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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Antarctic Sea Ice Variability in the Southern Ocean-Climate System: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24696.
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Appendix C
Acronyms and Abbreviations

AABW Antarctic bottom water
ACC Antarctic Circumpolar Current
ASL Amundsen Sea Low
CESM Community Earth System Model
CFC chlorofluorocarbon
CMIP5 Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5
CO2 carbon dioxide
CP El Niño Modoki
EM electromagnetic
ENSO El Niño–Southern Oscillation
Envisat Environmental satellite
EP Canonical El Niño
ERA European reanalysis
ERS European Remote Sensing
ESMR Electrically Scanning Microwave Radiometer
GHG greenhouse gas
ICESat Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite
IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
MIZ marginal ice zone
MODIS Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer
MPAS Model for Prediction Across Scales
MSA methanesulfonic acid
MSLP mean sea level pressure
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NCAR National Center for Atmospheric Research
PSA Pacific South American
SAM Southern Annular Mode
SOSE Southern Ocean State Estimate
SST sea surface temperature
UCDW Upper Circumpolar Deep Water
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Antarctic Sea Ice Variability in the Southern Ocean-Climate System: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24696.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Antarctic Sea Ice Variability in the Southern Ocean-Climate System: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24696.
×
Page 51
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Antarctic Sea Ice Variability in the Southern Ocean-Climate System: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24696.
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Page 52
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The sea ice surrounding Antarctica has increased in extent and concentration from the late 1970s, when satellite-based measurements began, until 2015. Although this increasing trend is modest, it is surprising given the overall warming of the global climate and the region. Indeed, climate models, which incorporate our best understanding of the processes affecting the region, generally simulate a decrease in sea ice. Moreover, sea ice in the Arctic has exhibited pronounced declines over the same period, consistent with global climate model simulations. For these reasons, the behavior of Antarctic sea ice has presented a conundrum for global climate change science.

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine held a workshop in January 2016, to bring together scientists with different sets of expertise and perspectives to further explore potential mechanisms driving the evolution of recent Antarctic sea ice variability and to discuss ways to advance understanding of Antarctic sea ice and its relationship to the broader ocean-climate system. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

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