Biographies of Committee Members and Staff
John D. Steinbruner, Chair, is a professor of public policy at the School of Public Policy at the University of Maryland and director of the Center for International and Security Studies at Maryland (CISSM). His work has focused on issues of international security and related problems of international policy. Steinbruner was director of the Foreign Policy Studies Program at the Brookings Institution from 1978 to 1996. Prior to joining Brookings, he was an associate professor in the School of Organization and Management and in the Department of Political Science at Yale University from 1976 to 1978. From 1973 to 1976, he served as an associate professor of public policy at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, where he also was assistant director of the Program for Science and International Affairs. He was assistant professor of government at Harvard from 1969 to 1973 and assistant professor of political science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology from 1968 to 1969. Steinbruner has authored and edited a number of books and monographs, including: The Cybernetic Theory of Decision: New Dimensions of Political Analysis (Princeton University Press, originally published 1974, second paperback edition with new preface, 2002); Principles of Global Security (Brookings Institution Press, 2000); “A New Concept of Cooperative Security,” co-authored with Ashton B. Carter and William J. Perry (Brookings Occasional Papers, 1992). His articles have appeared in Arms Control Today, The Brookings Review, Dædalus, Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, International Security, Scientific American, Washington Quarterly and other journals. Steinbruner is currently co-chair of the Committee on International Security Studies of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, chairman of the board of the Arms Control Association, and board member of the Financial Services Volunteer Corps. He is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. From 1981 to 2004 he was a member of the Committee on International Security and Arms Control of the National Academy of Sciences, serving as vice chair from 1996 to 2004. He was a member of the Defense Policy Board of the Department of Defense from 1993 to 1997. Born in 1941 in Denver, Colorado, Steinbruner received his A.B. from Stanford University in 1963 and his Ph.D. in political science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1968.
Steven M. Bellovin is a professor of computer science at Columbia University, where he does research on networks, security, and especially why the two don't get along. He joined the faculty in 2005 after many years at Bell Labs and AT&T Labs Research, where he was an AT&T Fellow. He received a B.A. degree from Columbia University, and an M.S. and a Ph.D. in computer science from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. While a graduate student, he helped create Netnews; for this, he and the other perpetrators were given the 1995 Usenix Lifetime Achievement Award (The Flame). He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and is serving on the Department of Homeland Security's Science and Technology Advisory Committee; he has also received the 2007 NIST/NSA National Computer Systems Security Award.
Bellovin is the co-author of Firewalls and Internet Security: Repelling the Wily Hacker, and he holds a number patents on cryptographic and network protocols. He has served on many National Research Council study committees, including those on information systems trustworthiness, the privacy implications of authentication technologies, and cybersecurity research needs; he was also a member of the information technology subcommittee of an NRC study group on science versus terrorism. He was a member of the Internet Architecture Board from 1996 to 2002; he was co-director of the Security Area of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) from 2002 through 2004.
Stephen Dycus, a professor at Vermont Law School, teaches and writes about national security and the law, water rights, and wills and trusts. The courses he has taught at Vermont Law School include International Public Law, National Security Law, Estates, Property, and Water Law. He was founding chair of the National Security Law Section, Association of American Law Schools. Dycus is the lead author of National Security Law (the field's leading casebook), and was a founding co-editor in chief of the Journal of National Security Law & Policy. Dycus earned his B.A. degree in 1963 and his LLB degree in 1965 from Southern Methodist University. He earned his LLM degree in 1976 from Harvard University. He has been a faculty member at Vermont Law School since 1976. Dycus was a visiting scholar at the University of California at Berkeley’s Boalt Hall School of Law in 1983 and at the Natural Resources Defense Council in Washington, D.C., in 1991. He was a visiting professor at the United States Military Academy in West Point, New York, from 1991 to 1992 and at Petrozavodsk State University in Karelia, Russia, in 1997. Dycus is a member of the American Law Institute. Dycus also served as a reviewer of the recent NRC report Technology, Policy, Law, and Ethics Regarding U.S. Acquisition and Use of Cyberattack Capabilities.
Sue E. Eckert is senior fellow at the Thomas J. Watson Jr. Institute for International Studies at Brown University, after having served as assistant secretary of commerce in the Clinton administration. Her current research focuses on issues at the intersection of economic and international security—terrorist financing, targeted sanctions, and critical infrastructure. At the Watson Institute, she co-directs the projects on terrorist financing and targeted sanctions. Recent publications include: Countering the Financing of Terrorism (2008) and “Addressing Challenges to Targeted Sanctions: An Update of the 'Watson Report’” (2009). She works extensively with United Nations bodies to enhance the instrument of targeted sanctions. From 1993 to 1997, she was appointed by President Clinton and confirmed by the Senate as assistant secretary for export administration, responsible for U.S. dual-use export control and economic sanctions policy. Previously, she served on the professional staff of the U.S. House of Representative's Committee on Foreign Affairs, where she oversaw security/nonproliferation issues, technology transfer policies, and economic sanctions.
Jack L. Goldsmith III has been a professor of law at Harvard Law School since 2004. From 2003 to 2004 he was the assistant attorney general in the U.S. Department of Justice’s Office of Legal Counsel. He was a professor of law at the University of Virginia Law School from 2003 to 2004. He served on the faculty of the University of Chicago Law School as an associate professor from 1994 to 1997 and as special counsel to the General Counsel in the Department of Defense. Goldsmith received his B.A. in philosophy summa cum laude from Washington and Lee University in 1984, a B.A. in philosophy, politics, and economics with first class honors from Oxford University in 1986, a J.D. from Yale Law School in 1989, and a diploma in private international law
from The Hague Academy of International Law in 1992. After law school he clerked for Judge J. Harvie Wilkinson of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, Justice Anthony M. Kennedy of the Supreme Court of the United States, and Judge George A. Aldrich of the Iran-U.S. Claims Tribunal. He also previously has served as an associate at Covington & Burling. Goldsmith's scholarly interests include international law, foreign relations law, national security law, conflict of laws, and civil procedure. Goldsmith served on the NRC Committee on Offensive Information Warfare.
Robert Jervis is the Adlai E. Stevenson Professor of International Affairs at Columbia University. He specializes in international politics in general and security policy, decision making, and theories of conflict and cooperation in particular. His most recent book is American Foreign Policy in a New Era (Routledge, 2005), and he is completing a book on intelligence and intelligence failures. Among his previous books are System Effects: Complexity in Political and Social Life (Princeton, 1997); The Meaning of the Nuclear Revolution (Cornell, 1989); Perception and Misperception in International Politics (Princeton, 1976); and The Logic of Images in International Relations (Columbia, 1989). Jervis also is a coeditor of the Security Studies Series published by Cornell University Press. He serves on the board of nine scholarly journals and has authored more than 100 publications. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He has also served as president of the American Political Science Association. In 1990 he received the Grawemeyer Award for his book The Meaning of the Nuclear Revolution. Professor Jervis earned his B.A. from Oberlin College in 1962. He received his Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkeley in 1968. From 1968 to 1974 he was appointed an assistant (1968-1972) and associate (1972-1974) professor of government at Harvard University. From 1974 to 1980 he was a professor of political science at the University of California, Los Angeles. His research interests include international political, foreign policy, and decision making.
Jan M. Lodal was president of the Atlantic Council of the United States from October 2005 until the end of 2006. Currently, Lodal is chairman of Lodal and Company. Previously, he served as principal deputy under secretary of defense for policy and as a senior staff member of the National Security Council. He was founder, chair, and CEO of Intelus, Inc., and co-founder of American Management Systems, Inc. During the Nixon and Ford administrations, Lodal served on the White House staff as deputy for program analysis to Henry A. Kissinger, and during the Johnson administration as director of the NATO and General Purpose Force Analysis Division in the Office of the Secretary of Defense. Lodal is a member of the Board of Overseers of the Curtis Institute of Music, a Trustee of the American Boychoir, and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the International Institute of Strategic Studies. He was previously executive director of the Aspen Strategy Group and president of the Group Health Association. He is the author of numerous articles on public policy, arms control, and defense policy, and of The Price of Dominance: The New Weapons of Mass Destruction and Their Challenge to American Leadership. Lodal is the recipient of Rice University’s Distinguished Alumnus Award for Public Service and Achievement in Business and was twice awarded the Department of Defense Medal for Distinguished Public Service, the Department’s highest civilian honor. Lodal remains an active member of the Atlantic Council's Board and its treasurer.
Phil Venables has graduate and postgraduate qualifications in computer science and cryptography from York University and The Queen's College, Oxford, and is a chartered engineer. He has worked for more than 20 years in information technology in a number of sectors including petrochemical, defense, and finance. He has held numerous positions in information security and technology risk management at various financial institutions. He is currently managing director and chief information risk officer at Goldman Sachs. Additionally, he is on the board of directors for the Center for Internet Security and is a committee member of the U.S. Financial Sector Security Coordinating Council.
Herbert S. Lin, study director, is chief scientist for the National Research Council’s Computer Science and Telecommunications Board, where he has been a study director for major projects on public policy and information technology. These studies include a 1996 study on national cryptography policy (Cryptography's Role in Securing the Information Society), a 1999 study of Defense Department systems for command, control, communications, computing, and intelligence (Realizing the Potential of C4I: Fundamental Challenges), a 2000 study on workforce issues in high-technology (Building a Workforce for the Information Economy), a 2004 study on aspects of the FBI's information technology modernization program (A Review of the FBI's Trilogy IT Modernization Program), a 2005 study on electronic voting (Asking the Right Questions About Electronic Voting), a 2005 study on computational biology (Catalyzing Inquiry at the Interface of Computing and Biology), a 2007 study on privacy and information technology (Engaging Privacy and Information Technology in a Digital Age), a 2007 study on cybersecurity research (Toward a Safer and More Secure Cyberspace), a 2009 study on health care information technology (Computational Technology for Effective Health Care), and a 2009 study on U.S. cyberattack policy (Technology, Policy, Law, and Ethics Regarding Acquisition and Use of U.S. Cyberattack Capabilities). Before his NRC service, he was a professional staff member and staff scientist for the House Armed Services Committee (1986-1990), where his portfolio included defense policy and arms control issues. He received his doctorate in physics from MIT.
Tom Arrison is a senior staff officer in the Policy and Global Affairs division of the National Academies. He joined the National Academies in 1990 and has directed a range of studies and other projects in areas such as international science and technology relations, innovation, information technology, higher education, and strengthening the U.S. research enterprise. He holds M.A. degrees in public policy and Asian studies from the University of Michigan.
Gin Bacon Talati is a program associate for the Computer Science and Telecommunications Board of the National Academies. She formerly served as a program associate with the Frontiers of Engineering program at the National Academy of Engineering. Prior to her work at the Academies, she served as a senior project assistant in education technology at the National School Boards Association. She has a B.S. in science, technology, and culture from the Georgia Institute of Technology and an M.P.P. from George Mason University with a focus in science and technology policy.