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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Focus Group Sessions: Questions and Participants." National Research Council. 2012. Research Universities and the Future of America: Ten Breakthrough Actions Vital to Our Nation's Prosperity and Security. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13396.
×

E

Focus Group Sessions: Questions and Participants

Institutional Environment Focus Group:
Financial and Organizational Capacity of Research Universities

In their letter requesting this study, Senators Alexander and Mikulski and Representatives Gordon and Hall asked the National Academies to examine the financial, organizational, and intellectual health of U.S. research universities. In this focus group session, we focus on the organizational capacity and financial health of public and private research universities in the United States. The following questions developed by National Research Council staff will provide helpful input to committee members as they deliberate their findings and recommendations. They do not in any way indicate what those findings and recommendations may be:

How strong are U.S. research universities, individually and collectively?

What are the current and possible future threats to the financial health of U.S. research universities? What are the current impacts of federal and state policies on research universities?

What are the strengths and weaknesses of U.S. research universities in responding to those threats? How can U.S. research universities—individually and collectively—respond to these threats?

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Focus Group Sessions: Questions and Participants." National Research Council. 2012. Research Universities and the Future of America: Ten Breakthrough Actions Vital to Our Nation's Prosperity and Security. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13396.
×

How can U.S. research universities strengthen their financial positions by improving management or capitalizing on new revenue opportunities?
Of the following, what are the most important issues that the committee should consider in its deliberations and why?

Changes or instability in revenue streams

Changes in operating costs

Planning for and managing capital costs

Indirect cost recovery

Managing academic, administrative, and other workforce needs and costs

Managing university operations

Managing procurement

Regulatory and reporting requirements for higher education institutions

Efficiently harnessing technology for management, education, and research

Positioning institutions in the evolving ecosystem of U.S. research universities

Competition between public and private universities that harm institutions and drive up costs

Globalization of higher education and research

Public understanding of the value of research universities

Something else?

In what ways will U.S. research universities—individually or collectively—need to change over the next two decades? What might the “game changers” be? How does the enterprise need to evolve? How can public policy facilitate this evolution?

What are the top actions to assure the strong financial and organizational capacity of U.S. research universities that the study committee could recommend to Congress, the federal government, state governments, research universities, and others that are supported by evidence and will have traction in the current fiscal and political environment?

Participants

Committee Members

James Duderstadt

William Greene

Paul Chu

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Focus Group Sessions: Questions and Participants." National Research Council. 2012. Research Universities and the Future of America: Ten Breakthrough Actions Vital to Our Nation's Prosperity and Security. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13396.
×

Walter Massey

Hunter Rawlings

NRC Staff

Peter Henderson

Laura DeFeo, Science and Technology Policy Fellow

Invited Guests

Peter Lange, Duke University

Albert Horvath, Pennsylvania State University

Tim Slottow, University of Michigan

Kim Wilcox, Michigan State University

Sally Mason, University of Iowa

Diana Natalicio, University of Texas at El Paso (Tentative)

David Frohnmayer, University of Oregon

V’Ella Warren, University of Washington

Steven Beckwith, University of California System

Arthur Bienenstock, Stanford University

Association Staff

Robert Berdahl, Association of American Universities

David Shulenburger, Association of Public and Land-Grant Universities

David Kennedy, Council on Government Relations Knowledge Capital Focus Group

Academic Research: Agendas, Resources, Organization, and Commercialization

In their letter requesting this study, Senators Alexander and Mikulski and Representatives Gordon and Hall asked the National Academies to examine the financial, organizational, and intellectual health of U.S. research universities. In this focus group session, we focus on key issues in the funding and organization of academic research. The following questions developed by NRC staff will provide helpful input to committee members as they deliberate their findings and recommendations. They do not in any way indicate what those findings and recommendations may be:

How strong is U.S. academic research? What are the most important challenges we must address to ensure its strength and ability to address national goals going forward? What are the strengths and weaknesses of U.S. research universities in responding to those challenges? Are there differences by field?

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Focus Group Sessions: Questions and Participants." National Research Council. 2012. Research Universities and the Future of America: Ten Breakthrough Actions Vital to Our Nation's Prosperity and Security. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13396.
×

Are current federal and state research policies—and by extension the academic research enterprise—aligned with national needs? What emerging needs require changes in research funding or agendas?

What is the proper role of academic research in the larger U.S. research and innovation ecosystem relative to other components (industry labs, national labs, FFRDCs, etc.)?

Of the following, what are the most important issues that the committee should consider in its deliberations and why?

Implications of trends in federal, state, industry, and philanthropic funding and policies for research agendas, organization, and quality

Balance in the academic research enterprise across disciplines and types (basic, applied, development)

Organization or structure of research teams

Regulatory and reporting requirements

Quality of or access to research facilities

Demands on faculty

Disciplinary organization, interdisciplinarity, emerging fields

Collaboration (across disciplines, institutions, sectors, nations)

Managing and commercializing university intellectual property

Managing conflicts of interest

Globalization of the academic research enterprise

The role of information and communications technology in research

Public understanding of the value of research

Something else?

What major changes in the U.S. or global academic research enterprise are possible over the next two decades? What might the “game changers” be? How does the enterprise need to evolve? How can public policy facilitate this evolution?

What are the top actions to assure the strength of the U.S. academic research enterprise and its ability to contribute to national goals that the study committee could recommend to Congress, the federal government, state governments, research universities, and others that are supported by evidence and will have traction in the current fiscal and political environment?

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Focus Group Sessions: Questions and Participants." National Research Council. 2012. Research Universities and the Future of America: Ten Breakthrough Actions Vital to Our Nation's Prosperity and Security. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13396.
×

Participants

Committee Members

Chad Holliday, Bank of America

Teresa Sullivan, University of Virginia

Peter Agre, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Cherry Murray, Harvard University

Charles M. Vest, National Academy of Engineering (ex officio)

NRC Staff

Charlotte Kuh, Policy and Global Affairs

Michelle Crosby-Nagy, Policy and Global Affairs

Invited Guests

David Wynes, Emory University

Richard Marchase, University of Alabama, Birmingham

Anita Jones, University of Virginia

Robert Zemsky, University of Pennsylvania (Learning Alliance)

David Korn, Harvard Medical School

Luis Proenza, University of Akron

Marvin Parnes, University of Michigan

Molly Jahn, University of Wisconsin

Kelvin Droegemeier, University of Oklahoma

Leslie Tolbert, University of Arizona

Randolph Hall, University of Southern California

Association Staff

Tobin Smith, Association of American Universities

Howard Gobstein, Association of Public and Land-Grant Universities

Anthony DeCrappeo, Council on Government Relations

Human Capital Focus Group:
Doctoral Education, Postdoctoral Training, Labor Markets, and Careers

In their letter requesting this study, Senators Alexander and Mikulski and Representatives Gordon and Hall asked the National Academies to examine the financial, organizational, and intellectual health of U.S. research universities. In this focus group session, we focus on key human capital issues, including doctoral education, postdoctoral training, and the careers of doctorates in academic and non-academic sectors. The following questions developed by NRC staff will provide helpful input to committee members as they deliberate their findings and recommendations. They do not in any way indicate what those findings and recommendations may be:

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Focus Group Sessions: Questions and Participants." National Research Council. 2012. Research Universities and the Future of America: Ten Breakthrough Actions Vital to Our Nation's Prosperity and Security. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13396.
×

What are the strengths of our system of doctoral education and postdoctoral training?

What are the most critical challenges the nation faces in ensuring the strength of doctoral education and postdoctoral training? Are there differences by field?

What are the strengths and weaknesses of U.S. research universities in responding to those challenges? Are there differences by field?

Of the following, what are the most important issues/challenges that the committee should consider in its deliberations and why?

Training doctoral students in the knowledge of their field

Reflecting the increasing interdisciplinarity in research in doctoral education

Aligning doctoral training with career paths in and out of academia

Balancing the demand for and supply of new doctorates

Funding mechanisms and packages for doctoral students

Time-to-degree and time-to-first-job for doctoral students

Attrition and completion in doctoral education

Enhancing the postdoctoral experience: stipends, benefits, training, length, career counseling, attaining independent positions and research grants, and other issues

Labor markets and career options for doctorates

The changing nature of faculty positions in academia

Ability to attract high-quality domestic students to U.S. doctoral education

Ability to attract high-quality international students to U.S. doctoral education

Globalization of the research enterprise

Using technology for education and research

Something else?

What major changes in doctoral education, postdoctoral training, and careers of U.S. doctorates are possible over the next two decades? What might the "game changers" be? How does the enterprise need to evolve? How can public policy facilitate this evolution?

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Focus Group Sessions: Questions and Participants." National Research Council. 2012. Research Universities and the Future of America: Ten Breakthrough Actions Vital to Our Nation's Prosperity and Security. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13396.
×

What are the top actions to assure the strength of doctoral education and postdoctoral training in the U.S. that the study committee could recommend to Congress, the federal government, state governments, research universities, and others that are supported by evidence and will have traction in the current fiscal and political environment?

Is it time for a “Flexner Report” on doctoral education that would examine doctoral education in a comprehensive manner, taking into account important differences by field?

Participants

Committee Members

John Hennessy, Stanford University

Burt McMurty, Former Venture Capitalist

Enriqueta Bond, Former President, Burroughs Wellcome Fund

Francisco Cigarroa, University of Texas System

William Pinkston (On behalf of Dr. William Frist), Vanderbilt University

NRC Staff

James Voytuk, Policy and Global Affairs

Mark Regets, Policy and Global Affairs

Invited Guests (confirmed)

Stacy Gelhaus, University of Pennsylvania

Victoria McGovern, Burroughs Wellcome Fund

Howard H. Garrison, Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology

Timothy Barbari, Georgetown University

Lisa M. Kozlowski, AAMC GREAT GROUP

James Wimbush, Indiana University

Garth A. Fowler, Northwestern University

Janet Weiss, Dean, University of Michigan

Andrew Comrie, University of Arizona

Jeffery Gibeling, University of California, Davis

Association Staff

Mollie Benz Flounlacker, Association of American Universities

Peter McPherson, Association of Public and Land-Grant Universities

Patricia McAllister, Council of Graduate Schools

Cathee Phillips, National Postdoctoral Association

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Focus Group Sessions: Questions and Participants." National Research Council. 2012. Research Universities and the Future of America: Ten Breakthrough Actions Vital to Our Nation's Prosperity and Security. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13396.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Focus Group Sessions: Questions and Participants." National Research Council. 2012. Research Universities and the Future of America: Ten Breakthrough Actions Vital to Our Nation's Prosperity and Security. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13396.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Focus Group Sessions: Questions and Participants." National Research Council. 2012. Research Universities and the Future of America: Ten Breakthrough Actions Vital to Our Nation's Prosperity and Security. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13396.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Focus Group Sessions: Questions and Participants." National Research Council. 2012. Research Universities and the Future of America: Ten Breakthrough Actions Vital to Our Nation's Prosperity and Security. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13396.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Focus Group Sessions: Questions and Participants." National Research Council. 2012. Research Universities and the Future of America: Ten Breakthrough Actions Vital to Our Nation's Prosperity and Security. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13396.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Focus Group Sessions: Questions and Participants." National Research Council. 2012. Research Universities and the Future of America: Ten Breakthrough Actions Vital to Our Nation's Prosperity and Security. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13396.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Focus Group Sessions: Questions and Participants." National Research Council. 2012. Research Universities and the Future of America: Ten Breakthrough Actions Vital to Our Nation's Prosperity and Security. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13396.
×
Page 226
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Focus Group Sessions: Questions and Participants." National Research Council. 2012. Research Universities and the Future of America: Ten Breakthrough Actions Vital to Our Nation's Prosperity and Security. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13396.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Focus Group Sessions: Questions and Participants." National Research Council. 2012. Research Universities and the Future of America: Ten Breakthrough Actions Vital to Our Nation's Prosperity and Security. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13396.
×
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Research Universities and the Future of America presents critically important strategies for ensuring that our nation's research universities contribute strongly to America's prosperity, security, and national goals. Widely considered the best in the world, our nation's research universities today confront significant financial pressures, important advances in technology, a changing demographic landscape, and increased international competition. This report provides a course of action for ensuring our universities continue to produce the knowledge, ideas, and talent the United States needs to be a global leader in the 21st century.

Research Universities and the Future of America focuses on strengthening and expanding the partnership among universities and government, business, and philanthropy that has been central to American prosperity and security. The report focuses on the top 10 actions that Congress, the federal government, state governments, research universities, and others could take to strengthen the research and education missions of our research universities, their relationships with other parts of the national research enterprise, and their ability to transfer new knowledge and ideas to those who productively use them in our society and economy.

This report examines trends in university finance, prospects for improving university operations, opportunities for deploying technology, and improvement in the regulation of higher education institutions. It also explores ways to improve pathways to graduate education, take advantage of opportunities to increase student diversity, and realign doctoral education for the careers new doctorates will follow. Research Universities and the Future of America is an important resource for policy makers on the federal and state levels, university administrators, philanthropic organizations, faculty, technology transfer specialists, libraries, and researchers.

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