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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2015. Optimizing the U.S. Ground-Based Optical and Infrared Astronomy System. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21722.
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C
Acronyms

2MASS Two Micron All Sky Survey
4MOST 4-metre Multi-Object Spectroscopic Telescope
 
AAAC Astronomy and Astrophysics Advisory Committee
AANM Astronomy and Astrophysics in the New Millennium (2000 astronomy and astrophysics decadal survey report)
ACCORD AURA Coordinating Council of Observatory Research Directors
AGN active galactic nuclei
ALMA Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array
ALTAIR Access to Large Telescopes for Astronomical Instruction and Research
ANTARES Arizona—NOAO Temporal Analysis and Response to Events System
AO adaptive optics
AODP Adaptive Optics Development Program (NSF)
APO Apache Point Observatory
APOGEE APO Galactic Evolution Experiment
ARC Astrophysical Research Consortium
ARCONS Array Camera for Optical to Near-IR Spectrophotometry
ASAS-SN All-Sky Automated Survey for Supernovae
ASM Adaptive Secondary Mirrors
AST Division of Astronomical Sciences (NSF)
ATI Advanced Technologies and Instrumentation (NSF)
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2015. Optimizing the U.S. Ground-Based Optical and Infrared Astronomy System. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21722.
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ATLAS Asteroid Terrestrial-impact Last Alert System
AURA Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy
 
BAO baryon acoustic oscillation
BoRG Brightest of Reionizing Galaxies Survey
BOSS Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey
BPA Board on Physics and Astronomy (NRC)
 
CAA Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics (NRC)
CADC Canadian Astronomy Data Centre
CANDELS Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey
CFHT Canada France Hawaii Telescope
CLASH Cluster Lensing and Supernova Survey with Hubble
CPU central processing unit
CTIO Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory
 
DCT Discovery Channel Telescope
DECam Dark Energy Camera
DEIMOS Deep Imaging Multi-Object Spectrograph
DES Dark Energy Survey
DESC Dark Energy Survey Collaboration
DESI Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument
DKIST Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope
DOE Department of Energy
DPOSS Digitized Palomar Observatory Sky Survey
DR12 Data Release 12
 
eBOSS extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey
E-ELT European Extremely Large Telescope
EMIR Espectrógrafo Multi-objecto InfraRojo
EPDS Extreme Precision Doppler Spectrometer
ESA European Space Agency
ESI Echellette Spectrograph and Imager
ESO European Southern Observatory
ESPRESSO Echelle Spectrograph for Rocky Exoplanet and Stable Spectroscopic Observations
 
FOV field of view
 
GMACS GMT wide-field multi-object optical spectrograph
GMOS Gemini multi-object spectrograph
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2015. Optimizing the U.S. Ground-Based Optical and Infrared Astronomy System. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21722.
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GMT Giant Magellan Telescope
GMTO Giant Magellan Telescope Organization
GPI Gemini Planet Imager
GRB gamma ray burst
GSMT Giant Segmented Mirror Telescope
GTC Gran Telescopio Canarias
 
HEASARC High Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center
HET Hobby-Eberly Telescope
HETDEX Hobby-Eberly Telescope Dark Energy Experiment
HFF Hubble Frontier Fields
HIRES High Resolution Echelle Spectrometer
HST Hubble Space Telescope
HUDF12 Hubble Ultra Deep Field 2012
 
IFU integral field unit
INT Isaac Newton Telescope
IPAC Infrared Processing and Analysis Center
iPHAS INT Photometric H-Alpha Survey
iPTF Intermediate Palomar Transient Factory
IR infrared
IRSA Infrared Science Archive
IRTF Infrared Telescope Facility
IVOA International Virtual Observatory Alliance
 
JWST James Webb Space Telescope
 
KCWI Keck Cosmic Web Imager
KI Keck Interferometer
KPNO Kitt Peak National Observatory
 
LAMOST Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fibre Spectroscopic Telescope
LBNL Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
LBT Large Binocular Telescope
LBTI Large Binocular Telescope Interferometer
LCOGT Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope
LEECH LBT Exozodi Exoplanet Common Hunt
LHC Large Hadron Collider
LIGO Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory
LOSS Lick Observatory Supernova Search
LRIS Low-Resolution Imaging Spectrometer
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2015. Optimizing the U.S. Ground-Based Optical and Infrared Astronomy System. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21722.
×
LSST Large Synoptic Survey Telescope
 
MARVELS Multi-object APO Radial Velocity Exoplanet Large-area Survey
MAST Mikulski Archive for Space Telescopes
MESA Modules for Experiments in Stellar Astrophysics
MKID microwave kinetic inductance detector
MMT Multiple Mirror Telescope (former)
MOONS Multi-Object Optical and Near-infrared Spectrograph
MOS multi-object spectroscopy
MOSFIRE Multi-Object Spectrometer for Infra-Red Exploration
MREFC Major Research Equipment and Facilities Construction (NSF)
MRI Major Research Instrumentation
MSE Maunakea Spectroscopic Explorer
MSIP Mid-Scale Innovations Program (NSF)
MUSE Multi-Unit Spectroscopic Explorer (ESO)
 
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NCSA National Center for Supercomputing Applications
NFIRAOS Narrow Field Infrared Adaptive Optics System
NICMOS Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer
NIRC Near Infrared Camera
NIRC2 Near Infrared Camera 2
NIRSPEC Near Infrared Echelle Spectrometer
NN-EXPLORE NASA-NSF Exoplanet Observational Research
NOAO National Optical Astronomical Observatory
NRAO National Radio Astronomy Observatory
NRC National Research Council
NSF National Science Foundation
NuSTAR Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array
NWNH New Worlds, New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2010 astronomy and astrophysics decadal survey report)
 
O/IR optical and infrared
OIR optical and infrared
OSIRIS Optical System for Imaging and low-Intermediate-Resolution Integrated Spectroscopy
OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy
 
Pan-STARRS Panoramic Survey Telescope & Rapid Response System
PB petabyte (= 1 million gigabytes = 1015 bytes)
PFS Prime Focus Spectrograph
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2015. Optimizing the U.S. Ground-Based Optical and Infrared Astronomy System. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21722.
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PI principal investigator
PRC Portfolio Review Committee
PS1 Prototype Telescope for Pan-STARRS
PTF Palomar Transient Factory
 
ReSTAR Renewing Small Telescopes for Astronomical Research
REU Research Experiences for Undergraduates (NSF)
RMS radio, millimeter, and submillimeter
 
SALT Southern African Large Telescope
SDSS Sloan Digital Sky Survey
SEEDS Strategic Exploration of Exoplanets and Disks with Subaru
SEGUE Sloan Extension for Galactic Understanding and Exploration
SKA Square Kilometer Array
SLAC Stanford Linear Accelerator Center
SMARTS Small and Moderate Aperture Research Telescope System
SOAR Southern Astrophysical Research telescope
SPHERE Spectro-Polarimetric High-contrast Exoplanet Research
SPMT San Pedro Martir Telescope
SSB Space Studies Board (NRC)
 
TAC time allocation committee
TAO Tokyo Atacama Observatory
TB terabyte (=1,000 gigabytes = 1012 bytes)
TESS Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite
TIO TMT International Observatory
TMT Thirty Meter Telescope
TNO Trans-Neptunian Object
ToO target of opportunity
TSIP Telescope System Instrumentation Program
 
ugrizy Set of broadband optical filters from ultraviolet through near-infrared
UKIDSS UKIRT Deep Infrared Deep Sky Survey
UKIRT United Kingdom Infrared Telescope
URO University Radio Observatories
USVAO U.S. Virtual Astronomical Observatory (formerly the National Virtual Observatory
UVEX UV-Excess Survey of the Northern Galactic Plane
 
VISTA Visible and Infrared Survey Telescope for Astronomy
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2015. Optimizing the U.S. Ground-Based Optical and Infrared Astronomy System. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21722.
×
VLA Very Large Array
VLT Very Large Telescope
VO virtual observatory
VVPS Vision and Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022 (2011 planetary science decadal survey report)
 
WEAVE WHT Enhanced Area Velocity Explorer
WFIRST Wide-Field Infrared Survey Telescope
WHT William Herschel Telescope (Canary Islands 4.2-m telescope)
WIRO Wyoming Infrared Observatory
WISE Wide-Field Infrared Survey Explorer
WIYN Wisconsin-Indiana-Yale-NOAO Consortium 3.5-m telescope
 
ZTF Zwicky Transient Facility
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2015. Optimizing the U.S. Ground-Based Optical and Infrared Astronomy System. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21722.
×
Page 113
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2015. Optimizing the U.S. Ground-Based Optical and Infrared Astronomy System. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21722.
×
Page 114
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2015. Optimizing the U.S. Ground-Based Optical and Infrared Astronomy System. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21722.
×
Page 115
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2015. Optimizing the U.S. Ground-Based Optical and Infrared Astronomy System. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21722.
×
Page 116
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2015. Optimizing the U.S. Ground-Based Optical and Infrared Astronomy System. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21722.
×
Page 117
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2015. Optimizing the U.S. Ground-Based Optical and Infrared Astronomy System. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21722.
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Page 118
Optimizing the U.S. Ground-Based Optical and Infrared Astronomy System Get This Book
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New astronomical facilities, such as the under-construction Large Synoptic Survey Telescope and planned 30-meter-class telescopes, and new instrumentation on existing optical and infrared (OIR) telescopes, hold the promise of groundbreaking research and discovery. How can we extract the best science from these and other astronomical facilities in an era of potentially flat federal budgets for both the facilities and the research grants? Optimizing the U.S. Ground-Based Optical and Infrared Astronomy System provides guidance for these new programs that align with the scientific priorities and the conclusions and recommendations of two National Research Council (NRC) decadal surveys, New Worlds, New Horizons for Astronomy and Astrophysics and Vision and Voyages for Planetary Sciences in the Decade 2013-2022, as well as other NRC reports.

This report describes a vision for a U.S. OIR System that includes a telescope time exchange designed to enhance science return by broadening access to capabilities for a diverse community, an ongoing planning process to identify and construct next generation capabilities to realize decadal science priorities, and near-term critical coordination, planning, and instrumentation needed to usher in the era of LSST and giant telescopes.

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