ANALYTIC TOOLS FOR EXAMINING BIOFUELS AND SUSTAINABILITY
Kammen, Daniel, Alexander Farrell, Richard Plevin, Andrew Jones, Mark Delucchi, and Gregory Nemet. 2008. Energy and Greenhouse Impacts of Biofuels: A Framework for Analysis. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris, France.
Kearn, S. and N. McCormick. 2008 Implementing Sustainable Bioenergy Production; A Compilation of Tools and Approaches. IUCN. Gland, Switzerland.
National Advisory Council for Environmental Policy and Technology (EPA). 2007. Strategic Framework for Biofuels Efforts.
Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne. 2008. Version Zero—Principles and Criteria. http://cgse.epfl.ch/webdav/site/cgse/users/171495/public/RSB-brochure-eng.pdf
Van Dam, Jinke, Martin Junginger, Andre Faaij, Ingmar Jurgens, Gustavo Best, and Uwe Fritsche. 2008. Overview of recent developments in sustainable biomass certification. Biomass and Bioenergy 32:749-780.
LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENTS
Liska, Adam, Haishun Yang, Virgil Bremer, Terry Klopfenstein, Daniel Walters, Galen Erickson, and Kenneth Cassman. 2009. Improvements in Life Cycle Energy Efficiency and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Corn-Ethanol. Journal of Industrial Ecology published online on January 21, 2009. http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/fulltext/121647166/PDFSTART.
Wang, Michael, May Wu, and Hong Huo. 2007. Life-Cycle Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Different Corn Ethanol Plant Types. Environmental Research Letters 2: 024001 (May 22, 2007). http://www.iop.org/EJ/article/1748-9326/2/2/024001/erl7_2_024001.pdf?request-id=c4950a50-935f-4a1b-8cf9-5191c27271c0.
Winrock International. 2009. The Impact of Expanding Biofuel Production on GHG Emissions, White Paper #1: Accessing and Interpreting Existing Tools. Arlington, VA.
FEEDSTOCKS AND TECHNOLOGIES
Ebert, Jessica 2008. Breakthroughs in Green Gasoline Production, Biomass Magazine.
Evans, Alexander and Robert Perschel. 2009. An Assessment of Biomass Harvesting Guidelines. Forest Guild. http://www.forestguild.org/publications/research/2009/biomass_guidelines.pdf.
MacLean, Heather and Sabrina Spatari. 2009. The Contribution of Enzymes and Process Chemicals to the Life Cycle of Ethanol. Environmental Research Letters 4: 014001.
Milbrandt, A. 2005. A Geographic Perspective on the Current Biomass Resource Availability in the United States. National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Technical Report, NREL/TP-560-39181. Golden, CO.
Perlack, Robert D., Lynn L. Wright, and Anthony F. Turhollow. 2005. A Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry: The Technical Feasibility of a Billion Ton Annual Supply. A report prepared for the United States Department of Energy and the United States Department of Agriculture. Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Oak Ridge, TN. www.ornl.gov/~webworks/cppr/y2001/rpt/123021.pdf.
Sandia Laboratories and General Motors Corporation. 2009. 90-Billion Gallon Biofuel Deployment Study. Livermore, CA. (executive summary found at http://hitectransportation.org/news/2009/Exec_Summary02-2009.pdf.
Babcock, Bruce A. 2009. Intricacies of Meeting the Renewable Fuels Standard, Iowa Ag Review, 4-6.
Eidman, Vernon R. 2007. The Evolving Ethanol Industry in the United States. Paper was prepared for presentation at a session titled “The Economic Impact of Ethanol Development in North America.” Canadian Agricultural Economics Society, Portland, OL.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 2009. The State of Food and Agriculture 2008: Biofuels: Prospects, Risks and Opportunities. Rome, Italy.
Fortenberry, T. Randall and Steve Deller. 2008. Understanding Community Impacts: A Tool for Evaluating Economic Impacts from Local Bio-Fuels Production. Journal of Extension 46:6. http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/fulltext/121496622/HTMLSTART.
Fortenberry, T. Randall and Hwanil Park 2009. Is Ethanol of Blame for High Food Prices? Status of Wisconsin Agriculture—Special Article: Bioenergy and Agriculture in Wisconsin.
Kleinschmit, Jim. 2007. Biofueling Rural Development: Making for Case for Linking Biofuel Production to Rural Revitalization. Carsey Institute, University of New Hampshire, Policy Brief Number 5, Winter 2007.
Leistritz, F. Larry and Nancy M. Hodur. 2008. Biofuels: A Major Rural Economic Development Opportunity. Wiley InterScience (on line) DOI: 10.1002/bbb.104: Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining. 2: 501-504. http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/fulltext/121426505/PDFSTART.
Low, Sarah A. and Andrew M. Isserman. 2009. Ethanol and the Local Economy: Industry Trends, Location Factors, Economic Impacts, and Risks. Economic Development Quarterly 23:1: 71-88.
Sexton, Steven, Deepak Rajagopal, David Zilberman and Gal Hochman 2008. Food versus Fuel: How Biofuels Make Food More Costly and Gasoline Cheaper. Agricultural and Resource Economics Update, University of California 12:1.
Swenson, David. 2007. Understanding Biofuels Economic Impact Claims. Department of Economics, Iowa State University. Ames, IA. www.econ.iastate.edu/research/webpapers/paper_12790.pdf.
Swenson, David. 2008. The Economic Impact of Ethanol Production in Iowa. Department of Economics, Iowa State University. Ames, IA.
Tiffany, Douglas C. 2009. Economic and Environmental Impacts of U.S. Corn Ethanol Production and Use. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. Regional Economic Development: 5:1: 42-58.
Tokgoz, Simla, Amani Elobeid, Jacinto Fabiosa, Dermot J. Hayes, Bruce A. Babcock, Tun-Hsiang (Edward) Yu, Fengxia Dong, and Chad E. Hart. 2008. Bottlenecks, Drought, and Oil Price Spikes: Impact on U.S. Ethanol and Agricultural Sectors. Review of Agricultural Economics 30:4: 604-622. www.econ.iastate.edu/research/webpapers/paper_12865.pdf.
Urbanchuk, John M. 2009. Contribution of the Ethanol Industry to the Economy of the United States. Prepared for the Renewable Fuels Association.
Ugarte, Daniel G. De La Torre, Burton C. English and Kim Jensen 2007. Sixty Billion Gallons by 2030: Economic and Agricultural Impacts of Ethanol and Biodiesel Expansion. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 89:5:1290-1295.
POLICIES AND SUBSIDIES
Doornbosch R. and R. Steenblik. 2007. Biofuels: Is the Cure Worse than the Disease? Roundtable on Sustainable Development. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Paris, France.
Koplow, Doug. 2007. Biofuels—At What Cost? Government support for ethanol and biodiesel in the United States: 2007 Update. Earth Track, Inc. The Global Subsidies Initiative (GSI) of the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)
Office of the Legislative Auditor, State of Minnesota. 2009. Evaluation Report: Biofuel Policies and Programs.
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. 2008. Economic Assessment of Biofuel Support Policies. Paris, France. http://www.oecd.org/document/28/0,3343,fr_2649_33717_41013916_1_1_1_1,00.html.
Pinchot Institute for Conservation and the Heinz Center. 2009. Ensuring Forest Sustainability in the Development of Wood Biofuels and Bioenergy: Implications for Federal and State Policies. Summary Report. http://pinchot.org/current_projects/bioenergy.
Stanley, B., and R. Bradley. 2008. Plants at the Pump: Reviewing Biofuels’ Impacts and Policy Recommendations. World Resources Institute. Climate and Energy Policy Series. Washington, DC.
Yacobucci, Brent. 2006. Fuel Ethanol: Background and Public Policy Issues. Congressional Research Service. Washington, DC.
ENVIRONMENTAL AND HEALTH IMPACTS
Biomass Research and Development Board. 2008. Increasing Feedstock Production for Biofuels: Economic Drivers, Environmental Implications and the Role of Research. http://www.brdisolutions.com/default.aspx.
Congressional Budget Office. 2009. The Impact of Ethanol Use on Food Prices and Greenhouse-Gas Emissions. http://www.cbo.gov/ftpdocs/100xx/doc10057/04-08-Ethanol.pdf.
Crutzen, P.J., A.R. Mosier, K.A. Smith, and W. Winiwarter. 2008. N2O Release from Agro-Biofuel Production Negates Global Warming Reduction by Replacing Fossil Fuels. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 8: 389-395.
Dale, Bruce 2008. Biofuels: Thinking Clearly about the Issues. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 56:3885-3891.
Dominguez-Faus, R., Susan E. Powers, Joel G. Burken, and Pedro J. Alvarez. 2009. The Water Footprint of Biofuels: A Drink or Drive Issue? Environmental Science and Technology 43:9: 3005-3010.
Donner, Simon and Christopher Kucharik. 2008. Corn-Based Ethanol Production Compromises Goal of Reducing Nitrogen Export by the Mississippi River. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 105:11: 4513-4518.
Fargione, Joseph, Jason Hill, David Tilman, Stephen Polasky, and Peter Hawthorne. 2008. Land Clearing and the Biofuel Carbon Debt. Science 319: 1235-1238.
Farrell, Alexander E., Richard J. Plevin, Brian T. Turner, Andrew D. Jones, Michael O’Hare, and Daniel M. Kammen. 2006. Ethanol can contribute to Energy and Environmental Goals. Science 311:506-508.
Gerbens-Leenes, Winnie, Arjen Y. Hoekstra, Theo H. van der Meer 2009. The Water Footprint of Bioenergy. PNAS, 106:25:10219-10223.
Gohlke, Julia M., Sharon H. Hrynkow, and Christopher J. Portier. 2008. Health, Economy, and Environment: Sustainable Energy Choices for a Nation. Environmental Health Perspectives 116:6: A236-A237.
Groom, Martha J., Elizabeth M. Gray and Patricia A. Townsend 2008. Biofuels and Biodiversity: Principles for Creating Better Policies for Biofuels. Conservation Biology 22:3:602-609.
Hill, Jason, Stephen Polasky, Erik Nelson, David Tilman, Hong Huo, Lindsay Ludwig, James Neumann, Haochi Zheng, and Diego Bonta. 2009. Climate change and health costs of air emissions for biofuels and gasoline. Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences 106:2077-2082.
Hill, Jason, Erik Nelson, David Tilman, Stephen Polasky, and Douglas Tiffany. 2006. Environmental, Economic, and Energetic Costs and Benefits of Biodiesel and Ethanol Biofuels. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103:11206-11210.
Kim, Hyungtae, Seugdo Kim, and Bruce Dale 2009. Biofuels, Land Use Change, and Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Some Unexplored Variables. Environmental Science and Technology 43: 3:961-967.
Jacobson, Mark Z. 2007. Effects of Ethanol (E85) Versus Gasoline Vehicles on Cancer and Mortality in the United States. Environmental Science & Technology 41:4150-4157.
Landis, Doug, Mary G. Gardiner, Wopke van der Werf, and Scott Swinton. 2008. Increasing Corn for Biofuel Production Reduces Biocontrol Services in Agricultural Landscapes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 20552:105:51.
Mapemba, Lawrence D., Francis M. Epplin, Charles M. Taliaferro, and Raymond L. Huhnke. 2007. Biorefinery Feedstock Production on Conservation Reserve Program Land. Review of Agricultural Economics 29:2:227-246.
Marshall, Liz, and Zacery Sugg. 2008. Finding Balance Agricultural Residues, Ethanol, and the Environment. World Resources Institute. Climate and Energy Policy Note, Number 3.
Naidenko, Olga V. 2009. Ethanol-Gasoline Fuel Blends May Cause Human Health Risks and Engine Issues. Environmental Working Group.
National Research Council (NRC). 2008. Water Implications of Biofuel Production in the United States. National Academies Press. Washington, DC.
Renewable Fuels Association. 2008. Understanding Land Use Change and U.S. Ethanol Expansion. Renewable Fuels Association. Washington, DC.
Robertson, G. Philip, Virginia H. Dale, Otto C. Doering, Steven P. Hamburg, Jerry M. Melillo, Michele M. Wander, William J. Parton, Paul R. Adler, Jacob N. Barney, Richard M. Cruse, Clifford S. Duke, Philip M. Fearnside, Ronald F. Follett, Holly K. Gibbs, Jose Goldemberg, David J. Mladenoff, Dennis Ojima, Michael W. Palmer, Andrew Sharpley, Linda Wallace, Kathleen C. Weathers, John A. Wiens, and Wallace W. Wilhelm. 2008. Sustainable Biofuels Redux. Science 322:49-50.
Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment. 2009. Biofuels: Environmental Consequences and Interactions with Changing Land Use.
Searchinger, T., R. Heimlich, R.A. Houghton, Fengxia Dong, A Elbeid, J. Fabiosa, S. Tokgoz, D. Hayes, and Tun-Hsiang Yu. 2008. Use of U.S. Croplands for Biofuels Increases Greenhouse Gases through Emissions from Land Use Change. Science 319:1238-1240.
Secchi, Silvia and Bruce Babcock. 2007. Impact of High Crop Prices on Environmental Quality: A Case of Iowa and the Conservation Reserve Program. Working Paper 07-WP 447. Center for Agricultural and Rural Development, Iowa State University. Ames, IA.
Williams, Pamela R.D., Daniel Inman, Andy Arden and Garvin A. Heath 2009. Environmental and Sustainability Factors Associated with Next Generation Biofuels in the U.S.: What Do We Really Know? Environmental Science and Technology 43:13:4763-4775.
Wu. M., M. Mintz, M. Wang, and S. Arora 2009. Consumptive Water Use in the Production of Ethanol and Petroleum Gasoline. Center for Transportation Research, Energy Systems Division, Argonne National Laboratory.
U.K. Renewable Fuels Agency. 2008. The Gallagher Review of the Indirect Effects of Biofuel Production.
Dehue B, S. Meyer, and C. Hamelinck. 2007. Towards a Harmonized Sustainable Biomass Certification Scheme. Ecofys. Commissioned by WWF International. http://www.senternovem.nl/mmfiles/Ecofys%202007%20-%20Harmonised%20Sustainable%20Biomass%20Scheme_tcm24-280157.pdf.
Dong, Fengxia. 2007. Food Security and Biofuels Development: The Case of China. Briefing Paper: 07-BP 52. October 2007. Center for Agricultural and Rural Development. Iowa State University. Ames, IA.
Iowa State University. 2007. The Bioeconomy in Iowa: Local Conversations. An Iowa State University Extension Report. http://www.extension.iastate.edu/Publications/SP307.pdf.
Iowa State University. 2008. 2007 Survey Report on Iowa Farmers’ Views on the Bioeconomy. Iowa Farm and Rural Life Poll. http://www.soc.iastate.edu/extension/presentations/publica-tions/farm/PM2050.pdf.
Jordan, N., G. Boody, W. Broussard, J. D. Glover, D. Keeney, B. H. McCown, G. McIsaac, M. Muller, H. Murray, J. Neal, C. Pansing, R. E. Turner, K. Warner, and D. Wyse. 2009. Sustainable Development of the Agricultural Bio-Economy. Science 316: 1570-1571.
U.S. Department of Agriculture-CSREES. 2007. The Human and Social Dimensions of a Bioeconomy: Implications for Rural People and Places.