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Policy Options for Intermodal Freight Transportation: Special Report 252 (1998)

Chapter: Study Committee Biographical Information

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Suggested Citation:"Study Committee Biographical Information." Transportation Research Board. 1998. Policy Options for Intermodal Freight Transportation: Special Report 252. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11414.
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Study Committee Biographical Information

EdwardK. Morlok, Chairman, is UPS Foundation Professor of Transportation, Department of Systems Engineering, University of Pennsylvania. He has been at Penn since 1973 and has served as Chairman of the Systems Engineering and Transportation graduate programs. His Ph.D. in civil engineering is from Northwestern University and his undergraduate degree is from Yale University. He is the chairman of the Transportation Research Board (TRB) Committee on Freight Transportation and Logistics and a past president of the Transportation Research Forum. Professor Morlok’s research interests include intermodal freight transportation, information technology, and logistics.


Robert E. Bowles is Director of Logistics for PPG Industries, Inc. He is responsible for transportation and distribution of PPG products and inbound raw materials for both domestic and international operations. He has 30 years’ experience in the functional areas of sales, marketing, purchasing, and distribution. He is President of the Council of Logistics Management and a member of the Board of Directors of the National Industrial Transportation League.


Michael S. Bronzini is Director of the Center for Transportation Analysis at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. From 1986 to 1991 he was

Suggested Citation:"Study Committee Biographical Information." Transportation Research Board. 1998. Policy Options for Intermodal Freight Transportation: Special Report 252. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11414.
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Professor and Head of the Department of Civil Engineering at Pennsylvania State University. He has also taught at the University of Tennessee and at Georgia Tech. He received doctoral and master’s degrees in civil engineering from Penn State and the bachelor’s degree from Stanford. His research interests are transportation network analysis, inland water transportation, and transportation economics. Dr. Bronzini is a past president of the Transportation Research Forum and has served on several TRB committees. He chaired the TRB Committee on Landside Access to Ports.


William J. DeWitt is Executive-in-Residence and Instructor, Department of Marketing, Logistics and Transportation, University of Tennessee. From 1972 to 1995 he was an executive of the Burlington Northern Railroad; from 1989 to 1995 he was vice president, marketing and sales, responsible for intermodal, automotive, and forest products, successively. He holds an MBA degree from the University of Tennessee and a BA from Allegheny College. He is a member of the American Society for Transportation and Logistics (certified) and the Council of Logistics Management.


Robert H. Frenzel is a Vice President with United Parcel Service’s Government Affairs office in Washington, D.C. He has been with UPS for 22 years, holding positions in operations, the company legal department, and government affairs. He is an expert on national and international regulatory issues affecting air freight and serves as Vice Chair of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce’s Transportation Infrastructure Task Force. Mr. Frenzel received bachelor’s and law degrees from DePaul University in Chicago.


John L. King is Professor of Information and Computer Science and Management at the University of California, Irvine. His research is in the application of information technology to complex organizational and institutional problems, including logistics. He is Editor in Chief of the journal Information Systems Research. He holds an M.S. degree and a Ph.D. in Administration from the University of California at Irvine.


Richard C. Larson is Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science and Director of the Center for Advanced Educational Services at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is a mem-

Suggested Citation:"Study Committee Biographical Information." Transportation Research Board. 1998. Policy Options for Intermodal Freight Transportation: Special Report 252. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11414.
×

ber of the National Academy of Engineering. His bachelor’s, master’s, and Ph.D. are from MIT. He is known for his work in applied operations research, including studies of traffic control, transportation, and logistics and distribution systems.


Ysela Llort is the State Transportation Planner with the Florida Department of Transportation. She oversees the statewide and systems planning functions for the department. Ms. Llort has been with the department since August 1994. Previously, she served 9 years with the Virginia Department of Transportation as Assistant District Engineer for Planning and Operations in the Northern Virginia portion of the Washington, D.C., metropolitan area. She has worked in developmental banking in both the private and public sectors. Ms. Llort is a graduate of Duke University, where she earned a degree in economics, and has master’s degrees from Clemson University in City and Regional Planning and Transportation Engineering.


Roger E. Nortillo is Executive Vice President of Maher Terminals, Inc., and President of Maher Terminals Logistics Systems, Inc. Maher Terminals is a terminal and stevedoring operator in the Port of New York and New Jersey. Maher Terminals Logistics Systems develops and markets port and terminal operations technologies worldwide. Dr. Nortillo holds bachelor of science and M.B.A. degrees from the University of Dayton and a doctoral degree in computer science from Pace University.


Elizabeth Ogard is General Manager OptiModal, Schneider Distribution Services, Schneider National. Before joining Schneider National in 1993, Ms. Ogard was with Conrail from 1985 to 1993 and Burlington Northern Railroad from 1978 to 1985. She is active in the Council of Logistics Management, a past member of the Ashwaubenon, Wisconsin, Planning Commission, and a past member of the Hayward, California, City Council. Ms. Ogard received an M.B.A. from the University of Texas and a bachelor of arts degree from Michigan State University.


John R. Platt is Executive Director of the New York State Thruway Authority. From 1991 to 1996 he was with the Ohio Department of Transportation, where he held the positions of Assistant Director and subsequently Chief of Staff. Previously he was a consulting city planner in

Suggested Citation:"Study Committee Biographical Information." Transportation Research Board. 1998. Policy Options for Intermodal Freight Transportation: Special Report 252. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11414.
×

private practice, Planning Director of the Canton Regional Transit Authority, and Community Development Director with the City of Canton, Ohio. With the State of Ohio, Mr. Platt was the responsible state official for several innovative intermodal freight projects.


Theodore Prince is Senior Vice President and Chief Operating Officer of “K” Line America, Inc., and Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer, The Rail-Bridge Corporation. He has worked for “K” Line, an ocean-shipping company, and Rail-Bridge Corporation, its inland rail subsidiary, since 1987. He holds master of science and bachelor of science degrees from the University of Pennsylvania.


Andrea Riniker is Executive Director of the Port of Tacoma. Formerly she was Deputy Executive Director of the Port of Seattle and Managing Director of the Aviation Division of the Port of Seattle. Ms. Riniker also has 15 years of experience in local government as Assistant City Manager of Austin, Texas, and City Manager of Bellevue, Washington. She is a member of the TRB Executive Committee.


David Stein is Manager, Implementation Assessment at the Southern California Association of Governments (SCAG). Formerly he was Principal Planner for Goods Movement at SCAG and Director of Transportation Programs for the New England Regional Commission. He was a consultant in regional development planning in Israel from 1982 to 1985 and undertook research on urbanization in India from 1979 to 1980. He is a graduate of the Department of City and Regional Planning of the University of California, Berkeley.


Erik Stromberg is Executive Director of the North Carolina State Ports Authority. From 1987 to 1995, he was President and Chief Executive Officer of the American Association of Port Authorities. He has worked for the Federal Maritime Commission and as a professional staff member for the U.S. Congress. He has a master’s degree in Marine Affairs from the University of Washington.

Suggested Citation:"Study Committee Biographical Information." Transportation Research Board. 1998. Policy Options for Intermodal Freight Transportation: Special Report 252. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11414.
×
Page 111
Suggested Citation:"Study Committee Biographical Information." Transportation Research Board. 1998. Policy Options for Intermodal Freight Transportation: Special Report 252. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11414.
×
Page 112
Suggested Citation:"Study Committee Biographical Information." Transportation Research Board. 1998. Policy Options for Intermodal Freight Transportation: Special Report 252. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11414.
×
Page 113
Suggested Citation:"Study Committee Biographical Information." Transportation Research Board. 1998. Policy Options for Intermodal Freight Transportation: Special Report 252. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11414.
×
Page 114
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Policy Options for Intermodal Freight Transportation: Special Report 252 Get This Book
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TRB Special Report 252 - Policy Options for Intermodal Freight Transportation recognizes that freight transportation is of critical importance to the United States and that intermodal freight transportation is one of the major technological and organizational trends affecting the performance of the sector.

During the last two decades, the importance of freight efficiency to the nation's economy has become more apparent to federal policy makers and has emerged as an increasingly important element of laws and regulations related to surface transportation. In the Intermodal Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (ISTEA), Congress stated: "It is the Policy of the United States to develop a National Intermodal Transportation System that is economically efficient and environmentally sound, provides the foundation for the Nation to compete in the global economy, and will move people and goods in an energy efficient manner."

The term "intermodal" is usually interpreted as referring to places where the various modes connect for the purpose of transferring passengers or freight or to operations designed to move on more than one mode. ISTEA introduced provisions, carried over and extended in the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century, that allowed taxes collected for the highway trust fund to be used for intermodal investments designed to facilitate more efficient connections between the modes. Highways and trucking are central to intermodalism because virtually all freight moves by truck at some point in its trip.

Intermodal transfer points include any terminals where freight is transferred from one mode to another. Intermodal connections are critically important to freight movement. Massive seagoing vessels deliver containerized cargo to ports, where the containers are either trucked to rail yards for placement on trains or offloaded directly onto rail cars at the port terminal. Containerization has introduced extraordinary efficiencies into freight movement, but the connection points remain sources of friction and lost efficiency.

The TRB committee that examined policy options for intermodal freight transportation concluded that public investment in freight facilities is complex. These types of facilities (rail yards, port terminals, and truck terminals) have usually been financed exclusively by the private sector. The committee concluded that introducing public funds into this mix could undermine the "user pays" principle that has been fundamental to highway finance, fuel interstate rivalries, and come to be demanded by private-sector firms as a substitute for formerly private investment.

Appropriate federal and state roles in such projects are not yet well established in practice; hence there are uncertainties about how to proceed and a risk of wasted resources. Before federal and state funds are invested in such facilities, the investments should be clearly justified. Such justification might include, for example, that the investment would reduce negative externalities and increase positive externalities, or that it is necessary for national defense. In defining an appropriate public role, government agencies should apply standard analysis tools to estimate costs and benefits and winners and losers. The public role in financing major facilities should also receive close scrutiny to ensure that public benefits justify the expenditure of public funds and that users pay to the extent that they benefit. The location of benefits also matters: when benefits are primarily local rather than national, local or state governments are the appropriate sources of funding.

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