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Appendix A COMMITTEE MEMBERSâ BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION JOHN EDWARD PORTER, chair, is a partner in the Wash- ington law firm of Hogan and Hartson. He also chaired the 2004 edition of this report. He served 21 years as U.S. congressman from the 10th district in Illinois, where he served on the Appropriations Committee and as chair of the Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education. He now chairs Research ! America and PBS and is vice-chair of the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health. Previously he served on the boards of The Brookings Institution, the RAND Corporation, the American Heart Association, and the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. Porter is a member of the Institute of Medicine and of the Council on Foreign Relations. Among more than 275 awards for his service in Congress is the Mary Woodard Lasker Award for Public Service. He attended the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and is a graduate of Northwestern University and, with distinction, of the University of Michigan Law School. Porter has nine honorary degrees. RICHARD F. CELESTE is president of Colorado College. He attended Oxford University in England as a Rhodes Scholar after graduating from Yale University in 1959. After a short term as a Staff Liaison Officer in the Peace Corps, he worked for 4 years as special assistant to the American ambassador to India in New Delhi. Following this, Mr. Celeste returned to his native Ohio where he served as a State Representative and lÂieutenant governor. After an unsuccessful campaign for Governor, Celeste served as Director of 45
COMMITTEE MEMBERSâ BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION the Peace Corps. He returned to Ohio to wage a successful quest for the Governorâs Office, he was elected in 1982 and reelected in 1986. Barred by Ohioâs Constitution from seeking a third term, Ambassa- dor Celeste became a Âmanaging partner in the business consultancy, Celeste & Sabety Ltd., located in Columbus, Ohio. Ambassador Celeste served as a Director of ÂNavistar International, Healthsouth Corporation, Republic Engineered Steels and the Carnegie Corpo- ration of New York. He was formerly chairman of the Government- University-Industry Research Roundtable of the National Research Council, a member of the Secretary of Energyâs Advisory Board, and a visiting fellow in Public Policy at Case Western Reserve Univer- sity. In 1997-2001, Celeste served as the United States Ambassador to India. ÂAmbassador Celeste serves as chairman of the Health Effects Institute in Boston. He is a director of Cibernet and a mem- ber of the Council on Foreign Relations. MARY E. CLUTTER is a former assistant director of the National Science Foundation (NSF). In that position she was responsible for the Biological Sciences Directorate, which supports all major areas of fundamental research in biology. Dr. Clutter was the U.S. chair of the U.S.-European Commission Task Force on Biotechnology, a member of the Board of Trustees of the inter- national Human Frontiers Science Program; a member of the Board of Regents of the National Library of Medicine; a member of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education and E Â conomics Advisory Board; chair of the Biotechnology Subcom- mittee of the Committee on Science of the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC); cochair of the Subcommittee on Ecological Systems of the Committee on Environment and N Â atural Resources/NSTC and cochair of the NSTC Committee on S Â cienceâs Interagency Working Group on Plant Genomes. She is also a member of numerous professional societies and has served on the Board of Directors of the American Association for the Advance- ment of Science (AAAS). She is a fellow of the AAAS and the 46
Science and Technology for Americaâs Progress Association for Women in Science. Dr. Clutter received her B.S. in biology from Allegheny College and her masterâs and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Pittsburgh. She is a member of the Policy and Global Affairs committee of the National Research Council. NEAL F. LANE is the Malcolm Gillis University Professor at Rice University. He also holds appointments as senior fellow of the James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy, where he is engaged in matters of science and technology policy, and in the Department of Physics and Astronomy. Before assuming his current position, Dr. Lane served as Assistant to the President for Science and Technol- ogy and Director of the White House Office of Science and Tech- nology Policy, from August 1998 to January 2001, and as director of the National Science Foundation (NSF) from October 1993 to August 1998. Dr. Laneâs many writings and presentations include topics in theoretical atomic and molecular physics and science and technology policy. Early in his career he received the W. Alton Jones Graduate Fellowship and held an NSF Doctoral Fellowship (University of Oklahoma), an NSF Post-doctoral FellowÂship (while in residence at Queenâs University, Belfast, Northern Ireland) and an Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Fellowship (at Rice University and on research leave at Oxford University). He earned Phi Beta Kappa honors in 1960 and was inducted into Sigma Xi National Research Society in 1964, serving as its national president in 1993. Dr. Lane has received numerous prizes, and awards, including the AAAS Philip Hauge Abelson Award, the AAAS William D. Carey Award, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Presidentâs Award, the American Chemical Society Public Service Award, the American Astronomical Society /American Mathematical Society/American Physical Society Public Service Award, and many honorary degrees. He is a fellow of the American Physical Society, the American Acad- emy of Arts and Sciences, the American Association for Advance- ment of Science, and the Association for Women in Science. 47
COMMITTEE MEMBERSâ BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION RICHARD A. MESERVE [NAE] has been president of the Carnegie Institution since 2003, after stepping down as chairman of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). Meserve had been a member of Carnegieâs board of trustees since 1992. As chair- man of the NRC, Meserve served as the principal executive officer of the federal agency with responsibility for ensuring public health and safety in the operation of nuclear power plants and in the usage of nuclear materials. He served as chairman under both Presidents Clinton and Bush and led the NRC in responding to the terrorism threat that came to the fore after the 9/11 attacks. Before joining the NRC, Meserve was a partner in the Washington, D.C., law firm of Covington & Burling, and he now serves as senior of counsel to the firm. With his Harvard law degree, received in 1975, and his Ph.D. in applied physics from Stanford, awarded in 1976, he devoted his legal practice to technical issues arising at the intersection of science, law, and public policy. Early in his career, he served as legal counsel to the Presidentâs science advisor, and was a law clerk to Justice Harry A. Blackmun of the United States Supreme Court and to Judge Benjamin Kaplan of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court. He received his undergraduate degree from Tufts University in 1966. Meserve has served on numerous legal and scientific committees over the years, including many established by the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering. He also cur- rently serves as chairman of the International Nuclear Safety Group, which is chartered by the International Atomic Energy Agency. Among other affiliations, he is a member of the American Philosophi- cal Society, the National Academy of Engineering, and Sigma Xi, and he is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Physical Society, and Phi Beta Kappa ÂSociety. ANNE C. PETERSEN [IOM] is deputy director for the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, and Professor of Psychology, Stanford University. She is also President of the Global 48
Science and Technology for Americaâs Progress Philanthropy Alliance. She serves on several boards and committees of the National Academies, foundations, community-based organi- zations, among others. Petersen completed nearly a decade at the W.K. Kellogg Foundation in 2005 as senior vice president for pro- grams. In the mid-1990âs Petersen served as deputy director/chief operations officer at the National Science Foundation. Petersen was the Vice President for Research at the University of Minnesota, as well as the Graduate Dean, in the early 1990âs. She was also a professor in the Institute for Child Development, and Department of Pediatrics. At Penn State University (1982-1993), Petersen was a department head and founding dean of the College of Health and Human Development. Prior to Penn State, Petersen was a faculty member at the University of Chicago, with roles including labora- tory director and training program director, and Associate Director of the Health Program at the MacArthur Foundation. Her honors include election to the Institute of Medicine of the National Acad- emies and fellowship in a number of scientific societies. She is a member of the NAS/NAE/IOM Committee on Science, Engineer- ing, and Public Policy. She is a founder of the Society of Research on Adolescence, has served as president of several scientific societ- ies, and is president-elect of the International Society for the Study of Behavioral Development. Petersen earned all her degrees at the University of ChicagoâB.A. in mathematics, M.A. in statistics, and a Ph.D. in measurement, evaluation, and statistical analysis. MAXINE L. SAVITZ [NAE] advises on research and develop- ment management, energy and environmental policy, materials development, production and utilization, and technology transfer. Dr. Savitz is the former Deputy Assistant Secretary for Conserva- tion, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). She received the Out- standing Service Medal from the Department of Energy in 1981. Prior to her DOE service, she was program manager of the NSF Program for Research Applied to National Needs. Following her government service, Dr. Savitz served in executive positions in 49
COMMITTEE MEMBERSâ BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION the private sector, including as president of the Lighting Research Institute, as assistant to the vice president for engineering at the Garrett Corporation, and general manager of Allied Signal ÂCeramics Components. She recently retired from the position of general manager for Technology Partnerships at Honeywell. Dr. Savitz is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and the Ameri- can Association for the Advancement of Science. She served on the National Science Board from 1998 to 2004. She was a member of the Department of Energyâs Laboratory Operations Board and the Board of Directors of the Electric Power Research Institute. She is currently a member of advisory bodies for Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Board of Directors of the American Council for an Energy Efficient Econ- omy. She received a B.A. in chemistry from Bryn Mawr College and a Ph.D. in organic chemistry from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. DEBORAH L. WINCE-SMITH is the president of the ÂCouncil on Competitiveness. In 1989 she was appointed Assistant Secretary for Technology Policy in the Department of Commerce. She previ- ously served as the assistant director for International Affairs and Global Competitivenes in the Reagan White House Office of Sci- ence and Technology Policy. Following her government tenure, she became active in the governance of various national laboratories, including serving on the Board of Governors for Argonne National Laboratory, and on the University of California Presidentâs Council for Los Alamos and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories. Wince-Smith was appointed to the Board of Directors of ÂNASDAQ in 2004. She was also appointed to the Oversight Board of the Internal Revenue Service in 2006, as well as to the Secretary of Stateâs Advisory Committee on International Economic Policy. She is a graduate of Vassar College, and received a masterâs degree from Kingâs College, Cambridge University. She received an honorary doctorate from Michigan State University in 2006. 50