Committee and Staff Biographical Sketches
George M. Hornberger (NAE), Chair, is Distinguished University Professor at Vanderbilt University, where he is the director of the Vanderbilt Institute for Energy and Environment. He is the Craig E. Phillip Professor of Engineering and Professor of Earth and Environmental Sciences there. His research interests are in catchment hydrology and hydrochemistry, the transport of solutes and colloids in geologic media, and energy-water interrelationships. Dr. Hornberger is a fellow of the American Geophysical Union, the Geological Society of America, and the Association for Women in Science. He has served on numerous National Research Council boards and committees and is currently a member of the Research Panel of the Committee on America’s Climate Choices and the Report Review Committee, is the chair of the Committee on Opportunities and Challenges in the Hydrologic Sciences, and was the chair of the Board on Earth Sciences and Resources from 2003 to 2009. Dr. Hornberger received his Ph.D. in hydrology from Stanford University.
Mary Jo Baedecker is scientist emeritus at the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). She previously served as chief scientist for hydrology where she provided oversight for the National Research Program in the hydrologic sciences and represented the hydrology discipline in long-range program planning at USGS. Dr. Baedecker’s research interests include the degradation and attenuation of organic contaminants in hydrologic environments and microbial ecology in soils. She is a member of the National Research Council (NRC) Water Science and Technology Board and has served on several NRC committees including the Committee on Ground Water Cleanup Alternatives and the Committee on Source Removal of Contaminants in the Subsurface, and most recently was a member of the committee that reviewed CLEANER and the National Science Foundation environmental observatories. Dr. Baedecker holds a B.A. in
chemistry from Vanderbilt University, an M.S. in chemistry from the University of Kentucky, and a Ph.D. in geochemistry from George Washington University.
Yu-Ping Chin is professor and division chair of Global and Environmental Change for the School of Earth Sciences at Ohio State University, where he has been on the faculty for more than 15 years. Prior to joining Ohio State University, Dr. Chin conducted research at the Swiss Federal Institute of Environmental Science and Technology on photochemical cycling in lacustrine systems and at the Ralph M. Parsons Laboratory on the properties of organic humic materials in marine and lacustrine porewaters and on the fluxes of particle-reactive contaminants across the sediment–water interface. His current research interests include the role of dissolved organic matter in mediating environmental and biogeochemical reactions. Dr. Chin’s work has been published in over 60 peer-reviewed articles, and he has served as a panelist for numerous National Science Foundation studies. Dr. Chin received his A.B in geology from Columbia University, and his M.S. and Ph.D. in aquatic chemistry from the University of Michigan.
Glen T. Daigger (NAE) is the senior vice president and chief technology officer of CH2M Hill, Inc. He is interested in water management, especially management of water to meet urban needs while preserving and enhancing the natural environment. Dr. Daigger’s technical expertise and professional practice have historically been in the treatment of wastewaters for various purposes, including environmental enhancement (discharge) and reuse. In more recent years he has become involved in the development of more efficient and environmentally friendly urban water management and treatment systems, including approaches that reduce water use and increase water recycling. Dr. Daigger has served on many National Research Council committees and currently serves on the Committee on Engineering Education and the Committee on Energy Futures and Air Pollution in Urban China and the United States. He received his Ph.D. in environmental engineering from Purdue University.
Tony R. Fountain is director of the Cyberinfrastructure Laboratory for Environmental Observing Systems at the San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) of the University of California, San Diego. SDSC serves as an international resource for data cyberinfrastructure and focuses on data-oriented and computational science and engineering applications. Dr. Fountain’s group is involved in a number of sensor-net and observa-
tion system projects that aim to address the issue of sensor network management and data accessibility. His research focuses on data mining, machine learning, and computational infrastructure for a variety of science and engineering applications. Of particular interest are applications in ecology and environmental science involving sensor networks, complex data analysis, and real-time decision support. Dr. Fountain is a member of the National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON) Facilities and Infrastructure Committee and advises on the development of NEON’s communication and information technology. He was a member of the National Research Council committee that produced the report CLEANER and NSF’s Environmental Observatories. Dr. Fountain holds a B.S. in cognitive psychology and statistics and a B.S. in computer science and mathematics from North Arizona University. Dr. Fountain received his M.S. and Ph.D. in computer science from Oregon State University.
Timothy K. Kratz is the director of the Trout Lake Station at the Center for Limnology at the University of Wisconsin. His research focuses on the long-term, regional ecology of lakes; carbon dynamics in lakes; lake metabolism; and the formation and ecology of kettle-hole peatlands. Dr. Kratz is a principal investigator for the North Temperate Lakes Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) network and has served on the LTER Executive Committee. He serves on the steering committee of the Global Lakes Ecological Observatory Network. He has participated on the National Research Council (NRC) Committee to Assess EPA’s Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Project and the Committee on Grand Canyon Monitoring and Research, as well as the NRC study on CLEANER and NSF’s Environmental Observatories. Dr. Kratz earned his B.S. in botany from the University of Wisconsin, Madison; his M.S. in ecology and behavioral biology from the University of Minnesota; and his Ph.D. in botany from the University of Wisconsin.
Richard G. Lawford works as a senior scientist at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County, where he serves as the director of the International Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX) Project Office and as a contractor to McGill University where he is the network manager for the Canadian Drought Research Initiative. He also serves as the chair of the Integrated Global Water Cycle Observations theme of the IGOS-P (Integrated Global Observing Strategy Partnership) and the task lead for several international Group on Earth Observations tasks. Prior to occupying these positions, he worked with the University
Corporation for Atmospheric Research as a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration program manager for the GEWEX Continental Scale International Project and then the GEWEX Americas Prediction Project. He cochaired the Climate Change Science Program (CCSP)/U.S. Global Change Research Program interagency committee on the water cycle and served as director of the CCSP Water Cycle Office. Prior to this time, he spent approximately 30 years with Environment Canada in research management and coordination, policy development, program evaluation, and planning for Science and Technology and for the federal Inland Waters Directorate and applied climate research. Mr. Lawford received his undergraduate degree in physics at the University of Manitoba (Brandon College) and undertook graduate studies in meteorology at the University of Alberta and McGill University.
Daniel P. Loucks (NAE) is a professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Cornell University where he works in the application of systems analysis, economic theory, ecology, and environmental engineering to problems in regional development and environmental quality management including air, land, and water resource systems. At Cornell, he has served as chair of the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and as associate dean for Research and Graduate Studies in the College of Engineering. Dr. Loucks has also worked as a consultant to private and government agencies and various organizations of the United Nations, World Bank, and NATO on regional water resources development planning throughout the world. He has been a member of various committees of the National Research Council, currently serves on the Committee on Integrated Observations for Hydrologic and Related Sciences, and was chair of the NRC study on CLEANER and NSF’s Environmental Observatories. Dr. Loucks was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1989. He received his M.F. in forestry from Yale University and his Ph.D. in environmental engineering from Cornell University.
Charles R. O’Melia (NAE) is the Abel Wolman Professor of Environmental Engineering in the Department of Geography and Environmental Engineering at Johns Hopkins University. His professional experience includes positions at Hazen & Sawyer Engineers, University of Michigan, Georgia Institute of Technology, Harvard University, and the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. His research interests are in aquatic chemistry, environmental fate and transport, predictive modeling of natural systems, and the theory of water and wastewater treatment. He
is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and past member of the Water Science and Technology Board and the Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology. He has served on numerous National Research Council committees, including the review of CLEANER and NSF’s Environmental Observatories, the Committee on Research Opportunities and Priorities for EPA, the Committee on Wastewater Management for Coastal Urban Areas, and he was chair of the Committee to Review the New York City Watershed Management Strategy. Dr. O’Melia received a B.C.E. from Manhattan College and an M.S.E. and Ph.D. in sanitary engineering from the University of Michigan.
Stephen Polasky holds the Fesler-Lampert Chair in Ecological/Environmental Economics at the University of Minnesota and previously held faculty positions in the Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics at Oregon State University and the Department of Economics at Boston College. His research interests include biodiversity conservation, endangered species policy, integrating ecological and economic analysis, ecosystem services, renewable energy, environmental regulation, and common-property resources. Dr. Polasky was the senior staff economist for environment and resources for the President’s Council of Economic Advisers from 1998 to 1999. He has also served on the Environmental Protection Agency’s Environmental Economics Advisory Committee of the Science Advisory Board and the Science Council of the Nature Conservancy. Dr. Polasky has served as associate editor and co-editor for the Journal of Environmental Economics and Management and his work has been published in numerous journals. He received a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Michigan in 1986.
Nancy N. Rabalais is executive director and a professor at the Louisiana Universities Marine Consortium. Dr. Rabalais' research includes the dynamics of hypoxic environments, interactions of large rivers with the coastal ocean, estuarine and coastal eutrophication, and environmental effects of habitat alterations and contaminants. Dr. Rabalais is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, an Aldo Leopold Leadership Program fellow, past president of the Estuarine Research Federation, a national associate of the National Academy of Science, a member of the Scientific Steering Committee of Land-Ocean Interactions in the Coastal Zone/International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme, and past chair of the National Research Council Ocean Studies Board. She received the 2002 Bostwick H. Ketchum Award for coastal research from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and was the Ian
Morris Scholar in Residence at the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Studies in 2004. Her studies on the causes and consequences of Gulf hypoxia have garnered several awards, including the Blasker award (shared with R. E. Turner), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Hero, Clean Water Act Hero, and Gulf Guardian award. Dr. Rabalais received her B.S and M.S. degrees in biology from Texas A&I University, Kingsville, and her Ph.D. degree in zoology from the University of Texas at Austin in 1983.
John T. Scholz is the Francis Eppes Distinguished Professor of Political Science and Courtesy Professor of Law at Florida State University. His major research interests include public policy, public administration, political economy, and institutional collective action. Dr. Scholz has analyzed government regulatory policies from the federal to the local level involving issues of occupational safety and health, water pollution, and taxation, focusing in particular on enforcement and compliance issues. His current research analyzes the problems of developing and maintaining cooperative solutions to collective-action problems, emphasizing the role of policy networks, private partnerships, and collaborative government programs in resolving collective problems involved in resource management. He received his B.A. from Harvard University and his M.S. in resource economics and Ph.D. in political science from the Unversity of California at Berkeley.
Thomas C. Winter is a senior research hydrologist emeritus with the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in Denver, Colorado. From 1961 to 1972, he conducted geological and water-resource studies in Minnesota, and was in charge of USGS groundwater studies there from 1968 to 1972. Since 1973, Dr. Winter has conducted research on the hydrology of lakes and wetlands, with emphasis on their interaction with groundwater and evaporation. In the late 1970s, he helped establish, and has since been a principal investigator at, four long-term field research sites: the Mirror Lake watershed in New Hampshire, the Shingobee River headwaters area in Minnesota, the Cottonwood Lake wetland complex in North Dakota, and the Island Lake area of the Crescent Lake National Wildlife Refuge in Nebraska. Dr. Winter also has been involved with lake and wetland studies in Washington, California, Colorado, Wisconsin, Massachusetts, and Florida. He has received the Distinguished Service Award from the U.S. Department of the Interior, the W. R. Boggess Award from the American Water Resources Association, the M. King Hubbert Science Award as well as the Life Member Award from the National
Ground Water Association, the Lifetime Achievement Award from the Society of Wetland Scientists, the O. E. Meinzer Award from the Geological Society of America, and the Outstanding Achievement Award from the University of Minnesota. Dr. Winter earned B.A. and M.S. degrees in geology and a Ph.D. in hydrogeology at the University of Minnesota.
Stephanie E. Johnson is a Senior Program Officer with the Water Science and Technology Board. Since joining the NRC in 2002, she has served as study director for ten committees, including the Committee on Advancing Desalination Technology and the Committee on Water Reuse. She has also worked on NRC studies on contaminant source remediation, the disposal of coal combustion wastes, Everglades restoration, and water security. Dr. Johnson received her B.A. from Vanderbilt University in chemistry and geology, and her M.S. and Ph.D. in environmental sciences from the University of Virginia on the subject of pesticide transport and microbial bioavailability in soils.
Michael J. Stoever is a research associate with the Water Science and Technology Board. He has worked on a number of studies including Desalination: A National Perspective, the Water Implications of Biofuels Production in the United States, and the Committee on Independent Scientific Review of Everglades Restoration Progress. He has also worked on NRC studies on Louisiana coastal restoration, the effect of water withdrawals on the St. Johns River, and Chesapeake Bay restoration. Mr. Stoever received his B.A. degree in political science from The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey in Pomona, New Jersey.