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Suggested Citation:"D Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2007. Assessment of the Results of External Independent Reviews for U.S. Department of Energy Projects. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11887.
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D
Acronyms and Abbreviations

CAP corrective action plan

CD-0 critical decision 0, approval of mission need

CD-1 critical decision 1, approval of alternative selection and cost range

CD-2 critical decision 2, approval of performance baseline

CD-3 critical decision 3, approval of start of construction

CD-4 critical decision 4, approval of start of operations or project closeout

CII Construction Industry Institute

DOE U.S. Department of Energy

EIR external independent review

EM Office of Environmental Management

IPR independent project review

IPT integrated project team

M&O Management and Operations (contractor)

NNSA National Nuclear Security Administration

OECM Office of Engineering and Construction Management

PARS Project Analysis and Reporting System

PMSO project management support office

PSO program secretarial office

SC Office of Science

TEC total estimated cost

TPC total project cost

Suggested Citation:"D Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2007. Assessment of the Results of External Independent Reviews for U.S. Department of Energy Projects. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11887.
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Suggested Citation:"D Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2007. Assessment of the Results of External Independent Reviews for U.S. Department of Energy Projects. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11887.
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Page 63
Suggested Citation:"D Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2007. Assessment of the Results of External Independent Reviews for U.S. Department of Energy Projects. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11887.
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Page 64
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Peer review is an essential component of engineering practice and other scientific and technical undertakings. Peer reviews are conducted to ensure that activities are technically adequate, competently performed, and properly documented; to validate assumptions, calculations, and extrapolations; and to assess alternative interpretations, methodologies, acceptance criteria, and other aspects of the work products and the documentation that support them. Effective peer reviews are conducted in an environment of mutual respect, recognizing the contributions of all participants. Their primary objective is to help the project team achieve its goals. Reviews also contribute to quality assurance, risk management, and overall improvement of the management process.

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) conducts different types of peer reviews at the different stages of a project, including reviews to assess risks and other factors related to design, safety, cost estimates, value engineering, and project management. Independent project reviews (IPRs) are conducted by federal staff not directly affiliated with the project or program and management and operations (M&O) contractors. External independent reviews (EIRs) are overseen by the Office of Engineering and Construction Management and conducted by contractors external to the department. EIRs are the primary focus of this report. However, the committee found that, in many cases, IPRs are explicitly used as preparation for or as preliminary reviews prior to EIRs. Thus, because IPRs are integral to the review process in DOE, they are also discussed because they might have an effect on EIRs.

In October 2000, DOE issued Order 413.3, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets (DOE, 2000). The order established a series of five critical decisions (CDs), or major milestones, that require senior management review and approval to ensure that a project satisfies applicable mission, design, security, and safety requirements: approve mission need, approve alternative selection and cost range, approve performance baseline, approve start of construction, and approve start of operations or project closeout.

Assessment of the Results of External Independent Reviews for U. S. Department of Energy Projects summarizes the results.

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