National Academies Press: OpenBook
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Suggested Citation:"FRONT MATTER." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Guidebook for Managing Data from Emerging Technologies for Transportation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25844.
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© 2020 National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. NATIONAL COOPERATIVE HIGHWAY RESEARCH PROGRAM Systematic, well-designed, and implementable research is the most effective way to solve many problems facing state departments of transportation (DOTs) administrators and engineers. Often, highway problems are of local or regional interest and can best be studied by state DOTs individually or in cooperation with their state universities and others. However, the accelerating growth of highway transportation results in increasingly complex problems of wide interest to highway authorities. These problems are best studied through a coordinated program of cooperative research. Recognizing this need, the leadership of the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) in 1962 initiated an objective national highway research program using modern scientific techniques— the National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP). NCHRP is supported on a continuing basis by funds from participating member states of AASHTO and receives the full cooperation and support of the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), United States Department of Transportation, under Agreement No. 693JJ31950003. COPYRIGHT INFORMATION Authors herein are responsible for the authenticity of their materials and for obtaining written permissions from publishers or persons who own the copyright to any previously published or copyrighted material used herein. Cooperative Research Programs (CRP) grants permission to reproduce material in this publication for classroom and not-for-profit purposes. Permission is given with the understanding that none of the material will be used to imply endorsement by TRB and any of its program sponsors of a particular product, method, or practice. It is expected that those reproducing the material in this document for educational and not-for-profit uses will give appropriate acknowledgment of the source of any reprinted or reproduced material. For other uses of the material, request permission from CRP. DISCLAIMER To facilitate more timely dissemination of research findings, this pre-publication document is taken directly from the submission of the research agency. The material has not been edited by TRB. The opinions and conclusions expressed or implied in this document are those of the researchers who performed the research. They are not necessarily those of the Transportation Research Board; the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine; the FHWA; or the program sponsors. The Transportation Research Board, the National Academies, and the sponsors of the National Cooperative Highway Research Program do not endorse products or manufacturers. Trade or manufacturers’ names appear herein solely because they are considered essential to the object of the report. This pre-publication document IS NOT an official publication of the Cooperative Research Programs; the Transportation Research Board; or the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Recommended citation: Pecheux, K. K., B. B. Pecheux, G. Ledbetter, and C. Lambert. 2020. Guidebook for Managing Data from Emerging Technologies for Transportation. Pre-publication draft of NCHRP Research Report 952. Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C.

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With increased connectivity between vehicles, sensors, systems, shared-use transportation, and mobile devices, unexpected and unparalleled amounts of data are being added to the transportation domain at a rapid rate, and these data are too large, too varied in nature, and will change too quickly to be handled by the traditional database management systems of most transportation agencies.

The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's NCHRP Research Report 952: Guidebook for Managing Data from Emerging Technologies for Transportation provides guidance, tools, and a big data management framework, and it lays out a roadmap for transportation agencies on how they can begin to shift – technically, institutionally, and culturally – toward effectively managing data from emerging technologies.

Modern, flexible, and scalable “big data” methods to manage these data need to be adopted by transportation agencies if the data are to be used to facilitate better decision-making. As many agencies are already forced to do more with less while meeting higher public expectations, continuing with traditional data management systems and practices will prove costly for agencies unable to shift.

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