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Suggested Citation:"Sources." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. A Guidebook for Increasing Diverse and Small Business Participation in Airport Business Opportunities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/22220.
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Suggested Citation:"Sources." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. A Guidebook for Increasing Diverse and Small Business Participation in Airport Business Opportunities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/22220.
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Suggested Citation:"Sources." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. A Guidebook for Increasing Diverse and Small Business Participation in Airport Business Opportunities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/22220.
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Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

77 1. City of Denver. ACDBE Concession Program. City of Denver Policy Statement, 2006. 2. ACDBE Program Race- and Gender-Neutral Contract Clause. Outreach requirement for the City of Phoenix. 3. ACI–NA Business Diversity Council. Presentation: An Orientation on Airport DBE Programs. 2005. 4. ACI–NA. Presentation 2013 Concessions Benchmarking Survey—Summary Results. November 2013. 5. ACI–NA. DBE/Small/Minority Business Survey Summary. Concessionaires Survey. September 2008. 6. ACI–NA. Disadvantaged Business Enterprise Program Survey. September 2007. 7. ACI–NA. ACI–NA Honors San Diego County Regional Airport Authority, Hudson Group Retail, LLC, with Inaugural Inclusion Champion Award. Press Release, September 25, 2013. 8. ACI–NA. Phase II: Concessionaires Survey. September 2008. 9. ACI–NA. 2013 North American (ACI–NA) Top 50 Airports Traffic Report. http://www.aci-na.org/sites/default/ files/preliminarynam2013_top_50.xlsx. 10. Alfert Jr., R. ACRP LRD 16: Procurement of Airport Development and Planning Contracts. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C., 2012. 11. Berry, F., et al. ACRP Synthesis 10: Airport Sustainability Practices. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C., 2008. 12. Grothaus, J. H., T. J. Helms, et al. ACRP Report 16: Guidebook for Managing Small Airports. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C., 2009. 13. Touran, A., et al. ACRP Report 21: A Guidebook for Selecting Airport Capital Project Delivery Methods. Trans- portation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C., 2009. 14. Vanden Oever, K., et al. ACRP Report 33: Guidebook for Developing and Managing Airport Contracts. Trans- portation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C., 2011. 15. LeighFisher and Exstare Federal Services Group LLC. ACRP Report 54: Resource Manual for Airport In-Terminal Concessions. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C., 2011. 16. Defant Jr., T., et al. ACRP Report 87: Procuring and Managing Professional Services for Airports. Transporta- tion Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C., 2013. 17. Unison Consulting, Inc., Gresham Smith and Partners, and Charlotte Bryan Solutions. ACRP Report 90: Impact of Regulatory Compliance Costs on Small Airports. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C., 2013. 18. Airport Consultants Council. Presentation: ACDBE Participation in Airport Concession Joint Ventures. 25th Annual Airport Business Diversity Conference, June 9, 2009. 19. AMAC Car Rental Work Group. Reforming the U.S. Department of Transportation Disadvantaged Busi- ness Enterprise (DBE) Programs. June 11, 2013. 20. Andrews, Audrey. Presentation: Southwest Region HNTB Diversity Approach. AMAC 19th Annual Airports Economic Opportunity & Policy Forum Conference, December 3, 2012. 21. Ardekani, S., et al. Small Business Inclusion: A Study of TX DOT’s Consultant Procurement Program. Texas Department of Transportation Report 48-2xxIA001, May 2013. 22. Armbrust, P. Celebrating 30 Years. Airport Revenue News, Vol. 7, No. 93 (June 2009), pp. 28–31. 23. Ashby, R. et al. Presentation: Navigating Small Business Program Implementation. AMAC/FAA Airport Business Diversity Conference, June 2012. 24. U.S. Department of Transportation. Audit Announcement: New Participants in FAA Airport Disadvan- taged Business Enterprise Program. Project Number 132Z3005Z000, Office of the Inspector General, Washington, D.C., March 25, 2013. 25. Baldwin, M. Presentation: Unlocking the Power. AMAC/FAA Airport Business Diversity Conference, June 2012. 26. Baton Rouge Metropolitan Airport. Pilot Small Enterprise Program, 2012. Sources

78 A Guidebook for Increasing Diverse and Small Business Participation in Airport Business Opportunities 27. Bierman, M. and Cazeau, J. Make Good Faith Efforts and Back Them Up. Airport Revenue News, Vol. 6, No. 69 (June 2007), pp. 50–55. 28. Bismark Airport. ACDBE Program, Revised August 30, 2010. 29. Blue Grass Airport. DBE Program, DBE Participation Goals, FFY 2012, 2013, 2014. 30. Boenitz, D. Presentation: Airport Best Practices Forum in Partnership with ACI-NA Finance Committee. San Diego Regional Airport Authority, March 29, 2011. 31. Boise Airport. ACDBE Program Policy Statement. February 2013. 32. Boudreau, B., and Davies, G. New Handbook Presents View of Concessions Programs. Airport Revenue News, Vol. 8, No. 11 (December 2010; January 2011), pp. 58–61. 33. Brandenburg, D. Presentation: United Airlines Diversity Program. AMAC 19th Annual Airports Economic Opportunity & Policy Forum Conference, December 3, 2012. 34. Briggs, J., et al. Presentation: Contract Provisions Mandated by Grant Assurances. 2013 Legal Affairs Spring Conference, May 16, 2013. 35. Brown, M., and Lightfoot, L. E. Facilitating Success: DBE Administrators, Vendors Must have Solid Relation ship. Airport Revenue News, Vol. 7, No. 96 (September 2009), pp. 54–57. 36. Brown, P. Presentation: Concessions Opportunities 2012 Food &Beverage, Retail Industry Day. Georgia International Convention Center, January 19, 2011. 37. Byrne, J. Turbulence Ahead? DOT Challenged over Airport DBE Programs. Minority Business Entrepreneur, May/June 2008, pp.1–2. 38. Callier, H. Presentation: Getting Beyond the Goal. AMAC 19th Annual Airports Economic Opportunity & Policy Forum Conference, December 4, 2012. 39. Certification Programs Overview, 2012. www.sbtdc.org. Accessed August 28, 2012. 40. California Department of Transportation. FY 2013 DBE Goal Methodology Approval. 41. California Department of Transportation. Caltrans Business Plan for DBE Outreach on Federally-Funded Projects. 2010. 42. Capital Region Airport Commission. Procurement Presentation: How We Purchase Goods & Services. September 25, 2012. 43. Carney, D., and J. McCoy. Presentation: Lessons Learned and Best Practices from Internal Audits of Airport DBE Programs. ACI-NA Fall Legal Conference, September 25, 2010. 44. Carney, D. Presentation: Capital Markets (Private Investors) as an Alternative Financing Source for ACDBEs. AMAC 19th Annual Airports Economic Opportunity & Policy Forum Conference, December 4, 2012. 45. Castleberry, P. Presentation: DBE Fraud in Transportation. Third Annual National Civil Rights Training Conference, August 30, 2012. 46. Cazeau, J. Definitive Guide to Obtaining your DBE Certification. 2013. 47. Cerchia, G. Presentation: Houston Airport System Capital Development Program. Airport Business Diversity Conference, 2013. 48. Cibic, N. Presentation: FAA DBE and ACDBE Program Update. 2011 FAA Airport Managers Conference, November 3, 2011. 49. Cibic, N. Presentation: FAA: The ABCs of DBE & ACDBE Programs. Michigan DOT Conference, February 4, 2009. 50. Cibic, N. Presentation: DBE and ACDBE Programs: Common Misunderstandings. Third Annual FAA National Civil Rights Training for Airports, August, 2012. 51. Cibic, N. Presentation: FAA dbe-Connect Demonstration and Stakeholder Input. 4th Annual FAA National Civil Rights Training Conference for Airports, September 17, 2013. 52. City of Atlanta, Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport. RFP-Food and Beverage Concessions Package 1. September 16, 2011. 53. City of Dallas, Office of Economic Development. Development & Investment Opportunities, 2013. 54. City of Denver. Ordinance No. 760, Amending Articles III and VII of Chapter 28 of the Denver Municipal Code. November 10, 2006. 55. City of Greensboro. Small Business Enterprise and Minority/Women Business Enterprise Program Plan for: Construction, Professional Services, Goods, and Other Services. May 7, 2013. 56. City of Greensboro. NC Disparity Study for the MBE-WBE Program. June 14, 2012. 57. City of Long Beach. Disadvantaged Business Enterprise Program. September 1, 2013. 58. City of New Haven, Connecticut. Small Contractor Development Program. 59. City of New York. Minority and Women-Owned Business Enterprise (M/WBE) Program, Annual Report for Fiscal Year 2012. 60. City of Oakland. Construction Joint Venture Regulations and Joint Venture Participation Schedule. 61. City of Phoenix. Presentation: Small Business Enterprise (SBE) & Disadvantaged Business Enterprise (DBE) Certification Programs, 2013. www.phoenix.gov. Accessed August 29, 2013. 62. City of Salem Airport Division. DBE Program.

Sources 79 63. Clary, S., J. Harkinson. Presentation: DBE Compliance & Labor Compliance: Aligning Resources for Contract Compliance. AMAC Annual Airport Business Diversity Conference, June 2013. 64. Coleman, M. Presentation: An Airport’s Sky High View of a Winning Proposal. Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport, June 2009. 65. Columbia Metropolitan Airport. Award for Excellence in Workplace Diversity for Small Employers. Columbia SC, September 14, 2012. 66. Columbia Metropolitan Airport. About the Airport. http://www.columbiaairport.com/abouttheairport. aspx. 67. Columbia Metropolitan Airport. History. http://www.columbiaairport.com/abouttheairport/history.aspx. 68. Columbia Metropolitan Airport Commission. http://www.columbiaairport.com/abouttheairport/ commission. 69. Columbia Metropolitan Airport. Notice of Triennial DBE Overall Goal FY 2012–14. http://www.columbia airport.com/UserFiles/airport/Documents/FY%202012-2014%20EXHIBIT%20B%20-%Notice.pdf. Accessed May 7, 2014. 70. Columbia Metropolitan Airport. DBE Mission Statement. http://www.columbiaairport.com/business opportunities/disadvantagedbusinessenterprisedbe.aspx. Accessed May 7, 2014. 71. Columbus Regional Airport Authority. Disadvantaged Business Enterprise Program Plan, October 2011. 72. Columbus Regional Airport Authority. Brochure, 2011–13. 73. Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport. Concession Compliance Standards Manual. Department of Aviation Concessions Management, November, 2010. 74. Port of Seattle. Concessions Manager Job Description, June 15, 2011. 75. Conference of Minority Transportation Officials (COMTO). Reauthorization of Transportation Legisla- tion: Moving the Nation–An Inclusive Initiative (September 2008). www.comto.org. Accessed August 2013. 76. Cornelio, R. Presentation: Best Practices for DBEs. U.S. Department of Transportation/Federal Transit Administration DOORS Program, August 20, 2012. 77. Cornelio, R. Presentation: Best Practices for Identifying and Utilizing DBEs. U.S. Department of Transportation/ Federal Transit Administration DOORS Program, August 20, 2012. 78. County of Sonoma. Agenda Report to Adopt DBE Program, FY13–15. 79. Cugasi, J. Presentation: Extracting the Greatest Value from Your Commercial Contracts. ARN Revenue Conference & Exhibition, 2009. 80. Cugasi, J. Presentation: Preparing the Emerging Business Owner for Participation in the Concession Space. AMAC 19th Annual Airports Economic Opportunity & Policy Forum Conference, December 3, 2012. 81. Cunningham, J. Committed to Those Who Built the Country “From the Ground Up”: Secretary LaHood Addresses the 18th Annual Transportation Braintrust. Accelerate (2010), pp. 2–4. 82. Cunningham, J. COMTO Testimony to House of Representatives Transportation and Infrastructure Com- mittee Supports Ongoing Need for DBE Program. Accelerate (May/June 2009), p. 3. 83. Dale, C. Affirmative Action Revisited: A Legal History and Prospectus. Congressional Research Service, 2002. 84. Dallas/Fort Worth Minority Supplier Development Council. Connecting . . . Minority Business Inclusion to the Supply Chain and Marketplace, 2012. 85. DBE and ACDBE Certification: Avoiding Pitfalls. www.sanantonio.gov. Accessed August 15, 2013. 86. DC Department of Small & Local Business Development. Certified Business Enterprise Program Overview (2012). www.mhmiles.com. Accessed August 30, 2013. 87. Delaware Department of Transportation DBE Program. Recent Changes to DBE Program Aim to Help You Get in the Game. Focus on DBE Newsletter, Vol. 5, No. 2 (Spring 2011), pp. 1–2. 88. Delaware Department of Transportation DBE Program. Making Business C| ents; Teaming to Win Larger Contracts. Focus on DBE Newsletter, Vol. 5, No. 2 (Spring 2011), p.3. 89. U.S. Department of Transportation. Department of Transportation ACDBE Program: 49 CFR Part 23 Sample ACDBE Program. Federal Aviation Administration, April 2014. 90. U.S. Department of Transportation. Department of Transportation DBE Program: 49 CFR Part 26 Sample DBE Program Final Draft (Rev., April 3, 2014). 91. U.S. Department of Transportation. Weaknesses in the Department’s Disadvantaged Business Enterprise Program Limit Achievement of its Objectives. ZA-2013-072, April 23, 2013. 92. Denver International Airport. Denver International Airport Exceeds Federal Goals for Minority Participation in Airport Construction Projects. Press Release, February 21, 2014. 93. Denver International Airport. Together We Soar. Press Kit, July, 2013. 94. Denver International Airport. DIA Concessions Policy, July 18, 2007. 95. Denver Office of Economic Development. Presentation: Division of Small Business Opportunity. March 23, 2011. 96. Denver International Airport. Denver International Airport Launches $1 million Airport Concession Loan Program. Press Release, October 29, 2013.

80 A Guidebook for Increasing Diverse and Small Business Participation in Airport Business Opportunities 97. Denver International Airport. Denver International Airport Sets Records for Concession Revenue, New Business in 2013. Press Release, February 18, 2014. 98. Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport. DFW International Airport 2012 Diversity Report: Destination Diversity: Journey of Inclusion. 99. Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport. An Overview of DBE Best Practices. February 24, 2009. 100. Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport. DFW Expedited Payment Program. Press Release, November 12, 2007. 101. Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport. DFW International Airport’s Disadvantaged, Minority- and Women-Owned Business Concessionaire Program: Economic and Fiscal Impacts, November, 2005. 102. Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport. Minority/Women Business Enterprise (M/WBE) Policy and Procedures Manual, 2008. 103. Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport. Small Business Enterprise (SBE)—Minority and Women Business (MWBE) Program Policy, October 1, 2012. 104. U.S. Department of Transportation. Disadvantaged Business Enterprise (DBE) Program Audit Summary Response to the Office of Inspector General. Office of the Secretary of Transportation, Washington, D.C., February 2014. 105. General Contractors of America and National Association of Minority Contractors. Disadvantaged Business Enterprise (DBE) Contractor’s Tool Kit. 106. Harris, T. Presentation: Disadvantaged Business Enterprise Program Goal Setting Process. No date. 107. City and County of Denver. Division of Small Business Opportunity: Minority and Women Business Enterprise (MWBE) Ordinances; Business, Workforce & Sustainability, January 29, 2014. 108. Caltrans Office of Business and Economic Opportunity. Presentation: Disadvantaged Business Enterprise (DBE) Certification Workshop. 109. Discrimination Research Center. Free to Compete? Measuring the Impact of Proposition 209 on Minority Business Enterprises, 2006. 110. Disparity Study for the Minority/Women Business Enterprise Program, Final Report. Greensboro, NC, June 14, 2012. 111. City of Houston. Construction Services Disparity Study: Implementation of Recommendations. Mayor’s Office of Business Opportunity, Disparity Study Working Group. 112. Portland Development Commission. Diversity in Contracting and Workplace Development Report, 2009–2010. 113. Dortch, T. Building Bridges and Crossing Barriers. Minority Business Entrepreneur, Vol. 28, No. 3 (May/ June, 2011), pp. 14–17. 114. 14 CFR Part 13. Electronic Code of Federal Regulations. http://www.ecfr.gov. Accessed September 4, 2013. 115. 14 CFR Part 16. Electronic Code of Federal Regulations. http://www.ecfr.gov. Accessed September 4, 2013. 116. 49 CFR Part 18. Electronic Code of Federal Regulations. http://www.ecfr.gov. Accessed August, 2013. 117. 49 CFR Part 23. Electronic Code of Federal Regulations. http://www.ecfr.gov. Accessed July 18, 2013. 118. 49 CFR Part 26. Electronic Code of Federal Regulations. http://www.ecfr.gov. Accessed July 16, 2013. 119. U.S. Department of Transportation. DOT Order: 4220.1 Disadvantaged Business Enterprise (DBE) Program Coordination and Oversight, February 5, 2014. 120. Dowell, O. W., Enhancing Opportunities for Disadvantaged Business Enterprises (DBEs) and Prime Consultants. www.ACConline.org Spring 2008. Accessed August 15, 2013. 121. Durbin, D., et al., Presentation: Doing Business with the Airports Authority. Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority 21st Annual Business Opportunity Seminar, December 9, 2011. 122. Edwards, L. Governor Quinn Signs Bill into Law; Aids Minority, Women-Owned Businesses (August 21, 2013). www.thechicagocitizen.com. Accessed August 29, 2013. 123. England, M. Presentation: Evaluating Long-Term Exclusive Airport Concession Agreements. ACI–NA Annual Conference & Exhibition 2013, September 21, 2013. 124. Eagle County Airport. RFP: Non-Exclusive Rental Car Concession, August 16, 2013. 125. Erie Regional Airport Runway Improvement Program, 2010. 126. Erskine, J., Presentation: Unlocking the Power. AMAC/FAA Airport Business Diversity Conference, June, 2012. 127. Exstare Federal Services Group, LLC. Airport Concessions Disparity Study, Final Report, Prepared for the Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport, May 21, 2010. 128. Federal Aviation Administration. FAA Airport Compliance Manual, Order 5190.6B, 2009. 129. Federal Aviation Administration. Presentation: DBE and ACDBE Best Practices: Monitoring and Enforce- ment, August 30, 2012. 130. Federal Aviation Administration. Presentation: 49 CFR Parts 26 & 23 DBE Program Overview. National Airport Civil Rights Training Conference, 2011. 131. Federal Aviation Administration. Presentation: Joint Venture Guidance: Short Overview and Samples, 25th Annual Airport Business Diversity Conference, June 2009.

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88 A Guidebook for Increasing Diverse and Small Business Participation in Airport Business Opportunities 387. U.S. Department of Transportation. Departmental Office of Civil Rights External Civil Rights Programs Division. Certification Issues, June 7, 2009. 388. U.S. Department of Transportation. Secretary Anthony Foxx, DBE Open Letter, February 2014. 389. 49 USC 47113. Minority and Business Participation, February 2012. 390. 49 USC 47107. Project Grant Application Approval, Continued, February 2012. 391. U.S. Department of Transportation. Section 26.53: What Are the Good Faith Efforts Procedures Recipients Follow in Situations Where There Are Contract Goals? June 25, 2013. 392. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. DBE Certification Process & Finding Certified Firms. 393. U.S. Senate Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship. What Works for Small Businesses: A State and Local Government Reference Guide of Proven Practices for Assisting Small Business, 2008. 394. Valley International Airport. ACDBE Program under 49 CFR Part 23—Policy Statement, 2005. 395. Volusia County Florida. Request for Proposal for Food and Beverage Concession at the Daytona Beach International Airport. RFP No. 13-P-107PW, September 4, 2013. 396. Ward, C. A Matter of Control; Joint Venture Guidance Forces Both Partners to be Actively Engaged, Air- ports to Scrutinize. Airport Revenue News, Vol. 7, No. 93 (June 2009), pp. 38–43. 397. Ward, C. DBEs in the Spotlight. Airport Revenue News, Vol. 4, No. 46 (June 2005), pp. 16–19. 398. Ward, C. Caught in the Crossfire: ACDBE Companies Say Protest Environment Means Higher Costs, More Headache. Airport Revenue News, Vol. 10, No. 117 (June 2011), pp. 24–28. 399. Ward, C. Change in the Works: Proposed New Rules Governing DBE Participation at Airports would Answer Many Frustrations. Airport Revenue News, Vol. 8, No. 105 (June 2010), pp. 20–25. 400. Ward, C. Gaining Access: Rules May Be Changing, but Challenges Persist in Airport DBE, ACDBE Pro- grams. Airport Revenue News, Vol. 8, No. 105 (June 2010), pp.36–39. 401. Ward, C. Gray Areas: DBE Rule Prompts Discussions, Efforts to Change It. Airport Revenue News, Vol. 5, No. 57 (June 2006), pp. 12–13. 402. Ward, C. High Flying DBEs: Successful DBEs Praise the Program, Also Call for Reform. Airport Revenue News, Vol. 6, No. 69 (June 2007), pp. 14–19. 403. Ward, C. Gray Areas: DBE Rule Prompts Discussions, Efforts to Change It. Airport Revenue News, Vol. 5, No. 57 (June 2006), pp. 12–13. 404. Ward, C. Quantifying Discrimination. Airport Revenue News, Vol. 5, No. 81 (June 2008), pp. 38–40. 405. Ward, C. Spotlight on Joint Ventures: Business Partnerships between Primes, ACDBEs Become Dynamic, Collaborative. Airport Revenue News, Vol. 9, No. 117 (June 2011), pp.20–23. 406. Ward, C. Building Business: ACDBE Companies Capitalize on Local, National Expansion Opportunities. Airport Revenue News, Vol. 10, No. 129 (June 2012), pp.38–42. 407. Ward, C. Mentoring the Newcomers: Up and Coming DBEs, ACDBEs Need Guidance and Support. Airport Revenue News, Vol. 11, No. 140 (June 2013), pp.46–47. 408. Walker, E. Presentation: Increasing Minority Business Opportunities in the Construction Industry. Austin Industries, 2010. 409. Watkins, A. Presentation: Port Small Business Development Program, April 11, 2013. 410. Watson, R. Presentation: DBE Program, DBELO/ACDBELO Quick Reference. 4th Annual FAA National Civil Rights Training Conference for Airports, September 17, 2013. 411. Weddig, A. Presentation: Joint Venture Agreement Best Practices: A Consulting View. 2013 Airport Business Diversity Conference, June 2013. 412. Wengler, F. Moving Beyond Meeting the Goal: Developing a DBE Strategy that Leads to Increased Future Contracting in the Aviation Space. AMAC 19th Annual Airports Economic Opportunity & Policy Forum Conference, December 3, 2012. 413. West, N. DBEs Must Challenge Status Quo. Airport Revenue News (December 07/January 08), pp. 1–2. 414. Williams, M. Presentation: Preparing Winning Proposals. Airport Minority Advisory Council Conference, New Orleans, 2010. 415. Williams, S. J. Litigation Strategies: Defending an M/WBE Program. Minority Business Entrepreneur, Vol. 26, No. 4 (July/August 2009), pp. 38–40. 416. Wilson, B. $50 Million in Federal Funding for Mid-Continent Airport at Risk in Dispute, Wichita Officials Say. The Wichita Eagle, November 5, 2013. www.kansas.com. Accessed 11/27/13. 417. Wisconsin Department of Transportation. Disadvantaged Business Enterprise Programs Research and Best Practices, January 2005. 418. Wright, P. Presentation: Mandatory DBE Certification Training. Third Annual FAA National Civil Rights Training Conference for Airports, August 28–30, 2012. Additional Online Sources 419. http://eva.virginia.gov/pages/eva-overview.htm. 420. http://www.aci-na.org/content/mission-vision.

Sources 89 421. http://amacorg.com/whoweare.html 422. http://www.amac-org.com/docs/AMAC%20Bylaws%20-%20Final6%202013.pdf 423. http://www.portofportland.com/PDX_Cmnty_Advsry_Cmt.aspx. Accessed August 15, 2013. 424. http://www/maacommunityrelations.com/content/communityprograms/transportgrants.php 425. https://www.dfwairport.com/pressroom/DFW_Recognizes_Business_Diverse_Firms_At_Champions_ Of_Diversity.php. 426. http://www.orlandoairports.net/small_business/. 427. http://www.flyrichmond.com/. Accessed May 7, 2013. 428. http://www.rdu.com/authority/rduaa.html 429. http://skyharbor.com/Business/SmlBusDev.html Legal/Court Cases 430. Adarand Constructors, Inc. v. Pena, 515 U.S. 200 (1995). 431. Adarand Constructors, Inc. v. Slater (Adarand VII), 228 F.3d 1147 (10th Cir. 2000). 432. Air Design Systems, Inc. v. Card (N.D.III) 1992 WL 373142. 433. Associated Gen. Contractors of Am., San Diego Chapter, Inc. v. California Dep’t of Transp.,713 F.3d 1187 (9th Cir. 2013). 434. Associated General Contractors of California, Inc. v. Coalition for Economic Equity, 950 F.2d 1401 (9th Cir. 1991). 435. Associated General Contractors v. Broward County Florida. 436. Braunstein v. Arizona Dep’t of Transp., 683 F.3d 1177 (9th Cir. 2012). 437. Car-Mar Construction Corp. v. Skinner, 777 F. Supp. 50 (D.D.C. 1991). 438. City of Richmond v. J. A. Croson Co., 488 U.S. 469 (1989). 439. Concrete Works of Colorado, Inc. v. City and County of Denver, 36 F.3d 1513 (10th Cir. 1994). 440. Coral Const., Inc. v. City & Cnty. of San Francisco, 50 Cal. 4th 315 (2010). 441. Coral Const. Co v. King County, 941 F.2d 910, 917–18 (9th Cir. 1991). 442. DynaLantic Corp. v. U.S. Dep’t of Def., 885 F. Supp. 2d 237 (D.D.C. 2012). 443. Ellis v. Skinner, 961 F.2d 912 (10th Cir. 1992). 444. Engineering Contractors Association of South Florida Inc. v. Metro. Dade County, 122 F.3d 895, 900-01 (11th Cir. 1997). 445. Fisher v. Univ. of Texas at Austin, 133 S. Ct. 2411 (2013). 446. Fullilove v. Klutznick, 448 U.S. 448 (1980). 447. GEOD Corp. v. New Jersey Transit Corp., 746 F. Supp. 2d 642 (D.N.J. 2010). 448. H. B. Rowe Co., Inc. v. Tippett, 615 F.3d 233, 240 (4th Cir. 2010). 449. Hershell Gill Consulting Engineers, Inc. v. Miami-Dade Cnty., Fla., 333 F. Supp. 2d 1305 (S.D. Fla. 2004). 450. Jack Wood Construction Co., Inc. v. USDOT, 12 F.Supp. 2d 25 (D.D.C. 1998). 451. J&B Enterprises, Inc. v. Metropolitan Nashville Airport Authority, F.A.A. Docket No. 16-08-07 (March 3, 2010). 452. Lane and Clark Mechanical Contractors, Inc. v. Burnley, 1990 WL 50509 (E.D. Pa.). 453. Larry Davis v. Jackson Municipal Airport Authority, USDOT Docket No. 16-10-01 (2010). 454. Northern Contracting, Inc. v. State of Illinois, 473 F.3d 715 (7th Cir. 2007). 455. Rothe Development Corp. v. Department of Defense, 545 F.3d 1023 (Fed. Cir. 2008). 456. S. Florida Chapter of Associated Gen. Contractors v. Broward Cnty., Fla., 544 F. Supp. 2d 1336 (S.D. Fla. 2008). 457. Shearin Construction, Inc. v. Mineta, 232 F. Supp. 2d 608 (E.D. Virginia 2002). 458. Sherbrooke Turf, Inc. v. Minnesota Dept of Transportation, 345 F.3d 964 (8th Cir. 2003). 459. Sun’s, Inc. v. Port of Seattle, FAA Docket No. 16-03-13 (Nov. 2008). 460. The Grove, Inc. v. U.S. Dept. of Transp., 578 F.Supp.2d 37 (2008). 461. Western States Paving Co. Inc. v. Washington State Department of Transportation, 407 F.3d 983 (9th Cir. 2005). 462. Whitworth-Borta, Inc. v. Burnley, 1988 WL 242625 (W.D. Mich.). 463. Works of Colorado, Inc. v. City and County of Denver, 321 F.3d 950 (10th Cir. 2003). Disparity Studies and Other Studies 464. A Disparity Study for the Port of Portland, Oregon, March 30, 2009. 465. A Disparity Study for the Commonwealth of Virginia, July 13, 2011. 466. BBC Research & Consulting. Availability and Disparity Study, California DOT, August 2012. 467. BBC Research & Consulting. A Study to determine DBE Availability and Analyze Disparity in the Trans- portation Contracting industry in Oklahoma, November 8, 2010. 468. Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport Authority. Disparity Study, Final Report, December 11, 2012. 469. California Department of Transportation. Availability and Disparity Study, February 28, 2007. 470. City of Greensboro, North Carolina. Disparity Study for the MBE-WBE Program, 2012.

90 A Guidebook for Increasing Diverse and Small Business Participation in Airport Business Opportunities 471. City and County of Denver. Minority/Women Owned/ Disadvantaged Business Enterprise Disparity Study, July 29, 2013. 472. City of Memphis, Tennessee. Comprehensive Disparity Study, March, 2010. 473. City of Phoenix, Sky Harbor International Airport. Airport Concessions Disparity Study, May 21, 2010. 474. City of Portland. Disparity Study, June 22, 2011. 475. City of Tampa. Disparity Study, 2006. 476. Comprehensive Disparity Study for the City of Pensacola, September 12, 2012. 477. City of Greensboro, North Carolina. Disparity Study for the Minority/Women Business Enterprise Program Final Report, June 14, 2012. 478. City of Memphis, Tennessee. Comprehensive Disparity Study, 2010. 479. City of Peoria. Disparity Study, June 2004. 480. Georgia Department of Transportation. Disparity Study, 2012. 481. Illinois Department of Transportation. DBE Disparity Study, February 24, 2012. 482. Metropolitan Government of Nashville and Davidson County, Disparity Study, 2004. 483. Nashville. SMWBE, 2007. 484. North Central Texas Council of Governments. Availability and Disparity Study, August 2010. 485. San Diego County Regional Airport Authority. Disparity Study, March 10, 2010. 486. State of Minnesota. Joint Availability and Disparity Study, October 23, 2009. 487. State of Oregon. Disparity Study Update, August 15, 2011. 488. The State of Minority- and Women-Owned Business Enterprise: Evidence from New York, April 29, 2010.

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TRB’s Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) Report 126: A Guidebook for Increasing Diverse and Small Business Participation in Airport Business Opportunities is a compilation of industry best practices and other measures airports can use to attract and enhance participation in their contract opportunities.

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