National Academies Press: OpenBook

AIDS, Sexual Behavior, and Intravenous Drug Use (1989)

Chapter: II Intervening to Limit the Spread of HIV Infection

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Suggested Citation:"II Intervening to Limit the Spread of HIV Infection." National Research Council. 1989. AIDS, Sexual Behavior, and Intravenous Drug Use. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1195.
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Page 257
Suggested Citation:"II Intervening to Limit the Spread of HIV Infection." National Research Council. 1989. AIDS, Sexual Behavior, and Intravenous Drug Use. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1195.
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Page 258

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Part TI Intervening to Limit the Spread of~HIV Infection In Part II, we review strategies that hold promise for halting the spread of HIV infection. Unfortunately, because few of the AIDS intervention programs conducted to ciate have been evaluated, there is little basis for determining the best way to facilitate change in risk-associated behavior. Therefore, in Chapter 4, the committee has enumerated principles of human behavior that are known to influence health behavior, principles that form the cornerstone for the design and implementation of intervention programs. Chapter 5 then discusses the purpose, processes, and problems of conducting evaluations to determine the effects of intervention programs. Rig- orous evaluation is the key to determining which AIDS intervention efforts are working and which are not, knowledge that is essential to monitor performance and improve future efforts to halt the spread of HIV infection.

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The AIDS virus is spread by human behaviors enacted in a variety of social situations. In order to prevent further infection, we need to know more about these behaviors. This volume explores what is known about the number of people infected, risk-associated behaviors, facilitation of behavioral change, and barriers to more effective prevention efforts.

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