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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding and Predicting the Gulf of Mexico Loop Current: Critical Gaps and Recommendations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24823.
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APPENDIX D

Acronyms and Abbreviations

4DVar

four-dimensional variation

ADCP

acoustic Doppler current profiler

ANN

artificial neural network

ASV

autonomous surface vehicle

AUV

autonomous underwater vehicle

AVISO

Archiving, Validation and Interpretation of Satellite Oceanographic data

AXBT

Airborne Expendable BathyThermograph

BOEM

Bureau of Ocean Energy Management

BSEE

Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement

CARTHE

Consortium for Advanced Research on Transport of Hydrocarbon Environment

CICESE

Centro de Investigación Científica y de Educación Superior de Ensenada

C-IMAGE

Center for the Integrated Modeling and Analysis of the Gulf Ecosystem

CMEMS

Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service

CNES

Centre National d’Études Spatiales

CPIES

current pressure inverted echo sounder

DAC

data assembly center

DEEP-C

Deep Sea to Coast Connectivity in the Eastern Gulf of Mexico

DOI

U.S. Department of the Interior

EEZ

exclusive economic zone

EOF

empirical orthogonal function

FFRDC

Federally Funded R&D Centers

FVCOM

Finite-Volume, primitive equation Community Ocean Model

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding and Predicting the Gulf of Mexico Loop Current: Critical Gaps and Recommendations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24823.
×
GFDL

Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory

GLAD

Grand LAgrangian Deployment

GOMEX-PPP

Gulf of Mexico Pilot Prediction Project

GoMRI

Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative

GRP

Gulf Research Program

HF

high frequency

HMI

Horizon Marine, Inc.

HYCOM

HYbrid Coordinate Ocean Model

IOOS

Integrated Ocean Observing System

ISOP

Improved Synthetic Ocean Profile

LC

Loop Current

LCE

Loop Current eddy

LCS

Loop Current System

MITgcm

Massachusetts Institute of Technology General Circulation Model

MMS

Minerals Management Service

MODAS

Modular Ocean Data Assimilation System

MOM

Modular Ocean Model

MSEAS

Multidisciplinary Simulation, Estimation, and Assimilation Systems

NAVOCEANO

Naval Oceanographic Office

NCAR

National Center for Atmospheric Research

NCEP

National Centers for Environmental Prediction

NCODA

Navy Coupled Ocean Data Assimilation

NCOM

Navy Coastal Ocean Model

NDBC

National Data Buoy Center

NLOM

Navy Layered Ocean Model

NOAA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NRL

Naval Research Laboratory

NSF

National Science Foundation

NTL

Notice to Lessees and Operators

ONR

Office of Naval Research

OSSE

Observing System Simulation Experiment

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding and Predicting the Gulf of Mexico Loop Current: Critical Gaps and Recommendations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24823.
×
PI

principal investigator

PIES

pressure-recording inverted echo sounder

POM

Princeton Ocean Model

ROMS

Regional Ocean Modeling System

ROV

remotely operated vehicle

SSH

sea surface height

SST

sea surface temperature

SUNTAN

Stanford Unstructured Nonhydrostatic Terrain-following Adaptive Navier-Stokes Simulator

SWOT

Surface Water and Ocean Topography

TRW

topographic Rossby wave

T/S

temperature/salinity

UARC

University Affiliated Research Center

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding and Predicting the Gulf of Mexico Loop Current: Critical Gaps and Recommendations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24823.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding and Predicting the Gulf of Mexico Loop Current: Critical Gaps and Recommendations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24823.
×
Page 103
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding and Predicting the Gulf of Mexico Loop Current: Critical Gaps and Recommendations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24823.
×
Page 104
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding and Predicting the Gulf of Mexico Loop Current: Critical Gaps and Recommendations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24823.
×
Page 105
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Understanding and Predicting the Gulf of Mexico Loop Current: Critical Gaps and Recommendations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24823.
×
Page 106
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One of the most significant, energetic, yet not well understood, oceanographic features in the Americas is the Gulf of Mexico Loop Current System (LCS), consisting of the Loop Current (LC) and the Loop Current Eddies (LCEs) it sheds. Understanding the dynamics of the LCS is fundamental to understanding the Gulf of Mexico’s full oceanographic system, and vice versa. Hurricane intensity, offshore safety, harmful algal blooms, oil spill response, the entire Gulf food chain, shallow water nutrient supply, the fishing industry, tourism, and the Gulf Coast economy are all affected by the position, strength, and structure of the LC and associated eddies.

This report recommends a strategy for addressing the key gaps in general understanding of LCS processes, in order to instigate a significant improvement in predicting LC/LCE position, evolving structure, extent, and speed, which will increase overall understanding of Gulf of Mexico circulation and to promote safe oil and gas operations and disaster response in the Gulf of Mexico. This strategy includes advice on how to design a long-term observational campaign and complementary data assimilation and numerical modeling efforts.

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