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Page 139
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E. References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Social and Economic Sustainability Performance Measures for Public Transportation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25461.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E. References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Social and Economic Sustainability Performance Measures for Public Transportation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25461.
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Page 141
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E. References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Social and Economic Sustainability Performance Measures for Public Transportation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25461.
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Page 142
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E. References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Social and Economic Sustainability Performance Measures for Public Transportation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25461.
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Page 143
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E. References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Social and Economic Sustainability Performance Measures for Public Transportation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25461.
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E-1 APPENDIX E. REFERENCES American Public Transportation Association (APTA). 2018a. Bicycle and Transit Integration (Draft – not for public distribution). APTA, Washington, DC. American Public Transportation Association (APTA). 2018b. Recommended Practice on Social and Economic Sustainability for Transit Agencies. APTA, Washington, DC. https://www.apta.com/resources/standards/Pages/default.aspx (As of December 20, 2018). American Public Transportation Association (APTA). 2018c. Recommended Practice on Quantifying Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Transit. APTA, Washington, DC. https://www.apta.com/resources/standards/Pages/default.aspx (As of December 20, 2018). American Public Transportation Association (APTA). 2012a. Recommended Practice on Transit Agency Partnerships to Improve Urban Design and Enhance Service Effectiveness. APTA, Washington, DC. https://www.apta.com/resources/standards/Pages/default.aspx (As of December 20, 2018). American Public Transportation Association (APTA). 2012b. Recommended Practice on Quantifying and Reporting Transit Sustainability Metrics. APTA, Washington, DC. https://www.apta.com/resources/standards/Pages/default.aspx (As of December 20, 2018). American Public Transportation Association (APTA). 2011a. Recommended Practice on Guidelines for Climate Action Planning. APTA, Washington, DC. https://www.apta.com/resources/standards/Pages/default.aspx (As of December 20, 2018). American Public Transportation Association (APTA). 2011b. Transit Sustainability Guidelines. APTA, Washington, DC. https://www.apta.com/resources/standards/Pages/default.aspx (As of December 20, 2018). American Public Transportation Association (APTA). 2011c. Why Design Matters for Transit. APTA, Washington, DC. https://www.apta.com/resources/standards/Pages/default.aspx (As of December 20, 2018). American Public Transportation Association (APTA). 2009a. Defining Transit Areas of Influence. APTA, Washington, DC. https://www.apta.com/resources/standards/Pages/default.aspx (As of December 20, 2018). American Public Transportation Association (APTA). 2009b. Forming Partnerships to Promote TOD and Joint Development. APTA, Washington, DC. https://www.apta.com/resources/standards/Pages/default.aspx (As of December 20, 2018). Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART). 2017a. BART Sustainability Action Plan. BART. https://www.bart.gov/sites/default/files/docs/BART_SustainabilityActionPlan_Final_3.pdf. (As of December 11, 2018). Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART). 2017b. BART TOD Policy Performance Measures and Targets. BART. http://www.bart.gov/sites/default/files/docs/B- %20TOD%20Performance%20Targets%202040%20Adopted%2012-1-16_0.pdf. (As of December 11, 2018). Blair, E., & O’Toole, M. 2010. Leading measures. Professional Safety, 55(8), 29-34.

E-2 California Air Resources Board (CARB). 2016. Local Government Actions for Climate Change. CARB. https://www.arb.ca.gov/cc/localgovernment/localgovernment.htm. (As of December 14, 2018) California Department of Transportation (Caltrans). 2015. Caltrans Strategic Management Plan 2015 – 2020. Caltrans. http://www.dot.ca.gov/perf/library/pdf/Caltrans_Strategic_Mgmt_Plan_033015.pdf. (As of December 11, 2018). Central Mississippi Planning & Development District (CMPDD). 2018. Transit Asset Management Performance Management. CMPDD, Jackson, MS. http://www.cmpdd.org/transportation/performance-management/transit-asset-management- performance-management/. (As of December 16, 2018). CoMET and Nova Metro Benchmarking Groups. 2018. Community of Metros Key Performance Indicator System. CoMET and Nova Metro Benchmarking Groups. https://cometandnova.org/. (As of December 17, 2018). East Japan Railway Company (JR East). 2017. JR East Group CSR Report 2017. JR East, Tokyo, Japan. http://www.jreast.co.jp/e/environment/. (As of December 11, 2018). Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). 2013a. Performance-Based Planning and Programming Guidebook. United States Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C. https://www.transit.dot.gov/sites/fta.dot.gov/files/Performance_Based_Planning_and_Progr amming_Guidebook.pdf. (As of December 11, 2018). Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). 2013b. Community Vision Metrics Tool. United States Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C. https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/livability/tools/community_vision/index.cfm. . (As of December 11, 2018). Federal Transit Agency (FTA). 2018. Public Transportation Agency Safety Plans. United States Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C. https://www.transit.dot.gov/PTASP (As of December 13, 2018). Federal Transit Administration (FTA) n.d. National Transit Database (NTD). United States Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C. https://www.transit.dot.gov/ntd (As of December 16, 2018). Federal Transit Agency (FTA). 2017. Performance Management. United States Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C. https://www.transit.dot.gov/PerformanceManagement#Performance%20Measures (As of December 13, 2018). Fischer, J. 2013. Paths, Roads, and Rails to Better and More Sustainable Living. TR News. http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/trnews/trnews288.pdf (As of December 11, 2018). Fischer, J. 2014. Transportation performance management for livability and social sustainability: developing and applying a conceptual framework developing and applying a conceptual framework. Georgia Institute of Technology, Georgia Tech Theses and Dissertations [20814]. http://hdl.handle.net/1853/53031 (As of December 11, 2018).

E-3 Global Reporting Initiative (GRI). 2015. G4 Sustainability Reporting Guidelines: Reporting Principles and Standard Disclosures. GRI. https://www.globalreporting.org/resourcelibrary/GRIG4-Part1-Reporting-Principles-and- Standard-Disclosures.pdf (As of December 17, 2018). Global Reporting Initiative (GRI). 2018. Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) Standards. GRI. https://www.globalreporting.org/standards (As of December 11, 2018). Heller, A.; Fischer, J.; Lane, L. 2016. "Selecting Performance Measures for Transportation Planning: Developing a Facilitator’s Toolbox.” Presented at the Transportation Research Board (TRB) 2016 Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C. King County Metro. 2015. King County Metro 2014 Sustainability Plan Progress Report. King County Metro. https://metro.kingcounty.gov/am/reports/2015/metro-sustainability-plan- progress-report-sept2015.pdf (As of December 11, 2018). Lane, L.; Amekudzi, A.; Fischer, J.; Brodie, S.; Heller, A.; Mansfield, T. 2015. Livability Performance Measures to Transportation Plans and Projects. Southeastern Transportation Research, Innovation, Development and Education Center (STRIDE). https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/29083 (As of December 11, 2018). Litman, T. 2010. Evaluating Transportation Economic Development Impacts -- Understanding How Transport Policy and Planning Decisions Affect Employment, Incomes, Productivity, Competitiveness, Property Values and Tax Revenues. Victoria Transport Policy Institute. http://www.vtpi.org/econ_dev.pdf (As of December 11, 2018). Litman, T. 2016. Well Measured: Developing Indicators for Sustainable and Livable Transport Planning. Victoria Transport Policy Institute. Last Accessed December 11, 2018: http://www.vtpi.org/wellmeas.pdf (As of December 11, 2018). Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (LA Metro). 2016. LA Metro Quality of Life Report 2008 – 2015. Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (LA Metro). LA Metro. https://media.metro.net/docs/report_qualityoflife.pdf (As of December 11, 2018). Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (LA Metro). 2018. All data derived from On-Board Customer Satisfaction Survey (Conducted June 2018). LA Metro. http://media.metro.net/projects_studies/research/images/annual_survey_results/bus_results_s pring_2018.pdf (As of December 13, 2018). Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (LA Metro). n.d. Sustainability Council. LA Metro. https://www.metro.net/projects/sustainability-council/ (As of December 13, 2018). Mass Transit Railway (MTR). 2018. Mass Transit Railway (MTR) 2017 Sustainability Report. MTR. http://www.mtr.com.hk/sustainability/2017rpt/en/corporate/sustainability/2017rpt/pdf/MTR_ Full2017_Eng.pdf (As of December 11, 2018). Maurer, L.; Mansfield, T.; Lane, L.; Hunkins, J. 2013. Blueprint for Sustainability: One Department of Transportation’s Pursuit of Performance-Based Accountability.

E-4 Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C. https://trrjournalonline.trb.org/doi/pdf/10.3141/2357-02 (As of December 11, 2018). Miller, P.; de Barros, A.; Kattan, L.; Wirasinghe, S.C. 2016. Analyzing the sustainability performance of public transit. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1361920916000213?via%3Dihub (As of December 11, 2018). National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP). 2011. A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measures for Transportation Agencies – NCHRP Report 708. Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C. http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rpt_708.pdf (As of December 11, 2018). National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP). 2014. Strategic Issues Facing Transportation, Volume 4: Sustainability as an Organizing Principle for Transportation Agencies – NCHRP Report 750. Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C. http://www.trb.org/Publications/Blurbs/170762.aspx (as of December 11, 2018). Project Home. 2018. Hub of Hope. https://projecthome.org/hubofhope (As of December 18, 2018). Shelton, K. 2018. Telling Our Sustainability Story (Presentation). Dallas Area Rapid Transit (DART). https://media.metro.net/docs/report_qualityoflife.pdf (As of December 11, 2018). Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA). 2018. SEP-TAINABLE. Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority. http://septa.org/sustain/pdf/2018-02- septainable-report.pdf (As of December 11, 2018). State Smart Transportation Initiative (SSTI), Center for Neighborhood Technology, and deBettencourt. 2012. Economic Effects of Public Investment in Transportation and Directions for the Future. State Smart Transportation Initiative (SSTI). http://www.ssti.us/transportation-scorecard/ScorecardReport.pdf (As of December 11, 2018). Toronto Transit Commission (TTC). 2013. Toronto Transit Commission 2013 Sustainability Report. Toronto Transit Commission. https://www.ttc.ca/PDF/About_the_TTC/Sustainability_Reports/2013_Sustainability_Report. PDF (As of December 11, 2018). Transit Advisory Committee for Safety (TRACS). 2017. Transit Advisory Committee for Safety (TRACS) 16-02 Final Report: Safety Data and Performance Measures in Transit. United States Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C. https://www.transit.dot.gov/sites/fta.dot.gov/files/docs/regulations-and- guidance/safety/64016/safety-data-and-performance-measures-transit-tracs-16-02-final- report.pdf (As of December 11, 2018). Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP). 2012. Methodology for Determining the Economic Development Impacts of Transit Projects. Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C. https://www.nap.edu/catalog/22765/methodology-for-determining-the- economic-development-impacts-of-transit-projects. (As of December 11, 2018).

E-5 Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP). 2016. Transit Agency Practices in Interacting with People Who Are Homeless. Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C. https://www.nap.edu/catalog/23450/transit-agency-practices-in-interacting-with-people-who- are-homeless (As of December 11, 2018). Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP). 2013. Transit Capacity and Quality of Service Manual. Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C. http://www.trb.org/Main/Blurbs/169437.aspx (As of December 11, 2018). Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP). 2016. Economic Impact Case Study Tool for Transit - TCRP Report 186. Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C. https://www.nap.edu/download/23525 (As of December 11, 2018). TransLink. 2011. Sustainability Reporting Handbook. TransLink, Vancouver, Canada. TransLink. 2017. TransLink 2017 Accountability Report Materiality Assessment. TransLink, Vancouver, Canada. https://www.translink.ca/- /media/Documents/about_translink/corporate_overview/corporate_reports/annual_reports/acc ountability_report_2017_transLink_materiality_assessment.pdf?la=en&hash=63802E9F0E1 8E1D2CF81850E0C7833DD19D71F18 (As of December 17, 2018). TransLink. 2018. TransLink 2017 Accountability Report. TransLink, Vancouver, Canada. https://view.publitas.com/translink/translink_2017_accountability_report/ (As of December 11, 2018). Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT). 2011. Ten Years of Transparency: The role of performance reporting at WSDOT -- Overview and lessons learned 2001-2011. Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT). http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/Accountability/Publications/Library.htm (As of December 11, 2018). Weaver, A.; Williams, P.; Wright, N.; Woolsey, A.; Yenney, E. 2015. Social Sustainability Guidelines and Metrics for Transportation in Louisville: A Proposal for Transit Authority of River City’s (TARC’s) APTA Sustainability Commitment. University of Louisville. http://louisville.edu/psychology/d-decaro/files/social-sustainability-guidelines-and-metrics- for-transportation-in-louisville-a-proposal-for-tarcs-apta-sustainability-commitment (As of December 11, 2018).

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TRB’s Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) has issued a pre-publication version of TCRP Research Report 205: Social and Economic Sustainability Performance Measures for Public Transportation, which explores a practical tool to help transit agencies of all sizes develop and use social and economic sustainability performance measures to plan, evaluate, and report on social and economic sustainability.

A sustainable transit agency provides environmental, social, and economic benefits to the communities it serves. Transit agency efforts to quantify these benefits have focused primarily on environmental sustainability. The American Public Transportation Association (APTA) has developed guidance for transit agencies on how to use performance measures to quantify transit’s impact on environmental sustainability. APTA has yet to develop similar guidance to measure social and economic sustainability, which is the focus of this research project.

TCRP Report 205 is intended to complement the American Public Transportation Association (APTA) Recommended Practice for Social and Economic Sustainability for Transit Agencies (2018). APTA’s Recommended Practice provides a framework for approaching economic and social sustainability, along with an overview of recommended practices; however, the document does not include performance measures, which are a key component to reporting progress and gauging success.

The report is presented with a companion Excel workbook that can be used by transit agencies to develop their own initial list of performance measures. The workbook includes 606 social and economic sustainability performance measures, as well as 93 transit service performance measures.

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