National Academies Press: OpenBook

The Future of Supercomputing: An Interim Report (2003)

Chapter: Appendix B: Acronyms

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2003. The Future of Supercomputing: An Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10784.
Page 43
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2003. The Future of Supercomputing: An Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10784.
Page 44

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B Acronyms ACP advanced cyberinfrastructure program AMD Advanced micro devices ASC Advanced Simulation and Computing "formerly Accelerated Strategic Computing Initiative (ASCI)] ASCI Accelerated Strategic Computing Initiative COTS commercial off-the-shelf CSTB Computer Science and Telecommunications Board DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency DDR&E Director of Defense Research and Engineering DOD Department of Defense DOE Department of Energy ES Earth Simulator GAO Government Accounting Office HPC high-performance computer HPCCI High Performance Computing and Communications Initiative HPCS high productivity computing systems IHEC integrated high-end computing ISV independent software vendor ITRD Information Technology Research and Development JASONs a group of scientific advisors that provides the federal government with largely classified analyses LANE Los Alamos National Laboratory LINPACK library of FORTRAN 77 routines for solving problems in numerical linear algebra. It is used for benchmarking the speed of supercomputers. MPI message passing interface NIH National Institutes of Health MESA National Nuclear Security Administration 43

44 NSA NSB NSF PACI PCI PITAC SFI SIMD SMP THE FUTURE OF SUPERCOMPUTING: ANINTERIMREPORT National Security Agency National Science Board National Science Foundation Partnerships for Advanced Computational Infrastructure peripheral component interconnect or interface President's Information Technology Advisory Committee Significant Finding Issue single instruction multiple data shared-memory multiprocessor

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The Committee on the Future of Supercomputing was tasked to assess prospects for supercomputing technology research and development in support of U.S. needs, to examine key elements of context--the history of supercomputing, the erosion of research investment, the changing nature of problems demanding supercomputing, and the needs of government agencies for supercomputing capabilities--and to assess options for progress. This interim report establishes context--including the history and current state of supercomputing, application requirements, technology evolution, the socioeconomic context--to identify some of the issues that may be explored in more depth in the second phase of the study.

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