estimates from March 2001 Current Population Survey.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Data Tables." Institute of Medicine. 2003. A Shared Destiny: Community Effects of Uninsurance. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10602.
×

Individually Purchased Coverage Rate (%)

No. with Public Coverage (est.) (millions)

Public Coverage Rate (%)

No. of Uninsured (est.) (millions)

Distribution of Uninsured (%)

Uninsured Rate (%)

100

37.9

100

40.9

100

16.5

6.4

29.5

14.5

33.4

82

16.5

7.6

8.4

18.8

7.5

18

16.8

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Data Tables." Institute of Medicine. 2003. A Shared Destiny: Community Effects of Uninsurance. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10602.
×

TABLE C.3 Distribution of Uninsured Population Under Age 65 and Uninsured Rates, by State of Residence, 2001

 

No. in Population (<65 years) (millions)

Distribution in Population (%)

No. of Uninsured (est.) (millions)

Distribution of Uninsured (%)

Uninsured Rate (%)

Totals

247.5

100

40.9

100

16.5

Alabama

3.8

2

0.6

1

15.0

Alaska

0.6

0

0.1

0

17.0

Arizona

4.7

2

0.9

2

20.1

Arkansas

2.3

1

0.4

1

18.9

California

31.1

13

6.7

16

21.4

Colorado

4.0

2

0.7

2

17.3

Connecticut

2.9

1

0.3

1

11.8

Delaware

0.7

0

0.1

0

10.6

District of Columbia

0.5

0

0.1

0

14.2

Florida

13.6

6

2.8

7

20.7

Georgia

7.5

3

1.4

3

18.2

Hawaii

1.0

0

0.1

0

11.0

Idaho

1.2

0

0.2

1

18.0

Illinois

10.9

4

1.7

4

15.3

Indiana

5.2

2

0.7

2

13.6

Iowa

2.5

1

0.2

1

8.7

Kansas

2.2

1

0.3

1

13.6

Kentucky

3.5

1

0.5

1

14.2

Louisiana

3.8

2

0.8

2

21.9

Maine

1.1

0

0.1

0

12.4

Maryland

4.7

2

0.6

2

13.8

Massachusetts

5.5

2

0.5

1

9.4

Michigan

8.7

4

1.0

2

11.7

Minnesota

4.5

2

0.4

1

8.8

Mississippi

2.5

1

0.5

1

18.5

Missouri

4.9

2

0.6

1

11.6

Montana

0.8

0

0.1

0

16.0

Nebraska

1.5

1

0.2

0

10.8

Nevada

1.9

1

0.3

1

17.9

New Hampshire

1.1

0

0.1

0

11.0

New Jersey

7.2

3

1.1

3

15.2

New Mexico

1.6

1

0.4

1

23.9

New York

16.4

7

2.9

7

17.7

North Carolina

7.1

3

1.2

3

16.5

North Dakota

0.5

0

0.1

0

11.3

Ohio

9.7

4

1.2

3

12.8

Oklahoma

2.9

1

0.6

2

21.0

Oregon

3.1

1

0.4

1

14.2

Pennsylvania

10.5

4

1.1

3

10.6

Rhode Island

0.9

0

0.1

0

9.0

South Carolina

3.5

1

0.5

1

14.2

South Dakota

0.6

0

0.1

0

10.9

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Data Tables." Institute of Medicine. 2003. A Shared Destiny: Community Effects of Uninsurance. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10602.
×

 

No. in Population (<65 years) (millions)

Distribution in Population (%)

No. of Uninsured (est.) (millions)

Distribution of Uninsured (%)

Uninsured Rate (%)

Tennessee

5.0

2

0.6

2

12.7

Texas

19.0

8

4.9

12

26.0

Utah

2.1

1

0.3

1

16.0

Vermont

0.5

0

0.1

0

10.8

Virginia

6.2

2

0.8

2

12.4

Washington

5.2

2

0.8

2

14.8

West Virginia

1.5

1

0.2

1

15.8

Wisconsin

4.6

2

0.4

1

8.8

Wyoming

0.4

0

0.1

0

18.2

 

SOURCE: Fronstin, 2002, estimates from March 2001 Current Population Survey.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Data Tables." Institute of Medicine. 2003. A Shared Destiny: Community Effects of Uninsurance. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10602.
×

TABLE C.4 Combined Federal Medicare and Medicaid Disproportionate Share Hospital (DSH) Payments by State, 1998

 

Population <65 yrs, 1998 (millions)

No. of Uninsured 1998 (millions)

Uninsured, Rate, 1998 (%)

No. of Medicaid 1998 (millions)

Medicaid, Rate, 1998 (%)

Total

238.6

43.9

18.4

24.9

10.4

Alabama

3.7

0.7

19.5

0.4

10.0

Alaska

0.6

0.1

18.6

0.0

7.0

Arizona

4.3

1.2

27.2

0.4

8.6

Arkansas

2.2

0.5

21.8

0.2

9.3

California

29.9

7.3

24.4

3.8

12.8

Colorado

3.6

0.6

16.5

0.1

3.6

Connecticut

2.9

0.4

14.3

0.2

7.4

Delaware

0.7

0.1

17.1

0.1

9.7

District of Columbia

0.4

0.1

19.2

0.1

22.0

Florida

11.9

2.5

21.3

1.0

8.6

Georgia

6.9

1.3

19.5

0.9

12.8

Hawaii

1.0

0.1

11.6

0.1

11.1

Idaho

1.1

0.2

19.7

0.1

9.4

Illinois

11.0

1.8

16.6

1.0

9.0

Indiana

5.2

0.8

16.1

0.3

5.7

Iowa

2.4

0.3

10.9

0.2

7.0

Kansas

2.2

0.3

12.2

0.2

8.5

Kentucky

3.4

0.5

16.1

0.4

10.9

Louisiana

3.8

0.8

21.5

0.5

13.2

Maine

1.1

0.2

14.6

0.1

9.3

Maryland

4.4

0.8

18.9

0.1

3.4

Massachusetts

5.3

0.6

11.7

0.7

13.7

Michigan

8.9

1.3

14.9

1.1

12.1

Minnesota

4.3

0.4

10.3

0.4

8.8

Mississippi

2.4

0.6

23.1

0.2

9.9

Missouri

4.7

0.6

12.1

0.5

9.9

Montana

0.8

0.2

22.0

0.1

10.8

Nebraska

1.5

0.2

10.3

0.2

10.3

Nevada

1.7

0.4

23.7

0.1

4.1

New Hampshire

1.1

0.1

12.5

0.1

8.9

New Jersey

7.2

1.3

18.0

0.4

6.0

New Mexico

1.6

0.4

24.0

0.2

13.6

New York

16.0

3.2

19.7

2.4

15.3

North Carolina

6.5

1.1

17.1

0.7

10.1

North Dakota

0.6

0.1

16.6

0.0

7.3

Ohio

9.8

1.2

11.8

1.0

9.9

Oklahoma

2.8

0.6

21.4

0.2

7.8

Oregon

3.0

0.5

16.1

0.4

14.1

Pennsylvania

10.3

1.2

12.1

1.1

11.0

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Data Tables." Institute of Medicine. 2003. A Shared Destiny: Community Effects of Uninsurance. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10602.
×

Sum No. (Uninsured and Medicaid), 1998 (millions)

Sum % (Uninsured and Medicaid), 1998 (%)

Sum %/ Total, (%)

Combined Federal Medicare and Medicaid DSH payment, 1998 (millions)

Combined DSH/ Sum No. ($$)

Combined DSH/Sum No./ Total (%)

68.8

28.8

100

19,844

288

100

1.1

29.5

102

490

445

155

0.1

25.6

89

18

180

63

1.6

35.8

124

169

106

37

0.7

31.1

108

26

37

13

11.1

37.2

129

3,314

299

104

0.7

20.1

70

199

284

99

0.6

21.7

75

403

672

233

0.2

26.8

93

14

70

24

0.2

41.2

143

73

365

127

3.5

29.9

104

693

198

69

2.2

32.3

112

555

252

88

0.2

22.7

79

20

100

35

0.3

29.1

101

9

30

10

2.8

25.6

89

421

150

52

1.1

21.8

76

172

156

54

0.5

17.9

62

33

66

23

0.5

20.7

72

60

120

42

0.9

27.0

94

266

296

103

1.3

34.7

120

853

656

228

0.3

23.9

83

139

463

161

0.9

22.3

77

197

219

76

1.3

25.4

88

619

476

165

2.4

27.0

94

449

187

65

0.8

19.1

66

99

124

43

0.8

33.0

115

256

320

111

1.1

22.0

76

740

673

234

0.3

32.8

114

3

10

3

0.4

20.6

72

21

53

18

0.5

27.8

97

94

188

65

0.2

21.4

74

129

645

224

1.7

24.0

83

1,130

665

231

0.6

37.6

131

25

42

14

5.6

35.0

122

2,527

451

157

1.8

27.2

94

585

325

113

0.1

23.9

83

4

40

14

2.2

21.7

75

759

345

120

0.8

29.2

101

62

78

27

0.9

30.2

105

49

54

19

2.3

23.1

80

734

319

111

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Data Tables." Institute of Medicine. 2003. A Shared Destiny: Community Effects of Uninsurance. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10602.
×

 

Population <65 yrs, 1998 (millions)

No. of Uninsured 1998 (%)

Uninsured, Rate, 1998 (%)

No. of Medicaid, 1998 (millions)

Medicaid Rate, 1998 (millions)

Rhode Island

0.8

0.1

11.5

0.1

8.5

South Carolina

3.4

0.6

17.5

0.3

8.4

South Dakota

0.6

0.1

16.4

0.0

6.4

Tennessee

5.0

0.7

14.4

1.0

20.1

Texas

18.0

4.9

27.0

1.7

9.4

Utah

1.9

0.3

15.1

0.1

7.4

Vermont

0.5

0.1

11.0

0.1

16.1

Virginia

5.8

0.9

16.0

0.3

5.4

Washington

5.2

0.7

13.5

0.6

11.5

West Virginia

1.4

0.3

20.9

0.2

16.8

Wisconsin

4.5

0.6

13.2

0.4

8.5

Wyoming

0.4

0.1

19.0

0.0

6.5

 

SOURCES: Fronstin, 2000; Wynn et al., 2002.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Data Tables." Institute of Medicine. 2003. A Shared Destiny: Community Effects of Uninsurance. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10602.
×

Sum No. (Uninsured and Medicaid), 1998 (millions)

Sum % (Uninsured and Medicaid), 1998 (%)

Sum %/ Total, (%)

Combined Federal Medicare and Medicaid DSH payment, 1998 (millions)

Combined DSH/ Sum No. ($$)

Combined DSH/Sum No./ Total (%)

0.2

20.0

69

66

330

115

0.9

25.9

90

539

599

208

0.1

22.8

79

4

40

14

1.7

34.5

120

142

84

29

6.6

36.4

126

1,854

281

98

0.4

22.5

78

15

38

13

0.2

27.1

94

31

155

54

1.2

21.4

74

242

202

70

1.3

25.0

87

386

297

103

0.5

37.7

131

114

228

79

1.0

21.7

75

42

42

15

0.1

25.5

89

0

0

0

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Data Tables." Institute of Medicine. 2003. A Shared Destiny: Community Effects of Uninsurance. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10602.
×

TABLE C.5 Estimated Vaccination Coverage of 4:3:1:3a Series Among Children 19–35 Months of Age and Uninsured Rates for Selected Urban Areas, 1997

Area

Population

Uninsured Rate (%)

Rank, % Population Uninsured

Vaccination Coverage Rate (%)

Rank, Vaccination Coverage

United States

267,784,000

16.1

 

76 (± 0.8)

 

Birmingham, AL

784,113

16.5

14

82 (± 4.3)

3

Phoenix, AZ

2,478,253

26.1

23

72 (± 4.8)

18

Los Angeles, CA

8,223,152

31.5

27

71 (± 5.5)

19

San Diego, CA

2,405,871

21.9

20

78 (± 4.3)

7

San Jose, CA

1,460,505

16.3

13

73 (± 4.8)

17

District of Columbia– MD–VA–WV

4,186,038

15.3

12

73 (± 5.4)

15

Miami, FL

1,752,653

26.9

24

75 (± 5.0)

12

Jacksonville, FL

918,873

18.7

16

70 (± 5.1)

21

Atlanta, GA

3,340,844

18.7

17

75 (± 4.9)

11

Chicago, IL

6,912,774

15.3

11

68 (± 5.5)

24

Indianapolis, IN

1,334,459

12.9

3

81 (± 4.5)

4

New Orleans, LA

1,162,705

20.8

19

69 (± 6.0)

23

Boston, MA

4,642,418

15.3

10

86 (± 3.6)

1

Baltimore, MD

2,169,524

14.6

8

83 (± 4.7)

2

Detroit, MI

3,911,274

13.4

5

65 (± 4.6)

26

Newark, NJ

1,693,870

18.8

18

66 (± 6.3)

25

New York, NY

7,734,663

27.1

25

75 (± 5.1)

10

Cleveland, OH

1,902,126

13.8

6

73 (± 5.3)

16

Columbus, OH

1,308,928

16.6

15

74 (± 5.0)

14

Philadelphia, PA

4,258,856

14.9

9

78 (± 5.1)

6

Nashville, TN

1,017,287

14.5

7

77 (± 4.6)

9

Knoxville, TN

566,821

13.3

4

70 (± 5.3)

22

San Antonio, TX

1,352,127

23.9

21

79 (± 4.8)

5

Houston, TX

3,576,686

29.5

26

64 (± 6.1)

28

Dallas, TX

2,874,219

24.7

22

74 (± 5.4)

13

El Paso, TX

642,947

37.1

28

65 (± 5.3)

27

Seattle, WA

2,077,951

12.0

2

77 (± 4.6)

8

Milwaukee, WI

1,283,147

8.1

1

70 (± 4.9)

20

a 4:3:1:3 = four or more doses of diptheria, tetanus, and pertussis vaccine; three or more doses of poliovirus vaccine; one or more doses of a measles-containing vaccine; and three or more doses of Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine.

SOURCES: Brown et al., 2000; IOM, 2000.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Data Tables." Institute of Medicine. 2003. A Shared Destiny: Community Effects of Uninsurance. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10602.
×

TABLE C.6 Urban Uninsurance and Tuberculosis Case Rates, 1997

City

Population

Uninsured rate (%)

Rank, % Population Uninsured

Rate of Cases of Tuberculosis per 100,000 Population

Rank, Disease Rate

Akron, OH

591,371

7.4

47

0.7

48

Albuquerque, NM

601,564

20.0

13

3.6

38

Atlanta, GA

3,340,844

18.7

15

10.7

12

Austin, TXa

985,589

23.3

10

7.5

20

Baltimore, MD

2,169,524

14.6

28

6.7

25

Birmingham, AL

784,113

16.5

19

8.6

18

Boston, MAa

4,642,418

15.3

24

4.5

35

Buffalo, NYa

981,723

11.6

42

3.9

36

Charlotte, NCa

1,198,149

12.0

41

8.9

16

Chicago, IL

6,912,774

15.3

25

11.0

11

Cincinnati, OHa

1,409,692

12.5

39

2.7

43

Cleveland, OH

1,902,126

13.8

33

6.2

28

Columbus, OH

1,308,928

16.6

18

1.7

46

Dallas, TX

2,874,219

24.7

7

10.0

15

Dayton, OH

824,271

14.4

30

1.6

47

Denver, CO

1,722,414

12.2

40

3.3

40

Detroit, MI

3,911,274

13.4

36

5.8

29

Fort Worth, TX

1,416,768

23.8

9

7.1

23

Houston, TX

3,576,686

29.5

2

17.3

4

Indianapolis, IN

1,334,459

12.9

37

3.3

41

Jacksonville, FL

918,873

18.7

16

13.7

7

Jersey City, NJ

479,900

35.9

1

19.9

3

Kansas City, MOa

1,515,994

13.6

34

3.3

42

Louisville, KY

870,766

12.9

38

3.8

37

Memphis, TNa

975,937

15.6

23

12.9

9

Miami, FL

1,752,653

26.9

4

15.5

5

Milwaukee, WI

1,283,147

8.1

46

3.4

39

Minneapolis, MNa

2,486,355

10.1

45

4.8

33

Nashville, TN

1,017,287

14.5

29

10.2

13

New Orleans, LA

1,162,705

20.8

12

12.4

10

New York City, NY

7,734,663

27.1

3

21.6

1

Newark, NJ

1,693,870

18.8

14

13.2

8

Norfolk, VAa

1,395,298

10.8

43

5.4

32

Oakland, CA

2,010,788

13.5

35

14.0

6

Oklahoma City, OK

918,493

18.4

17

7.9

19

Omaha, NEa

616,156

10.2

44

1.9

45

Philadelphia, PA

4,258,856

14.9

27

6.7

26

Phoenix, AZa

2,478,253

26.1

5

6.4

27

Richmond, VA

833,770

14.0

32

2.5

44

Rochester, NY

946,829

16.2

21

5.5

31

Sacramento, CA

1,327,441

15.9

22

10.1

14

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Data Tables." Institute of Medicine. 2003. A Shared Destiny: Community Effects of Uninsurance. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10602.
×

City

Population

Uninsured Rate (%)

Rank, % Population Uninsured

Rate of Cases of Tuberculosis per 100,000 Population

Rank, Disease Rate

San Antonio, TX

1,352,127

23.9

8

7.1

24

San Francisco, CA

1,423,697

23.1

11

20.3

2

St. Louis, MOa

2,340,329

14.1

31

5.6

30

Tampa, FL

1,737,127

24.9

6

7.4

21

Tulsa, OK

676,107

16.5

20

4.6

34

Washington, DCa

4,186,038

15.3

26

8.7

17

aThese cities represent multicounty areas, while disease rates are for the central county unless otherwise indicated.

SOURCES: Brown et al., 2000; CDC, 2002a.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Data Tables." Institute of Medicine. 2003. A Shared Destiny: Community Effects of Uninsurance. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10602.
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A Shared Destiny is the fourth in a series of six reports on the problems of uninsurance in the United States. This report examines how the quality, quantity, and scope of community health services can be adversely affected by having a large or growing uninsured population. It explores the overlapping financial and organizational basis of health services delivery to uninsured and insured populations, the effects of community uninsurance on access to health care locally, and the potential spillover effects on a community’s economy and the health of its citizens. The committee believes it is both mistaken and dangerous to assume that the persistence of a sizable uninsured population in the United States harms only those who are uninsured.

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