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Page 55
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Impact of Asphalt Thickness on Pavement Quality. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25498.
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Page 55
Page 56
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Impact of Asphalt Thickness on Pavement Quality. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25498.
×
Page 56
Page 57
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Impact of Asphalt Thickness on Pavement Quality. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25498.
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Page 57

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55 Allen, D. L., D. B. Schultz, Jr., and L. J. Fleckenstein. Development and Proposed Implementation of a Field Permeability Test for Asphalt Concrete. Research Report KTC-01-19/SPR216-00-1F. Kentucky Transportation Center, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Ky., June 2003. Aschenbrener, T., E. R. Brown, N. Tran, and P. B. Blankenship. Demonstration Project for Enhanced Durability of Asphalt Pavements Through Increased In-Place Air Voids. Report 17-05. National Center for Asphalt Technol- ogy, 2017. Aschenbrener, T., E. R. Brown, N. Tran, and P. B. Blankenship. FHWA’s Demonstration Project for Enhanced Durability of Asphalt Pavements Through Increased In-Place Air Voids. Presented at 97th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C., 2018. Bahia, H. U., and B. C. Paye. Minimum Pavement Lift Thickness for Superpave Mixtures. Report WHRP 03-02. Wisconsin Highway Research Program, Dec. 2001. Bell, C. A., R. G. Hicks, and J. E. Wilson. Effect of Percent Compaction on Asphalt Mixture Life. In Placement and Compaction of Asphalt Mixtures (F. T. Wagner, ed.), ASTM STP 829, 1984, pp. 107–130. Blankenship, P. B. State Highway Agency (SHA) Density Specification Mining. Presented at 96th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C., 2017. Blankenship, P. B., and R. M. Anderson. Laboratory Investigation of HMA Modulus, Flow Number and Flexural Fatigue on Samples of Varying Density. Journal of the Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, Vol. 79, 2010, pp. 497–518. Brown, E. R. Experiences of Corps of Engineers in Compaction of Hot Asphalt Mixtures. In Placement and Compaction of Asphalt Mixtures (F. T. Wagner, ed.), ASTM STP 829, 1982, pp. 67–79. Brown, E. R. Guidelines for Constructing with Superpave. HMAT: Hot Mix Asphalt Technology, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1997, pp. 17–23. Brown, E. R. Superpave Construction Guidelines. Special Report 180, National Asphalt Pavement Association, Lanham, Md., 1998. Brown, E. R., J. L. McRae, and A. B. Crawley. Effect of Aggregates on Performance of Bituminous Concrete. Implication of Aggregates in the Design, Construction, and Performance of Flexible Pavements (H. G. Schreuders and C. R. Marek, eds.), ASTM STP 1016, 1989, pp. 34–63. Brown, E. R., M. R. Hainin, A. Cooley, and G. Hurley. NCHRP Report 531: Relationship of Air Voids, Lift Thick- ness and Permeability in Hot Mix Asphalt Pavements, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C., 2004. Brown, E. R., M. R. Hainin, and L. A. Cooley, Jr. Determining Minimum Lift Thickness for Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) Mixtures. Journal of the Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, Vol. 74, 2005, pp. 23–66. Buchanan, M. S., J. R. Turner, and J. C. Barton. In-Place Density Evaluation of Stone Matrix Asphalt (SMA) Mixes in Alabama. Journal of the AAPT, Vol. 73, 2004, pp. 195–228. Bukowski, J. Enhanced Durability Through Increased In-Place Density. FHWA Mixture Expert Task Group, Sept. 2015. Buttlar, W. G., C. N. Chiangmai, I. Al-Qadi, T. R. Murphy, and W. J. Pine. Designing, Producing and Construct- ing Fine-Graded Hot Mix Asphalt on Illinois Roadways. Report FHWA-ICT-15-009, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, April 2015. Chang, C.-M., Y.-J. Chang, and J.-S. Chen. Effect of Mixture Characteristics on Cooling Rate of Asphalt Pavements. Journal of Transportation Engineering, Vol. 135, No. 5, 2009, pp. 297–304. Choubane, B., G. Page, and J. Musselman. Investigation of Water Permeability of Coarse Graded Superpave Pavements. Journal of the Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, Vol. 67, 1998, pp. 254–276. Choubane, B., S. Gokhale, G. Sholar, and H. Moseley. Evaluation of Coarse- and Fine-Graded Superpave Mix- tures Under Accelerated Pavement Testing. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 1974, 2006, pp. 120–127. References

56 Impact of Asphalt Thickness on Pavement Quality Christensen, D., A. Hanz, R. Velasquez, A. Arshadi, and H. Bahia. Refinement of Current WisDOT HMA Mixture Application Guidelines Related to NMAS and Aggregate Characteristics. Report WHRP 0092-12-01. Wisconsin Highway Research Program, 2013. Cooley, L. A., Jr. Evaluation of Pavement Permeability in Mississippi, 2003. Cooley, L. A., Jr., and K. L. Williams. Evaluation of Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) Lift Thickness. Burns Cooley Dennis, Inc., Report FHWA/MS-DOT-RD-09-193, Oct. 2009. Cooley, L. A., Jr., E. R. Brown, and S. Maghsoodloo. Development of Critical Field Permeability and Pavement Density Values for Coarse Graded Superpave Pavements. NCAT Report 01-03, 2001. Cox, B. C., I. L. Howard, K. L. Williams, and L. A. Cooley, Jr. Asphalt Concrete Field Compactibility Models Focusing on Aggregate Properties and Moisture. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2509, 2015a, pp. 18–28. http://dx.doi.org/10.3141/2509-03. Cox, B. C., I. L. Howard, and J. Ivy. Evaluation of Approaches to Improve Longitudinal Joints in Mississippi Overlay Projects. Report FHWA/MS-DOT-RD-15-250-Volume 3, Mississippi State University and Mississippi Department of Transportation, 2015b. Decker, D. S. State-of-the-Practice for Cold-Weather Compaction of Hot Mix Asphalt Pavements. In Transporta- tion Research Circular E-C105: Factors Affecting Compaction of Asphalt Pavements. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C., 2006. Ford, M. C., and C. E. McWilliams. Asphalt Mix Permeability. University of Arkansas, 1988. Geller, M. Compaction Equipment for Asphalt Mixtures, Part I. Better Roads, Vol. 54, No. 6, 1984a, pp. 38, 40, 42. Geller, M. Compaction Equipment for Asphalt Mixtures, Part III – Vibratory Rollers. Better Roads, Vol. 54, No. 8, 1984b, pp. 16–18. Gudimettla, J. M., L. A. Cooley, Jr., and E. R. Brown. Workability of Hot Mix Asphalt. NCAT Report 03-03, April 2003. Haddock, J. E., and M. Prather. Investigation of Permeability on Indiana SR-38. Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities, Vol. 18, No. 3, 2004, pp. 136–141. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0887-3828(2004)18:3(136). Hainin, M. R., and L. A. Cooley. An Investigation of Factors Influencing Permeability of Superpave Mixes. International Journal of Pavements, Vol. 2, No. 1–2, 2003, pp. 41–52. Harvey, J. T., and B.-W. Tsai. Effect of Asphalt Content and Air Void Content on Mix Fatigue and Stiffness. Trans- portation Research Record, No. 1543, 1996, pp. 38–45. Hughes, C. S. The Influence of Thickness on Density of an I-2 Bituminous Mix. Report VHTRC 78-R47, Virginia Highway and Transportation Research Council, Charlottesville, Va., March 1978. Hughes, C. S. Importance of Asphalt Compaction. Better Roads, Vol. 54, 1984, pp. 22–24. Hughes, C. S. NCHRP Synthesis 152 of Highway Practice: Compaction of Asphalt Pavements, TRB, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., 1989. Hughes, C. S., and G. W. Maupin, Jr. Factors That Influence Moisture Damage in Asphaltic Pavements. Implication of Aggregates in the Design, Construction, and Performance of Flexible Pavements (H. G. Schreuders and C. R. Marek, eds.). ASTM STP 1016, 1986, pp. 96–102. Jackson, E., and J. Mahoney. Hot Mix Asphalt Research Investigation for Connecticut: Part C—Permeability/ Porosity Testing of HMA Mix Designs. Report CT-2250-2-10-9, University of Connecticut, July 2014. Kandhal, P. S., and W. C. Koehler. Pennsylvania’s Experience in the Compaction of Asphalt Pavements. Placement and Compaction of Asphalt Mixtures (F. T. Wagner, ed.). ASTM STP 829, 1982, pp. 93–106. Lakkavalli, V., S. Dhanoa, and C. Montanez. Relationship Between Lift Thickness and Pavement Smoothness— A Case Study. Presented at TAC 2015: Getting You There Safely—2015 Conference and Exhibition of the Transportation Association of Canada, Calgary, 2015. Leiva, F., and R. C. West. Analysis of HMA Compactibility Using the Accumulated Compaction Pressure (ACP) Concept. Presented at 87th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C., 2008. Mallick, R. B., and L. A. Cooley. An Evaluation of Factors Affecting Permeability of Superpave Designed Pavements. NCAT Report 03-02, National Center for Asphalt Technology, Auburn, Ala., 2002. Mallick, R. B., L. A. Cooley, M. Teto, and R. Bradbury. Development of a Simple Test for Evaluation of In-Place Permeability of Asphalt Mixes. International Journal of Pavement Engineering, Vol. 2, No. 2, 2001, pp. 67–83. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10298430108901718. Mallick, R. B., L. A. Cooley, Jr., M. R. Teto, R. Bradbury, and D. Peabody. An Evaluation of Factors Affecting Perme- ability of Superpave Designed Pavements. NCAT Report 03-02, National Center for Asphalt Technology, 2002. Masad, E., S. Koneru, K. Rajagopal, T. Scarpas, and C. Kasbergen. Modeling of Asphalt Mixture Laboratory and Field Compaction Using a Thermodynamics Framework. Journal of the Association of Asphalt Paving Tech- nologists, Vol. 78, 2009, pp. 639–678. Masad, E., A. T. Scarpas, A. Alipour, K. R. Rajagopal, and C. Kasbergen. Finite Element Modeling of Field Compaction of Hot Mix Asphalt, Part I: Theory. International Journal of Pavement Engineering, Vol. 17, No. 1, 2016a, pp. 13–23. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10298436.2013.863309. Masad, E., A. T. Scarpas, K. R. Rajagopal, E. Kasem, S. Koneru, and C. Kasbergen. Finite Element Modeling of Field Compaction of Hot Mix Asphalt, Part II: Applications. International Journal of Pavement Engineering, Vol. 17, No. 1, 2016b, pp. 24–38.

References 57 McDaniel, R. S., R. B. Leahy, G. A. Huber, J. S. Moulthrop, and T. Ferragut. NCHRP Web-Only Document 186: The Superpave Mix Design System: Anatomy of a Research Program. Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C., 2011. www.trb.org/Publications/Blurbs/166871.aspx. Accessed Aug. 1, 2018. Mogawer, W. S., R. B. Mallick, M. R. Teto, and W. C. Crockford. Evaluation of Permeability of Superpave Mixes. University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth, July 2002. Mohammad, L. N., A. Herath, and B. Huang. Evaluation of Permeability of Superpave Asphalt Mixtures. Trans- portation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 1832, 2003, pp. 50–58. Musselman, J. A., B. Choubane, G. C. Page, and P. B. Upshaw. Superpave Field Implementation: Florida’s Early Experience. Transportation Research Record, No. 1609, 1998, pp. 51–60. Nataatmadja, A. The Use of Hyperbolic Function for Predicting Critical Permeability of Asphalt. Presented at 24th ARRB Conference—Building on 50 Years of Road and Transport Research, Melbourne, Australia, 2010. National Asphalt Pavement Association (NAPA). Accurate Density Measurement is a Key to Superpave Perfor- mance. HMAT: Hot Mix Asphalt Technology, Vol. 5, No. 1, 1999, p. 17. Nehdi, M., and K. Welker. Investigation of Premature Failure of Dense Friction Course Asphalt Highways in Ontario. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, Vol. 14, No. 3, 2002, pp. 210–216. Nittinger, R. J. Vibratory Compaction of Asphalt Concrete. Transportation Research Record, No. 659, 1977, pp. 46–53. Prather, M. K. A Material Engineer’s Perspective: Field Compaction of Superpave Mixtures. Roads and Bridges, Dec. 2000. https://www.roadsbridges.com/material-engineers-perspective-field-compaction-superpave- mixtures. Accessed April 19, 2018. Prowell, B. D. Investigation of Pavement Permeability: Old Bridge Road, Technical Assistance Report VTRC 02-TAR5, Oct. 2001. Raisi, A. Correlation of Laboratory-Compacted and Field-Compacted Hot-Mixed Asphalt Permeability. MS thesis. Pennsylvania State University, Altoona, 2009. Retzer, N. Permeability Research with the ROMUS Air Permeameter. Report CDOT-2008-5, Colorado Depart- ment of Transportation, Denver, June 2008. Russell, J. S., H. U. Bahia, K. Kanitpong, J. Crovetti, and R. Schmitt. Effect of Pavement Thickness on Superpave Mix Permeability and Density. Report WHRP 0092-02-14. Wisconsin Highway Research Program, April 2005. Schmidt, R., and S. Owasu-Abadio. Development of In-Place Permeability Criteria for HMA Pavement in Wiscon- sin. Report WHRP 06-15. Wisconsin Highway Research Program, 2007. Scullion, T., C. Estakhri, and B. Wilson. Statewide Implementation of Very Thin Overlays. Report 5-5598-03-1, Texas A&M Transportation Institute, Oct. 2014. Smith, B. Factors Affecting the IRI of Asphalt Overlays. Presented at 93rd Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C., 2014. Solaimanian, M. Correlation of Laboratory-Compacted and Field-Compacted Hot-Mix Asphalt Permeability. Report FHWA-PA-2010-015-06074, Pennsylvania State University, Altoona, 2010. Tran, N., P. Turner, and J. Shambley. Enhanced Compaction to Improve Durability and Extend Pavement Life: A Literature Review. NCAT Report 16-02R. National Center for Asphalt Technology, Auburn, Ala., Oct. 2016. Vardanega, P. J. State of the Art: Permeability of Asphalt Concrete. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, Vol. 26, No. 1, 2014, pp. 54–64. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0000748. Westerman, J. R. AHTD’s Experience with Superpave Permeability. Presented at Arkansas Superpave Sympo- sium, 1999. Williams, K. L., B. C. Cox, I. Howard, and L. A. Cooley, Jr. Models of Asphalt Concrete Field Compactibility with Focus on Lift Thickness. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2504, 2015, pp. 135–147. http://dx.doi.org/10.3141/2504-16. Zeinali, A., P. B. Blankenship, and K. C. Mahboub. Evaluation of the Effect of Density on Asphalt Pavement Durability Through Performance Testing. Presented at 93rd Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C., 2014. Zube, E. Compaction Studies of Asphalt Concrete Pavement as Related to the Water Permeability Test. Highway Research Board Bulletin, No. 358, 1962, pp. 12–37.

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TRB’s National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Synthesis 537: Impact of Asphalt Thickness on Pavement Quality documents transportation agency policy for lift thickness and minimum compaction requirements on resultant asphalt pavement quality.

To achieve expected pavement performance, it is important that asphalt concrete (AC) have adequate density. A critical factor in achieving this density is the ratio of lift thickness to nominal maximum aggregate size (t/NMAS).

The information in the report is designed to help make agencies aware of a range of practices other agencies use to achieve a desired t/NMAS ratio, ensuring that density of AC is adequate to meet expected pavement performance.

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