National Academies Press: OpenBook
« Previous: Glossary
Suggested Citation:"List of Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2005. Assessment of the Scientific Information for the Radiation Exposure Screening and Education Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11279.
×

List of Abbreviations


AEC

Atomic Energy Commission

AR

Attributable Risk

AS

Assigned Share


BEIR

Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation

BRER

Board on Radiation Effects Research


CDE

Committed Dose Equivalent

CEDE

Committed Effective Dose Equivalent

CFR

Code of Federal Regulations

CIRRPC

Committee on Interagency Radiation Research and Policy Coordination

CV

Coefficient of variation


DHHS

US Department of Health and Human Services

DOD

US Department of Defense

DOE

US Department of Energy

DOJ

US Department of Justice

DOL

US Department of Labor

DDREF

Dose and Dose-Rate Reduction Effectiveness Factor

DTRA

Defense Threat Reduction Agency


EEOICPA

Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act

ERR

Excess Relative Risk

Suggested Citation:"List of Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2005. Assessment of the Scientific Information for the Radiation Exposure Screening and Education Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11279.
×

GAO

General Accounting Office


HRSA

Health Resources and Services Administration


IARC

International Agency for Research on Cancer

IAEA

International Atomic Energy Agency

ICRP

International Commission on Radiological Protection

ICRU

International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements

IOM

Institute of Medicine

IREP

Interactive Radio Epidemiological Program


LET

Linear Energy Transfer

LLE

Lose of Life Expectancy


MC

Monte Carlo


NAS

National Academy of Sciences

NCI

National Cancer Institute

NCRP

National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements

NIH

National Institutes of Health

NIOSH

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

NRPB

National Radiological Protection Board

NRC

National Research Council

NTS

Nevada Test Site


PC

Probability of Causation


REF

Radiation Effectiveness Factor

RERF

Radiation Effects Research Foundation

RECA

Radiation Exposure Compensation Act

RECP

Radiation Exposure Compensation Program

RESEP

Radiation Exposure Screening and Education Program

REVCA

Radiation-Exposed Veterans Compensation Act

RR

Relative Risk


SD

Standard deviation

SMR

Standardized Mortality Ratio

SI

Système International (International System)


TEDE

Total Effective Dose Equivalent


UB

Upper bound

Suggested Citation:"List of Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2005. Assessment of the Scientific Information for the Radiation Exposure Screening and Education Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11279.
×

VA

US Department of Veterans Affairs


WT

Weighting Factor

WHO

World Health Organization

WL

Working Level

WLM

Working Level Month

Suggested Citation:"List of Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2005. Assessment of the Scientific Information for the Radiation Exposure Screening and Education Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11279.
×
Page 405
Suggested Citation:"List of Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2005. Assessment of the Scientific Information for the Radiation Exposure Screening and Education Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11279.
×
Page 406
Suggested Citation:"List of Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2005. Assessment of the Scientific Information for the Radiation Exposure Screening and Education Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11279.
×
Page 407
Next: Committee and Staff Biographies »
Assessment of the Scientific Information for the Radiation Exposure Screening and Education Program Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $85.00 Buy Ebook | $69.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

The Radiation Exposure Compensation Act (RECA) was set up by Congress in 1990 to compensate people who have been diagnosed with specified cancers and chronic diseases that could have resulted from exposure to nuclear-weapons tests at various U.S. test sites. Eligible claimants include civilian onsite participants, downwinders who lived in areas currently designated by RECA, and uranium workers and ore transporters who meet specified residence or exposure criteria. The Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), which oversees the screening, education, and referral services program for RECA populations, asked the National Academies to review its program and assess whether new scientific information could be used to improve its program and determine if additional populations or geographic areas should be covered under RECA. The report recommends Congress should establish a new science-based process using a method called "probability of causation/assigned share" (PC/AS) to determine eligibility for compensation. Because fallout may have been higher for people outside RECA-designated areas, the new PC/AS process should apply to all residents of the continental US, Alaska, Hawaii, and overseas US territories who have been diagnosed with specific RECA-compensable diseases and who may have been exposed, even in utero, to radiation from U.S. nuclear-weapons testing fallout. However, because the risks of radiation-induced disease are generally low at the exposure levels of concern in RECA populations, in most cases it is unlikely that exposure to radioactive fallout was a substantial contributing cause of cancer.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!