National Academies Press: OpenBook
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2014. Development of Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources in the Appalachian Basin: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18624.
×

Development of Unconventional Hydrocarbon
Resources in the Appalachian Basin:
Workshop Summary

Anne Linn, Rapporteur

Committee on the Development of Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources in the Appalachian Basin

Committee on Earth Resources

Board on Earth Sciences and Resources

Water Science and Technology Board

Division on Earth and Life Studies

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL
             OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS

Washington, D.C.

www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2014. Development of Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources in the Appalachian Basin: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18624.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS     500 Fifth Street, NW     Washington, DC 20001

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

This study was supported by West Virginia University Research Corporation. The opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations contained in this document are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organization that provided support for the project. Mention of trade names or commercial products does not constitute their endorsement by the sponsor.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-29881-0

International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-29881-4

Cover: Geologic map of West Virginia (background). SOURCE: Map 25A, West Virginia Geological and Economic Survey. Superimposed are photographs of the following: rectangular joints in the Utica Shale near Fort Plain, New York, copyright by Michael C. Rygel (left); Marcellus Shale outcrop in Highland County, Virginia, photo by James Coleman (center); Marcellus Shale just south of Marcellus, New York (right). SOURCES: Wikipedia Commons (left and right) and the U.S. Geological Society (center).

Additional copies of this report are available for sale from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu/.

Copyright 2014 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2014. Development of Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources in the Appalachian Basin: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18624.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine

The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., is president of the National Academy of Engineering.

The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V. Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine.

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone and Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council.

www.national-academies.org

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2014. Development of Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources in the Appalachian Basin: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18624.
×

This page intentionally left blank.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2014. Development of Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources in the Appalachian Basin: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18624.
×

COMMITTEE ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF UNCONVENTIONAL HYDROCARBON RESOURCES IN THE APPALACHIAN BASIN

GEORGE M. HORNBERGER, Chair, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee

KATE HADLEY BAKER, BP (retired), Houston, Texas

SUSAN L. BRANTLEY, Pennsylvania State University, University Park

MICHAEL E. HOHN, State of West Virginia, Morgantown

CARL KIRBY, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania

National Research Council Staff

ANNE M. LINN, Study Director, Board on Earth Sciences and Resources

LAURA HELSABECK, Senior Program Officer, Water Science and Technology Board (until June 7, 2013)

ERIC J. EDKIN, Senior Program Assistant, Board on Earth Sciences and Resources

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2014. Development of Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources in the Appalachian Basin: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18624.
×

COMMITTEE ON EARTH RESOURCES

CLAYTON R. NICHOLS, Chair, Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (retired), Sandpoint

JAMES A. BRIERLEY, Brierley Consultancy, LLC, Highlands Ranch, Colorado

MICHAEL J. CARROLL, Hunt Oil, Dallas, Texas

THURE CERLING, University of Utah, Salt Lake City

ELAINE T. CULLEN, NIOSH Spokane Research Laboratory (retired), Chattaroy, Washington

DONALD JUCKETT, American Association for Petroleum Geologists (retired), Springfield, Virginia

DOROTHY J. MERRITTS, Franklin & Marshall College, Lancaster, Pennsylvania

MARY M. POULTON, University of Arizona, Tucson

ARTHUR W. RAY, City of Rockville, Maryland

RICHARD J. SWEIGARD, University of Kentucky, Lexington

ELIZABETH J. WILSON, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis

National Research Council Staff

ELIZABETH A. EIDE, Director, Board on Earth Sciences and Resources

NICHOLAS D. ROGERS, Financial and Research Associate, Board on Earth Sciences and Resources

ERIC J. EDKIN, Senior Program Assistant, Board on Earth Sciences and Resources

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2014. Development of Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources in the Appalachian Basin: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18624.
×

BOARD ON EARTH SCIENCES AND RESOURCES

CORALE BRIERLEY, Chair, Brierley Consultancy, LLC, Denver, Colorado

KEITH C. CLARKE, University of California, Santa Barbara

DAVID J. COWEN, University of South Carolina, Columbia

WILLIAM E. DIETRICH, University of California, Berkeley

ROGER M. DOWNS, Pennsylvania State University, University Park

JEFF DOZIER, University of California, Santa Barbara

KATHERINE H. FREEMAN, Pennsylvania State University, University Park

WILLIAM L. GRAF, University of South Carolina, Calcott

RUSSELL J. HEMLEY, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington, D.C.

MURRAY W. HITZMAN, Colorado School of Mines, Golden

EDWARD KAVAZANJIAN, JR., Arizona State University, Tempe

LOUISE H. KELLOGG, University of California, Davis

ROBERT McMASTER, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis

CLAUDIA INÉS MORA, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico

BRIJ M. MOUDGIL, University of Florida, Gainesville

CLAYTON R. NICHOLS, Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (retired), Sandpoint

JOAQUIN RUIZ, University of Arizona, Tucson

PETER M. SHEARER, University of California, San Diego

REGINAL SPILLER, Allied Energy, Houston, Texas

RUSSELL STANDS-OVER-BULL, Anadarko Petroleum Corporation, Billings, Montana

TERRY C. WALLACE, JR., Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico

HERMAN B. ZIMMERMAN, National Science Foundation (retired), Portland, Oregon

National Research Council Staff

ELIZABETH A. EIDE, Director

ANNE M. LINN, Senior Program Officer

SAMMANTHA L. MAGSINO, Program Officer

MARK D. LANGE, Associate Program Officer

NICHOLAS D. ROGERS, Financial and Research Associate

COURTNEY R. GIBBS, Program Associate

ERIC J. EDKIN, Senior Program Assistant

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2014. Development of Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources in the Appalachian Basin: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18624.
×

WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY BOARD

GEORGE M. HORNBERGER, Chair, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee

EDWARD J. BOUWER, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland

YU-PING CHIN, Ohio State University, Columbus M. SIOBHAN FENNESSY, Kenyon College, Gambier, Ohio

BEN GRUMBLES, U.S. Water Alliance, Washington, District of Columbia

GEORGE R. HALLBERG, The Cadmus Group, Inc., Waltham, Massachusetts

CATHERINE L. KLING, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa

DEBRA S. KNOPMAN, RAND Corporation, Arlington, Virginia

LARRY LARSON, Association of State Floodplain Managers, Madison, Wisconsin

RITA P. MAGUIRE, Maguire & Pearce

PLLC, Phoenix, Arizona

DAVID L. MAURSTAD, OST, Inc., McLean, Virginia

ROBERT SIMONDS, The Robert Simonds Company, Culver City, California

FRANK H. STILLINGER, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey

MARYLYNN V. YATES, University of California, Riverside

JAMES W. ZIGLAR, SR., Van Ness Feldman, Potomac, Maryland

National Research Council Staff

JEFFREY W. JACOBS, Director

LAURA J. EHLERS, Senior Staff Officer

STEPHANIE E. JOHNSON, Senior Staff Officer

M. JEANNE AQUILINO, Financial/Administrative Associate

ANITA A. HALL, Senior Program Associate

MICHAEL J. STOEVER, Research Associate

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2014. Development of Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources in the Appalachian Basin: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18624.
×

Acknowledgments

This workshop summary has been reviewed in draft form by persons chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise in accordance with procedures approved by the National Research Council’s Report Review Committee. The purposes of this review are to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making the published summary as sound as possible and to ensure that the summary meets institutional standards of objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following for their participation in the review of this summary:

James Coleman, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia

Sally Entrekin, University of Central Arkansas, Conway

George Hornberger, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee

Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse, nor did they see the final draft, of the workshop summary before its release. The review of this summary was overseen by David Dzombak, Carnegie Mellon University. Appointed by the National Research Council, he was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this summary was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this summary rests entirely with the author and the National Research Council.

The planning committee would like to thank West Virginia University—particularly James P. Clements, Jay Cole, and Lisa Martin—for sponsoring this activity, hosting the workshop, and providing superb logistical support. Thanks also go to Ray Boswell, Rosemary Capo, Joseph Frantz, Jr., Cliff Frohlich, Jose Fuentes, Paulina Jaramillo, Kelly Maloney, Michael Powelson, John Veil, and Hannah Wiseman, whose excellent plenary presentations provided a strong foundation for discussion. The committee also extends its thanks to the participants who took on multiple roles in the working groups, giving flash talks to start discussion or serving as rapporteurs: Brian Anderson, Richard Bajura, Daniel Billman, Margaret Brittingham, Robert Burruss, Tim Carr, Martin Chapman,

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2014. Development of Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources in the Appalachian Basin: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18624.
×

Nigel Clark, Jeffrey Daniels, Patrick Drohan, Mark Engle, Barbara Evans Fleischauer, Gregory Frost, Paulina Jaramillo, Donald Juckett, William Kappel, Zuleima Karpyn, Abby Kinchy, Peter MacKenzie, Kris Nygaard, Gary Slagel, James Van Nostrand, Radisav Vidic, Richard Wilkin, Hannah Wiseman, Gregory Wrightstone, and Paul Ziemkiewicz. Finally, the committee extends its thanks to the honorable John D. Rockefeller IV, U.S. Senator for West Virginia, who made remarks in the form of a letter read at the workshop (Appendix A).

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2014. Development of Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources in the Appalachian Basin: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18624.
×

This page intentionally left blank.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2014. Development of Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources in the Appalachian Basin: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18624.
×
Page R1
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2014. Development of Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources in the Appalachian Basin: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18624.
×
Page R2
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2014. Development of Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources in the Appalachian Basin: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18624.
×
Page R3
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2014. Development of Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources in the Appalachian Basin: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18624.
×
Page R4
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2014. Development of Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources in the Appalachian Basin: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18624.
×
Page R5
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2014. Development of Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources in the Appalachian Basin: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18624.
×
Page R6
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2014. Development of Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources in the Appalachian Basin: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18624.
×
Page R7
Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2014. Development of Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources in the Appalachian Basin: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18624.
×
Page R8
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2014. Development of Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources in the Appalachian Basin: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18624.
×
Page R9
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2014. Development of Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources in the Appalachian Basin: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18624.
×
Page R10
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2014. Development of Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources in the Appalachian Basin: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18624.
×
Page R11
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2014. Development of Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources in the Appalachian Basin: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18624.
×
Page R12
Next: 1 Introduction »
Development of Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources in the Appalachian Basin: Workshop Summary Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $36.00 Buy Ebook | $28.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

Development of Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources in the Appalachian Basin is the summary of a workshop convened by the National Research Council to examine the geology and unconventional hydrocarbon resources of the Appalachian Basin; technical methods for producing unconventional hydrocarbons and disposing of wastewater; the potential effects of production on the environment; relevant policies and regulations; and priorities for future scientific and engineering research. Workshop presentations by experts in the fields of geosciences and engineering examined the numerous geoscientific aspects of hydrocarbon development from unconventional resources, including natural gas, oil, and natural gas liquids.

Shale gas is the fastest growing source of U.S. natural gas. Most of the oil and gas produced in the United States comes from conventional reservoirs in which hydrocarbons have accumulated in discrete structural or stratigraphic traps below relatively impermeable rock and above a well-defined hydrocarbon-water interface. However, a growing fraction comes from unconventional reservoirs - geographically extensive accumulations of hydrocarbons held in low-permeability rock with diffuse boundaries and no obvious traps or hydrocarbon-water contacts. In the Appalachian Basin, shale gas development is proceeding in Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia, while New York and Maryland have commissioned studies to assess potential impacts. Development of Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources in the Appalachian Basin focuses on the main hydrocarbon-bearing geologic formations in and around the Appalachian Basin, including the Marcellus, Utica, and Devonian shales, and their estimated resources, current production levels, and projected output. This report examines the potential effects on surface water and groundwater quality and quantity; potential effects on landscapes, including soil and living organisms, and other environmental systems; and technical and engineering processes for exploration and production.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!