Report of a Workshop on Big Data
Committee for Science and Technology Challenges to
U.S. National Security Interests
Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES
THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 FIFTH STREET, NW Washington, DC 20001
NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.
This study was supported by Contract HHM402-10-D-0036 between the Defense Intelligence Agency and the National Academy of Sciences. Any views or observations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project.
International Standard Book Number: 13: 978-0-309-26688-8
International Standard Book Number: 10: 0-309-26688-2
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Copyright 2012 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Printed in the United States of America
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The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone and Dr. Charles M. Vest are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council
COMMITTEE FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY CHALLENGES TO U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY INTERESTS
J. JEROME HOLTON, Tauri Group, Chair
EDWARD M. GREITZER, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Vice Chair
BRIAN BALLARD, APX Labs
KENNETH I. BERNS, University of Florida College of Medicine
ANN N. CAMPBELL, Sandia National Laboratories
DEAN R. COLLINS, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (Retired)
SHARON C. GLOTZER, University of Michigan
J.C. HERZ, Batchtags, LLC
KENNETH A. KRESS, KBK Consulting, Inc.
DARRELL LONG, University of California, Santa Cruz
JULIE J.C.H. RYAN, George Washington University
JANET A. THERIANOS, Independent Consultant (USAF, retired)
ELIAS TOWE, Carnegie Mellon University
ALFONSO VELOSA III, Gartner, Inc.
ELI YABLONOVITCH, University of California, Berkeley
TERRY JAGGERS, Lead DEPS Board Director
DANIEL E.J. TALMAGE, JR., Study Director
SARAH CAPOTE, Research Associate
MARGUERITE SCHNEIDER, Administrative Coordinator
DIONNA ALI, Senior Program Assistant
CHRIS JONES, Financial Associate
The workshop described in this report is the first in a series of three workshops, held in early 2012 to further the ongoing engagement among the National Research Council’s (NRC’s) Technology Insight—Gauge, Evaluate, and Review (TIGER) Standing Committee, the scientific and technical intelligence (S&TI) community, and the consumers of S&TI products. A restricted version of this report is available by contacting the Public Affairs Office of the sponsoring agency (Defense Intelligence Agency) directly.
We express our appreciation to the members of the Committee for Science and Technology Challenges to U.S. National Security Interests for their contributions to the development of this report. We are also grateful for the active participation of many members of the technology community in the workshop, as well as to the sponsor for its support. The committee also expresses sincere appreciation for the support and assistance of the NRC staff, including Terry Jaggers, Daniel Talmage, Sarah Capote, Marguerite Schneider, Zeida Patmon, and Dionna Ali.
J. Jerome Holton, Chair
Edward Greitzer, Vice Chair
Committee for Science and Technology
Challenges to U.S. National Security Interests
Acknowledgment of Reviewers
This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the National Research Council’s (NRC’s) Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this report:
Gilman Louie, Alsop Louie Partners,
David Maddox (NAE), Consultant,
Alton Romig (NAE), Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Company, and
Mikhail Shapiro, University of California, Berkeley.
Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the views of individual participants, nor did they see the final draft of the report before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Louis J. Lanzerotti (NAE), New Jersey Institute of Technology. Appointed by the NRC, he was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the authoring committee and the institution.