National Academies Press: OpenBook

Managing Coal Combustion Residues in Mines (2006)

Chapter: D Acronyms and Abbreviations

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Suggested Citation:"D Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2006. Managing Coal Combustion Residues in Mines. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11592.
Page 227
Suggested Citation:"D Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2006. Managing Coal Combustion Residues in Mines. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11592.
Page 228

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D Acronyms and Abbreviations ACAA American Coal Ash Association AMD Acid Mine Drainage AML Abandoned Mine Land AOC Approximate Original Contour ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials AVS Applicant Violator System CAA Clean Air Act CAAA Clean Air Act Amendments CAIR Clean Air Interstate Rule CAMR Clean Air Mercury Rule CCB Coal Combustions Byproducts CCR Coal Combustion Residues CHIA Cumulative Hydrologic Impact Assessment CHP Combined Heat and Power CWA Clean Water Act EIA Energy Information Agency EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency EPCRA Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act ESP Electrostatic Precipitator ET Evapotranspiration FBC Fluidized Bed Combustion 227

228 MANAGING COAL COMBUSTION RESIDUES IN MINES FGD Flue Gas Desulfurization IGCC Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle IPP Independent Power Producer MCL Maximum Contaminant Level MEP Multiple Extraction Procedure MSW Municipal Solid Waste NPDES National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System NRC National Research Council OSM Office of Surface Mining PADEP Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection PAH Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon PC Pulverized Coal (Boiler) PFBC Pressurized Fluidized Bed Combustion PHC Probable Hydrologic Consequence PPA Pollution Prevention Act PVC Polyvinyl Chloride QA/QC Quality Assurance and Quality Control RCRA Resource Conservation and Recovery Act SDWA Safe Drinking Water Act SMCRA Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act SOT Science of Toxicology SPLP Synthetic Precipitate Leaching Procedure TCLP Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure TRI Toxics Release Inventory UAA Use Attainability Analysis UCI Underground Injection Control USDOE U.S. Department of Energy USDW Underground Source of Drinking Water USGS U.S. Geological Survey

Next: E Side By Side Comparison RCRA to SMCRA »
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Burning coal in electric utility plants produces, in addition to power, residues that contain constituents which may be harmful to the environment. The management of large volumes of coal combustion residues (CCRs) is a challenge for utilities, because they must either place the CCRs in landfills, surface impoundments, or mines, or find alternative uses for the material. This study focuses on the placement of CCRs in active and abandoned coal mines. The committee believes that placement of CCRs in mines as part of the reclamation process may be a viable option for the disposal of this material as long as the placement is properly planned and carried out in a manner that avoids significant adverse environmental and health impacts. This report discusses a variety of steps that are involved in planning and managing the use of CCRs as minefills, including an integrated process of CCR characterization and site characterization, management and engineering design of placement activities, and design and implementation of monitoring to reduce the risk of contamination moving from the mine site to the ambient environment. Enforceable federal standards are needed for the disposal of CCRs in minefills to ensure that states have adequate, explicit authority and that they implement minimum safeguards.

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