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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Onshore Unconventional Hydrocarbon Development: Legacy Issues and Innovations in Managing Risk–Day 1: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25067.
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ONSHORE

UNCONVENTIONAL
HYDROCARBON
DEVELOPMENT

Legacy Issues and Innovations in Managing Risk—Day 1

PROCEEDINGS OF A WORKSHOP

Elizabeth A. Eide, Rapporteur

Roundtable on Unconventional Hydrocarbon Development

Board on Earth Sciences and Resources

Water Science and Technology Board

Division on Earth and Life Studies

images

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, DC
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Onshore Unconventional Hydrocarbon Development: Legacy Issues and Innovations in Managing Risk–Day 1: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25067.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

This activity was supported by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation under grant no. G-2015-14016, the American Association of Petroleum Geologist Foundation, the Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement under contract no. E15PC00008, the Colorado School of Mines, The Cynthia and George Mitchell Foundation, the Environmental Defense Fund, Flinders University, GE Oil and Gas, the Ohio State University, Schlumberger Limited, Texas A&M University, the U.S. Department of Energy under award no. DE-FE0027898, West Virginia University, and XTO Energy Inc. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-47424-5
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-47424-8
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/25067

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Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Onshore Unconventional Hydrocarbon Development: Legacy Issues and Innovations in Managing Risk—Day 1: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: https://doi.org/10.17226/25067.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Onshore Unconventional Hydrocarbon Development: Legacy Issues and Innovations in Managing Risk–Day 1: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25067.
×

Image

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

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Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Onshore Unconventional Hydrocarbon Development: Legacy Issues and Innovations in Managing Risk–Day 1: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25067.
×

Image

Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task.

Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies.

For information about other products and activities of the National Academies, please visit www.nationalacademies.org/about/whatwedo.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Onshore Unconventional Hydrocarbon Development: Legacy Issues and Innovations in Managing Risk–Day 1: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25067.
×

PLANNING COMMITTEE FOR THE WORKSHOP ON ONSHORE UNCONVENTIONAL HYDROCARBON DEVELOPMENT: LEGACY ISSUES AND INNOVATIONS IN MANAGING RISK

BRIAN J. ANDERSON, Co-Chair, West Virginia University

JULIA HOBSON HAGGERTY, Co-Chair, Montana State University

MELISSA BATUM, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Department of the Interior

SUSAN L. BRANTLEY (NAS), The Pennsylvania State University

JEFFREY J. DANIELS, The Ohio State University

PAUL DOUCETTE, General Electric

DAVID GLATT, North Dakota Department of Health and Environmental Council of the States’ Shale Gas Caucus

STEVEN P. HAMBURG, Environmental Defense Fund

JOE LIMA, Schlumberger Services, Inc.

JAN MARES, Resources for the Future

KRIS J. NYGAARD, ExxonMobil Upstream Research Co.

AMY PICKLE, Duke University

Staff

ELIZABETH A. EIDE, Senior Board Director

ED J. DUNNE, Program Officer (up to June 16, 2017)

NICHOLAS D. ROGERS, Financial and Research Associate

YASMIN ROMITTI, Research Associate

COURTNEY R. DeVANE, Administrative Coordinator

ERIC J. EDKIN, Senior Program Assistant

RAYMOND CHAPPETTA, Senior Program Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Onshore Unconventional Hydrocarbon Development: Legacy Issues and Innovations in Managing Risk–Day 1: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25067.
×

BOARD ON EARTH SCIENCES AND RESOURCES

GENE WHITNEY, Chair, Congressional Research Service (Retired), Washington, DC

R. LYNDON (LYN) ARSCOTT (NAE), International Association of Oil & Gas Producers (Retired), Danville, California

CHRISTOPHER (SCOTT) CAMERON, Geological Consulting, LLC, Houston, Texas

RODNEY C. EWING (NAE), Stanford University, Stanford, California

CAROL P. HARDEN, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville

THORNE LAY (NAS), University of California, Santa Cruz

ANN S. MAEST, Buka Environmental, Boulder, Colorado

ZELMA MAINE-JACKSON, Washington State Department of Ecology, Richland

MARTIN W. MCCANN, Jack R. Benjamin Associates and Stanford University, Menlo Park, California

JAMES M. ROBERSTON, Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey (retired), Allouez, Michigan

JAMES A. SLUTZ, National Petroleum Council, Washington, DC

SHAOWEN WANG, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois

Staff

ELIZABETH A. EIDE, Senior Board Director

ANNE M. LINN, Scholar

DEBORAH GLICKSON, Senior Program Officer

SAMMANTHA L. MAGSINO, Senior Program Officer

NICHOLAS D. ROGERS, Financial and Research Associate

COURTNEY R. DeVANE, Administrative Coordinator

YASMIN ROMITTI, Research Associate

ERIC J. EDKIN, Senior Program Assistant

RAYMOND CHAPPETTA, Senior Program Assistant

CARLY BRODY, Senior Program Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Onshore Unconventional Hydrocarbon Development: Legacy Issues and Innovations in Managing Risk–Day 1: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25067.
×

WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY BOARD

CATHERINE L. KLING (NAS), Chair, Iowa State University, Ames

DAVID A. DZOMBAK (NAE), Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

WENDY D. GRAHAM, University of Florida, Gainesville

ARTURO A. KELLER, University of California, Santa Barbara

MARK W. LECHEVALLIER, Dr. Water Consulting, LLC

DINAH LOUDA, Veolia Institute, Paris, France

MARGARET PALMER, University of Maryland, College Park

STEPHEN POLASKY (NAS), University of Minnesota, St. Paul

DAVID L. SEDLAK (NAE), University of California, Berkeley

DAVID WEGNER, Jacobs Engineering, Tucson, Arizona

P. KAY WHITLOCK, Christopher B. Burke Engineering, Ltd., Rosemont, Illinois

JAMES W. ZIGLAR, SR., Van Ness Feldman, Washington, DC

Staff

ELIZABETH A. EIDE, Senior Board Director

LAURA J. EHLERS, Senior Program Officer

STEPHANIE E. JOHNSON, Senior Program Officer

M. JEANNE AQUILINO, Financial and Administrative Associate

COURTNEY R. DeVANE, Administrative Coordinator

BRENDAN R. McGOVERN, Research Assistant/Senior Program Assistant

CARLY BRODY, Senior Program Assistant

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Onshore Unconventional Hydrocarbon Development: Legacy Issues and Innovations in Managing Risk–Day 1: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25067.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Onshore Unconventional Hydrocarbon Development: Legacy Issues and Innovations in Managing Risk–Day 1: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25067.
×

Preface

A workshop on December 1 and 2, 2016 at the National Academy of Sciences in Washington, DC, organized under the auspices of the National Academies’ Roundtable on Unconventional Hydrocarbon Development, comprised two parts related by the common element of managing risk related to the development of onshore unconventional oil and gas resources such as shale oil and shale gas. The first part of the workshop, on December 1, is described in this proceedings volume and addresses legacy issues associated with the environment (e.g., water, land, and air) and innovations in managing potential risks to the environment as unconventional hydrocarbon development proceeds. The second day of the workshop on December 2 addressed the topic of induced seismicity and managing the risk of induced seismic events associated with development of oil and gas fields. These topics are described in a companion proceedings volume entitled “Onshore Unconventional Hydrocarbon Development: Induced Seismicity and Innovations in Managing Risk—Day 2: Proceedings of a Workshop.”

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Onshore Unconventional Hydrocarbon Development: Legacy Issues and Innovations in Managing Risk–Day 1: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25067.
×

This page intentionally left blank.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Onshore Unconventional Hydrocarbon Development: Legacy Issues and Innovations in Managing Risk–Day 1: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25067.
×

Acknowledgments

This Proceedings of a Workshop was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published proceedings as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process.

We thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings:

Tandis Bidgoli, Kansas Geological Survey

Patrick Drohan, The Pennsylvania State University

Kris J. Nygaard, ExxonMobil Upstream Research Company

Paul Segall, Stanford University

Chi Ho Sham, Eastern Research Group, Inc.

Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the proceedings nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this proceedings was overseen by Derek Elsworth, The Pennsylvania State University. He was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this proceedings was carried out in accordance with standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the rapporteur and the National Academies.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Onshore Unconventional Hydrocarbon Development: Legacy Issues and Innovations in Managing Risk–Day 1: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25067.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Onshore Unconventional Hydrocarbon Development: Legacy Issues and Innovations in Managing Risk–Day 1: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25067.
×
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Onshore Unconventional Hydrocarbon Development: Legacy Issues and Innovations in Managing Risk–Day 1: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25067.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Onshore Unconventional Hydrocarbon Development: Legacy Issues and Innovations in Managing Risk–Day 1: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25067.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Onshore Unconventional Hydrocarbon Development: Legacy Issues and Innovations in Managing Risk–Day 1: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25067.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Onshore Unconventional Hydrocarbon Development: Legacy Issues and Innovations in Managing Risk–Day 1: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25067.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Onshore Unconventional Hydrocarbon Development: Legacy Issues and Innovations in Managing Risk–Day 1: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25067.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Onshore Unconventional Hydrocarbon Development: Legacy Issues and Innovations in Managing Risk–Day 1: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25067.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Onshore Unconventional Hydrocarbon Development: Legacy Issues and Innovations in Managing Risk–Day 1: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25067.
×
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Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Onshore Unconventional Hydrocarbon Development: Legacy Issues and Innovations in Managing Risk–Day 1: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25067.
×
Page R8
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Onshore Unconventional Hydrocarbon Development: Legacy Issues and Innovations in Managing Risk–Day 1: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25067.
×
Page R9
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Onshore Unconventional Hydrocarbon Development: Legacy Issues and Innovations in Managing Risk–Day 1: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25067.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Onshore Unconventional Hydrocarbon Development: Legacy Issues and Innovations in Managing Risk–Day 1: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25067.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Onshore Unconventional Hydrocarbon Development: Legacy Issues and Innovations in Managing Risk–Day 1: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25067.
×
Page R12
Page xiii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Onshore Unconventional Hydrocarbon Development: Legacy Issues and Innovations in Managing Risk–Day 1: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25067.
×
Page R13
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Onshore Unconventional Hydrocarbon Development: Legacy Issues and Innovations in Managing Risk–Day 1: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25067.
×
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Oil and gas well completion and stimulation technologies to develop unconventional hydrocarbon resources in the United States have evolved over the past several decades, particularly in relation to the development of shale oil and shale gas. Shale oil and shale gas resources and the technology associated with their production are often termed “unconventional” because the oil and gas trapped inside the shale or other low-permeability rock formation cannot be extracted using conventional technologies. Since about 2005, the application of these technologies to fields in the U.S. have helped produce natural gas and oil in volumes that allowed the country to reduce its crude oil imports by more than 50% and to become a net natural gas exporter. The regional and national economic and energy advances gained through production and use of these resources have been accompanied, however, by rapid expansion of the infrastructure associated with the development of these fields and public concern over the impacts to surface- and groundwater, air, land, and communities where the resources are extracted.

The intent of the first day of the workshop of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Roundtable on Unconventional Hydrocarbon Development was to discuss onshore unconventional hydrocarbon development in the context of potential environmental impacts and the ways in which the risks of these kinds of impacts can be managed. Specifically, the workshop sought to examine the lifecycle development of these fields, including decommissioning and reclamation of wells and related surface and pipeline infrastructure, and the approaches from industry practice, scientific research, and regulation that could help to ensure management of the operations in ways that minimize impacts to the environment throughout their active lifetimes and after operations have ceased. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

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