Biographies of Committee Members
Thomas S. Hartwick, Chair, is retired manager of satellite payload program and system design activities at TRW. Dr. Hartwick has many years experience as manager of various organizations in the aerospace industry and previously worked at Hughes Aircraft Company and the Aerospace Corporation. His areas of research include sensors and imaging, with specialization in optical communications, far-infrared lasers and their applications, and laser heterodyne radiometry. Since leaving the aerospace industry in 1995, Dr. Hartwick has served on a number of academic, government, and industrial boards in a technical management role. Dr. Hartwick was chair of the NRC Panel on Assessment of Technologies Deployed to Improve Aviation Security.
Sandra L. Hyland, Vice Chair, is with Tokyo Electron Massachusetts, where she is responsible for process support to integrated circuit manufacturing facilities along the East Coast. Her group analyzes technology trends and customer data to determine hardware and process needs for manufacturing current and next-generation computer chips, including both capability and cost-reduction considerations. Dr. Hyland was previously an integration engineer for IBM's radiation-hardened computer chip manufacturing facility and managed a processing facility for the Jet Propulsion Laboratory to assess various materials for their potential as solar-cell substrates. She was also a staff officer for the National Materials Advisory Board, where she managed committees on aviation security and the design of U.S. paper money. She has a Ph.D. in materials science from Cornell University and M.S. and B.S. degrees in electrical engineering from Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, respectively.
Cheryl A. Bitner is program director for electronic warfare trainers, maintenance trainers, gunnery system trainers, and on-board (embedded) trainers at AAI Corporation. She has over 21 years of industry experience in providing training and simulation products for government as well as commercial customers and has a strong background in cost and schedule control techniques. Her responsibilities include ensuring positive program performance, strategic planning, manpower management, and personnel development. Ms. Bitner is a certified project management professional (PMP) and is a member of the National Training and Simulation Association (NTSA). She has published a cost and benefit analysis of piloting and navigational team trainers and contributes to the AAI Training Systems Newsletter. Ms. Bitner completed the advanced program management course at the Defense Systems Management College in 1989 and holds an M.S. in engineering science and a B.S. in computer science from Loyola College.
Donald E. Brown is chair of the Department of Systems Engineering of the University of Virginia. His research focuses on data fusion and simulation optimization, with applications to intelligence, security, logistics, and transportation. He has developed decision support systems for several U.S. intelligence agencies and was previously an intelligence operations officer for the U.S. Army. Dr. Brown is coeditor of Operations Research and Artificial Intelligence: The Integration of Problem Solving Strategies (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1990) and Intelligent Scheduling Systems (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1995) and is an associate editor for the journal International Abstracts in Operations Research. He has been president, vice president, and secretary of the Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). He is past chairman of the Technical Section on Artificial Intelligence of the Institute for Operations Research and Management Science and was awarded that society’s Outstanding Service Award.
Colin G. Drury is professor of industrial engineering at the University at Buffalo and executive director of the Center for Industrial Effectiveness, where he has worked extensively in integration of ergonomics/ human factors into company operations, resulting in increased competitiveness and job growth for regional industry and two Project of the Year awards from the National Association of Management and Technical Assistance Centers (NAMTAC). Since 1990 he has headed a team applying human factors to the inspection and maintenance of civil aircraft, with the goal being error reduction. Dr. Drury performed a study for the Air Transport Association evaluating the FAA’s modular bomb set and the use of this bomb set in training and testing security screeners. Dr. Drury is a fellow of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, the Institute of Industrial Engineers, and the Ergonomics Society. In 1981 he was awarded the Bartlett Medal by the Ergonomics Society, and in 1992 the Paul Fitts Award by the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. He has a Ph.D. in production engineering from Birmingham University, specializing in work design and ergonomics. Dr. Drury served on the NRC Panel on Assessment of Technologies Deployed to Improve Aviation Security.
Patrick Griffin is a senior member of the technical staff at Sandia National Laboratories and was chair of the NRC Panel on Assessment of Practicality of Pulsed Fast Neutron Analysis for Aviation Security. At Sandia, he performs research in radiation modeling and simulation, neutron effects testing, radiation dosimetry, and radiation damage to materials. He is active in the standardization community and is the current chairman of the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) subcommittee E10.05 on nuclear radiation metrology.
Jiri (Art) Janata is a professor of chemistry at Georgia Institute of Technology. Dr. Janata was previously associate director for materials and interfaces in the Environmental Molecular Science Laboratory at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. His research areas include analytical chemistry, electrochemistry, chemical sensors, bioinstrumentation, biophysical chemistry, fundamentals of materials science, micromachining, and instrumental analysis. Professor Janata has organized and chaired numerous symposia and conferences in his field, including Gordon Research Conferences on electrochemistry (January 1995), nuclear waste and energy (September 1996), and Chemical Sensors and Interfacial Design (July 1998). He is on the editorial boards of three journals: Biosensors; Sensor Technology; and Talanta. He is on the advisory board of Analytical Chemistry and associate editor for Field Analytical Chemistry and Technology. Dr. Janata has received numerous awards for his research (Alexander von Humboldt Senior Scientist Prize, 1987; Outstanding Research Award, University of Utah, 1990 (declined); Heyrovsky Medal, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, 1990; finalist medal, Science pour l’Art 1992, Moet Hennessy & Louis Vuitton, 1992; and Outstanding Achievement Award, Electrochemical Society, October 1994) and has been a visiting professor at many outstanding universities around the world (Wolfson College, Oxford University 1986/1987; Ecoale Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, 1990; and Tokyo Institute of Technology, 1995).
Len Limmer retired as deputy executive director of operations at the Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, where he was responsible for the management of the airport’s three operating departments: Operations, Public Safety, and Maintenance. He has held high office in numerous Texas and national associations concerned with public safety in large metropolitan areas. Mr. Limmer served on the NRC Panel on Assessment of the Practicality of Pulsed Fast Neutron Transmission Spectroscopy for Aviation Security and the NRC Panel on Assessment of Technologies Deployed to Improve Aviation Security.
Harry E. Martz, Jr., is the leader for the nondestructive evaluation research and development thrust at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Dr. Martz has extensive background in the use of computed tomography and x-ray radiography (technologies commonly used in explosives detection) to perform nondestructive evaluation. His current projects include the use of nonintrusive x- and gamma-ray computed tomography techniques as three-dimensional imaging tools to understand material properties and to assay radioactive waste forms. Dr. Martz has served on several NRC committees and panels dealing with the general topic of aviation security. In addition, he chaired the NRC Panel on Technical Regulation of Explosives Detection Systems.
Richard McGee is a retired electronics engineer with 35 years in the area of ballistics at the Army Research Laboratory, Aberdeen Proving Ground. Currently working part time as a senior scientist contractor at ARL, Dr. McGee is an experienced researcher with extensive expertise in millimeter-wave, infrared, radiometry, radar, smart munitions, and sensor-based system engineering and integration. He conducted field experiments to characterize near-Earth propagation of millimeter waves (10 mm to 1 mm wavelength) in turbid and tactically hostile environments and designed, fabricated, and field tested brassboard smart munition sensors. Additionally, he has designed and fabricated instrumentation to measure millimeter radiometric and radar signatures of red and blue combat vehicles and signatures of various terrains. Some new projects of his look at microwave and millimeter-wave holography, development of algorithms for multispectral fusion target recognition, and SAR and ISAR high-resolution instrumentation radars (3.2 mm and 2.2 mm). Dr. McGee is highly skilled in system integration and engineering for smart munitions with a working knowledge of sensors, warheads, guidance and control, aerodynamics, lethality performance analysis and high acceleration survivability.
James F. O’Bryon is retired deputy director, Operational Test and Evaluation (OT&E), Live Fire Testing, Office of the Secretary of Defense, at the Pentagon. Mr. O’Bryon served in various positions within the DDR&E, USD(A&T), before his position as director of OT&E. All of these positions involved overseeing and directing test and evaluation activities for the Secretary of Defense, primarily examining test plan adequacy, test execution, vulnerability/lethality, and application of tactics and doctrine to these issues. Mr. O'Bryon has testified to various committees of the Congress on defense issues as well as drafting the Secretary of Defense's reports on system survivability and lethality vulnerability. He has served on more than a dozen committees addressing such things as directed energy, ozone-depleting compounds, and modeling and simulation.
Richard L. Rowe is retired chief executive officer of MCMS, a $550 million electronics contract manufacturing company. His experience includes sensor technologies applied to aviation security, as well as new technologies in optics and radio frequency and electronic sensors and switch products. He has over 20 years of experience in the electronic sensors and switch products industry. Prior to his work in the electronics industry he was with the U.S. Army for 6 years. He has a master’s degree in engineering administration from the George Washington University, Washington, D.C., and a bachelor’s degree in engineering and applied sciences from the U.S. Military Academy. He has served on the board of various electronics industries and was awarded the Honeywell Lund Award, a major leadership award, in 1987.
Eric R. Schwartz is director of Advanced Vehicle Systems Technology at the Boeing Company’s Phantom Works. In this role he leads R&D activities for advanced commercial and military aerospace vehicle systems and subsystems. This includes technology development for crew systems, vehicle systems, flight management systems, software integration, and subsystems. He is also responsible for aviation security technologies such as chem/bio detection and mitigation and for aircraft protection. Mr. Schwartz has experience in threat analysis, bomb blast effects, and blast testing of hardened luggage containers. He has performed Boeing and National Transportation Safety Board investigations and managed engineering analyses on terrorist bombing events on aircraft. He is a recognized expert on the structural and systems effects of threats against commercial aircraft and has presented numerous papers to the FAA, NASA, AIAA, U.S. Department of Defense, and international aviation authorities. Mr. Schwartz has participated in several government committees and advisory boards, including the National Research Council’s Panel on Assessment of Technoligies Deployed to Improve Aviation Security and the FAA Aviation Security R&D Advisory Committee and served as deputy director of the AIAA Technical Committee. He has also served on the NASA Aviation Safety Executive Council, the European JAA Future Aviation Safety Team, the IATA Aviation Security Committee, and the NATO R&D Advisory Group for Aircraft Survivability.
Elizabeth H. Slate is an associate professor in the Department of Biometry and Epidemiology at the Medical University of South Carolina. One of her more recent grants was from the Semiconductor Research Corporation/NSF for methods of modeling stochastic processes in semiconductor manufacturing. Dr. Slate has a diverse statistical analysis background and both academic and industrial experience. She is active in many statistics-related societies, such as the American Statistical Association, and is the chair elect of the American Statistical Association Subsection on Statistical Computing. Dr. Slate served on the NRC Panel on Assessment of Technologies Deployed to Improve Aviation Security.
Michael Story is retired from Thermo Electron Corporation. Mr. Story was involved in the research, design, and commercialization of mass spectrometers for 37 years and is a cofounder of the Finnigan Corporation. He was a member of previous NRC committees on commercial aviation security (1988-1993) and chaired the Panel on Test Protocol and Performance Criteria. He is a member of the NRC Committee on Commercial Aviation Security and the Panel on Assessment of Technologies Deployed to Improve Aviation Security.