National Academies Press: OpenBook

Radiochemistry of Mercury (1970)

Chapter: ISOTYPES OF MERCURY

« Previous: GENERAL REVIEWS OF THE INORGANIC, ANALYTICAL, AND RADIOCHEMISTRY OF MERCURY
Suggested Citation:"ISOTYPES OF MERCURY." National Research Council. 1970. Radiochemistry of Mercury. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18572.
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Suggested Citation:"ISOTYPES OF MERCURY." National Research Council. 1970. Radiochemistry of Mercury. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18572.
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Suggested Citation:"ISOTYPES OF MERCURY." National Research Council. 1970. Radiochemistry of Mercury. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18572.
×
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Suggested Citation:"ISOTYPES OF MERCURY." National Research Council. 1970. Radiochemistry of Mercury. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18572.
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Suggested Citation:"ISOTYPES OF MERCURY." National Research Council. 1970. Radiochemistry of Mercury. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18572.
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II. ISOTOPES OF MERCURY TABLE I. Mercury Isotopes Type of deciy, % abundance; MBIi exeess lutop. Half- 1 ife (AiN-A),NaV(Cla-0); Class; Identification Gmctlc ralatlonshlpa •pproiiMte aavriiei (IStV) and IntMiltlai rriaclpel MUI ef predwctlM Z A cross section (a), banu H,"" 0.7 a (iasJS3) .(UUS3) E chM ' • ^ • , tsjJS3) . S.* devterau M A."' probshiv m'« or H|>" II,'" 50 a (AlboGoO) |EC| (AlboGW) C chM. MSI spect (AlbaGM) AulS7(p,lls')(AlMG6*)) parmt T a Au'"(AlboGM) H("* 1.5 a (AlboG60) EC (AlbeG60) a chM, MSi IMcI (AlboG60) T AM K-rars. 0.12S, 0.27, O.SS, >M'"(p.l2n)(AlboG*0) ''.r.ni Au'H(AlboGM) 0.44 H|W 3 a (AlboGoO) EC (AlboGoO) a caM, BeSS SMct (AlboG60) T Au X-rars, 0.17S, 0.2SS, 0.40 dau|htar radlstlMi fraa Au1S7 daiMjhtar radiations frM •«»•* -"'(•.IUKWWS*,, parent AullT(AlboCM) (,,111 3.7 a (PofNW, EC (PufNM, AlboGW) a chM, MSI spact (PofNM, r Au X-rays, 0.14 AM"7(p lM)(PefHM AlboGoO) k(?)(KHlWQ AlboG6O) a S.14(r Mr M H|"7) AlbeGM)! KarrMta) 3.0 n (a)(UrrM13) AlboGM) Hf "* 9.6 a (AndeG61) EC; 1* * (PofN60, A Aa"T(p,9B)(eef)iM, 9 a (PofHoO, AlboG60) AlboGoO, AndeGAl) M> o, lie 3 i l0~H AlboGM, AndeGAl) O.M (tartW3) OUKiS7) dau|ht>r r>d,at,ori from Au1'* encestor Ptl"(PofN60, AlboGM, AndeG61) IIi1*0 10 a (AadeGvl. EC (AlboG59, AlboG60, A chM, MSI >pect (AlboGS*. T Au l-rnrs. 0.14 ..;)*,! AulS'(p,M)(AlbaGM, JasJM) PofMO) a" 0.01S, 0.026. 0.049, 0.061, 0.076 AlbeGeo! PefMM)* 21 a (AlboT.59. no a*, ll1 1% parMt Au"e(AndeG61) dau|hter radiatiMi fraB AM'** AlboGAO, PofM60) (AlboGSS) others (Gll1LS4. no a, lia S l l0*1t C1McK&7, talV5S) (Karr*tb3) A -11 (NOS, MTV) H,"" 90 a (G11ILS4) (G111LS4) P axclt (G111S4) preteu M AM>" (Gil1LS4) Hi*"1 :3 h (Gtl1LS4) (Gil1LS4) P aiclt (Gll1LS4) a" O.OM preteas M AM'ST | MIL «i H.1.1 SS a (PofMW, EC (teiVSS) A aac It (G111LS4) T Au X-Wi, 0.26 (cMf'lu) AMl*7(p,7n)(Gllll44, SmiVSS) chM, |*Mt (SadVSS) e" 0.170, 0.19l, 0.219 '. ithirr ridlitlont fTM AM111 MdeG6la, Pe,lHH) 57 a (G111LS4) MiS spKt (AndeG6la. MO 11 h H|lfl observed PefNM) (telKS) pirenl Au"1 (SvlHSS, G111LS4) Ugltt 4.1 h (JasJAl) EC. 1* (PlnU2) a chM. racit (FlnRS2. T Au X-rar*. 0.114 (t 10), 0.1S7 Aj|lS7(p,Sai)(GlllLM. S.7 h (F1nRS2) no a, 11" 4 x l0-*% Gll1LM) (t »). 0.274 (t 100) •"-»"• 6.3 h (VlnASSa) parant * .'••'"•'•'•., a" 0.017, 0.021, 0.034, 0.039, 0.077 dMijhtar radlatlMi frM Au1'1 (UrrtW3) G111LS4) A -H (MTV) "a'" •6 h (G1llLS4) EC(G111LS4) a A -31 (MTV) |anat (Gil1LS4) dau«hter H|1'Se (GH1LS4, T AM X-rayi, 0.117. O.S74, 0.762 O.|SS, 1.04. I.M --' "iT. -,,[-,.-.- arwuJSS) a' 0.02S. 0.03S, O.lOS. 0.174 GI11LU. BMGS7) [••rent AMm(GlllU4l dau|hter ndlatlMs frM A*1S1 FlnRS2) *»<• l0.0 h (FiraESl) 11 h (|ruuiJS*) EC Mt, IT 16% a chM. Melt (FlraCS2, (O11LS4) T H| X-rars. Au 1-rari. 0.211, 0.2S|, 0.174. May ethers Au1I7(A.M)(Vire|S2, G111LS4, !-. , (G111LS4) othan (VinASSe. GllUS4) a* 1.5% (8n*inJ58) K(K)/EC(L) 7.3 perMt H1"J (G11ILS4) parwt Au"*(G1l1L54. batMM O.I and 1.6 (IrunnJSI) IrunnJSS) a~ 0.020, 0.02S, 0.029, 0.036, 0.0*7 0.171, 0.143. -. - othan no a, 11a 1 x l0"H batMM 0 and 1.6 (Urrt»3) daughter radlatiMs fra* Hi111 A -31 MJ,.'. MTV) deU|hter radlatiens fraa Au1** included In .MM llstlHg Hf '*'' 1.9 r (Ml1LM) K(L). ae BC(K) a CAM. |«Mt (irvMUSSe. r Au X-rari dau|htar radlatlent frM Au11* AM ' * ' tp 4s) (ilMBJSJa 0.40 r (ieM Activity?) (tol1LM) Mart6Is. Ml1L64) (Sell 1*4) (MarE6la) •i.6 r (fnmnJsi) EC(Kl(MerC6li) no 1 . 11a 1% 0.4 r (|rwmJUa. (Hn-Eeli) |runnJSSi. Ml1LM) MalrTSI) A -12.2 (MllLM, MTV) M.1-. 0.4 s (HenrAS3) [IT or K] I axe It (HanTAS3) T 0.041. 0.1M ,l<lpa< M M Md % (MBBTASS) Hf "* 9.5 h (JolrUS. EC (JolrtSS) A chM, |enat. aKlt (G111LS4) T Au X-rari. 0.20 (cMpla), deu|hTir Tl1** arunnJS4, HubeGS3) A -31 (MTV) d>u(hier H|'"e(Gil1LS4) 0.26l, O.St(deuelet), 0.7M 0.910. 1.1l0, 1.171 (bUDSS. JMMla) dauRhtar Tllfl(Gll1LS4) a~ 0.041. O.OS4, 0.09* GI11LS4) parant Au1*i(Gil1LS4) not paront Au1'^ (HubaOS3, G111LS4) Hi"*1 40.0 h (HubeDS3, EC SOt, IT SO% A chM, Melt (FinlS2) T H| X-rars. An X-rays, 0.200 Au"*(p, IBl (Ti IRftle. JolyRSS, IrirfiiU54) (JolrRSS, lrun«JS4) chea, mat. tenot(G1l1LS4) (IS%), 0.261 (20%). O.UO G1UU4) othars (TllR63e) EC 52%, IT 4Bt MiS spact fJun!61i) (10%) (G1ilLS4) parant Ault!*(HubaOSl, a" 0.0014. 0.013, 0.022. 0.034 A -31 (UR*, MTV) Joly|SS) 0.041, 0.041, O.OS3, 0.05I. parant Hi191(Gll1LS4) 0.109, 0.120, 0.1I0 not dau|hter Tl 11s(tnL)DSS) daughter radlatloni frae. Hi111 ancestor Au" s(BradCS4) dau|hter radiatiMi froe Au1'* included In above llstlni

TABLE I. Mercury Isotopes (Continued) Isotope Z A Half- Life Type of decay; \ abundance; Mass excess (A3M-A). MeV(C12*0); TherBal neutron cross iection (o), barna I Ian; IdMlflcation Genetic relationshipa Major radiations: approxleate ener|les (MeV) and intensities Principal Beans of production Hjlt. sp act (Nkefuia) a -11.14 (MTU) a aW (to Ht'"1 c IS (to Hi™7e rcoldMOTMl "'"' 65 h (llul,wi',l, TUPnJa) others (CortJ52, EC In,r .. .| A A -30.75 (DVit»5.M7N) • >a«, excit, cross bo«t, (HuC4l, FrieG43) daughter Hj1"' (Hube053) T Au X-rsys, 0.077 (18%), 0.191 (2%), 0.2M (0.15%) e" 0.064. 0.074 Au1"(p,a)(THII63ej Au"?(d,2n)(FrieG43. VUC41) PrleG43, SKerrP41. daughter Tl'"(HnlJDSS) |rlHOb, |riMU) He.1"* 24 h (8radCS4. TilR6Je oChers (FrieG43, IT 94t, EC 0% (Ha>A65) A others (D3haAS2, Joly«SS) n-capt (AndeEB36) cheai (MM11E37) cheai, excit, cross boei> Y H| X-rays, 0.134 (42%), 0.279 (7%) e~ 0.051. 0.082, 0.120. 0.131 »u'"(p.n)(TilR63a) Au"7(d,2n)(VuC4l, FrieG43) HubeOSl, MMilE3^) A -30.45 (LHP, MTV) (VuC41. FrieG43) 0.152, 0.162 parent Au15?B(FrauHSOa, dauChter radiations froe H,"7 DShaA52, HavA6S) dau|hter radiations fro* Au1"" H|'** % 10.02 (NierASOe) parent Hg'*7(Hube0S3) not dau|hter TI117(KnlJDSS) included in above listing a 30.97 (MT» 0 0.02 (to Hg"*) 1 (Goldairr64) ,.'" % 16.84 (NierASOa) A -29.SS (M1¥) oc 2000 (Golda£T64) H."~ 43 a (SSMF65. MMilE37. HeyF37) IT (FrieG43) A 1 -29.01 UJil' , HTV) chasi, excit QleyF37. MNilE37) Y H| X-rays, 0.158 (53%), 0.375 (15%) Hi'"(d.p)(>riR40b) Pt"*(a,n)(SherTa41) 44 . (HoleN47a, HScD48) uss spect (8er.I49a) not dau|hter TlTn(ier|I53) e" 0.075, 0.144. 0.285, 0.354 H|2OO(n,2n)(MMilE37, HevF37) others (PoolN37, H|'"(n.n)(FrieG43, »uMi. SherrR41. WuC4l, Bergl49a) H|"1 •ieM4Sa) % 23.13 (NierASOa) 1 -29.S0 (MTV) oc <50 (GoldaJTT64) Hi201 % 13.22 (NierASOa) A -27.66 (MTV) oc <S0 (Gol(BsOT64) "I"' % 29.80 (NierASOa) A -27.35 (MTV) ,Y 4 (GoldsOTM) H.2"' 46.9 d (EicGSo) f (PrieG43 A excit 'kr ,Mn'.i 8" 0.214 Bex Ha202(n,T)(FrieG43. 46.6 d (G10GM) A -25.26 (MTV) choai, excit, n-capt (VuC4l, e" 0.194, 0.264, 0.275 VuC4l, IngWTb, 47. » d (CorU52) FrieG43) Y 0.279 (77%) SerL47b) others ( Lyons l, aass spect (SleH49s, VllsHSl, KrlHi.'. BergI49) CaliJS9, Sherre.4l, H|20<l IngWTb. St.rl.4Il, % 6.8S (NlerUOe) A -24.69 (MTV) 0£ 0.4 (GolOIaTrM) Kg2" JrlRjobT1*"' 8* (KriR406) A A -22.2 (MTV) n-capt, excit (KriR40b, KrlR42) f 1.7 BU H|21*(n,Y)(tyoV51) Hg2l"(d,p)(Krill40b, 5.6 . ( LroHS 1) sep isotopes, n-capt Y 0.20S KrlR42) others (MuC4l, (LyoVSl) FireG43) H,2" 8.1 • (Volf(»64) 8" (Nurteil) A chem, genet (NurM61. f [1.3 «exI daughter Pb2l0 8.5 H (KauP62) a -20.95 (MTV) KauP62) Y 0.31 (NurH6l, |auP62, others (NutSftl) daughter Pb2lO(ReD). daughter radiations froB Tl"' «ol fGK64) parent Tl20'(NurM61. Pb20>(p,3p)(isuP62) KauP62, Voim64) See page 201 for copyright citation.

N. V. Sidgwick, The Chemical Elements and Their Compounds, (Oxford University Press, 1951), pp. 258-333. Eric N. Simons, Guide to Uncommon Metals, (Hart Publishing Co., Inc., New York, 1967), pp. 109-114. M. C. Sneed and R. D. Brasted, Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, (Van Nostrand Co., Princeton, N. J., 1955), Vol. IV, pp. 91-118. References Co Table I. FrieG 61 61a 64 49 49a 53 54 AlboG 59 AlboC, 60 AndetB 36 AndeG AndeG BellL Berg I BergI BerpI BradC BrunnJ 54 BrunnJ 55 BrunnJ 55a BrunnJ 58 ChacK CorkJ DShaA DWits EicG EwaG FinR FireK FrauH 57 52 52 65 56 57 52 52 50a 43 54 Gle^ 64 GoldmDT 64 havA 65 HenrA 53 37 47a 53 57 47b 61 61b 64 55 61 61a 63 55 40b 41a 51 58 42 HevF HoleH Alhouy et al., Compt. rend. 249. 407 (1959). Albouy, Gusakov, and Poffe, J. Phys. Radium 21. 751 (1960). t. B. Anderson, Nature 137. 457 (1936). R. Andersson and R. RinBh, Arklv Fysik 18_, 3H5 (1961). Andersson. i.Hiler, and Ringh, J. Inorg, Nucl. Chem 17. 15 (19bl). Bellanger, Hill, and de Pasnuali, J. Phys, (Paris) 25, 303 (1964). BergstrHm et al., Arkiv Fysik 1., 281 (1949). I. BergstrHm and S. Thulin, Phys. Rev. _7_i. 313 (1949). BergstrBm, Hill and de Pasnuali, Phvs. Rev. 92. 91H (1953). Braden, Wyly, and Patronis, Phys. Rev. j)5_, 758 (1954). Brunner et al., Helv. Phys. Acta 2T_, 512A, 572 (1954). Brunner et al., Helv. Phys. Acta ^i, 85 (1955). Brunner et al., Helv. Phys. Acta 21, *?5a (1955). Brunner, Halter, and Scherrer, Helv. Phys. Acta 31, 335 (195K). K. F. Chackett and G. A. Chackett, J. InorR. Nucl. Chem. 4^ 225 (1957). Cork et al., Phys. Rev. .85. 386 (1952). de Shalit, Huber, and Schneider, Helv. Phys. Acta 2J5, 279 (1952). S. A. deWit and A. H. Wapstra, Nucl. Phys. 21. ^ (1965). G. G. Eichholz and J. V. Krzyzewski, Can. J. Phys. Vl_, 1167 (1956). G. T. Ewan, Can. J. Phys. J)5_, 672 (1957). R. W. Fink and E. 0. Wiig, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 73. 2365 (1951). E. L. Fireman and D. Schwarzer, Phys. Rev. 86. 451 (1952). Frauenfelder et al., Phys. Rev. 79, 1029 (1950). C. Friedlander and C. S. Wu, Phys. Rev. £3_, 227 (1943). Gillon et al., Phys. Rev. 93_, 124 (1954). G. I. Gleason, private communication (1964). D. T. Goldman, Chart of the Nuclides (1964, 1965), Genernl Elec. Co., Havcrfield, Easterday, and Hollander, Nucl. Phys. 64., 379 (1065). Henrikson, Breckon, and Foster, Proc. Roy. Soc. (Canada) 47. 127A (1951). F. A. lieyn, Nature 139. 842 (1937). N. Hole, Arkiv Mat., Astron. Fysik 34B. No. 19 (1947). Huber et al., helv. Phys. Acta 21. 591A (1953). HubeO HuqM IngM JasJ JasJ JasJ JolyR Junij JunB KarrM KniJO KriK KriR LyoW MalvT MauW MerL KMilE KierA 37 50a M. S. MM, Nuovo Cimento ^, 1456 (1957). Inphram, Iless, and Hayden, Phys, Rev. 71. 561 (1947). J. Jastrzebski and P. Kilcher, Compt. rend. 2_5_2, 2220 (1961). J. Jastrzebski and P. Kilcher, J. Phys. Radium 27, 525 (1961). J. Jastrzebski and P. Kilcher, Nucl. Phys. 6j}, 222 (1964). Joly et al., Helv. Phys. Acta 2K_, 403 (1955). B. Jung and J. Svedberg, Arkiv Fysik _19_, 429 (1961). B. Jung and J. Svedberg. Arkiv Fysik ^9, 447 (1961). Karras, Andersson, and Nurmia, Arkiv Fysik 23. 57 (1963). J. U. Knight and E. W. Baker, Phys. Rev. 100. 1334 (1955). R. S. Krishnan and E. A. Nahum, Proc. Cambridge Phil.Soc. 36. 490 (1940). R. S. Krishnan, Proc. Cambridge Phil. Soc. .3_7, 186 (1941). W. S. Lyon, Phys. Rev. j!2_, 276 (1951). T. V. Malysheva and I. P. Alimarin, Soviet Phys. JETP 3., 772 (1959). W. Maurer and W. Ramm, Z Physik 119. 602 (1942). E. Merz, Z. Naturforsching 16a. 1246 (1961). McMillan, Kamen, and Ruben, Phys. Rev. 52. 375 (1937). A. 0. Nier, Phys. Rev. 21. 450 (1950).

PofN 60 Poffe et al., J. Phys. Radium 2±, 343 (1960). PoolM 37 Pool, Cork, and Thornton, Phys. Rev. 52_, 239 (1937). RasJ 53 Rasmussen, Thompson, and f.hiorso, Phys. Rev. 89. 33 (1953). SerL 47b Seren, Friedlander, and Turkel, Phys. Rev. T2_, 888 (1947). SherrR Al Sherr, Bainbridge, and Anderson, Phys. Rev. 60, 473 (1941). SlaH 49a H. SlHtis and K. Siegbahn, Phys. Rev. .75.1 318 (1949). SmeF 65 Smend, Schmidt-Ott and Flammersfeld, Z. Physik L85, 426 (1965). SmlW 55 W. G. Smith and J. M. Hollander, Phys. Rev. j»8, 1258 (1955). ThomS 49 Thompson et al., Phys. Rev. 7£, 1406 (1949). T11R 63a R. S. Tilbury and L. Yaffe, Can. J. Chen. 41^, 2634 (1963). VinA 55a Vinoeradov et al., Conf. on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Chem. Sci. p. 132, 1955. WieM 45a M. L. Kiedenbeck, Phys. Rev. 68, 1 (1945). WuC Al C. S. Wu and H. Friedlander, Phys. Rev. 60. 747 (1941). WilsH 51 H. H. Wilson and S. C. Curran, Phil Man. 42_, 762 (1951). WriH 57 WriRht et al., Nucl. Sci. Enf>. 2, 427 (1957). Table II. Decay schemes of the more important mercury isotopes. 40 - HOU« Hj"5 40- MOUH ,'# f^O. 1 227 ^ .? 0.037 0.470 /' ', - 4.0% aj-15.3* <3-30.5* I.T. -50.5% 0.559 30 -sec 0.318 . 0.0569 ,„. 0.2615 V*- IT IO""sK in ""^i 1/2- 5/2, 3/2- 47 DAY Hg 100% X).004% 11/2- STAILE Au1*7 13/2 12-HO UK 11/2 5/2- 3/2- 0.291 0.259 | • , 10.038 VI • 17.4-HOU|Au"3 42-MINHo VI- Vt- 1/2- 0.208 0.158 1/2' 0.279 0 STAILEHg1 F.T. =50.5*

80 Pb Pb 194 82 2O7I9 Mm • *>• Tl «• Tl 191 •Tl 192- 81 2O4 37 I0m EitT ? ,m : 23m "8* IJH — — Hq 20059 Hgl79 HglSO 61 Hglsl Hql83 Hgl85 Hgl86 Hgl87 Hgl88 Hg 189 Hg 190 Hg 191 Hg 192 311 361 ;,•- 92i " 37m "J* 56m Aul77 t 3i Aul78 3 AulSI An 183 Aul84 Aul8S Au 186 Aul87 Au 188 am Au 189 Au 190 Au I9M 3i 491 a IM I0m , ;r H a 42m • f stf*4 PII76 661 PII77 PtITB PI 179 Pt 180 Pi 181 PI 182 PI 183 PI 184 Pt 185 Pt 186 P1 187 Pt 188 Pt 189 iik QBBl 25* 10 2d ,041 .*. * , e a>• *r OM 41 a' M • a' 98 100 102 104 106 108 110 112 Pb206 ?tr-s ?36 Pb2oe 523 Tl 194 321 Tl I96> ••Tl 198 I67h 1 ^ ' TII99- IBTrm 74 -TI2001 TI20I -TI202' !-Tl 204^ TI206 k'Hg!93' Hg 194 04Oi~l 3, Hg 196 0146 ^ 4,n»,io.cn Hg 10 198 10 O2 Hg200 2313 •Hq2OI '»». 1122 Hg202 29 6O Hg2O5 ' Hg2O6 Au 192 '.a'•-• Vj ns. Au 194 39 5h Au |95 v. SOU IB4d AOI96 •PT^T Aul97* Aul98' 5i_ 100 "> JgUK Au2OI Km Pt I9It1 07>i* i 3Od e. 'is Pt 194 .,,».,„ ) 195" 41d 1 33.8 Pt 196 293 Pt 198 PI200 Pt20l 114 116 118 120 122 124 126 Figure 1. Section of the Chart of Nuclides around mercury. (Taken from reference 2) See page 201 for copyright citation.

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