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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2010. Transitions to Alternative Transportation Technologies—Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12826.
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Appendix E
Acronyms and Abbreviations

AEF America’s Energy Future (study)

AEO Annual Energy Outlook (annual report of EIA)

AER all-electric range, the distance a plug-in hybrid can travel on battery power alone

BAU business as usual

BEV battery electric vehicle

CAFE Corporate Average Fuel Economy (regulations)

CD charge-depleting mode of plug-in hybrid operation

CS charge-sustaining mode of plug-in hybrid operation

DOE Department of Energy

eff efficiency

EIA Energy Information Administration (DOE)

EPRI Electric Power Research Institute

FCV fuel cell vehicle

FTD Federal Test Procedure

gge gallons gasoline equivalent, used as a measure of energy content

GHG greenhouse gas

HEV hybrid electric vehicle

HFCV hydrogen fuel cell vehicle

HWFET Highway Fuel Economy Test Driving Schedule

ICEV internal combustion engine vehicle

kg kilogram

km kilometer

kWh kilowatt-hour (1,000 watt-hours, measure of energy)

MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology

NRC National Research Council

NRDC Natural Resources Defense Council

OEM original equipment manufacturer (automobile manufacturer)

PHEV plug-in hybrid electric vehicle

PHEV-10 plug-in hybrid vehicle with a 10-mile all-electric range

PHEV-40 plug-in hybrid vehicle with a 40-mile all-electric range

Wh watt-hour (measure of energy)

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2010. Transitions to Alternative Transportation Technologies—Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12826.
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The nation has compelling reasons to reduce its consumption of oil and emissions of carbon dioxide. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) promise to contribute to both goals by allowing some miles to be driven on electricity drawn from the grid, with an internal combustion engine that kicks in when the batteries are discharged. However, while battery technology has made great strides in recent years, batteries are still very expensive.

Transitions to Alternative Transportation Technologies--Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles builds on a 2008 National Research Council report on hydrogen fuel cell vehicles. The present volume reviews the current and projected technology status of PHEVs; considers the factors that will affect how rapidly PHEVs could enter the marketplace, including the interface with the electric transmission and distribution system; determines a maximum practical penetration rate for PHEVs consistent with the time frame and factors considered in the 2008 Hydrogen report; and incorporates PHEVs into the models used in the hydrogen study to estimate the costs and impacts on petroleum consumption and carbon dioxide emissions.

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