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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Engineering. 2018. Autonomy on Land and Sea and in the Air and Space: Proceedings of a Forum. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25168.
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Autonomy on
Land and Sea and
in the Air and Space

PROCEEDINGS OF A FORUM

Prepared by Steve Olson
for the

NATIONAL ACADEMY OF ENGINEERING

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, DC
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Engineering. 2018. Autonomy on Land and Sea and in the Air and Space: Proceedings of a Forum. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25168.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

NOTICE: The subject of this publication is the forum titled Autonomy on Land and Sea and in the Air and Space held during the 2017 annual meeting of the National Academy of Engineering.

Any opinions, findings, and conclusions expressed in this publication are those of the forum participants and not necessarily the views of the National Academy of Engineering.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-47849-6
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-47849-9
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/25168

For more information about the National Academy of Engineering, visit the NAE home page at www.nae.edu.

Copyright 2018 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested citation: National Academy of Engineering. 2018. Autonomy on Land and Sea and in the Air and Space: Proceedings of a Forum. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: https://doi.org/10.17226/25168.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Engineering. 2018. Autonomy on Land and Sea and in the Air and Space: Proceedings of a Forum. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25168.
×

images

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to bring the practices of engineering to advising the nation. Members are elected by their peers for extraordinary contributions to engineering. Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., is president.

The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president.

The three Academies work together as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. The National Academies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine.

Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Engineering. 2018. Autonomy on Land and Sea and in the Air and Space: Proceedings of a Forum. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25168.
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images

Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task.

Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies.

For information about other products and activities of the National Academies, please visit www.nationalacademies.org/about/whatwedo.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Engineering. 2018. Autonomy on Land and Sea and in the Air and Space: Proceedings of a Forum. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25168.
×

Preface

Each year the annual meeting of the National Academy of Engineering highlights an engineering theme that is quickly developing in the world. The theme of the 2017 meeting was autonomy on land and sea and in the air and space, and it made for a compelling two days.

Autonomy is multidisciplinary, multicultural, and global in its development and applications. Autonomous vehicles rely on communications, artificial intelligence, sensors, virtual and enhanced reality, big data, security, and many other technologies. In many cases, autonomous devices have moved from their creators directly to the marketplace. Autonomy is coming fast, with unavoidably disruptive consequences. Without careful thought and deliberation, it could run away with us.

The forum at the meeting featured four speakers—Raj Rajkumar of Carnegie Mellon University; James Bellingham of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution; Claire Tomlin of the University of California, Berkeley; and MiMi Aung of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory—who are experts in each of the four title domains: land, sea, air, and space. Individually and collectively, they explored the capabilities of new technologies, what can be expected in the years ahead, and some of the difficult issues raised by autonomous vehicles. As in previous years, Ali Velshi of NBC News expertly moderated the panel and audience questions.

In the plenary presentations, Joichi Ito of MIT’s Media Lab and Patrick Lin of California Polytechnic State University looked at societal and ethical issues associated with autonomous vehicles.

Engineering is the empowering discipline of our time. It is creating unprecedented advances for sustainability, health, security, and quality

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Engineering. 2018. Autonomy on Land and Sea and in the Air and Space: Proceedings of a Forum. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25168.
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of life in a rapidly changing technological environment. Autonomy is now an essential feature of that environment. How we as engineers design, implement, and refine autonomous devices as they expand their role in society will be a powerful determinant of how people live in the 21st century and beyond.

C. D. Mote, Jr.
President
National Academy of Engineering

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Engineering. 2018. Autonomy on Land and Sea and in the Air and Space: Proceedings of a Forum. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25168.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Engineering. 2018. Autonomy on Land and Sea and in the Air and Space: Proceedings of a Forum. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25168.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Engineering. 2018. Autonomy on Land and Sea and in the Air and Space: Proceedings of a Forum. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25168.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Engineering. 2018. Autonomy on Land and Sea and in the Air and Space: Proceedings of a Forum. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25168.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Engineering. 2018. Autonomy on Land and Sea and in the Air and Space: Proceedings of a Forum. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25168.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Engineering. 2018. Autonomy on Land and Sea and in the Air and Space: Proceedings of a Forum. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25168.
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Autonomy is multidisciplinary, multicultural, and global in its development and applications. Autonomous vehicles rely on communications, artificial intelligence, sensors, virtual and enhanced reality, big data, security, and many other technologies. Each year the annual meeting of the National Academy of Engineering highlights an engineering theme that is quickly developing in the world. The theme of the 2017 meeting was autonomy on land and sea and in the air and space. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the meeting.

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