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Part TI Intervening to Limit the Spread of~HIV Infection In Part II, we review strategies that hold promise for halting the spread of HIV infection. Unfortunately, because few of the AIDS intervention programs conducted to ciate have been evaluated, there is little basis for determining the best way to facilitate change in risk-associated behavior. Therefore, in Chapter 4, the committee has enumerated principles of human behavior that are known to influence health behavior, principles that form the cornerstone for the design and implementation of intervention programs. Chapter 5 then discusses the purpose, processes, and problems of conducting evaluations to determine the effects of intervention programs. Rig- orous evaluation is the key to determining which AIDS intervention efforts are working and which are not, knowledge that is essential to monitor performance and improve future efforts to halt the spread of HIV infection.