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D Committee and Staff Biographies COMMITTEE Ronald (Ron) Kiss (co-chair) is president emeritus of Webb Institute, a private four-year college providing B.S. degrees in naval architecture and marine engineering. Prior to joining Webb Institute, he was vice president of SYNTEK, assisting the U.S. Navy on the Joint Navy/Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency arsenal ship program and the Navyâs aircraft carrier and surface combatant programs. He served as deputy assistant secretary of the Navy for ship programs in the Office of the Assistant Sec- retary of the Navy (Research, Development and Acquisition) and as exec- utive director of the Amphibious, Auxiliary, Mine and Sealift Directorate at Naval Sea Systems Command. Mr. Kiss spent nearly 20 years with the Maritime Administration, culminating as acting associate administrator for Shipbuilding and Ship Operations. Mr. Kiss is a former member of the Marine Board and served on the National Research Council (NRC) Com- mittee on the Assessment of U.S. Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Roles and Future Needs. He holds a B.S. degree in naval architecture and marine engineering from Webb Institute and an M.S. in naval architecture from the University of California-Berkeley. He has participated in a number of postgraduate programs at institutions including Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Richard (Dick) Pittenger (co-chair) has spent his career in naval and research oceanography. During his naval career, he served as Oceanog- rapher of the Navy, director of the Antisubmarine Warfare Program, and 103
104 APPENDIX D commander of Destroyer class warships. Upon retirement, Rear Admiral Pittenger came to Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), where he led the Marine Operations Division. While at WHOI, he oversaw the conversion of the University-National Oceanographic Laboratory System (UNOLS) vessels Knorr and Oceanus, the addition of R/V Atlantis, and the retirement of Atlantis II. RADM Pittenger has also worked closely with deep submergence vehicles, including the award of a grant to build a replacement for the Alvin manned submersible. RADM Pittenger served on the UNOLS Council from 1992 to 1998 and has been a member and vice-chair of NRC committees on naval research and acoustics. He earned his M.S. in physics, specializing in underwater acoustics, at the Naval Postgraduate School. Francisco Chavez is a senior researcher in the Biological Oceanography Group at the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI). His current research focuses on biology and chemistry of the ocean in rela- tion to global change; how climate, ocean physics, marine chemistry, and ocean ecosystems co-vary on global to mesoscales; instrumentation and systems for long-term ocean observing; and satellite remote sensing. His current projects include studies in the equatorial Pacific, central Califor- nia, and Peru. Dr. Chavez is the associate editor of Geophysical Research Letters, and is a member of the National Science Foundation (NSF) Geosci- ences Advisory Committee and the U.S. Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS) time series oversight committee. Dr. Chavez received his Ph.D. in botany from Duke University in 1987. Margo Edwards is a senior research scientist and director of the Hawaii Mapping Research Group with the Hawaii Institute of Geophysics and Planetology at the University of Hawaii at Manoa. Her current scientific research focuses on bathymetric and sidescan sonar mapping of the Arc- tic Basin and the use of high-resolution photographic and acoustic data to map the East Pacific Rise mid-ocean ridge. Dr. Edwards was recently appointed to the Scientific Ice Expedition Science Advisory Committee, a collaborative project between the U.S. Navy and civilian scientists for geological and environmental research in the Arctic Ocean. She served as chair of the UNOLS Arctic Icebreaker Coordinating Committee from 2004 to 2007 and on the NRC Committee on Designing an Arctic Observing Network. Dr. Edwards earned her Ph.D. in marine geology and geophys- ics from Columbia University in 1992. Rana Fine is a professor of marine and atmospheric chemistry at the University of Miamiâs Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Sci- ence. Her current research objective is to better understand the role of the
APPENDIX D 105 oceans in climate change, occurring on time scales of up to decades. She is interested in the physical processes that determine the oceansâ capacity to take up atmospheric constituents such as carbon dioxide, especially through air-sea interactions and ocean mixing. She was the elected presi- dent of the Ocean Sciences Section of the American Geophysical Union from 1996-1998, and served on the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) Scientific Steering Committee. Dr. Fine is a former member of the Ocean Studies Board and has served on several NRC committees related to oceanography. She received her Ph.D. from the University of Miami in 1975. Nancy Rabalais is executive director and professor at the Louisiana Uni- versities Marine Consortium. Dr. Rabalaisâ research includes the dynam- ics of hypoxic environments, interactions of large rivers with the coastal ocean, estuarine and coastal eutrophication, and environmental effects of habitat alterations and contaminants. Dr. Rabalais is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), an Aldo Leopold Leadership Program fellow, a national associate of the National Academies of Science, a past president of the Estuarine Research Fed- eration, a vice chair of the Scientific Steering Committee of Land-Ocean Interactions in the Coastal Zone/International Geosphere-Biosphere Pro- gramme, a past chair of the NRC Ocean Studies Board, and a current member of the UNOLS Council. She received the 2002 Ketchum Award for coastal research from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and shares the Blasker award with R.E. Turner. She was awarded the Ameri- can Society of Limnology and Oceanography Ruth Patrick Award and the National Water Research Institute Clarke Prize in summer 2008. Dr. Rabalais received her Ph.D. in zoology from the University of Texas at Austin in 1983. Eric Saltzman is a professor in the Earth System Science School of Physi- cal Sciences at the University of California, Irvine. Dr. Saltzmanâs research interests are in atmospheric chemistry, biogeochemistry, and air-sea exchange. His research examines how biologically produced gases in the surface ocean have a major impact on global atmospheric cycling of ele- ments such as sulfur, nitrogen, and carbon and can play an important role in the global climate system. This research involves the development of analytical instruments for trace gas measurement, collection of field data using ships and aircraft, and use of computer models to estimate rates of air-sea exchange and atmospheric reactions. Dr. Saltzman obtained his Ph.D. from the Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science at the University of Miami in 1986.
106 APPENDIX D James Swift is a research oceanographer and academic administrator at the University of California, San Diego Scripps Institution of Oceanogra- phy (SIO).Â Dr. Swift has been on 28 blue water and icebreaker expedi- tions in the Atlantic, Pacific, Arctic, and Southern Oceans.Â His primary scientific interests are Arctic water masses and circulation, the global thermohaline circulation, and ocean measurement and interpretation.Â Dr. Swift is scientific adviser to the SIO Oceanographic Data Facility and coordinator for academic institutions involved in the U.S. Global Ocean Carbon and Repeat Hydrography program.Â He is also director of the international Climate Variability and Predictability program (CLIVAR) and Carbon Hydrographic Data Office.Â Dr. Swift was the founding chair of the UNOLS Arctic Icebreaker Coordinating Committee, which oversees science-related aspects of the construction and testing of the research ice- breaker U.S. Coast Guard Healy, and whose long-term mission includes promoting a productive and successful working relationship between the Coast Guard and the science community using icebreakers.Â He served as the committee chair from 1996 to 2000.Â He served on the U.S. Antarctic Research Vessel Oversight Committee and is the former chair of the NSF Office of Polar Programs Advisory Committee.Â He received his Ph.D. in physical oceanography from the University of Washington. William Wilcock is a professor of marine geophysics in the School of Oceanography at the University of Washington. His research focuses on the use of seismic techniques to understand submarine volcanoes and mid-ocean ridge hydrothermal systems. Dr. Wilcockâs current projects include the installation of a seafloor seismometer network and seismic tomography of the Endeavour Segment, Juan de Fuca Ridge and Decep- tion Island, Antarctic Peninsula. He is actively involved in the develop- ment of the regional component of the Ocean Observatories Initiative, a cabled underwater research facility located in the Northeast Pacific Ocean. Dr. Wilcock has an interest in the development of seafloor cabled obser- vatories and is actively involved in research related to the NEPTUNE Project. Dr. Wilcock received his Ph.D. in marine geology and geophysics in 1992 from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)/WHOI Joint Program. Dana Yoerger is a senior scientist in the Applied Ocean Physics and Engi- neering Department at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. His research focuses on robotics, with a specialization in the design and oper- ation of remotely operated and autonomous vehicles (ROVs and AUVs). His current work involves precise control, navigation, and positioning of vehicles and applying principles of automation to add capability and ease of use. Dr. Yoerger has worked on several ROV and AUV systems,
APPENDIX D 107 including the Jason/Medea ROV, the Autonomous Benthic Explorer AUV, the Sentry AUV, and development of the hybrid ROV-AUV Nereus. He has been to sea on more than 50 oceanographic expeditions, including the 1985 Titanic discovery cruise. Dr. Yoerger obtained his Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from MIT in 1982. STAFF Deborah Glickson is an associate program officer with the Ocean Studies Board. She received an M.S. in geology from Vanderbilt University in 1999 and a Ph.D. in oceanography from the University of Washington in 2007. Her doctoral research focused on magmatic and tectonic contributions to mid-ocean ridge evolution and hydrothermal activity at the Endeavour Segment of the Juan de Fuca Ridge. Dr. Glickson was a Dean John A. Knauss Marine Policy Fellow and worked on coastal and ocean policy and legislation in the U.S. Senate. Prior to her Ph.D. work, she was a research associate in physical oceanography at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institu- tion. She joined the National Academies staff in 2008 and has worked on Oceanography in 2025: Proceedings of a Workshop in addition to this report. Jeremy Justice is a program assistant with the Ocean Studies Board. Mr. Justice graduated from the University of Oklahoma in 2008 with a B.A. in international and area studies. He joined the National Academies in October 2008.