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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Trust and Confidence at the Interfaces of the Life Sciences and Society: Does the Public Trust Science? A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21798.
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TRUST

AND CONFIDENCE

AT THE INTERFACES

OF THE

LIFE SCIENCES

AND SOCIETY

Does the Public Trust Science?

A Workshop Summary

Helaine E. Resnick, Keegan Sawyer, and Nancy Huddleston, Rapporteurs

Roundtable on Public Interfaces of the Life Sciences

Board on Life Sciences

Division on Earth and Life Studies

Board on Science Education

Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

images

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS

Washington, DC

www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Trust and Confidence at the Interfaces of the Life Sciences and Society: Does the Public Trust Science? A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21798.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

This activity was supported by Grant No. GBMF3869 from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Grant No. 10002067 from the Burroughs Wellcome Fund, Grant No. 10001304 from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Grant No. 10001447 from Monsanto, a grant from DuPont, with additional support from the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project.

ISBN-13: 978-0-309-37792-8
ISBN-10: 0-309-37792-7

Additional copies of this report are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street NW, Lockbox 285, Washington, DC 20055; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313 (in the Washington metropolitan area); Internet, http://www.nap.edu.

Copyright 2015 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America.

Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Does the Public Trust Science? Trust and Confidence at the Intersections of the Life Sciences and Society. A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Trust and Confidence at the Interfaces of the Life Sciences and Society: Does the Public Trust Science? A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21798.
×

images

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to bring the practices of engineering to advising the nation. Members are elected by their peers for extraordinary contributions to engineering. Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., is president.

The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president.

The three Academies work together as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. The Academies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine.

Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.national-academies.org.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Trust and Confidence at the Interfaces of the Life Sciences and Society: Does the Public Trust Science? A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21798.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Trust and Confidence at the Interfaces of the Life Sciences and Society: Does the Public Trust Science? A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21798.
×

PLANNING COMMITTEE FOR THE WORKSHOP DOES THE PUBLIC TRUST SCIENCE?
TRUST AND CONFIDENCE AT THE INTERSECTION OF THE LIFE SCIENCES AND SOCIETY1

Members

RICK BORCHELT (Co-Chair), Department of Energy

MOLLY JAHN (Co-Chair), University of Wisconsin-Madison

CYNTHIA BEALL (NAS), Case Western Reserve University

TIFFANY LOHWATER, American Association for the Advancement of Science

GEORGE MATSUMOTO, Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute

MATTHEW NISBET, Northeastern University

IVAN ORANSKY, MedPage Today

_________________________

1The workshop planning committee members were not involved in the writing of the workshop summary.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Trust and Confidence at the Interfaces of the Life Sciences and Society: Does the Public Trust Science? A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21798.
×

ROUNDTABLE ON PUBLIC INTERFACES OF THE LIFE SCIENCES

Members

CYNTHIA BEALL (NAS; Cochair), Case Western Reserve University

DIETRAM A. SCHEUFELE (Cochair), University of Wisconsin–Madison

JOSEPH ARVAI, University of Calgary

RICK BORCHELT, US Department of Energy

DAVID E. DUNCAN, Freelance Journalist

DAVID GOLDSTON, Natural Resources Defense Council

FRED GOULD (NAS), North Carolina State University

DAVID INOUYE, University of Maryland

MOLLY JAHN, University of Wisconsin–Madison

BRUCE LEWENSTEIN, Cornell University

MICHAEL LOHUIS, Monsanto

TIFFANY LOHWATER, American Association for the Advancement of Science

GEORGE MATSUMOTO, Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute

MATTHEW NISBET, Northeastern University

JOHN OHAB, US Naval Research Laboratory

IVAN ORANSKY, MedPage Today

STEPHEN PALACIOS, Added Value Cheskin

WILLIAM PROVINE, DuPont

VINCENT RACANIELLO, Columbia University

KENNETH S. RAMOS, University of Louisville

BROOKE SMITH, COMPASS

MARY WOOLLEY (NAM), Research!America

Staff

KEEGAN SAWYER, Project Director, Board on Life Sciences

MICHAEL FEDER, Senior Program Officer, Board on Science Education

P. KANOKO MAEDA, Senior Program Assistant

NORMAN GROSSBLATT, Senior Editor

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Trust and Confidence at the Interfaces of the Life Sciences and Society: Does the Public Trust Science? A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21798.
×

BOARD ON LIFE SCIENCES

Members

JAMES P. COLLINS (Chair), Arizona State University

ENRIQUETA C. BOND, Burroughs Wellcome Fund (retired)

ROGER D. CONE, Vanderbilt University Medical Center

JOSEPH R. ECKER, Salk Institute for Biological Studies

SEAN EDDY, HHMI Janelia Farm Research Campus

SARAH C. R. ELGIN, Washington University

DAVID R. FRANZ, Former Cdr USAMRIID; Consultant

STEPHEN FRIEND, Sage Bionetworks

ELIZABETH HEITMAN, Vanderbilt University Medical Center

JOHN G. HILDEBRAND (NAS), University of Arizona

RICHARD A. JOHNSON, Arnold & Porter, LLC

JUDITH KIMBLE, University of Wisconsin–Madison

MARY E. MAXON, Science Philanthropy Alliance

KAREN E. NELSON, J. Craig Venter Institute

ROBERT M. NEREM, Georgia Institute of Technology

MARY E. POWER, University of California, Berkeley

MARGARET RILEY, University of Massachusetts

LANA SKIRBOLL, Sanofi

JANIS C. WEEKS, University of Oregon

MARY WOOLLEY (NAM), Research!America

Staff

FRANCES E. SHARPLES, Director

JO L. HUSBANDS, Scholar/Senior Project Director

JAY B. LABOV, Senior Scientist/Program Director for Biology Education

KATHERINE W. BOWMAN, Senior Program Officer

MARILEE K. SHELTON-DAVENPORT, Senior Program Officer

KEEGAN SAWYER, Program Officer

AUDREY THEVENON, Associate Program Officer

BETHELHEM MEKASHA, Financial Associate

ANGELA KOLESNIKOVA, Administrative Assistant

P. KANOKO MAEDA, Senior Project Assistant

JENNA OGILVIE, Senior Project Assistant

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Trust and Confidence at the Interfaces of the Life Sciences and Society: Does the Public Trust Science? A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21798.
×

BOARD ON SCIENCE EDUCATION

Members

ADAM GAMORAN (Chair), WT Grant Foundation

GEORGE BOGGS, Palomar College (emeritus)

MELANIE COOPER, Department of Chemistry, Michigan State University

RODOLFO DIRZO, Department of Biology, Stanford University

JACQUELYNNE ECCLES, Department of Psychology, University of Michigan

JOSEPH FRANCISCO, Department of Chemistry, Purdue University

MARGARET A. HONEY, New York Hall of Science

SUSAN KIEFFER, Department of Geology, University of Illinois, Urbana

MATTHEW KREHBIEL, Kansas State Department of Education

MICHAEL LACH, Urban Education Institute, University of Chicago

LYNN S. LIBEN, Department of Psychology, The Pennsylvania State University

BRIAN REISER¸ School of Education and Social Policy, Northwestern University

MARSHALL (MIKE) SMITH, Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching

ROBERTA TANNER, Retired Physics Teacher, Thompson School District, Loveland, Colorado

SUZANNE WILSON, Neag School of Education, University of Connecticut

YU XIE, Department of Sociology, University of Michigan

Staff

HEIDI SCHWEINGRUBER, Director, Board on Science Education

MICHAEL FEDER, Senior Program Officer

MARGARET HILTON, Senior Program Officer

MATT LAMMERS, Program Coordinator

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Trust and Confidence at the Interfaces of the Life Sciences and Society: Does the Public Trust Science? A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21798.
×

ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF REVIEWERS

This workshop summary has been reviewed in draft form by persons chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making the published workshop summary as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets institutional standards of objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this summary:

Rick Borchelt, U.S. Department of Energy

Robert Dorit, Smith College

Audrey Huang, Johns Hopkins University

Kirk Englehardt, Georgia Institute of Technology

Beth Shapiro, University of California, Santa Cruz

Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they did not see the final draft of the workshop summary before its release. The review of this summary was overseen by Stephen Berry of the University of Chicago. He was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this workshop summary was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this workshop summary rests entirely with the authors and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Trust and Confidence at the Interfaces of the Life Sciences and Society: Does the Public Trust Science? A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21798.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Trust and Confidence at the Interfaces of the Life Sciences and Society: Does the Public Trust Science? A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21798.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Trust and Confidence at the Interfaces of the Life Sciences and Society: Does the Public Trust Science? A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21798.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Trust and Confidence at the Interfaces of the Life Sciences and Society: Does the Public Trust Science? A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21798.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Trust and Confidence at the Interfaces of the Life Sciences and Society: Does the Public Trust Science? A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21798.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Trust and Confidence at the Interfaces of the Life Sciences and Society: Does the Public Trust Science? A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21798.
×
Page R5
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Trust and Confidence at the Interfaces of the Life Sciences and Society: Does the Public Trust Science? A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21798.
×
Page R6
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Trust and Confidence at the Interfaces of the Life Sciences and Society: Does the Public Trust Science? A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21798.
×
Page R7
Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Trust and Confidence at the Interfaces of the Life Sciences and Society: Does the Public Trust Science? A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21798.
×
Page R8
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Trust and Confidence at the Interfaces of the Life Sciences and Society: Does the Public Trust Science? A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21798.
×
Page R9
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Trust and Confidence at the Interfaces of the Life Sciences and Society: Does the Public Trust Science? A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21798.
×
Page R10
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Trust and Confidence at the Interfaces of the Life Sciences and Society: Does the Public Trust Science? A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21798.
×
Page R11
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Trust and Confidence at the Interfaces of the Life Sciences and Society: Does the Public Trust Science? A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21798.
×
Page R12
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Does the public trust science? Scientists? Scientific organizations? What roles do trust and the lack of trust play in public debates about how science can be used to address such societal concerns as childhood vaccination, cancer screening, and a warming planet? What could happen if social trust in science or scientists faded? These types of questions led the Roundtable on Public Interfaces of the Life Sciences of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to convene a 2-day workshop on May 5-6, 2015 on public trust in science.

This report explores empirical evidence on public opinion and attitudes toward life sciences as they relate to societal issues, whether and how contentious debate about select life science topics mediates trust, and the roles that scientists, business, media, community groups, and other stakeholders play in creating and maintaining public confidence in life sciences. Does the Public Trust Science? Trust and Confidence at the Interfaces of the Life Sciences and Society highlights research on the elements of trust and how to build, mend, or maintain trust; and examine best practices in the context of scientist engagement with lay audiences around social issues.

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