COMMITTEE TO THE REVIEW THE NSF AGS
DRAFT SCIENCE GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
Dr. Susan K. Avery, Chair
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Dr. Susan K. Avery is the President and Director of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI). Prior to taking this position she was on the faculty at the University of Colorado, Boulder from 1982-2008. Dr. Avery uses her position and her background in atmospheric research to convey the importance of understanding the Earth as a system connected by ocean, atmosphere, terrestrial, and human interactions. Under her leadership, WHOI is diversifying funding and pursuing more interdisciplinary discovery research as well as problem‐oriented research and the application of fundamental research to ocean‐related crises. The institution is also developing a wide range of platforms and tools for access to the ocean. Dr. Avery serves on many national and international boards, committees, and program review committees, and is active in professional societies. She is a fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and of the American Meteorological Society, for which she also served as president. Her research interests include atmospheric circulation and precipitation, the development of new radar techniques and instruments for observing the atmosphere, and the role of climate science in decision support.
Dr. Daniel N. Baker (NAE)
University of Colorado, Boulder
Dr. Daniel Baker is Director of the Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics at the University of Colorado‐Boulder and is Professor of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences and Professor of Physics there. He holds the Moog‐Broad Reach Chair of Space Sciences at CU. His primary research interest is the study of plasma physical and energetic particle phenomena in planetary magnetospheres and in the Earth's vicinity. He conducts research in space instrument design, space physics data analysis, and magnetospheric modeling. Dr. Baker obtained his Ph.D. degree with James A. Van Allen at the University of Iowa. Following postdoctoral work at the California Institute of Technology with Edward C. Stone, he joined the physics research staff at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, and became Leader of the Space Plasma Physics Group at LANL in 1981. From 1987 to 1994, he was the Chief of the Laboratory for Extraterrestrial Physics at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center. From 1994 to present he has been at the University of Colorado. Dr. Baker has published over 750 papers in the refereed literature and has edited eight books on topics in space physics. He is a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union, the International Academy of Astronautics, the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), and the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). He is
an elected member of the National Academy of Engineering. He currently is an investigator on several NASA space missions including the MESSENGER mission to Mercury, the Magnetospheric MultiScale (MMS) mission, and the Radiation Belt Storm Probes (RBSP) mission. He has won numerous awards for his research efforts and for his management activities including recognition by the Institute for Scientific Information as being “Highly Cited” in space science (2002), being awarded the Mindlin Foundation Lectureship at the University of Washington (2003) and being selected as a National Associate of the U.S. National Academies (2004). Dr. Baker was chosen as a 2007 winner of the University of Colorado’s Robert L. Stearns Award for outstanding research, service, and teaching. In 2010, he was awarded the University of Colorado’s Boulder Faculty Assembly Distinguished Research Lecturer Award. Dr. Baker was the 2010 winner of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) James A. Van Allen Space Environment Award and Medal. Dr. Baker recently served on several national and international scientific committees including the Chairmanship of the National Research Council Committee on Solar and Space Physics. Dr. Baker served as President of the Space Physics and Aeronomy section of the American Geophysical Union (2002‐2004) and he presently serves on advisory panels of the U.S. Air Force and the National Science Foundation. He was a member of the National Research Council’s 2003 Decadal Survey Panel for solar and space physics and he was a member of the 2006 Decadal Review of the U.S. National Space Weather Program. Dr. Baker just completed service as chair of the National Academies 2013‐2022 Decadal Survey in Solar and Space Physics.
Dr. Amy Clement
University of Miami
Dr. Amy Clement is a Professor and Associate Dean of Graduate Studies at the Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science located at the University of Miami. Her research interests focus on some fundamental questions about the behavior of the climate system. How sensitive is the Earth’s climate to external forcing? Is abrupt change a characteristic of the climate? What are the mechanisms of climate change? To address these questions, she uses mathematical models of the climate. These range in complexity from one‐dimensional approximations of the climate to global, three‐dimensional models (general circulation models—GCMs). Her focus has generally been on the tropical coupled ocean‐atmosphere system, and in particular on the El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO). As the largest mode of variability in the modern climate, understanding the whys and hows of past changes in (ENSO) are essential in answering fundamental questions about the behavior of the climate system, and are highly relevant for addressing the problem of how climate may change in the future. Dr. Clement is a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union. Dr. Clement received her Ph.D. in Physical Oceanography from Columbia University.
Dr. W. Jeffrey Hughes
Dr. W. Jeffrey Hughes is Professor of Astronomy and Associate Dean of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences at Boston University. A native of Wales, he received both his B.Sc. and Ph.D. in physics from Imperial College, London. He spent two years as a Hayes‐Fulbright Scholar doing post‐doctoral research in the U.S., spending a year at both the University of Colorado and the University of California, Los Angeles. He joined the Boston University faculty in 1978, where he was the founding director of the Center for Space Physics. He has served as Astronomy Department chairman, and was director of the Center for Integrated Space Weather Modeling (CISM), an NSF Science and Technology Center. Dr.
Hughes’ research focuses on the dynamics of the Earth’s magnetosphere and its interactions with the solar wind and the ionosphere.
Dr. James L. Kinter III
Center for Ocean‐Land‐Atmosphere Studies
Dr. James L. Kinter III is Director of the Center for Ocean‐Land‐Atmosphere Studies (COLA) where he manages all aspects of basic and applied climate research conducted by the Center. Dr. Kinter’s research includes studies of climate predictability on sub‐seasonal and longer time scales. Of particular interest in his research are prospects for prediction of El Niño and the extratropical response to tropical sea surface temperature anomalies using high‐resolution coupled general circulation models of the Earth’s atmosphere, oceans and land surface. Dr. Kinter is a Professor in the Climate Dynamics Ph.D. Program of the College of Science at George Mason University, where he has responsibilities for curriculum development and teaching undergraduate and graduate courses on climate change, as well as advising Ph.D. students. After earning his doctorate in geophysical fluid dynamics at Princeton University in 1984, Dr. Kinter served as a National Research Council Associate at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, and as a faculty member of the University of Maryland (teaching faculty 1984‐1987; research faculty 1987‐1993) prior to joining COLA. Dr. Kinter has served on many national review panels for both scientific research programs and supercomputing programs for computational climate modeling.
Dr. Charles E. Kolb (NAE)
Aerodyne Research, Inc.
Dr. Charles E. Kolb (NAE) is President and Chief Executive Officer of Aerodyne Research, Inc. in Billerica, Massachusetts. His principle research interests include atmospheric and environmental chemistry, combustion chemistry, and the chemical physics of rocket and aircraft exhaust plumes. He has served on several National Aeronautics and Space Administration panels dealing with environmental issues as well as on numerous NRC committees and boards dealing with atmospheric chemistry and physics. These include: the Committee on Tropospheric Ozone Formation and Measurement (1989‐1991); the Committee on Atmospheric Chemistry; (member 1987‐1990, chair, 1990‐1993); the Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, 1990‐1993 and 1997‐2000; the Committee on Strategic Guidance on NSF’s Support of Research in the Atmospheric Sciences (2004-2006) and the Committee on the Significance of International Transport of Air Pollutants (chair 2008-2009). Dr. Kolb has also been appointed a National Associate of the National Academies and elected to the National Academy of Engineering. He is a Fellow of the American Physical Society, American Chemical Society, American Geophysical Union, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the Optical Society of America. Dr. Kolb graduated from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology with a B.S. in Chemical Physics and from Princeton University with an M.A. and a Ph.D. in Physical Chemistry.
Dr. Jennifer A. Logan
Dr. Jennifer A. Logan was a Senior Research Fellow in the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences at Harvard University until 2013. Her research has used global models and analyses of atmospheric data to improve our understanding of the processes affecting atmospheric composition, and the changes wrought by human activity. Recent work has focused on demonstrating the value of tropospheric observations from the Aura satellite for assessing transport characteristics of meteorological fields used to drive global models. Other research interests include insights gained from hindcasts of atmospheric composition, analysis of ozone trends, and prediction of fires in North America using climate models and the effects of these fires on future air quality. Dr. Logan has coauthored over 120 publications, and she is a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. She is a member of the NOAA Science Advisory Board. Prior NRC service includes membership on the Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, the Committee on Earth Science and Applications from Space: A Midterm Assessment of NASA’s Implementation of the Decadal Survey, and the Committee on the Role and Scope of Mission‐Enabling Activities in NASA’s Space and Earth Science Mission. Dr. Logan received her B.Sc. in Chemistry from Edinburgh University and her Ph.D. in Physical Chemistry from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Dr. John Nielsen‐Gammon
Texas A&M University
Dr. John Nielsen‐Gammon is the Regents Professor and Texas State Climatologist at Texas A&M University. Dr. Nielsen‐Gammon’s weather‐related work involves jet streams, extreme rainfall events, and land and sea breezes. His air quality research includes field forecasting support, numerical simulation, and diagnostic analysis of ozone events in Houston and Dallas for the Texas Air Quality Studies in 2000 and 2005‐6. Dr. Nielsen‐Gammon has also worked on drought monitoring and forecasting, air pollution climatology, and improvements to the climate data record. Dr. Nielsen-Gammon received a Presidential Faculty Fellow award (now known as PECASE) from the National Science Foundation and the White House in 1996, a Distinguished Achievement Award in Teaching at Texas A&M University from the Association of Former Students in 1996, and was named a Fellow of the American Meteorological Society (AMS) in 2011. He is Past President of the International Commission for Dynamical Meteorology and is past chair of the AMS Board on Higher Education. Dr. Nielsen-Gammon received his Ph.D. from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1990.