Richard D. Krugman, M.D. (Chair), is the first vice chancellor for health affairs for the University of Colorado at Denver. In this role, he supports the deans of the Schools of Dental Medicine, Pharmacy and Public Health, the College of Nursing, and the Graduate School for the Health Sciences. He oversees all clinical programs of the university at its five affiliated hospitals; the Center on Aging, the Center of Bioethics and Humanities, the Colorado Area Health Education (AHEC) system, and Risk Management also report to him. Dr. Krugman became dean of the University of Colorado School of Medicine in 1992 after serving as acting dean for 20 months. Dr. Krugman also has held a variety of administrative positions at the University of Colorado, including director of admissions and codirector of the child health associate program, director of the university’s SEARCH/AHEC program, vice chairman for clinical affairs in the Department of Pediatrics, and director of the Kempe National Center for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect. He is also president of University Physicians, Inc., the School of Medicine faculty practice plan. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine and currently serves on the boards of the University of Colorado Hospital and The Children’s Hospital of Denver, among others. He earned his medical degree at New York University School of Medicine.
José F. Cordero, M.D., M.P.H., is dean of the Graduate School of Public Health at the University of Puerto Rico. Prior to that, he was an assistant surgeon general of the Public Health Service and the founding director of the National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities (NCBDDD) at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Dr. Cordero
worked at the CDC for 27 years and has extensive public health experience in the fields of birth defects, developmental disabilities, and child health. He first joined the CDC as an Epidemiologic Intelligence Service officer within the Birth Defects Branch. In 1994, he was appointed deputy director of the National Immunization Program, one of the nation’s most successful public health programs. Within a few years of being named the first director of the NCBDDD, it became a leading international institution devoted to research and prevention of birth defects and developmental disabilities. Dr. Cordero is also a former president of the Teratology Society, a professional research society devoted to the prevention of birth defects, where he promoted the eradication of rubella. His work has been published in many national and international journals. He obtained his medical degree from the University of Puerto Rico and his master’s degree in public health from Harvard University.
Claude Earl Fox, M.D., M.P.H., is professor in the Department of Epidemiology and Public Health at the University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, and the founding director of the Florida Public Health Institute. He was previously the first permanent director of the Johns Hopkins Urban Health Institute and professor of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, with joint academic appointments in the Johns Hopkins School of Nursing and School of Medicine. Prior to that, he served as the administrator of the federal Health Resources and Services Administration, overseeing the Ryan White HIV/AIDS program, the Office of Rural Health Policy, and all federally funded community health centers, transplant programs, and health professions training programs. While at HRSA, Dr. Fox made oral health an agency priority and also cochaired development and implementation of the Children’s Health Insurance Program. From 1995 to 1997, he was deputy assistant secretary for health in the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion at the Department of Health and Human Services. Before that, he served as HHS regional health administrator in Philadelphia, overseeing federal health and human programs in five states and the District of Columbia. He was Alabama’s state health officer from 1986 to 1992 and Mississippi’s deputy state health officer from 1983 to 1986. He has also served as president of the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials. He earned his medical degree from the University of Mississippi and his master’s degree in public health from the University of North Carolina.
Terry Fulmer, Ph.D., R.N., FAAN, is Erline Perkins McGriff Professor, dean of the College of Nursing, and adjunct professor of medicine at the School of Medicine at New York University. She received her bachelor’s degree from Skidmore College, her master’s and doctoral degrees from Boston College,
and her Geriatric Nurse Practitioner Post-Masters Certificate from New York University. She has previously held academic appointments at Boston College, the Harvard Medical School Division on Aging, Yale University, and Columbia University. Dr. Fulmer joined the faculty of New York University in 1995 and is currently a member of the Executive Committee for the new Medical School curriculum and also serves as an attending in nursing at the NYU Langone Medical Center. She is a codirector of the John A. Hartford Foundation Institute for Geriatric Nursing, and codirector of the Consortium of New York Geriatric Education Centers at New York University. She has spearheaded a number of innovative practice initiatives and research programs at the NYU College of Dentistry and serves as a member of the Santa Fe Group, a think tank that seeks to identify and implement effective solutions to significant problems in oral health and health care. She was a keynote speaker at the Second Annual Meskin Symposium, “Meeting the Oral Health Needs of the Aging Population: Education, Service & Advocacy.” She has also served on previous panels with the Institute of Medicine, including Violence in Families: Understanding Prevention and Treatment (1998); Abuse, Neglect, and Exploitation in an Aging America (2003); and Retooling for an Aging America: Building the Heath Care Workforce (2007–2008). Dr. Fulmer’s program of research focuses on acute care of the elderly and specifically elder abuse and neglect. She served on the National Research Council’s panel to review risk and prevalence of elder abuse and neglect and has published widely on this topic. She is a member of the Institute of Medicine and has received the status of Fellow in the American Academy of Nursing, the Gerontological Society of America, and the New York Academy of Medicine. She has served as a member of the National Committee for Quality Assurance geriatric measurement assessment panel and is currently on the Veterans Administration Geriatrics and Gerontology Advisory Committee. She completed a Brookdale National Fellowship and is a Distinguished Practitioner of the National Academies of Practice. Dr. Fulmer was the first nurse to be elected to the board of the American Geriatrics Society and the first nurse to serve as the president of the Gerontological Society of America. She is a trustee of Skidmore College, Bassett Hospital, and the New York Academy of Medicine.
Vanessa Northington Gamble, M.D., Ph.D., is university professor of Medical Humanities and Professor of American Studies and Health Policy at The George Washington University. She is an internationally recognized expert on the history of American medicine and public health, racial and ethnic disparities in health and health care, cultural competence, and bioethics. Prior to her appointment at The George Washington University, Dr. Gamble was Director of the Tuskegee University National Center for Bioethics in Research and Health Care. She has also held positions as associate profes-
sor of History of Medicine and Family Medicine and founding director of the Center for the Study of Race and Ethnicity in Medicine at the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine, vice president for Community and Minority Programs at the Association of American Medical Colleges, and associate professor and deputy director of the Center for Health Disparities Solutions at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. She chaired the committee that took the lead role in the successful campaign to obtain an apology in 1997 from President Clinton for the infamous United States Public Health Syphilis Study at Tuskegee. Dr. Gamble is a member of the Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences. A proud native of West Philadelphia, Dr. Gamble received her B.A. from Hampshire College and her M.D. and Ph.D. in the history and sociology of science from the University of Pennsylvania.
Paul E. Gates, D.D.S., M.B.A., is chair of the Department of Dentistry at Bronx-Lebanon Hospital Center. He is also an associate professor at Albert Einstein College of Medicine. He has held teaching posts at Fairleigh Dickinson University in both the School of Dentistry and the Institute of Leadership Studies and Columbia University School of Dentistry. He is a member of the Distinguished Practitioners of Dentistry in the National Academies of Practice. He has been honored for his leadership and service to the profession of dentistry by the American College of Dentists (Fellow), and the National Dental Association Foundation. He is listed in Who’s Who in Dentistry, Who’s Who in the East, Who’s Who in America, Who’s Who Among Black Americans, and Who’s Who in Medicine and Health Care. He has published on oral health for the underserved and increasing the numbers of minority faculty members in dental education. He holds a dental degree from West Virginia University and an M.B.A. from Fairleigh Dickinson University.
Mary C. George, R.D.H., M.Ed., is associate professor emeritus in the Department of Dental Ecology at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Dentistry. Her academic career has included directing an undergraduate program in Dental Auxiliary Teacher Education, which was one of the first programs in the country to educate dental hygiene, dental assisting, and dental laboratory technology teachers; developing an M.S. degree program for allied dental educators; and directing undergraduate programs in dental hygiene and dental assisting. She has been involved in funded demonstration and community service projects addressing oral health among adults with disabilities and in access to care for local immigrant populations. Through the ADEA she was awarded the ADEA/Sunstar Harry W. Bruce Jr. Legislative Fellowship; served as a member of
the Commission on Change and Innovation in Dental Education and the Commission on Improving the Oral Health Status of All Americans: Roles and Responsibilities of Academic Institutions. She was one of the 2004 recipients of the Pfizer/ADHA Award for Excellence in Dental Hygiene.
Alice M. Horowitz, R.D.H., Ph.D., is a research associate professor in the School of Public Health, University of Maryland, College Park. She is a retired senior scientist in the Division of Population and Health Promotion Sciences at the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research. She served as the planning committee chairperson for the 1983 NIH Consensus Conference on Dental Sealants in the Prevention of Tooth Decay and cochairperson of the 2001 NIH Consensus Conference on the Management and Diagnosis of Dental Caries. Previously, she taught at the University of Iowa and worked as an education specialist at the USPHS Dental Health Center in San Francisco. In 1976 she joined the NIDCR in the National Caries Program, where she developed educational interventions for use in implementing school-based caries prevention regimens. She also collaborated in research on fluorides and sealants. Dr. Horowitz has served as president of the American Association of Public Health Dentistry, chair of the Intersectional Council and Oral Health Section of the American Public Health Association, and chair of the Science Transfer Committee of the International Association for Dental Research. Dr. Horowitz holds an R.D.H., B.A., and M.A. from the University of Iowa and her Ph.D. in health education from the University of Maryland.
Elizabeth Mertz, Ph.D., M.A., is an assistant professor in residence at the University of California, San Francisco, with a joint appointment in the Department of Preventive and Restorative Dental Sciences, School of Dentistry and in the Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences in the School of Nursing. She is affiliated with the UCSF Center to Address Disparities in Children’s Oral Health and is research faculty at the Center for the Health Professions where she has worked since 1997. Dr. Mertz has researched, published, and lectured on a broad range of health professions workforce policy issues, including supply and demand of providers, health care regulation, state and federal workforce policy, access to care, and evolving professional practice models. She serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Public Health Dentistry and has served on advisory and planning committees for organizations such as the Health Resources and Services Administration, the California HealthCare Foundation, The San Francisco Foundation, the Pacific Center for Special Care, and the Institute of Medicine. She earned her M.A. from the Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs at the University of Minnesota and her Ph.D. in medical sociology from the University of California, San Francisco.
Matthew J. Neidell, Ph.D., is assistant professor in the Department of Health Policy and Management at the Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University. His research interests include health and environmental economics, and he is the author of several papers on dental care and fluoridation. Dr. Neidell is a Faculty Research Fellow for the National Bureau of Economic Research. He received his doctorate in economics from the University of California, Los Angeles.
Michael Painter, J.D., M.D., is a senior program officer at the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and a senior member of the RWJF Quality/Equality Team. He was a 2003–2004 Health Policy Fellow with the office of Senator William Frist. Prior to that, he was the chief of medical staff at the Seattle Indian Health Board, a community health center serving urban American Indians and Alaska Natives, where Painter led that clinic’s award-winning diabetes team. He has a clinical faculty appointment with the University of Washington, Department of Family Medicine. Dr. Painter served as the cochair for the 2002–2003 Washington State Department of Health Collaborative on Adult Preventive Services; he also served as a medical educator and consultant for the Northwest AIDS Education and Training Center. He is a policy advocate at the national, state, and local levels regarding health care issues affecting urban American Indians and Alaska Natives. He is a member of the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma, American Academy of Family Physicians, Association of American Indian Physicians, National Medical Association, and California Bar Association. Dr. Painter earned a J.D. from Stanford Law School and an M.D. from the University of Washington.
Sara Rosenbaum, J.D., is the Harold and Jane Hirsh Professor of Health Law and Policy and founding chair of the Department of Health Policy, The George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services. Professor Rosenbaum’s research and scholarship focus on the ways in which the law intersects with the nation’s health care and public health systems, with an emphasis on health reform, health care quality, health care access, and health insurance coverage and managed care. She has been named one of the nation’s 500 most influential health policy makers by McGraw-Hill; is a recipient of the Investigator Award in Health Policy from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation; and has been recognized by the Department of Health and Human Services for distinguished national service on behalf of Medicaid beneficiaries. As a member of the White House Domestic Policy Council under President Clinton, she directed the drafting of the Health Security Act and oversaw the development of the Vaccines for Children program. She earned her law degree from the Boston University School of Law.
Harold C. Slavkin, D.D.S., is the founding director of the Center for Craniofacial Molecular Biology and a professor in the School of Dentistry at the University of Southern California. He served as dean of the School of Dentistry from 2000 to 2008. His expertise is in health promotion and disease prevention, access to health care for underserved populations, funding for health care, epidemiology, and craniofacial morphogenesis. He is the former director of the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (1995–2000), the lead agency on the surgeon general’s report on oral health. He was the 2009 recipient of the American Dental Association’s Gold Medal Award for Excellence in Dental Research. He also received the William J. Gies Award from the American College of Dentists. He has published more than 400 scientific papers in peer-reviewed journals. Dr. Slavkin is a member of the Institute of Medicine, a fellow in the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and a member of the American Dental Association. He earned his dental degree from the University of Southern California. He holds honorary science degrees from a number of universities, including Connecticut, Georgetown, Montreal, Maryland, New Jersey Medical and Dental, and Peking.
Clemencia M. Vargas, D.D.S., Ph.D., is associate professor at the University of Maryland Dental School. She served in the 1994 class of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS) at the National Center for Health Statistics, where she stayed for 4 more years. Dr. Vargas participated in the design of oral health objectives for Healthy People 2010 and in the oral health component of national surveys. Dr. Vargas’s research interest is socioeconomic inequalities in oral health, and she has published scientific articles and provided oral health data for publications and public health activities in this area of interest. Currently she is working on NIH-funded projects on the association between oral health of children and their mothers, early childhood caries prevention provided by physicians, and the association between beverages consumption and caries trends among preschoolers. Dr. Vargas holds degrees in dentistry and epidemiology from the Universidad de Antioquia, Colombia; after fulfilling the obligatory rural service, she worked in private practice, academia, and dental public health programs. She received a Ph.D. in medical sociology from Arizona State University.
Robert Weyant, D.M.D., Dr.P.H., is associate dean of Public Health and Outreach and professor and chair of the department of Dental Public Health and Information Management at the University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine. He is also associate professor of epidemiology in the Graduate School of Public Health. Dr. Weyant is a former Navy dental of-
ficer and VA dentist. He has been a diplomate of the American Board of Dental Public Health since 1987 and is also a past president of the American Association for Public Health Dentistry. Dr. Weyant currently serves on numerous local, state, and national committees aimed at reducing oral health disparities, increasing the dental workforce, and improving access to oral care. His research involves general and social epidemiological research related to oral health disparities and oral disease etiology. He is presently the principal investigator (PI) or co-PI on several NIH-funded studies of oral disease etiology. Dr. Weyant also directs the Center for Oral Health Research in Appalachia (COHRA), and oversees the joint degree program in dentistry and public health. He received his master’s degree in public health and his dental degree from the University of Pittsburgh and his doctorate in epidemiology from the University of Michigan.
INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE STAFF
Tracy A. Harris, D.P.M., M.P.H., is a senior program officer with the Institute of Medicine’s (IOM’s) Board on Health Care Services. Dr. Harris was trained in podiatric medicine and surgery and spent several years in private practice. In 1999, she was awarded a Congressional Fellowship with the American Association for the Advancement of Science and spent one year working in the U.S. Senate. Dr. Harris joined the IOM in 2004. Her most recent work has focused on aging and the health care workforce. She was the study director for the 2008 report Retooling for an Aging America: Building the Health Care Workforce. In 2009, she staffed a National Academies–wide initiative on the “Grand Challenges of an Aging Society” and directed a workshop on the oral health care workforce. Dr. Harris is the study director for this current report, a concurrent report to be issued by the Committee on Oral Health Access to Services, and director for an upcoming workshop on the allied health workforce. Dr. Harris has a doctor of podiatric medicine degree from Temple University and a master’s degree in public health with a concentration in health policy, from George Washington University.
Ben Wheatley, M.P.P., serves as program officer at the Institute of Medicine (IOM). Since joining the organization in July 2005, he has been an author on a number of IOM reports, including Emergency Medical Services at the Crossroads (2006), Knowing What Works in Health Care: A Roadmap for the Nation (2008), and Regionalizing Emergency Care (2010). Prior to joining IOM, Mr. Wheatley served as senior manager for AcademyHealth, assisting states in developing programs to expand health insurance coverage for the uninsured. He provided direct technical assistance to states, authored numerous publications, and was a frequent presenter on Medic-
aid disease management programs. Prior to joining AcademyHealth, Mr. Wheatley worked at the National Rehabilitation Hospital Research Center where he conducted original research examining the consolidation of the rehabilitation hospital industry. Mr. Wheatley is a graduate of Georgetown University, where he received a master’s degree in public policy with an emphasis in health care policy.
Meg Barry, J.D., M.P.H., is an associate program officer for the Board on Health Care Services. She joined the IOM in 2009. She has worked on two studies related to oral health and recently began working on a study of geographic variation in health care spending and promotion of high value care. Before joining the IOM, she worked on health care regulatory matters at a national law firm and reauthorization of the State Children’s Health Insurance Program at the New America Foundation. Previously, she worked as a research scientist at Northwestern University. She is a graduate of the University of Michigan Law School and School of Public Health.
Amy Asheroff joined the IOM in 2009 as a senior program assistant for the Board on Health Care Services and the Board on Children, Youth, and Families. She is currently working on several projects: the Committee on an Oral Health Initiative, Committee on Oral Health Access to Services, Committee on the Mental Health Workforce for Geriatric Populations, and a workshop on the allied health workforce. Prior to joining the IOM, she completed a year of service in a safety net medical clinic in northwest Washington, DC, through AmeriCorps. She graduated from the University of California, Berkeley, with a bachelor’s degree in the History of Art and Italian.
Roger C. Herdman, M.D., received his bachelor of science degree fromYale University in 1955, graduating Magna Cum Laude and Phi Beta Kappa. Dr. Herdman then graduated from Yale University School of Medicine and interned at the University of Minnesota. Dr. Herdman was a medical officer with the U.S. Navy from 1959 to 1961. Thereafter, he completed a residency in pediatrics and continued with a medical fellowship in immunology and nephrology at Minnesota. Between 1966 and 1979, Dr. Herdman held positions of Assistant Professor and Professor of Pediatrics, respectively, at the University of Minnesota and the Albany Medical College. In 1969, he was appointed Director of the New York State Kidney Disease Institute in Albany. From 1969–1977, he served as Deputy Commissioner of the New York State Department of Health and was responsible for research, departmental health care facilities, and the state’s Medicaid program at various times. In 1977, he was named New York State’s Director of Public Health. From 1979 until joining the U.S. Congress’s Office of Technology
Assessment (OTA), Dr. Herdman was a Vice President of the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York City. In December 1983, he was named Assistant Director of OTA and then Acting Director and Director from January 1993–February 1996. After the closure of OTA, Dr. Herdman joined the National Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Medicine as a senior scholar and directed studies on graduate medical education, organ transplantation, silicone breast implants, and the VA national formulary. On completing those studies, he was appointed Director of the IOM/NRC National Cancer Policy Board from August 2000 through April 2005. From May 2005 to September 2009, he initiated and directed the IOM National Cancer Policy Forum, which differed from the board by including as members federal and private sector agencies or organizations in addition to at large academic/industry members. In October 2007, Dr. Herdman was appointed Director of the IOM Board on Health Care Services in addition to his other duties. Also, from 1996 to date, he has worked on IOM relations with the U.S. Congress.