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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2013. Landsat and Beyond: Sustaining and Enhancing the Nation's Land Imaging Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18420.
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B

Acronyms

ACS

American Community Survey

APL

Applied Physics Laboratory

ASPRS

American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing

AVHRR

Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer

AVIRIS

Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer

 

BLM

Bureau of Land Management

 

CDR

climate data record

COSMIC

Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate

COSMO-SkyMed

Constellation of small Satellites for the Mediterranean basin Observation

 

DESDynI

Deformation, Ecosystem Structure and Dynamics of Ice mission

DMC

Disaster Monitoring Constellation

DOD

Department of Defense

DOI

Department of the Interior

DSM

digital surface model

DTM

digital terrain model

 

ECV

essential climate variable

EOSAT, Inc.

Earth Observation Satellite (company)

EROS A

Earth Resources Observation Satellite

EROS Center

Earth Resources Observation and Science Center

ERS-1/2

European Remote Sensing Satellites 1 and 2

ERTS

Earth Resources Technology Satellite, also Landsat 1

ETM+

Enhanced Thematic Mapper

 

FCDR

fundamental climate data record

FNCCC

First National Climate Change Communication

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2013. Landsat and Beyond: Sustaining and Enhancing the Nation's Land Imaging Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18420.
×

 

FWS

Fish and Wildlife Service

 

GCOS

Global Climate Observing System

 

HyspIRI

Hyperspectral Infrared Imager

 

InSAR

interferometric synthetic aperture radar

IPCC

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

 

JERS-1

Japanese Earth Resources Satellite 1

 

KOMPSAT 2, 3A

Korea Multi-Purpose Satellite 2 and 3A

 

LANDFIRE

Landscape Fire and Resource Management Planning Tools

LDCM

Landsat Data Continuity Mission

LiDAR

light detection and ranging

LIST

LiDAR Surface Topography

 

MODIS

Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer

MSI

Multispectral Imager

MSS

Multispectral Scanning System

 

NAIP

National Agriculture Imagery Program

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NGA

National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency

NOAA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NPOESS

National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System

NPP

National Polar-orbiting Partnership

NPS

National Park Service

NRC

National Research Council

 

OLI

Operational Land Imager

OMB

Office of Management and Budget

OSTP

Office of Science and Technology Policy

 

R&D

research and development

RBV

Return Beam Vidicon

REDD

United Nations Collaborative Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries

RFI

request for information

 

SAR

synthetic aperture radar

SEASAT

Seafaring Satellite Mission

SELIP

Sustained and Enhanced Land Imaging Program

SIR-C

Spaceborne Imaging Radar C band

SPOT 5, 6, 7

Système pour l’Observation de la Terre (System for Earth Observation)

SWIR

shortwave infrared region

 

TACSAT-3

Tactical Satellite 3

TCDR

thematic climate data record

 

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2013. Landsat and Beyond: Sustaining and Enhancing the Nation's Land Imaging Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18420.
×
TerraSAR-X

Terra Synthetic Aperture Radar X-band

TIR

thermal infrared region

TIRS

Thermal Infrared Sensor

TM

Thematic Mapper

TOPEX/Poseidon

Topography Experiment/Poseidon

 

UCAR

University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

UNFCCC

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

USFS

U.S. Forest Service

USGS

U.S. Geological Survey

 

VIIRS

Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite

VNIR

visible and near-infrared region

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2013. Landsat and Beyond: Sustaining and Enhancing the Nation's Land Imaging Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18420.
×
Page 54
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2013. Landsat and Beyond: Sustaining and Enhancing the Nation's Land Imaging Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18420.
×
Page 55
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2013. Landsat and Beyond: Sustaining and Enhancing the Nation's Land Imaging Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18420.
×
Page 56
Next: Appendix C: Committee and Staff Biographical Information »
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In 1972 NASA launched the Earth Resources Technology Satellite (ETRS), now known as Landsat 1, and on February 11, 2013 launched Landsat 8. Currently the United States has collected 40 continuous years of satellite records of land remote sensing data from satellites similar to these. Even though this data is valuable to improving many different aspects of the country such as agriculture, homeland security, and disaster mitigation; the availability of this data for planning our nation's future is at risk.

Thus, the Department of the Interior's (DOI's) U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) requested that the National Research Council's (NRC's) Committee on Implementation of a Sustained Land Imaging Program review the needs and opportunities necessary for the development of a national space-based operational land imaging capability. The committee was specifically tasked with several objectives including identifying stakeholders and their data needs and providing recommendations to facilitate the transition from NASA's research-based series of satellites to a sustained USGS land imaging program.

Landsat and Beyond: Sustaining and Enhancing the Nation's Land Imaging Program is the result of the committee's investigation. This investigation included meetings with stakeholders such as the DOI, NASA, NOAA, and commercial data providers. The report includes the committee's recommendations, information about different aspects of the program, and a section dedicated to future opportunities.

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