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Prioritization of Freight Investment Projects (2019)

Chapter: Appendix D - State DOT Performance Measures

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Page 54
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D - State DOT Performance Measures." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Prioritization of Freight Investment Projects. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25581.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D - State DOT Performance Measures." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Prioritization of Freight Investment Projects. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25581.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D - State DOT Performance Measures." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Prioritization of Freight Investment Projects. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25581.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D - State DOT Performance Measures." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Prioritization of Freight Investment Projects. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25581.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D - State DOT Performance Measures." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Prioritization of Freight Investment Projects. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25581.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D - State DOT Performance Measures." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Prioritization of Freight Investment Projects. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25581.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D - State DOT Performance Measures." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Prioritization of Freight Investment Projects. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25581.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D - State DOT Performance Measures." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Prioritization of Freight Investment Projects. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25581.
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Page 62
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D - State DOT Performance Measures." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Prioritization of Freight Investment Projects. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25581.
×
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Page 63
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D - State DOT Performance Measures." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Prioritization of Freight Investment Projects. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25581.
×
Page 63
Page 64
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D - State DOT Performance Measures." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Prioritization of Freight Investment Projects. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25581.
×
Page 64
Page 65
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D - State DOT Performance Measures." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Prioritization of Freight Investment Projects. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25581.
×
Page 65
Page 66
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D - State DOT Performance Measures." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Prioritization of Freight Investment Projects. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25581.
×
Page 66
Page 67
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D - State DOT Performance Measures." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Prioritization of Freight Investment Projects. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25581.
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Page 67

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54 A P P E N D I X D State DOT Performance Measures The following table compiled from the literature review identifies the DOTs that use freight performance measures in their freight prioritization methodology. Table D-1. State DOTs’ use of freight performance measures in their freight prioritization methodology. State Performance Measures Used in State DOT Freight Plans’ Prioritization Methodologies Arizona DOT • Truck travel time index • Daily hours of truck delay • Truck planning time index • Truck accidents per 100 million vehicle miles traveled (VMT) • Total societal cost of accidents Iowa DOT • Pavement condition index (PCI) • International roughness index (IRI) • Passenger annual average daily traffic (AADT) • Single-unit truck AADT • Combination truck AADT • Congestion index • Structure inventory and appraisal sufficiency rating Maryland DOT • Average annual daily truck traffic • Volume/capacity ratio • Average yearly truck crash rate per mile

State DOT Performance Measures 55 • Quality of service/level of service Massachusetts DOT • Number and rate of fatalities on all public roads • Number and rate of serious injuries on all public roads • Number of nonmotorized fatalities and serious injuries on all public roads • Percent of interstate pavements in good or poor condition • Percent of noninterstate National Highway System (NHS) pavements in good or poor condition • Percent of NHS bridges in good or poor condition • Truck travel time reliability (TTTR) index Michigan DOT • Commercial average daily traffic • Percent commercial average daily traffic • Commodity by value • Commodity by tonnage • Project cost • Remaining service life • Level of service • Project located within an ACT 51–participating community • Projects with a local match • Project contains a location considered to have excess commercial vehicle crashes Missouri DOT • Percent of the major highways in good condition • Percent of structurally deficient deck area on NHS bridges • Number of commercial vehicle crashes resulting in fatalities or serious injuries; number of rail-crossing crashes or fatalities • Goods movement competitiveness • Job and economic growth by key sector, including (1) agriculture, (2) manufacturing, and (3) transportation/logistics • Freight tonnage by mode • Presence of a truck inspection station or weigh station on a road segment • Amount of freight-heavy industries present around project

56 Prioritization of Freight Investment Projects • Annual hours of truck delay • Truck reliability index Nebraska DOT • Traffic AADT • Truck AADT percentage • Bridge conditions • Pavement conditions • Truck restrictions—weight restrictions • Truck restrictions—low bridge clearance • Truck count data • Speed Nevada DOT • Cost of project • Value or cost • AADT • Average crashes per mile on projects • Total number of bottlenecks within or near the project New Jersey DOT • Average truck travel speed • Truck travel time index • Truck traffic count • Truck crash cluster Ohio DOT • Travel time reliability index • Snow and ice control • Annual number of crashes • Annual number of serious injuries • Annual number of fatalities • Percentage of roads on the state freight system (SFS) with acceptable pavement condition ratings • Percentage of bridges on the SFS with acceptable general appraisal conditions ratings

State DOT Performance Measures 57 • Percentage of the highway component on the SFS covered by Ohio DOT’s intelligent transportation system (ITS) and displayed on OHGO.com • Percentage of Ohio MPOs and rural transportation planning organizations that incorporate performance-based planning into their long-range plans • Amount of non-Ohio DOT investment capital leveraged • Number of approved and delivered economic development projects delivered on time • Total amount of diesel emission reduction grants • Percentage of diesel emission reduction grants projects completed within 24 months of award Oklahoma DOT • Number of shoulder miles unpaved along project segment • Truck crash reduction factor for injuries times base injury rate • Truck crash reduction factor for fatalities times base fatality rate • Number of bridges in poor condition • Average pavement condition throughout project segment • Average volume of heavy-loaded trucks • Average truck proportion throughout project segment • Percent truck volume increase (2025) in project segment • Number of jobs in key industries within 3 miles • Number of multimodal and military facilities within 75 miles • Number of compressed natural gas stations within 5 miles • Number of electric vehicle fast-charging stations within 5 miles Oregon DOT • Average annual delay per truck • Annualized average truck traffic • Length of project • Travel time index • Annualized average truck traffic per day

58 Prioritization of Freight Investment Projects Pennsylvania DOT • Percent of pavement in good or bad condition • Pavement structure index • Percent of structurally deficient bridges • Number of load-restricted bridges • Number of fatalities and serious injuries • Rates of crashes with fatalities and serious injuries per VMT • Number of fatalities and serious injuries in work zones • Number of rail-crossing fatalities, serious injuries, and incidents • Annual hours of truck or auto delays (cost of delays) • Percent or number of freight bottlenecks eliminated • Annual transit ridership • Annual savings through the Pennsylvania DOT modernization • Timely delivery of approved local projects • Timely delivery of highway occupancy permits • Number of municipal officials trained through the local technical assistance program on the coordination of and use and transportation planning Rhode Island DOT • Travel time reliability • Truck congestion on interstates • Number of oversize/overweight permits issued annually • Number of truck parking spaces • Number of bridges meeting standards • Total annual rail cargo tonnage • Total annual maritime cargo tonnage • Total annual air cargo tonnage Tennessee DOT • Traffic volumes • Highway crash data • Miles of interstate freeway managed by ITS infrastructure

State DOT Performance Measures 59 • Roadway and bridge condition data • Highway incident clearance data • Oversize, overweight, or overlength permits • Short-line rail track miles and capacity rating • Rail yard and highway/rail-crossing inspections • Airports meeting design and safety criteria and federal approach standards • Airport pavement condition data • Percentage of businesses with 10 or more employees within 25 miles or 25 minutes of an airport with an instrument approach minimum of at least 400 feet and 1 mile The following table identifies the rest of the state DOTs that maintain a freight prioritization methodology; however, these performance measures are not integrated into the prioritization methodology. Table D-2. State DOTs’ use of performance measures not integrated into the prioritization methodology. State Performance Measure Used California • Pavement conditions • Roadway bridge conditions • Truck travel speed • Truck hours of delay • Highway bottlenecks or chokepoints • Corridor reliability buffer index • Roadway truck collision fatalities and injuries • Train height clearances • Track weight accommodation

60 Prioritization of Freight Investment Projects • Posted maximum train speeds • Rail bottlenecks or chokepoints • Railroad grade crossing fatalities and injuries • Navigation channel depths • Waterway bridge clearance Colorado • Planning time index Connecticut • Number and rate of traffic fatalities, serious injury • Number and rate of nonmotorized fatalities and serious injury • Percentage of NHS bridges in good and poor condition • Percentage of non-Interstate NHS pavements in good condition • Percentage of non-Interstate pavements in poor condition • Annual hours of peak excessive delay per person • TTTR on the interstate system Delaware • Pavement conditions summary • Bridge conditions summary • Number of total crashes involving large trucks • Number of fatal crashes involving large trucks • Number of persons injured in crashes involving large trucks • Travel time and/or delay in freight-significant corridors • Percent of road mileage at congested speeds < 60% of free-flow speed • Number of commercial vehicle inspections performed • Number of total crashes at public highway-rail crossings Florida • Combined truck miles traveled • Truck miles traveled • Travel time reliability • Travel time variability • Combined truck hours

State DOT Performance Measures 61 • Combination truck average travel speed • Percent of miles severely congested • Vehicles per lane mile • Aviation, rail, and seaport tonnage Georgia • Reduction in annual highway fatalities • Percent of state-owned bridges meeting the Georgia DOT standards • Percent of state-owned noninterstate roads meeting maintenance standards • Percent of projects constructed on time • Percent of projects constructed on budget • Annual congestion cost per peak auto commuter • Metro Atlanta morning peak hour freeway speeds (general purpose lanes) Idaho • Truck-involved crashes/mile number of truck-involved crashes • Percent modal usage (tons, value) • Mileage uncongested on the Interstate system • TTTR on the Interstate system Iowa • Percentage of highway miles that meet or exceed a sufficiency rating of tolerable or above • Percentage of bridges on the primary highway system that are structurally deficient or functionally obsolete • Percentage of the primary highway system below PCI cutoff across all planning classes • Highway fuel use per vehicle-mile • Percentage of Interstate highway system operating at level of service (LOS) C or better • Overall crash rate • Number of fatalities

62 Prioritization of Freight Investment Projects reasonable, near normal surface condition within 24 hours after the end of a winter storm • Average IRI rating weighted by length on the primary highway system • Real cost per vehicle-mile • Travel times along 25 freight-significant corridors Kansas • Truck-involved crashes • Truck-involved fatalities and serious injuries • Rail-at-grade crossing incidents • Uncongested Interstate system miles • TTTR on Interstate • Pavement condition • Bridge condition • Percent short-line rail miles at 286,000 lb Louisiana • Percent of short-line freight rail system capable of supporting 286,000 lb of rail cars • Percent of NHS intermodal connectors meeting pavement condition targets • Number of crashes and fatal crashes involving trucks (and rate) • Number of crashes at rail crossings • Number of collisions on waterways • Number of public truck parking spaces • Number of freight crashes that require environmental cleanup • Acres of wetlands impacted by DOTD or DOTD-funded projects • Change in freight ton-miles • Change in freight tonnage movement by mode • Percentage of miles on freight network Tiers 1 and 2 in an uncongested condition • Number of bottlenecks on freight network addressed by capital projects • Hours of downtime on Tiers 1 and 2 resulting from incidents • Overall annual percentage of all district’s A and B highway miles returned to a

State DOT Performance Measures 63 Maine • Number of incidents on the rail system • Number of incidents at ports • Value of new freight public–private partnerships New Mexico • Quality of roadways • Access to in-state customers • Cargo security • Time in transit • Access to out-of-state customers • Predictability of delivery times • Average cost of shipments • Access to in-state and out-of-state suppliers North Carolina • North Carolina’s employment growth relative to national growth in freight- related, defined target supply chains • Cargo volume through state seaports • Percent of import vs. export commodities by weight and volume • Rail modal share from ports • Travel time reliability • Incident clearance times • Number of congested directional miles • Percent of short-line rail network with 286,000-lb capacity • Number of at-grade crossings within 85% of volume threshold for grade separation eligibility • Average travel time from port gate to freeway • North Carolina’s airports’ versus all U.S. airports’ air cargo total tonnage • Percent of fatal motor-vehicle crashes involving trucks from total fatal motor vehicle crashes

64 Prioritization of Freight Investment Projects crashes at at-grade crossings • Percent of crashes involving trucks • Percent of rail crossings with no active warning devices • Percent of lane miles on the North Carolina Priority Highway Freight Network (NCPHFN) in fair or better condition • Percent of North Carolina DOT state-maintained bridges on the NCPHFN that are structurally deficient or functionally obsolete • Percent of NCPHFN with ITS infrastructure • Emissions from truck delay • Freight rail modal share (excluding pass-through) • Percent of freight program funding spent • Percent of Strategic Transportation Investment funding on NCPHFN South Carolina • Reduction of South Carolina’s strategic freight network mileage to less than a LOS E for urban areas and LOS C for rural areas • Average or weighted buffer index or travel time index on priority corridors • Miles of strategic freight network above acceptable congestion levels • Number of large trucks reported in accidents (fatal, nonfatal, injury-reported, hazardous materials; 5-year trends) • Percent of sustained roadway improved • Number of miles of Interstate and NHS rated at “good” or higher condition • Reduction in the percentage of remaining state highway miles (non-Interstate or nonstrategic corridors) moving from a “fair” to a “very poor” rating while maintaining or increasing the percent of miles rated as “good” • Percent of deficient bridge deck area • Truck travel time index on the freight corridor network; annual hours of truck delay; freight reliability • Percent of fatal crashes involving trucks at at-grade rail crossings from total fatal

State DOT Performance Measures 65 • Truck-related crashes per truck miles traveled on the Texas highway freight network • Percent of all fatal motor vehicle crashes involving trucks on the Texas highway freight network • Number of rail-related crashes • Number of at-grade highway or rail-crossing closures or grade separations • Truck-related fatalities per truck miles traveled on the Texas highway freight network • Number of injuries and fatalities from rail-related crashes • Percent of pavement lane miles in good repair on the Texas highway freight network • Number of load-restricted bridges on the Texas highway freight network • Percent of bridges with vertical clearance less than 16.5 feet on the Texas highway freight network • Percent of bridges in poor condition on the Texas highway freight network • Number of airport cargo-access issues addressed • Number of port-access issues addressed • Volume of international cross-border freight moved by rail • Percent of intermodal connectors in fair or better pavement condition • Annual hours of truck delay on the Texas highway freight network • Completion of annual freight project prioritization • Incident clearance time on the Texas highway freight network Virginia • Truck crashes and rates • Rail incidents and rates • Grade crossing accidents and rates • Change in response time to disaster hazmat and security incidents • Annual average incident clearance time (minutes) on freight network Texas • TTTR index

66 Prioritization of Freight Investment Projects • Change in disruption to freight • Number of truck parking spaces along freight network • Truck-involved crashes resulting from illegal truck parking • Number of active at-grade crossings • Pavement and bridge conditions on freight connectors • Percent of pavement in fair or better condition on the freight network • Percent of structurally deficient bridges on the freight network • Linear feet of rail track preservation or maintenance improvements • Average remaining service life of freight system • Change in mode share • Change in freight system utilization by time of day • Average truck times on freight-significant routes • Sum of lane miles on freight-significant routes above a threshold level of congestion • Planning time on freight-significant routes • Change in average speed through bottlenecks Washington • Number of fatalities on all public roads • Number of fatalities per 100 million vehicle miles traveled on all public roads • Number of serious injuries per 100 million vehicle miles traveled on all public roads • Number of nonmotorist fatalities and serious injuries on all public roads • Percentage of pavements on the Interstate highway system in good or poor condition • Percentage of pavements of the non-Interstate highway system NHS in good or poor condition • Percentage of NHS bridges in good or poor condition

State DOT Performance Measures 67 • Percent of the person-miles traveled on the Interstate highway system that are reliable • Percent of the person-miles traveled on the non-Interstate highway system NHS that are reliable • TTTR index on the Interstate highway system • Annual hours of peak hour excessive delay per capita • Percent of non–single occupancy vehicle travel • Total emissions reduction Wyoming • Pavement condition • Bridge condition • Bridge height restrictions • Highway closure duration and frequency and light high-profile vehicle closures • Rail safety • Highway safety, including truck crashes, rollovers, and weather conditions that may contribute to crashes

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Freight investment project prioritization, which is used to assist in planning and programming decisions, differs widely in importance across states. One of the reasons for the difference in importance is the fact that freight projects are costly, and state departments of transportation (DOTs) face limited resources to implement them.

The National Cooperative Highway Research Program's NCHRP Synthesis 542: Prioritization of Freight Investment Projects identifies the state of the practice of freight project prioritization and common steps across all state DOTs in the nation.

State DOTs have a variety of motivations for freight project prioritization, including the FAST Act. For DOTs to receive additional federal funding, a priority list of freight projects must be produced. However, because the FAST Act regulations do not include a specific methodology to help DOTs rank their freight projects, many different processes are used by the state DOTs for ranking.

This report synthesizes the available literature on the subject so that DOTs creating a prioritization process can identify successful practices in the current state of the practice.

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