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Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Review and Assessment of Planetary Protection Policy Development Processes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25172.
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G

Acronyms

AST Office of Commercial Space Transportation
ATP adenosine triphosphate
BSL Biosafety Level; Biohazard Safety Level
CAPS Committee on Astrobiology and Planetary Science
CEQ Council on Environmental Quality
CETEX Committee on Contamination by Extraterrestrial Exploration
CNSR Comet Nucleus Sample Return
COMSTAC Commercial Space Transportation Advisory Committee
COPUOS Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space
COSPAR Committee on Space Research
CRAF Comet Rendezvous–Asteroid Flyby
CRISPR clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
DoC Department of Commerce
EASTEX East Coast Panel on Extraterrestrial Life
ESA European Space Agency
ESF European Science Foundation
FAA Federal Aviation Administration
FCC Federal Communications Commission
HEOMD Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate
IADC Inter-Agency Space Debris Coordination Committee
IAF International Astronautical Federation
Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Review and Assessment of Planetary Protection Policy Development Processes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25172.
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ICBC Interagency Committee on Back Contamination
ICSU International Council for Science
IKI Space Research Institute
ISAS Institute for Space and Astronautical Science
JAXA Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory
LAL limulus amebocyte lysate
LIFE Living Interplanetary Flight Experiment
MAX-C Mars Astrobiology Explorer and Cacher
MEPAG Mars Exploration Program Analysis Group
MER Mars Exploration Rover
MO Mars Observer
MSL Mars Science Laboratory
MUSES-C Mu Space Engineering Spacecraft-C
NAC NASA Advisory Council
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NASEM National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
NID NASA Interim Directive
NPD NASA Policy Directive
NPI NASA Policy Instruction
NPR NASA Procedural Requirement
NRC National Research Council
NSAM National Security Action Memoranda
OCT Organic Contamination Team
OPP Office of Planetary Protection
OSIRIS-REx Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security, Regolith Explorer
OSMA Office of Safety and Mission Assurance (NASA)
OST Outer Space Treaty
OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy
Pc probability of contamination
PPAC Planetary Protection Advisory Committee
PPO planetary protection officer
PPOSS Planetary Protection for Outer Solar System
PPS Planetary Protection Subcommittee
ROI region of interest
ROSES Research Opportunities in Space and Earth Sciences
RSL recurring slope lineae
SAG Science Analysis Group
SAT Office of Space and Advanced Technology
SMD Science Mission Directorate
SR Special Regions
Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Review and Assessment of Planetary Protection Policy Development Processes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25172.
×
SSB Space Science Board (1958-1988), Space Studies Board (1988 to date)
STSC Science and Technical Subcommittee
TOC total organic carbon
UN United Nations
WESTEX West Coast Panel on Extraterrestrial Life
Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Review and Assessment of Planetary Protection Policy Development Processes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25172.
×
Page 121
Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Review and Assessment of Planetary Protection Policy Development Processes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25172.
×
Page 122
Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Review and Assessment of Planetary Protection Policy Development Processes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25172.
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Page 123
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Review and Assessment of Planetary Protection Policy Development Processes Get This Book
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Protecting Earth’s environment and other solar system bodies from harmful contamination has been an important principle throughout the history of space exploration. For decades, the scientific, political, and economic conditions of space exploration converged in ways that contributed to effective development and implementation of planetary protection policies at national and international levels. However, the future of space exploration faces serious challenges to the development and implementation of planetary protection policy. The most disruptive changes are associated with (1) sample return from, and human missions to, Mars; and (2) missions to those bodies in the outer solar system possessing water oceans beneath their icy surfaces.

Review and Assessment of Planetary Protection Policy Development Processes addresses the implications of changes in the complexion of solar system exploration as they apply to the process of developing planetary protection policy. Specifically, this report examines the history of planetary protection policy, assesses the current policy development process, and recommends actions to improve the policy development process in the future.

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