Edson C. Araujo, Ph.D., is senior economist at the World Bank’s Health, Nutrition, and Population Global Practice. His work includes the analysis of health labor markets and the synergies between health workforce compensation and health financing policies, and the assessment of health workforce performance and incentives. Prior to joining the World Bank, he worked as a health economist at the University College London (the United Kingdom), the Brazilian Ministry of Health, and the Federal University of Bahia (Brazil). He graduated in economics from the Federal University of Bahia and specialized in health economics at University of York (England) and Queen Margaret University (Scotland).
Mary Beth Bigley, Dr.P.H., APRN, FAAN, is the director for the Division of Nursing and Public Health in the Bureau of Health Workforce at the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA). In her role, she provides leadership on policies and program initiatives that promote nursing, behavioral and mental health, and public health education and practice as well as the supply, skills, and distribution of qualified personnel needed to improve the health of the public. This includes increasing the diversity of the workforce to improve access to health care in underserved areas. She also serves as the chair of the National Advisory Council on Nurse Education and Practice. Dr. Bigley joins HRSA from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of the U.S. Surgeon General, where she was the director of the Division of Science and Communications. She oversaw the work of the National Prevention Council, which includes publishing the National Prevention Strategy and served as the acting editor for
Public Health Reports, the official journal of the U.S. Public Health Service. Dr. Bigley received a doctorate in health system and policy at The George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Systems. Prior to joining the Office of the Surgeon General in 2008, Dr. Bigley was the director of nursing programs at The George Washington University School of Nursing where she currently holds an adjunct assistant professor position.
Ann H. Cary, Ph.D., M.P.H., R.N., FNAP, is dean, School of Nursing and Health Studies, University of Missouri–Kansas City and chair elect of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing. As one of our nation’s most significant and resourceful leaders, Dr. Cary has devoted her career to building capacity in our nation’s nursing and public health workforce through breakthrough education programming, research, and policy work in nursing and public health. Dr. Cary is recognized nationally and internationally for her progressive, sustained, creative boundary spanning leadership across the credentialing industry; for building capacity in our nation’s workforce in nursing and public health; and, in leading professional organizations. Her distinguished productive career lead her to be the first to ask the serious questions about the value of certification in nursing and its impact on health care delivery. Her landmark study and subsequent contemporary publications and briefings have stimulated others in the certification industry in nursing and in public health to further validate the importance of certification as a valued credential nationally and internationally. As a notable academic leader her work continues to open doors for underserved and underrepresented groups through innovative programming, the removal of financial barriers in higher education, and in developing pipeline programs for high school students to access higher education. Hundreds of public health and nursing graduates are now able to advance their careers through her efforts to secure more than $11 million in federal and foundation support for science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) pipeline and higher education programs, and through the development of highly ranked U.S. News World & Report online nursing and public health graduate programs. Dr. Cary’s leadership in national organizations impacts upstream action and policy agendas as well as standards for practice and new organizationally sponsored programming. She has worked tirelessly with colleagues and multiprofessional leadership programs to convene, influence, and develop programmatic and policy agenda around a “culture of health.” These ambassadors ultimately serve communities nationwide to ensure more equitable health care.
Wezile W. Chitha, M.B.Ch.B., M.P.H., AMDP, Ph.D., is currently the dean of health sciences and the founding director of the Albertina Sisulu Centre for Global Health and Research at Walter Sisulu University. He has served
as the director of Clinical Governance for Frontier Hospital, Eastern Cape Department of Health, since January 2008 and is the former senior medical superintendent and head of Institution for Mowbray Maternity Hospital, Western Cape Department of Health. Dr. Chitha is a qualified medical graduate and health economist who has worked in both the public and academic sectors. Dr. Chitha has experience in transforming a district hospital to a referral specialist hospital. He has established nine clinical departments, pharmaceutical services, clinical support services, and rehabilitation services. He has created a framework for the implementation of total quality improvement in clinical care (clinical service planning, clinical service units, clinical leadership, clinical teamwork, clinical management systems, and performance management systems). Dr. Chitha has implemented clinical protocols; clinical risk management; clinical auditing; and professional education, training, and development at Frontier Hospital. In addition to being the head of Mowbray Maternity Hospital, Dr. Chitha has the necessary exposure to managing a regional hospital-level obstetric and neonatal service as well as the running of community-based midwife obstetric units within the District Health System. He is a taskmaster with a strong focus on managing all resources toward achieving set goals. Dr. Chitha managed to blend his professional and practice experience with good outcomes. He has demonstrated his leadership and management capabilities when he led Mowbray Maternity Hospital to one of its best achievements, Winner of the Western Cape Premier’s Service Excellence Award. He was an integral part of the management team that led Frontier Hospital to one of its best achievements, the Winner of the Best-Performing Hospital in the Eastern Cape Department of Health in 2008.
Malcolm Cox, M.D., is an adjunct professor of medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. He most recently served for 8 years as the Chief Academic Affiliations Officer for the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) in Washington, DC, where he oversaw the largest health professions training program in the country and repositioned the VA as a major voice in clinical workforce reform, educational innovation, and organizational transformation. Dr. Cox received his undergraduate education at the University of the Witwatersrand and his M.D. from Harvard Medical School. After completing postgraduate training in internal medicine and nephrology at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, he rose through the ranks to become professor of medicine and associate dean for clinical education. He has also served as dean for medical education at Harvard Medical School; upon leaving the Dean’s Office, he was appointed the Carl W. Walter Distinguished Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School. Dr. Cox has served on the National Leadership Board of the Veterans Health Administration, the VA National Academic Affiliations Advisory Council (which he
currently chairs), the National Board of Medical Examiners, the National Advisory Committee of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholars Program, the Board of Directors of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, and the Global Forum on Innovation in Health Professional Education of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (which he currently co-chairs). Dr. Cox is the recipient of the University of Pennsylvania’s Christian R. and Mary F. Lindback Award for Distinguished Teaching and in 2014 was recognized by the Association of American Medical Colleges as a nationally and internationally renowned expert in health professions education.
Erin P. Fraher, Ph.D., M.P.P., holds a joint appointment as an assistant professor in the Department of Family Medicine and research assistant professor in the Department of Surgery at University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill. She is the director of the Carolina Health Workforce Research Center, one of six national health workforce research centers funded by the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) to provide impartial, policy-relevant research that answers the question: what health care workforce is needed to ensure access to high-quality, efficient health care for the U.S. population. Dr. Fraher is well known for her ability to communicate complex research findings in ways that are easily understood and policy relevant. She has published extensively in peer-reviewed journals, but her ability to publish policy briefs, fact sheets, data summaries, maps, and other documents that convey information in ways that reach diverse audiences has allowed her work to have broad impact. She is often called upon by state and national legislators, policy makers, government officials, health professional organizations, and other workforce stakeholders to provide expertise on a variety of issues related to the education, regulation, and payment of health professionals. Dr. Fraher is an expert on comparative health workforce systems, having worked for the National Health Service in England, Health Workforce New Zealand, and the College of Nurses of Ontario in Canada. She has served for many years as a member of the International Health Workforce Collaborative, a consortium of health workforce researchers and policy analysts in Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States. She has a B.A. in economics and Spanish from Wellesley College, an M.P.P. from the University of California, Berkeley, and a Ph.D. in health policy and management from UNC at Chapel Hill.
Patricia Hinton Walker, Ph.D., R.N., FAAN, PCC, for more than 25 years, has held national prominence as a leader in health care and health sciences education as a school of nursing dean, chief nursing officer in hospital and community-based care, and in the health information technology/
technology and policy arenas. She served as senior advisor to the TIGER (Technology Informatics Guiding Education Reform) Initiative Foundation and is much-sought after speaker on topics such as: health informatics, use of technology in education, practice and research, leadership, and cultural change in health care and education. She is currently vice president for Policy and Strategic Initiatives at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences in Bethesda, Maryland, where she previously served as dean. In 2001, she was senior scholar in residence at the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) focusing on cost and quality outcomes, as well as patient safety research. Recently she served as an internal coach and consultant on Patient Safety and TeamSTEPPS to the U.S. Department of Defense Patient Safety Program within Tricare Management Activity (a component of the Military Health Care System). Dr. Hinton Walker has published widely in interdisciplinary and nursing books and journals on health information technology and informatics; innovation and use of technology in education, practice and research; interdisciplinary partnerships, and outcomes-focused education (competency-based), practice, and research (cost/quality outcomes). She has served as a board member on both nursing and interdisciplinary organizations such as: the National Academies of Practice, recently chairing the Informatics Expert Panel for the American Academy of Nursing; the policy committee within the nursing workgroup at American Medical Informatics Association (AMIA); the Friends of the National Institutes of Nursing Research; and the National League for Nursing Foundation. She has provided consultation in innovations and future directions in education, cost/quality outcomes to Belgium, Canada, Finland, Hong Kong, Japan, Poland, Saudi Arabia, Sweden, Taiwan, Thailand, and the United Kingdom. In addition to her professional nursing career, Dr. Hinton Walker became president and founder of Hinton Walker Associates in the 1980s and has recently added a coaching practice and teaching in an International Coaching Federation (ICF) approved program for health professionals to this already established organizational development and educational consultation business.
Kathleen Klink, M.D., FAAFP, is chief of health professions education in the Office of Academic Affiliations, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. She served as director of the Division of Medicine and Dentistry, HRSA, HHS, from 2010–2014, and as the medical director of the Robert Graham Center for Policy Studies in Family Medicine and Primary Care where she focused on primary care workforce, quality, and access. She was a Robert Wood Johnson Health Policy Fellow (2007–2008) in the office of then Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton where she worked on legislation to reauthorize Title VII of the U.S. Public Health Service Act, the law that supports access to high-quality care for underserved and vulnerable populations through
support of physician, physician assistant, and dental education and training. After completing medical school and family medicine residency training at the University of Miami, Dr. Klink worked in low-income urban neighborhoods in community health centers in New York City. She was a founding faculty member of the NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Columbia University Medical Center Family Medicine Residency Program, and director of the Columbia University Center for Family and Community Medicine and Family Medicine Chief of Service for more than a decade.
Warren Newton, M.D., M.P.H., serves as director of the North Carolina Area Health Education Centers (AHEC) Program. North Carolina AHEC has 9 regional centers with 20 residencies, more than 200,000 hours of continuing medical education/continuing education annually, and supports community-based educational experiences for all professions across the state. AHEC has built a health careers pipeline and provides practice support in health information technology, patient-centered medical homes, and quality improvement to more than 1,200 primary care practices across the state. Dr. Newton recently completed nearly two decades as chair of the Department of Family Medicine at the University of North Carolina (UNC) School of Medicine where he launched the Improving Performance in Practice (IPIP) program and a statewide program improving quality of care in primary care residencies. In collaboration with many partners, he founded Community Care of Central Carolina and the Carolina Health Net system for more than 20,000 uninsured residents in Alamance, Caswell, Chatham, and Orange counties. He founded and still leads the I3 Collaborative of 25 Family Medicine, Internal Medicine, and Pediatric residencies working to implement the Triple Aim. He recently completed a 5-year term as dean of education at the UNC School of Medicine, where he led a successful Liaison Committee on Medical Education reaccreditation, expanded the school to include formal campuses in Charlotte and Asheville, reformed the curriculum and student services, and increased admissions of underrepresented minorities by 50 percent. He also served as senior policy advisor to the Secretary of North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services for the majority of 2016, where he helped lead North Carolina’s 1115 Medicaid Waiver, developed a comprehensive plan for graduate medical education expansion in needed specialties in rural communities, and developed a statewide taskforce to define metrics of care for Medicaid.
A graduate of Yale University, Northwestern Medical School, family medicine residency program, and the Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program at UNC, Dr. Newton also serves as professor of family medicine at the UNC School of Medicine and adjunct professor of epidemiology at the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health. Nationally, Dr. Newton is past chair of the American Board of Family Medicine and
served as founding chair of the American Board of Medical Specialties Committee on Continuing Certification. He also serves on the Liaison Committee for Medical Education and on the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Global Forum on Innovation in Health Professional Education.
Charles Ok Pannenborg, Ph.D., is a pioneer of the global health workforce movement and an accomplished leader in the field of global health. Pannenborg has worked in more than 20 countries for various organizations, including the World Health Organization; the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees; and for the past 25 years at the World Bank, where he worked mostly in operations in Asia and Africa, rose to become a manager and then technical director, and retired as the Bank’s Chief Health Advisor. Among his many positions, Pannenborg has directed long-range strategic policy and introduced scenario analysis for health policy at the Netherlands’ Ministry of Health, while simultaneously serving as population and health advisor at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs at The Hague. Pannenborg was the original architect of the first sectorwide approach in health—the successful Bangladesh Population and Health Consortium, which continues to finance one of the largest externally funded health operations worldwide. As a founding member of the Roll-Back Malaria Partnership and the Multilateral Initiative on Malaria, as well as the Inter-Agency Pharmaceutical Coordination Group, Pannenborg played a major role in the early global health workforce mobilization. Pannenborg currently serves as chair of the Global Advisory Board on Strengthening Medical, Nursing, and Public Health Schools in Developing Countries for IntraHealth International’s U.S. Agency for International Development–funded CapacityPlus project. He also serves as chair of the board of the Netherlands’ Government Program on International Health Policy and Health Systems Research and of its research funding program, and as chair of the Academic Supervisory Committee for Health of the Royal Tropical Institute in Amsterdam. Pannenborg has taught current global health issues at more than 30 universities across the globe. He holds degrees in law, international relations, tropical medicine and public health, and business and management.
Susan C. Scrimshaw, Ph.D., is president of The Sage Colleges, Troy, New York. Previous positions include president of Simmons College in Boston, Massachusetts; dean of the School of Public Health at the University of Illinois at Chicago; and associate dean of public health and professor of public health and anthropology at the University of California, Los Angeles. She is a graduate of Barnard College, with a Ph.D. in anthropology from Columbia University. Her research includes community participatory
research methods, health disparities, pregnancy outcomes, violence prevention, and culturally appropriate delivery of health care. She is a member of the National Academy of Medicine and a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the American Anthropological Association. She served on the Chicago and Illinois State Boards of Health. She is past president of the board of the U.S.–Mexico Foundation for Science and of the Society for Medical Anthropology, and former chair of the Association of Schools of Public Health. Her honors include the prestigious Yarmolinsky Medal, given by the National Academy of Medicine for distinguished service; the Margaret Mead Award, and a Hero of Public Health gold medal awarded by President Vicente Fox of Mexico. Dr. Scrimshaw lived in Guatemala until age 16. She speaks Spanish, French, and Portuguese.
Robert (Rob) Smith has more than 30 years service with the United Kingdom’s National Health Service (NHS), initially in finance and service commissioning. In 2002 he was employed, as director of finance, commissioning, and planning at North East London workforce develoment confederation where he entered the world of workforce planning. In 2006 he was appointed as director of system strategy and development at NHS London, where he led the transformation of their workforce planning and education commissioning system. He joined Health Education England’s National Team in October 2012 as head of planning and was appointed to his present position of director of strategy and planning in March 2015.
Joanne Spetz, Ph.D., is the associate director of research at Healthforce Center at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF). In addition, Dr. Spetz is a professor at the Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies, Department of Family and Community Medicine, and the School of Nursing at UCSF. Dr. Spetz’s research focuses on the economics of the health care workforce. Dr. Spetz was a member of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) Standing Committee on Credentialing Research in Nursing, a consultant to the IOM Committee on the Future of Nursing, and a member of the National Commission on Veterans Affairs Nursing. She is an honorary fellow of the American Academy of Nursing. She frequently provides testimony and technical assistance to state and federal agencies and policy makers. Her teaching is in the areas of health economics, quantitative research methods, health care financial management, and health economics. In addition to teaching in the Science in Healthcare Administration and Interprofessional Leadership and in the Translational Medicine Master’s programs, advising graduate students, and lecturing at UCSF and the University of California, Berkeley, she has been involved in the Global Health Workforce Economics Network, providing instruction in health workforce
economics in international courses. Dr. Spetz received her Ph.D. in economics from Stanford University after studying economics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Zohray Moolani Talib, M.D., FACP, is associate professor of medicine and of health policy at The George Washington University (GW) Medical School in Washington, DC. Dr. Talib is a practicing physician, educator, and leads research in the field of global health. Dr. Talib is a thought leader in defining and examining the contribution of academia to health system strengthening and to global development. She was coinvestigator for one of the largest investments in health professions education in sub-Saharan Africa, the Medical Education Partnership Initiative, and led efforts to build a community of practice around medical education research in the region. She has advised and collaborated with the leadership of medical schools in the United States and Africa as well as with government and regulatory bodies to improve the quality of education programs. Dr. Talib has worked extensively in the field of global health with experience in developed and developing countries. Dr. Talib has provided leadership on global health projects with the Aga Khan Development Network and has engaged in consultancies working in the United States, East Africa, South Asia, and Central Asia. Her portfolio includes projects aimed to strengthen education, research, and health services through diverse strategies including research mentoring, management training, teleconsultations, and establishing community-based cancer programs. Dr. Talib has a long-standing commitment to medical education and served as associate program director for GW’s Internal Medicine Residency Program with more than 100 residents for 8 years. At GW she has led efforts to design innovative curricula for both the medical school and residency program. She actively advises students, residents, and junior faculty at GW and at a number of academic institutions in Africa. Dr. Talib received her B.S. in physical therapy from McGill University and her M.D. from University of Alberta. She completed her residency in internal medicine at GW. She is board certified by the American Board of Internal Medicine, and a Fellow of the American College of Physicians.
Richard W. Valachovic, D.M.D., M.P.H., is the president and chief executive officer of the American Dental Education Association (ADEA) and president of the Interprofessional Education Collaborative (IPEC). He joined ADEA in 1997 after more than 20 years in research, practice, and teaching of pediatric dentistry and oral medicine/radiology. He is a diplomate of the American Board of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology and completed postdoctoral training in pediatric dentistry and dental public health. He previously served on the faculty and administration of the Harvard School of Dental Medicine and the University of Connecticut School of
Dental Medicine. Dr. Valachovic has served as president of the Federation of Associations of Schools of the Health Professions and as executive director of the International Federation of Dental Educators and Associations (IFDEA). He is a member of the Washington Higher Education Secretariat. Dr. Valachovic earned his B.S. degree in 1973 from St. Lawrence University; his D.M.D. in 1977 from the University of Connecticut School of Dental Medicine; an M.P.H. degree (1981); and an M.S. degree in health policy and management (1982) from the Harvard School of Public Health. He completed a residency in pediatric dentistry at the Children’s Hospital Medical Center in Boston in 1979.