Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.
CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS ON THE WEB 2 Safe Mobility for Older Americans Report of the Committee for the Conference on Transportation in an Aging Society Sponsored by National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Federal Highway Administration Federal Transit Administration Office of the Secretary, U.S. Department of Transportation National Institute on Aging of the National Institutes of Health National Center for Injury Prevention and Control of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Eno Transportation Foundation AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety Beverly Foundation Transportation Research Board Transportation Research Board Washington, D.C. 2005 www.TRB.org
Conference Proceedings on the Web 2 NOTICE: The conference that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competencies and with regard for appropriate balance. This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to the procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The conference was sponsored by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration; the Federal Highway Administration; the Federal Transit Administration; the Office of the Secretary, U.S. Department of Transportation; the National Institute on Aging of the National Institutes of Health; the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; the Eno Transportation Foundation; the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety; the Beverly Foundation; and the Transportation Research Board. Transportation Research Board publications are available by ordering individual publications directly from the TRB Business Office, through the Internet at www.TRB.org or national-academies.org/trb, or by annual subscription through organizational or individual affiliation with TRB. Affiliates and library subscribers are eligible for substantial discounts. For further information, contact the Transportation Research Board Business Office, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Washington, DC 20001 (telephone 202-334-3213; fax 202-334-2519; or e-mail TRBsales@nas.edu). Committee for the Conference on Transportation in an Aging Society Richard A. Marottoli, VA Connecticut, West Haven, and Yale University, New Haven, Chair Karlene K. Ball, University of Alabama, Birmingham Christopher G. B. Mitchell, Transport Research Laboratory, United Kingdom (retired) Anne Long Morris, Elder Care Consulting Robert Raleigh, Maryland Motor Vehicle Administration, Glen Burnie Peter F. Rusch, Federal Highway Administration, Madison, Wisconsin Jane C. Stutts, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill Martin Wachs, University of California, Berkeley Patricia F. Waller, Consultant, Chapel Hill, North Carolina (deceased) Transportation Research Board Staff Mark Norman, Director, Technical Activities Division Richard F. Pain, Senior Program Officer, Safety Stephen R. Godwin, Director, Studies and Information Services Publications Office Norman Solomon, Senior Editor Jennifer J. Weeks, Editorial Services Specialist Jennifer Correro, Proofreader Carol Levie, Grammarians, Layout
The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. On the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on sci- entific and technical matters. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also spon- sors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. William A. Wulf is president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, on its own initia- tive, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V. Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to asso- ciate the broad community of science and technology with the Academyâs purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies deter- mined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the govern- ment, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both the Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone and Dr. William A. Wulf are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council. The Transportation Research Board is a division of the National Research Council, which serves the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering. The Boardâs mission is to promote innovation and progress in transportation through research. In an objective and interdiscipli- nary setting, the Board facilitates the sharing of information on transportation practice and policy by researchers and practitioners; stimulates research and offers research management services that pro- mote technical excellence; provides expert advice on transportation policy and programs; and dissemi- nates research results broadly and encourages their implementation. The Boardâs varied activities annu- ally engage more than 5,000 engineers, scientists, and other transportation researchers and practitioners from the public and private sectors and academia, all of whom contribute their expertise in the public interest. The program is supported by state transportation departments, federal agencies including the component administrations of the U.S. Department of Transportation, and other organizations and indi- viduals interested in the development of transportation. www.TRB.org www.national-academies.org