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Report of the Treasurer for the Year Ended December 31, 2019 (2020)

Chapter: II. Private Contributions

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Suggested Citation:"II. Private Contributions." National Academy of Sciences. 2020. Report of the Treasurer for the Year Ended December 31, 2019. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25854.
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Suggested Citation:"II. Private Contributions." National Academy of Sciences. 2020. Report of the Treasurer for the Year Ended December 31, 2019. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25854.
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Suggested Citation:"II. Private Contributions." National Academy of Sciences. 2020. Report of the Treasurer for the Year Ended December 31, 2019. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25854.
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Suggested Citation:"II. Private Contributions." National Academy of Sciences. 2020. Report of the Treasurer for the Year Ended December 31, 2019. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25854.
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Suggested Citation:"II. Private Contributions." National Academy of Sciences. 2020. Report of the Treasurer for the Year Ended December 31, 2019. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25854.
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Suggested Citation:"II. Private Contributions." National Academy of Sciences. 2020. Report of the Treasurer for the Year Ended December 31, 2019. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25854.
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Suggested Citation:"II. Private Contributions." National Academy of Sciences. 2020. Report of the Treasurer for the Year Ended December 31, 2019. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25854.
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Suggested Citation:"II. Private Contributions." National Academy of Sciences. 2020. Report of the Treasurer for the Year Ended December 31, 2019. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25854.
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Suggested Citation:"II. Private Contributions." National Academy of Sciences. 2020. Report of the Treasurer for the Year Ended December 31, 2019. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25854.
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Suggested Citation:"II. Private Contributions." National Academy of Sciences. 2020. Report of the Treasurer for the Year Ended December 31, 2019. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25854.
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Suggested Citation:"II. Private Contributions." National Academy of Sciences. 2020. Report of the Treasurer for the Year Ended December 31, 2019. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25854.
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Suggested Citation:"II. Private Contributions." National Academy of Sciences. 2020. Report of the Treasurer for the Year Ended December 31, 2019. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25854.
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Suggested Citation:"II. Private Contributions." National Academy of Sciences. 2020. Report of the Treasurer for the Year Ended December 31, 2019. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25854.
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Suggested Citation:"II. Private Contributions." National Academy of Sciences. 2020. Report of the Treasurer for the Year Ended December 31, 2019. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25854.
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Suggested Citation:"II. Private Contributions." National Academy of Sciences. 2020. Report of the Treasurer for the Year Ended December 31, 2019. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25854.
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Suggested Citation:"II. Private Contributions." National Academy of Sciences. 2020. Report of the Treasurer for the Year Ended December 31, 2019. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25854.
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Suggested Citation:"II. Private Contributions." National Academy of Sciences. 2020. Report of the Treasurer for the Year Ended December 31, 2019. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25854.
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Suggested Citation:"II. Private Contributions." National Academy of Sciences. 2020. Report of the Treasurer for the Year Ended December 31, 2019. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25854.
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Suggested Citation:"II. Private Contributions." National Academy of Sciences. 2020. Report of the Treasurer for the Year Ended December 31, 2019. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25854.
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Suggested Citation:"II. Private Contributions." National Academy of Sciences. 2020. Report of the Treasurer for the Year Ended December 31, 2019. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25854.
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Suggested Citation:"II. Private Contributions." National Academy of Sciences. 2020. Report of the Treasurer for the Year Ended December 31, 2019. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25854.
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Suggested Citation:"II. Private Contributions." National Academy of Sciences. 2020. Report of the Treasurer for the Year Ended December 31, 2019. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25854.
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II. Private Contributions

DONOR RECOGNITION We gratefully acknowledge the support of private contributors to the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the National Academy of Medicine. The philanthropy of our members and friends enhances our impact as advisors to the nation. Lifetime Giving Societies The Abraham Lincoln Society In recognition of members and friends who have made significant lifetime contributions of $1 million or more to the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, or the National Academy of Medicine as of December 31, 2019. Names in bold are NAS members. Bruce and Betty Alberts Michael and Sheila Held* The Ambrose Monell Dame Jillian Sackler Richard and Rita Atkinson William R. and Rosemary Foundation Raymond* and Beverly Norman R. Augustine B. Hewlett* Gordon and Betty Moore Sackler Craig and Barbara Barrett Ming and Eva Hsieh Philip and Sima Needleman Bernard and Rhoda Sarnat* Jordan* and Rhoda Baruch Irwin and Joan Jacobs Peter O’Donnell, Jr. Leonard D. Schaeffer Stephen D. Bechtel, Jr. Robert L. and Anne K. Robert* and Mayari Pritzker Sara Lee and Axel Schupf Arnold and Mabel James Richard L. and Hinda G. James H. and Marilyn Beckman* Kenneth A. Jonsson* Rosenthal* Simons Leonard Blavatnik Fred Kavli* Martine A. Rothblatt John and Janet Swanson Harry E. Bovay, Jr.* Daniel E. Koshland, Jr.* Jack W. and Valerie Rowe Anthony J. Yun and Donald Bren Tillie K. Lubin* Fritz J. and Dolores H. Russ Kimberly A. Bazar Harvey V. Fineberg and Whitney and Betty Prize Fund of the Russ Mary E. Wilson MacMillan College of Engineering Bernard M. Gordon John F. McDonnell and Technology at Ohio Cecil H. Green* George P. Mitchell* University The Benjamin Franklin Society In recognition of members and friends who have made significant lifetime contributions of $500,000 to $999,999 to the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, or the National Academy of Medicine as of December 31, 2019. Names in bold are NAS members. Rose-Marie and Jack R. James McConnell Clark Thomas V. Jones* Shela and Kumar Patel Anderson* Henry David* Cindy and Jeong Kim William J. Rutter John and Elizabeth Richard Evans* Ralph and Claire Landau* Henry and Susan Samueli Armstrong Eugene Garfield Foundation Asta and William W. Lang* Herbert A. and Dorothea P. Kenneth E. Behring Theodore Geballe Ruben F.* and Donna Simon* Gordon Bell Penny and Bill George, Mettler Raymond S. Stata Elkan R.* and Gail F. Blout George Family Dane* and Mary Louise Roy and Diana Vagelos Carson Family Charitable Foundation Miller Andrew and Erna* Viterbi Trust Christa and Detlef Gloge Oliver E. and Gerda K. Alan M. Voorhees* Charina Endowment Fund William T.* and Catherine Nelson* Anonymous (1) Ralph J.* and Carol M. Morrison Golden Gilbert S. Omenn and Cicerone Alexander Hollaender* Martha A. Darling Names in bold print are NAS members. *Deceased 24

The Marie Curie Society In recognition of members and friends who have made significant lifetime contributions of $250,000 to $499,999 to the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, or the National Academy of Medicine as of December 31, 2019. Names in bold are NAS members. The Agouron Institute Lance and Susan Davis Mary and Howard* Kehrl Matthew L. Rogers and W.O. Baker* David and Miriam Donoho Kent Kresa Swati Mylavarapu Warren L. Batts Ruth and Victor Dzau Robin K. and Rose M. Stephen* and Anne Ryan Elwyn* and Jennifer George and Christine McGuire H.E. Simmons* Berlekamp Gloeckler Janet and Richard M.* Judy Swanson Daniel Branton Dotty and Gordon England Morrow Marci and James J. Truchard George* and Virginia Jerome H.* and Barbara N. Clayton Daniel and Patricia Ted Turner Bugliarello Grossman L. Mote Leslie L. Vadasz Clarence S. Coe* John O. Hallquist Ralph S. O’Connor* Martha Vaughan* Rosie and Stirling A. John L. Hennessy Kenneth H. Olsen* Charles M.* and Rebecca M. Colgate* Chad and Ann Holliday Ann and Michael Ramage Vest W. Dale and Jeanne C. William R. Jackson* Simon Ramo* Wm. A. Wulf Compton* Anita K. Jones Anne and Walt Robb Anonymous (1) The Albert Einstein Society In recognition of members and friends who have made significant lifetime contributions of $100,000 to $249,999 to the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, or the National Academy of Medicine as of December 31, 2019. Names in bold are NAS members. John and Pat Anderson Lewis M. Branscomb James O. Ellis, Jr. and Avram Goldstein* Laura E. and John D. Arnold Sydney Brenner* Elisabeth Paté-Cornell Robert W. Gore Holt Ashley* Malin Burnham Emanuel and Peggy Paul and Judy Gray Nadine Aubry and John L. Ursula Burns and Lloyd Epstein Corbin Gwaltney Batton Bean Thomas E. Everhart Margaret A. Hamburg and Francisco J. and Hana Chau-Chyun and Li-Li Chen Peter Farrell Peter F. Brown Ayala John and Assia Cioffi Michiko So* and Lawrence William M. Haney III William F. Ballhaus, Sr.* Paul Citron and Margaret Finegold Wesley L. Harris David Baltimore Carlson Citron Tobie and Daniel J.* Fink George* and Daphne Thomas D.* and Janice H. A. James Clark* George and Ann Fisher Hatsopoulos Barrow G. Wayne Clough Delbert A. and Beverly C. Jane E. Henney and Robert H.H. and Eleanor F. Barry and Bobbi Coller Fisher Graham Barschall* John D. Corbett* Robert C.* and Marilyn G. Lyda Hill Donald and Joan Beall Ross and Stephanie Corotis Forney Jane Hirsh Daniel and Frances Berg Ruth David and Stan Dains Harold K.* and Betty Forsen Michael W. Hunkapiller Diane and Norman Roman W. DeSanctis Edward L. Frank and Sarah Jennie S. Hwang Bernstein Robert* and Florence G. Ratchye M. Blakeman Ingle Bharati and Murty Deutsch William L. and Mary Kay Richard B. Johnston, Jr. Bhavaraju Nicholas M. Donofrio Friend Trevor O. Jones Chip and Belinda Paul M. Doty* Christopher Galvin Thomas Kailath Blankenship Charles W. Duncan, Jr. William H. and Melinda F. Yuet Wai and Alvera Kan Erich Bloch* George and Maggie Eads Gates III John and Wilma Kassakian Barry W. Boehm Robert and Cornelia Eaton Nan and Chuck Geschke Leon K. and Olga Gopa and Arindam Bose The Eleftheria Foundation Jack and Linda Gill Kirchmayer* David G. Bradley Martin E. and Lucinda Frederick A. Klingenstein Glicksman Names in bold print are NAS members. *Deceased 25

William I. Koch G. William* and Ariadna Richard F. and Terri W. F. William Studier Gail F. Koshland Miller Rashid Thomas and Marilyn Sutton Jill Howell Kramer Ronald D. Miller Alexander Rich* Charlotte and Morris John W. Landis* Stanley L. Miller* Arthur D. Riggs Tanenbaum Janet and Barry Lang Sanjit K. and Nandita Mitra Ronald L. Rivest Peter and Vivian Teets Ming-wai Lau Sharon and Arthur Money Eugene* and Ruth Roberts Hemant K. and Suniti Gerald and Doris Laubach Joe and Glenna Moore Julie and Alton D. ThaparJames M. Tien and David M.* and Natalie David* and Lindsay Romig, Jr. Ellen S. Weston Lederman Morgenthaler Henry M. Rowan* Gary and Diane Tooker Bonnie Berger and Frank Narayana and Sudha Murty Joseph E. and Anne P. Katherine K. and John J. Thomson Leighton Jaya and Venky Rowe* Tracy Thomas M. Leps* Narayanamurti Jonathan J. Rubinstein John C. Wall Frances and George Ligler Ellen and Philip Neches Maxine L. Savitz Robert and Joan Wertheim R. Noel Longuemare, Jr. Norman F. Ness Walter Schlup* Robert M.* and Mavis E. Asad M., Gowhartaj, and Ronald and Joan Nordgren Wendy and Eric Schmidt White Jamal Madni Susan and Franklin M. Richard P. Simmons John C. Whitehead* Davis L. Masten and Orr, Jr. Harold C. and Carol H. Sox Jean D. Wilson Christopher Ireland David Packard* Robert F. and Lee S. Sproull Ken Xie Roger L. McCarthy Charles and Doris Pankow* Georges C. St. Laurent, Jr. Tachi and Leslie Yamada Michael and Pat McGinnis Larry* and Carol Papay Arnold and Constance Adrian Zaccaria William W. McGuire Jack S. Parker* Stancell Alejandro Zaffaroni* Burt* and Deedee McMurtry Arogyaswami J. Paulraj Richard J. and Bobby Ann Peter Zandan Marcia K. McNutt Edward E. Penhoet Stegemeier Janet and Jerry Zucker Rahul Mehta Allen E.* and Marilynn Edward C. Stone Anonymous (3) Puckett Elkan Blout Society of the National Academy of Sciences Members of the NAS who have contributed $20,000 to $99,999 $75,000 to $99,999 Jacqueline K. Barton and Robert M. Hauser Jeremiah P. Ostriker Johanna M.H. Levelt Peter B. Dervan Robert E. Kahn Rudi* and Sonja Schmid Sengers Ellis and Bettsy Cowling Arno G. Motulsky* $50,000 to $74,999 John and Joan Avise A. Dale Kaiser Cherry A. Murray Patricia Bray-Ward and John and Sharon Brauman Kathryn S. and Peter S. Frank Press* David C. Ward Peggy and Thomas Caskey Kim Adam G. Riess Torsten N. Wiesel Purnell W. Choppin James S. and Elinor G. A. Brian P. Schmidt Anonymous (1) Pedro M. Cuatrecasas Langer Maxine F. Singer Roy Curtiss III Jane Lubchenco and Bruce Joan A. and Thomas A.* David V. Goeddel Menge Steitz John G. Hildebrand and James K. and Holly T. Lubert and Andrea Stryer Gail D. Burd Mitchell Robert Tjian $20,000 to $49,999 Andreas and Juana Acrivos K. Frank Austen Paul Berg Felix Boehm Clarence R. Allen John D. Baldeschwieler Kenneth I. Berns Donald D. Brown Joan and Edward Anders Paul B. Barton, Jr. R. Stephen and Carla F. Harold Brown* Edward M. Arnett Terry and Roger N. Beachy Berry Robert Bryant and Frances H. Arnold Joan W. Bennett R. Byron Bird Réymundo Garcia Kamla* and Bishnu S. Atal May R. Berenbaum Floyd E. Bloom Names in bold print are NAS members. *Deceased 26

Thure Cerling and Mahala Margot and Robert Sabeeha S. Merchant Phillip A. Sharp Kephart Haselkorn Mortimer Mishkin Charles J. Sherr Steven Chu Joseph F. Hoffman Nancy A. Moran and Kerry Sieh Michael and Adriana Clegg Lee Hood and Valerie Howard Ochman Palmer and Susan Taylor Rita L. Colwell Logan Hood John W. Morgan Linda Beth and James M. R. James and Beverly Cook Sarah and Dan Hrdy Neekeyfar Foundation Tiedje Linda A. and Nicholas* Evelyn L. Hu and David R. Roslyn and Stuart H. Maury Tigner Cozzarelli Clarke Orkin Matthew V. Tirrell Elsebet Lund and James Tony Hunter Joanne and Larry Overman Roxanne and Karl K.* Dahlberg Anthony A. James and Claire L. Parkinson Turekian Igor B. and Keiko O. Cynthia K. French Thomas and Patty Pollard George F. Vande Woude Dawid David M. Karl William H. Press and Harold Varmus Pablo G. Debenedetti Tadamitsu Kishimoto Jeffrey Howell Peter K. Vogt Susan Fiske Linda and Stephen C. Roy Radner and Charlotte Irving L. Weissman G. David Forney, Jr. Kowalczykowski Kuh Thomas E. Wellems and Hans and Verena Edward A. and Kathryn F. Natasha Raikhel Marilyn I. Powell Frauenfelder Kravitz Nancy B. and Mark A. Susan R. Wessler Carl Frieden Richard and Madeleine Ratner George M. Whitesides Joseph G. Gall Lenski Peter H. Raven Carl E. Wieman Richard L. and Lois E. Sharon R. Long Robert Ricklefs Ellen D. Williams Garwin R. Duncan* and Carolyn Charles Sawyers Owen N. Witte Ronald L. Graham Scheer Luce Randy Schekman Keith R. Yamamoto Shirley and Harry Gray Douglas S. Massey Richard Schoen and Doris Tilahun D. Yilma Diane E. Griffin Bruce McEwen and Karen Fisher-Colbrie Mary Lou and Mark D. Willy Haeberli Bulloch McEwen William R. Schowalter Zoback Jeffrey C. Hall Fred and Tibby McLafferty Vern L. and Deanna D. Jane Menken Schramm Friends of the National Academy of Sciences Friends of the NAS who have contributed $20,000 to $99,999 $75,000 to $99,999 Fletcher* and Peg Byrom Richard N. Foster Robert W. and Maura Share Fund Wiley N. Caldwell Richard J. Mahoney Morey, Jr. H. R.(Shep)* and Carol Ruth Shephard $50,000 to $74,999 Berkley Bedell Nancy E. Conrad Jack W. Schuler Margaret Scarbrough Tanya S. Beder Ben W. Heineman, Jr. Deborah Szekely Wilson Bennett Family Foundation Molex Incorporated Ronald A. Williams James and Linda Ziglar Louis W. Cabot Mary and Harvey* Sadow $20,000 to $49,999 Sunanda Basu Robert Glushko and Pamela Christopher P. Michel Collin W.* and Ann Gail and Roberto Canizares Samuelson Kamal K. Midha Scarborough Hillary and Weston Cookler Mark Green and Kathryn Sarah S. Mitchell Susan E. Siegel and Robert Howard E. Cox, Jr. Kert Green Patricia S. Nettleship A. Reed Charles R. Denham Dan M. Gupta Guy W. Nichols Jeff Tarr, Sr. Meredith L. Dreiss Marigold Linton and Robert Lucio A. Noto Jay Scott Walker Carol S. Eicher and Daniel Barnhill William J. Raduchel Bob and Judy Waterman Ingram Paul Locke John S. Reed Susan E. Whitehead Juan Enriquez Thomas A. Mann Ajay Royan Robert E. Wycoff John Everets, Jr. Stephanie P. Marshall Jim and Carole Young Names in bold print are NAS members. *Deceased 27

NAM Society of the National Academy of Medicine Members and friends of the NAM who have contributed $20,000 to $99,999. Names in bold are NAS members. $75,000 to $99,999 Jacqueline K. Barton and John K. Castle Rudi* and Sonja Schmid Gail L. Warden Peter B. Dervan $50,000 to $74,999 John R. Ball Julie H. and Robert J. Robert M. and Marilyn R. Robert E. Tranquada Stuart Bondurant* and Susan Desnick Nerem Torsten N. Wiesel Ehringhaus Bradford H. Gray Maxine F. Singer Ronald A. Williams Purnell W. Choppin Kathryn S. and Peter S. Joan A. and Thomas A.* Elias A. Zerhouni Pedro M. Cuatrecasas Kim Steitz Anonymous (2) William H. Danforth Woodrow A. Myers, Jr. Samuel O. Thier $20,000 to $49,999 Francois and Doris Abboud Jane and Worth B.* Cato and Cynthia Laurencin Donna E. Shalala Nancy Adler and Arnold Daniels, Jr. Ruth Watson Lubic Larry J. Shapiro Milstein Nathaniel E. David Patricia and George Phillip A. Sharp Dyanne D. Affonso Johanna T. Dwyer Lundberg Charles J. Sherr Frances H. Arnold Martha P. and Mark C. Christy and John Mack Kenneth I. Shine K. Frank Austen Fishman James S. and Judith M. Rosemary A. Stevens Jack D. Barchas Norman and Deann Gant Marks Jeff Tarr, Sr. Paul Berg Richard L. and Lois E. Roger O. McClellan Palmer and Susan Taylor Kenneth I. Berns Garwin Marie McCormick and Walter and Marti Unger Mary and Dennis Bier James R. Gavin III Robert Blendon Harold Varmus Maureen Bisognano Sid Gilman and Carol Bruce McEwen and Karen Peter K. Vogt Floyd E. Bloom Barbour Bulloch McEwen David Walt and Michele Enriqueta C. Bond Tony Gotto Terry McGuire May Roger J. Bulger Margie and Larry A. Green Jane Menken James N. Weinstein Linda Burnes Bolton Diane E. Griffin Mortimer Mishkin Myron and Linda Weisfeldt Peggy and Thomas Caskey Martha N. Hill Van and Barbara Mow Irving L. Weissman Christine Cassel and Lee Hood and Valerie Paul A. Offit Thomas E. Wellems and Michael McCally Logan Hood Roslyn and Stuart H. Orkin Marilyn I. Powell David R. and Jacklyn A. Tony Hunter June E. Osborn Nancy S. Wexler Challoner Catherine Adams Hutt and Herbert Pardes C. Kern Wildenthal Ellen Wright Clayton and Peter Barton Hutt Thomas and Patty Pollard Owen N. Witte Jay Clayton Steven E. Human E. Albert Reece Mary Woolley Fred E. Cohen and Carolyn Nancy S. and Thomas S. William C. Richardson Keith R. Yamamoto B. Klebanoff Inui Emanuel P. Rivers Warren and Nikki Zapol Graham A. Colditz and Patti The Henry J. Kaiser Family Marco A. Royo Michael and Leslee Zubkoff L. Cox Foundation Vinod Sahney Anonymous (1) Mary Sue Coleman Tadamitsu Kishimoto Charles A. Sanders Molly J. Coye Edward A. and Kathryn F. Charles Sawyers Kravitz Randy Schekman Names in bold print are NAS members. *Deceased 28

Heritage Society In recognition of members and friends who have included the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, or the National Academy of Medicine in their estate plans or who have made some other type of planned gift to the Academies. Gene M.* and Marian Stanley N. Cohen John R. Howell Frank Press* Amdahl Graham A. Colditz and Patti Nancy S. and Thomas S. James J. Reisa, Jr. Betsy Ancker-Johnson L. Cox Inui Emanuel P. Rivers John C. Angus Colleen Conway-Welch* Richard B. Johnston, Jr. Richard J.* and Bonnie B. John and Elizabeth Ross and Stephanie Corotis Anita K. Jones Robbins Armstrong Ellis and Bettsy Cowling Jerome Kagan Eugene* and Ruth Roberts Norman R. Augustine Barbara J. Culliton Diana S. and Michael D. Julie and Alton D. Jack D. Barchas Malcolm R. Currie King Romig, Jr. Harrison H. and Catherine Glen T. and Patricia B. Norma M. Lang James F. Roth C. Barrett Daigger Marigold Linton and Robert Esther and Lewis* Rowland Stanley Baum David and Susan Daniel Barnhill Sheila A. Ryan Clyde J. Behney Peter N. Devreotes Daniel P. Loucks Paul R. Schimmel C. Elisabeth Belmont Gerard W. Elverum Ruth Watson Lubic Stuart F. Schlossman Daniel and Frances Berg Dotty and Gordon England R. Duncan* and Carolyn Rudi* and Sonja Schmid Paul Berg Emanuel and Peggy Scheer Luce Susan C. Scrimshaw Elkan R.* and Gail F. Blout Epstein Thomas* and Caroline Kenneth I. Shine Enriqueta C. Bond Tobie and Daniel J.* Fink Maddock Arnold and Constance Daniel Branton Robert C.* and Marilyn G. Asad and Taj Madni Stancell Robert and Lillian Brent Forney Pat and Jim McLaughlin H. Eugene Stanley Corale L. Brierley William L. and Mary Kay Jane Menken Rosemary A. Stevens James A. Brierley Friend Sharon and Arthur Money John and Janet Swanson Lenore and Rob Briskman Arthur and Helen Geoffrion Van and Barbara Mow Esther Sans Takeuchi Kristine L. Bueche Paul H. Gilbert Guido Munch Paul* and Pamela Talalay Dorit Carmelli Martin E. and Lucinda Mary O. Mundinger Walter Unger Peggy and Thomas Caskey Glicksman Philip and Sima Needleman John C. Wall A. Ray Chamberlain George and Christine Norman F. Ness Patricia Bray-Ward and Linda and Frank Chisari Gloeckler Ronald and Joan Nordgren David C. Ward Rita K. Chow Christa and Detlef Gloge Gilbert S. Omenn and Robert and Joan Wertheim Paul Citron and Margaret Joseph W. Goodman Martha A. Darling Maw-Kuen Wu Carlson Citron Chushiro* and Yoshiko Bradford W. and Virgina W. Wm. A. Wulf John A. Clements Hayashi Parkinson Tilahun D. Yilma D. Walter Cohen* John G. Hildebrand and Zack T. Pate Michael and Leslee Zubkoff Morrel H. Cohen Gail D. Burd Neil and Barbara Pedersen Anonymous (4) Loyalty Society In recognition of members and friends who have made gifts to the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, or the National Academy of Medicine for at least 20 years. Francois M. Abboud Frank F. Aplan Leslie Z. Benet Alan C. Brown H. Norman Abramson Edward M. Arnett Paul Berg Donald D. Brown Andreas and Juana Acrivos Daniel L. Azarnoff Kenneth I. Berns Harold Brown* Dyanne D. Affonso Donald W. Bahr Diane and Norman Bernstein Kristine L. Bueche William G. Agnew Howard L. Bailit Barry W. Boehm Jack E. Buffington Bruce and Betty Alberts Robert W. Balluffi Stuart Bondurant* and Susan George* and Virginia Clarence R. Allen Jack D. Barchas Ehringhaus Bugliarello Barbara W. Alpert Jeremiah A. Barondess Kathleen and H. Kent Eugenio Calabi Marilynn and Charles A.* Angela Barron McBride Bowen William B. Carey Amann Stephen D. Bechtel, Jr. Lewis M. Branscomb David R. and Jacklyn A. Wyatt W. Anderson Richard E. Behrman John and Sharon Brauman Challoner John C. Angus Gordon Bell W. F. Brinkman Purnell W. Choppin Names in bold print are NAS members. *Deceased 29

James McConnell Clark Roy W. Gould Jack E. Little Charles C. Richardson John L. Cleasby Ronald L. Graham Robert G. Loewy Jerome G. Rivard Michael and Adriana Clegg Priscilla and Paul E.* Gray R. Duncan* and Carolyn Linda S. Sanford John A. Clements Shirley and Harry Gray Scheer Luce Maxine L. Savitz Linda Hawes Clever Robert B. Griffiths J. Ross Macdonald Randy W. Schekman Michael D. Coe Michael Grossman Thomas* and Caroline Joseph E. Scherger Richard A. Conway Adam Heller Maddock Gerold L. Schiebler Max D. Cooper John L. Hennessy Anthony P. Mahowald Richard M. Schoen Linda A. Cozzarelli Jane Henney and Robert Vincent T. Marchesi William R. Schowalter Pedro M. Cuatrecasas Graham Rudolph A. Marcus John H. Schwarz G. Brent and Sharon A. Ernest M. Henley* Joyce Marcus F. Stan Settles Dalrymple George J. Hirasaki Hans Mark Robert J. Serafin William H. Danforth John P. Hirth James F. Mathis Charles J. Sherr James E. Darnell David and Susan Hodges Robert D. Maurer Stephen M. Shortell Igor B. and Keiko O. Dawid Frank Hole William C. Maurer Arnold H. Silver Mary and Raymond Decker Edward E. Hood, Jr. Charles A. McCallum Maxine F. Singer Roman W. DeSanctis Joseph F. Hoffman Marie McCormick and Georges C. St. Laurent, Jr. Nicholas M. Donofrio Peter M. Howley Robert Blendon Raymond S. Stata Irwin Dorros Sarah and Dan Hrdy Christopher F. McKee Joan A. and Thomas A.* Lewis S. Edelheit William N. Hubbard, Jr. Mortimer Mishkin Steitz David and Lucy T. Catherine Adams Hutt and James K. and Holly T. Rosemary A. Stevens Eisenberg Peter Barton Hutt Mitchell Edward C. Stone Gerard W. Elverum Richard and Fleur Hynes Peter B. Moore Robert Straus Robert M. Epstein Andre T. Jagendorf* Joel Moses Lubert and Andrea Stryer W. G. Ernst Robert L. and Anne K. Arno G. Motulsky* F. William Studier Thomas E. Everhart James John H. Moxley III Norman Sutin Harold J. Fallon George W. Jeffs Earll M. Murman Paul and Pamela Talalay Gary Felsenfeld Paul C. Jennings Cynthia J. and Norman A. Charlotte and Morris Harvey V. Fineberg and James O. Jirsa Nadel Tanenbaum Mary E. Wilson Frank and Pam Joklik Elaine and Gerald* Nadler Samuel O. Thier Tobie and Daniel J.* Fink Anita K. Jones Albert Narath Anita and George Edith M. Flanigen Richard V. Kadison Jaya and Venky Thompson Kent V. Flannery Paul and Julie Kaminski Narayanamurti George H. Trilling Samuel C. Florman Samuel L. Katz and Philip and Sima Needleman Alvin Trivelpiece G. David Forney, Jr. Catherine M. Wilfert Robert M. and Marilyn R. Roxanne and Karl K.* Robert C.* and Marilyn G. K. I. Kellermann Nerem Turekian Forney Miles V. Klein Joseph H. Newman P. Roy Vagelos Harold K.* and Betty Forsen Albert S. and Elizabeth M. Elena and Stuart Nightingale Martha Vaughan T. Kenneth Fowler Kobayashi Ronald and Joan Nordgren Charles M.* and Rebecca M. Hans and Verena Max A. Kohler* Peter O'Donnell, Jr. Vest Frauenfelder Jill H. Kramer Gilbert S. Omenn and Raymond Viskanta Carl Frieden James S. and Elinor G. A. Martha A. Darling Andrew and Erna* Viterbi Mitchell H. Gail Langer Gordon H. Orians Peter K. Vogt Theodore V. Galambos Louis J. and M. Yvonne George W. Parshall Peter and Josephine von Joseph G. Gall DeWolf Lanzerotti Thomas K. Perkins Hippel Ronald L. Geer Lynn M. Larsen Gordon H. Pettengill Irv Waaland E. Peter Geiduschek Joyce C. Lashof Karl S. Pister David B. and Marvalee H. Charles M. Geschke Gerald and Doris Laubach Jeffrey L. Platt Wake John P. Geyman Judith R. Lave Frank Press* Gail L. Warden Paul H. Gilbert Cynthia and Robert William H. Press and George D. Watkins David V. Goeddel Lawrence Jeffrey Howell John T. and Diane M. Lewis R. Goldfrank Ellen Lehman Roberta and Edwin Watson Mary L. Good I. R. Lehman Przybylowicz Julia and Johannes Joseph W. Goodman Margaret A. LeMone Roy Radner and Charlotte Weertman Richard M. Goody Johanna M.H. Levelt Kuh Robert J. Weimer Enoch Gordis Sengers Janet and Lester* Reed Herbert Weissbach Names in bold print are NAS members. *Deceased 30

Jasper A. Welch, Jr. Raymond P. White Evelyn M. Witkin Wm. A. Wulf Robert M.* and Mavis E. Catherine M. Wilfert Owen N. Witte Ben T. Zinn White Jean D. Wilson Gerald N. Wogan Anonymous (1) NAS Building Seat Naming Campaign Members and friends of the NAS were offered the opportunity to “take their seat in history” by making a $5,000 donation to the NAS in order to have their name, or that of a designee, placed on the arm of a seat in the restored Fred Kavli Auditorium. The following donors have participated in the campaign to date. The listing does not reflect unfulfilled pledges. Andreas and Juana Acrivos Mary K. Estes John E. Kutzbach Lynn M. Riddiford and Shizuo Akira Nina V. Fedoroff Arthur H. Lachenbruch James W. Truman Bruce and Betty Alberts Harvey V. Fineberg and Brian Larkins John D. Roberts Kamla* and Bishnu S. Atal Mary E. Wilson Ho-Wang Lee Peggy and Hamish Francisco J. and Hana Libo Fineberg Richard E. Lenski Robertson Ayala Delbert A. and Beverly C. Robert L. Letsinger Gene E. and Julia Robinson William A. Bardeen Fisher Harris A. Lewin William J. Rutter Jacqueline K. Barton and Susan Fiske and Douglas S. Gene E. and Phyllis C. Linda J. Saif Peter B. Dervan Massey Likens Myriam P. Sarachik Roger N. Beachy Perry A. Frey Sharon R. Long Barbara Schaal and Joe Peter and Sandra Beak Kenneth R. Fulton Ruth W. Lubic Leverich May R. Berenbaum Fred H. Gage Akinlawon Mabogunje Randy Schekman Robert and Wendy Elisabeth Gantt J. Ross and Margaret Brian Schmidt Bergman Michael S. Gazzaniga Macdonald Vern L. Schramm Elwyn* and Jennifer F. W. Gehring* Jitendra Malik Sheldon Schuster Berlekamp Sibyl Golden and William Roger O. McClellan Nevin S. Scrimshaw* Kenneth I. Berns T. Golden* Olive J. McCloskey Donald C. Shapero Elkan R.* and Gail F. Blout Laura Green Christopher F. McKee Phillip A. Sharp Felix Boehm Diane E. Griffin Fred and Tibby McLafferty Hee-Sup Shin Gary G. Borisy Samuel Gubins Marcia K. McNutt Gerard I. Shulman Lewis M. Branscomb Donald A. Gurnett Sabeeha S. Merchant Robert L. Sinsheimer John and Sharon Brauman Stanley R. Hart C. Bradley Moore Gabor A. and Judith K. Axel T. Brunger Joshua M. Hauser Gordon and Betty Moore Somorjai Philip H. Bucksbaum Robert M. Hauser Foundation Charles S. Spencer Anthony Cerami John G. Hildebrand and Cherry A. Murray Peter J. and Christine S. Vicki L. Chandler Gail D. Burd Philip and Sima Needleman Stang Yuan Chang and Patrick S. David M. Hillis Jerry E. Nelson* H. Eugene Stanley Moore Joseph F. Hoffman Oliver E. Nelson* David K. Stevenson Malcolm H. Chisholm Sarah and Dan Hrdy Norman F. Ness Karen B. Strier Ralph J.* and Carol M. Jisoon Ihm Maria Iandolo New Palmer and Susan Taylor Cicerone Harvey A. Itano Family Sergei P. Novikov James M. Tiedje Michael and Adriana Clegg Anthony A. James Neil D. Opdyke Michael S. Turner D. Walter Cohen John and Kyri Jeremiah P. Ostriker Cumrun Vafa Stanley N. Cohen Joannopoulos Charles and Patricia John W. Valley Jack H. and Rita R. Colwell V. Craig Jordan Parmenter Thomas E. Wellems and R. James Cook Thomas Kailath Michael E. Phelps Marilyn I. Powell Linda S. Cordell* David M. Karl Ron and Judy Phillips Roy and Diana Vagelos Robert J. Cousins Charles F. Kennel E. Ward Plummer Andrew and Erna* Viterbi Ellis and Bettsy Cowling Rosalind and Sung-Hou Frank Press Susan R. Wessler Roy Curtiss III Kim William Press Huanming Yang and Ren Elsebet Lund and James Mary-Clair King Louis J. Ptacek Liu Dahlberg Tadamitsu Kishimoto Allen E. and Marilynn Tilahun D. Yilma Marcetta and Don Ann Kostant Puckett Jozef J. Zwislocki Darensbourg Stephen C. Natasha V. Raikhel Anonymous (1) Roy H. Doi Kowalczykowski Simon Ramo* Mostafa A. El-Sayed Patricia Kuhl Adam Reiss Names in bold print are NAS members. *Deceased 31

Annual Giving Societies In recognition of members and friends who supported the NAS or NAM in 2019. We acknowledge those contributions made as personal gifts or as gifts facilitated by the donor through a donor advised fund, matching gift program, or family foundation. This listing reflects gifts received in 2019. Names in bold are NAS members. Catalyst Society $50,000 or more Bruce and Betty Alberts Ralph J.* and Carol M. Robert L. and Anne K. Whitney* and Betty John D. Arnold Cicerone James MacMillan David and Miriam Donoho Fred Kavli* Henry and Susan Samueli Rosette Society $25,000 to $49,999 Edward H. Frank and Sarah Marcia K. McNutt Peter Zandan Anonymous (1) G. Ratchye Challenge Society $10,000 to $24,999 Barbara J. Amonson and Molly Joel Coye John G. Hildebrand and Terry McGuire Vincent Della Pietra Roy Curtiss III Gail D. Burd Sarah S. Mitchell Joan* and Edward Anders Ingrid Daubechies and Nils Hultgren John W. Morgan David Baltimore Robert Calderbank Scott J. Hultgren Roslyn and Stuart H. Orkin Donald and Joan Beall Stephen Della Pietra and Tony Hunter Arthur D. Riggs Nancy D. Bearss Pamela Hurst-Della Pietra Irwin and Joan Jacobs Joan A. Steitz Tanya S. Beder Johanna T. Dwyer Julie Jacobson Edward C. Stone Joan Wennstrom Bennett Juan Enriquez Martin G. Larrabee* Thomas and Marilyn Sutton May R. Berenbaum Willy Haeberli Jane Lubchenco and Bruce Judy Swanson Jeff Bingaman Robert M. Hauser Menge Olivia Tournay Flatto John and Sharon Brauman Ben W. Heineman, Jr. Stephanie Pace Marshall Karen K. Uhlenbeck Hillary and Weston Cookler John F. McDonnell Roy and Diana Vagelos Charter Society $1,000 to $9,999 Andreas and Juana Acrivos Gordon Baym and Cathrine W. F. Brinkman Webster and Jill Cavenee Ian Agol Blom Donald D. Brown Thure Cerling and Mahala Natalie G. Ahn Terry and Roger N. Beachy Myles A. Brown Kephart Jeanne Altmann Peter Beak Axel T. Brunger Aravinda Chakravarti Susan G. Amara Arthur L. Beaudet Robert Bryant and A. Ray Chamberlain James G. Anderson Clyde J. Behney Réymundo Garcia Vicky L. Chandler Porter W. Anderson, Jr. Gordon Bell Stephen L. Buchwald Sun-Yung Alice Chang John C. Angus Jeffrey Bell David R. Bunting Yu-Mei Y. Chao Edward M. Arnett Paul Berg Adam S. Burrows Herman Chernoff Frances H. Arnold Kenneth I. Berns Robert L. Byer Andrea L. Cheville Eva-Mari Aro R. Stephen and Carla F. Eugenio Calabi Purnell W. Choppin Arthur Ashkin Berry William C. Campbell Maarten J. Chrispeels K. Frank Austen Mariel and Lutz Federico Capasso John A. Clements John D. Baldeschwieler Birnbaumer John Carbon and Louise Thomas W. Cline and Angela Barron McBride J. Michael Bishop Clarke Barbara J. Meyer Bonnie Bartel Heather Blackwell John R. Carlson Barry and Bobbi Coller Jacqueline K. Barton and Richard S. Blumberg John E. Carlstrom Rita R. Colwell Peter B. Dervan Thomas F. Boat Emily A. Carter Max D. Cooper Paul B. Barton, Jr. Felix Boehm Mark L. Carter Arthur Coury Hyman Bass Steven G. Boxer Charles P. Casey Ellis and Bettsy Cowling Lewis M. Branscomb Heide G. Castleman Linda A. Cozzarelli Names in bold print are NAS members. *Deceased 32

Gerald R. Crabtree John Horsley Cora B. Marrett William H. Press and Pedro M. Cuatrecasas Susan Band Horwitz Douglas S. Massey Jeffrey Howell Robert F. Curl, Jr. Roger Howe Donald R. Mattison Joyce Pressley James H. Curry Peter M. Howley Bonnie J. McCay Charles M. Rice III Elsebet Lund and James Sarah and Dan Hrdy Dusa McDuff and John Charles W. Rice Dahlberg Sharon H. Hrynkow Milnor Robert Ricklefs James E. Darnell, Jr. Richard and Fleur Hynes Bruce McEwen* and Karen Lynn M. Riddiford Igor B. and Keiko O. Dawid James S. Jackson Bulloch McEwen Eugene* and Ruth Roberts Carl de Boor William R. Jacobs Jr. Margaret J. McFall-Ngai R. G. Hamish Robertson Pablo G. Debenedetti Christine and Matt Jacobs- H. Jay Melosh William Rogers Johann Deisenhofer Wagner Sabeeha Sabanali Michael Rosbash Scott E. Denmark Anthony A. James and Merchant Martine F. Roussel Jack and Claudia Dixon Cynthia K. French Elliot Meyerowitz and Joan Roberta L. Rudnick William F. Dove Jiri Jonas Kobori Erkki Ruoslahti Sarah C. Elgin Peter and Veronica Jones Emmanuel Mignot and Joshua R. Sanes John J. Eppig William A. Jury Servane Briand Nanette F. Santoro Emanuel and Peggy Daniel Kahneman David A. Miller R. Duncan* and Carolyn Epstein Sylvia Karasu James K. and Holly T. Scheer Luce John W. Erdman, Jr. David M. Karl Mitchell Randy Schekman Alex Eskin John and Wilma Kassakian William E. Moerner Sonja Schmid Roger W. Falcone Michael B. Kastan C. Bradley Moore Fred B. Schneider and Mimi Anthony S. Fauci Marc A. Kastner Peter B. Moore Bussan Peter Fedkiw James and Diana Kennett Emilio M. Moran Richard Schoen and Doris Gary Felsenfeld Gurdev S. Khush Nancy A. Moran and Fischer-Colbrie Zachary Fisk Elliott D. Kieff Howard Ochman Vern L. and Deanna D. Susan Fiske Joseph J. Kohn Michelle Morris Schramm G. David Forney, Jr. David Korn Stephanie A. Morris Monika and Wolfgang Stephen R. Forrest Douglas E. Koshland Audrey Mosley Schuerer T. Kenneth Fowler Ann Kostant Clayton Daniel and Patricia Sara Lee and Axel Schupf Hans and Verena Edward A. and Kathryn F. L. Mote Christine E. Seidman Frauenfelder Kravitz David Mumford Jonathan G. Seidman Carl Frieden Robb Krumlauf Catherine J. Murphy Irwin I. Shapiro William Fulton Patricia Kuhl Susan A. Murphy Arlene H. Sharpe Joseph G. Gall John E. Kutzbach Cherry A. Murray Charles J. Sherr Patricia A. Ganz James S. and Elinor G. A. Michael T. Murphy and Richard M. Shiffrin and S. J. Gates Langer Karen Gundersen Judith A. Mahy E. Peter Geiduschek Antonio Lanzavecchia Carl F. Nathan Robert F. Siliciano Sally Gilbert Judith R. Lave Norman and Georgine Maxine F. Singer Sharon C. Glotzer Cynthia and Robert Neureiter Robert H. Singer David V. Goeddel Lawrence William D. Nix Kirk R. Smith Lewis R. Goldfrank Edward D. Lazowska and Ryoji Noyori Sean and Pamela Solomon Allen M. Goldman Lyndsay C. Downs Mary Ellen O'Connell and Howard and Valerie Stone John B. Goodenough Anthony Leggett Kelly Kavanaugh Lubert and Andrea Stryer Ronald L. Graham I. Robert Lehman Gilbert S. Omenn and F. William Studier Shirley and Harry Gray Ruth Lehmann Martha A. Darling Eva Tardos E. Peter Greenberg Richard and Madeleine Gordon H. Orians Jeremy W. Thorner Laura H. Greene Lenski Jeremiah P. Ostriker Linda Beth and James M. Diane E. Griffin Gene E. Likens Joanne and Larry Overman Tiedje Samuel Gubins Marigold Linton and Robert Lyman A. Page Maury Tigner Barbara C. Hansen Barnhill Michaela Panter Alar Toomre Susan Hanson Stephen J. Lippard Eugene N. Parker Gavin P. Towler Caroline S. Harwood Sharon R. Long Claire L. Parkinson A. Roxanne Turekian Arthur F. Hebard Liqun Luo Shela and Kumar Patel Carmen Villlafane John L. Hennessy Christopher L. Magee Thomas and Patty Pollard Andrew and Erna* Viterbi Lyda Hill Anthony P. Mahowald John T. Potts, Jr. Peter K. Vogt Helmut and Sonja Hofer Jitendra Malik Fred Wagner Names in bold print are NAS members. *Deceased 33

David B. and Marvalee H. Susan R. Wessler E M Wright Ray Yang Wake Carl E. Wieman Henry T. Wright Tilahun D. Yilma Diana H. Wall Huntington F. Willard Maw-Kuen Wu Gary P. Zank Thomas E. Wellems and Ellen D. Williams Carl Wunsch Mary Lou and Mark D. Marilyn I. Powell Jean D. Wilson Robert H. Wurtz Zoback James A. Wells and Carol Gregory Winfree Yu Xie Windsor Matthew Witczak Vivian W. W. Yam Zena Werb Owen N. Witte Keith R. Yamamoto Other Individual Donors Mohaddes Abbas Carolina Barillas-Mury William Bialek Anne and John* Cahn Hamad Abdul-Rahman Carol A. Barnes Peter J. Bickel Emmanuel J. Candes Barbara Abrams Linda M. Bartoshuk Rosina M. Bierbaum Robin M. Canup Catherine Adams Tamer Basar Sue Biggins M. Paul Capp Siegy Adler Allan I. Basbaum James D. Bjorken Roberto Car Stephen L. Adler Brenda L. Bass Rita Blaik Richard W. Carlson Arun Agrawal James B. Bassingthwaighte Randolph Blake Alicia Carriquiry Judith A. Alamprese Bruce J. Baum Cynthia Bland Dana Carroll Zaid AlBanna Adriaan Bax Roger D. Blandford Regis Carvalho Paul Albert Zdenek P. Bazant Phillip Blankenship Patrick Casey David Aldous Andrew and Carolyn Manuel Blum Donald L. D. Caspar Ibrahim Aldubabe Bazemore John K. Blume, Sr. Cecil Castellucci Margarita Alegria Margaret Bearn Jason Bock Charles Cencibaugh Yvette Alex-Assensoh Robert Beauchamp Ronald Boenau Sylvia T. Ceyer Ryan Allard Thomas E. Beck Kristie A. Boering Stephen Chang Gloria D. Allen Curt Beckemeyer Gillian Bohrer Robbin N. Chapman David B. Allison James Becker Marsha Bomar R. Alta Charo Giorgio Ambrosino Glynn Behmen Richard J. Bonnie Prescott B. Chase Geoffrey Amsel Jere R. Behrman Carlo M. Borghini Daniel G. Chatman Carol Anderson Marlene and Georges Bennett M. Brady Preeti Chauhan Philip W. Anderson Belfort Susan L. Brantley Luba Cherbakov and Allan Wyatt W. Anderson George B. Benedek Wendell C. Brase VanDeventer Steven Andreadis Philip Benfey Paula A. Braveman Shu Chien Nancy C. Andrews Charles H. Bennett Harold Breen Gwen Chisholm Smith J. Roger P. Angel Charles L. Bennett James Brewer Demetrios Christodoulou Philip S. Anton Yvonne Bennett William B. Bridges George W. Clark Susan Anton Jeffrey L. Bennetzen Steven P. Briggs William A. V. Clark George E. Apostolakis Christophe Benoist Ralph L. Brinster Christopher Clarke Victoria Arroyo Joy M. Bergelson Stefanie Brodie John Clarke Brian F. Atwater Marsha J. Berger Norman H. Brooks Michael and Adriana Clegg John and Joan Avise Robert G. and Wendy S. David Broom Mary Coakley Phaedon Avouris Bergman Alan C. Brown Melanie H. Cobb Francisco J. and Hana Dominique Bergmann Emery N. Brown Michael P. Cohen Ayala Gabrielle Bergmann James A. Brown Morrel H. Cohen Chris Baglin James C. Bergquist Shelly R. Brown Monica A. Coleman Geni Bahar Dava A. Berkman Richard Brownback R. John Collier Neta A. Bahcall Heather Berlin Edward S. Buckler Benjamin Colucci Renee Baillargeon Bruce J. Berne Rebecca H. Buckley Phillip Combest Rabinder Bains Joseph Bernstein Anna M. Buhl Roger and Midge Cone Andrew Baldwin Monika Bernstein Martin J. Bukovac Dalton Conley Ian T. Baldwin Joseph A. Berry James J. Bull Alison Conway David Ballard Michael Berube John Bunnell Terry Cook and John Gosink Robert W. Balluffi Stephen M. Beverley Douglas W. Burbank Drew Cooper James M. Bardeen Francisco Bezanilla Matthew Burke Chris Cowansage Names in bold print are NAS members. *Deceased 34

Gary Cox Robert and Ingrid Rochel Gelman and Paula T. Hammond Maryruth M. Cox Eisenman Charles R. Gallistel Philip C. Hanawalt Peter Cresswell James P. Eisenstein Vanessa Northington Kevin Hand James M. Crites Zachary Elgart Gamble W. Michael Hanemann Maureen L. Cropper James J. Elser Adam Gamoran Amir and Margit Hanna Erin Culley Teo En Ming Elisabeth Gantt Riitta Hari Douglas Cunningham Donald and Arlene Jorge L. Garcia Al W. Harris Michael Cynecki Engelman Norman W. Garrick Kathleen M. Harris Gretchen C. Daily W. G. Ernst King Gee Oliver Hart Josep Dalmau Adriana Estill Martin Gellert Dennis and Lorraine G. Brent and Sharon A. James D. Ettari, Jr. Susan Gelman Hartmann Dalrymple Dick Ettema Wendy Gem Leland H. Hartwell Ernest L. Daman Ginger Evans Donald J. Geman Douglas Harwood Yang Dan Julie Evans Stuart A. Geman Ghodratollah Hashemi Marcetta York Richard Ezike John C. Gerhart Steven Hastalis Darensbourg Huiying Fan Ronald N. Germain David J. Heeger Julian Davies Peggie Fariss Supriti Ghosh Donald R. Helinski J. C. Séamus Davis Douglas T. Fearon Brittney Gick Martin Hellman Pierre Deligne Frank Fee Charles D. Gilbert Jens Hennig Robin M. Delugan Harvey Fernbach Michael and Mary Christopher Hernandez and Jody W. Deming Christopher Field and Gimbrone Karen Kim Ruth Denault Nona Chiariello James J. Giovannoni Sarah Hernandez David L. Denlinger Robert W. Field Gary A. Glatzmaier Dudley R. Herschbach Donald J. DePaolo Stanley Fields Helen Glazer Kristal High Ronald A. DePinho and Alexei V. Filippenko Peter Gleick Annie Hill Lynda Chin Barbara J. Finlayson-Pitts Seymour and Brenda Glick Sally Hill-Cooper David J. DeRosier Mary Firestone Alfred L. Goldberg Maude E. Hines Stanley Deser Jamie Fischer Irving H. Goldberg Alan G. Hinnebusch Raymond J. Deshaies Robert L. Fischer Karen I. Goldberg John P. Hirth Don E. Detmer Donald Fisher Michael E. Goldberg Chih-Ming Ho Salvatore DiMauro Michael E. Fisher Janice F. Goldblum Helen H. Hobbs Francois N. Diederich Kent V. Flannery Marcy Golde Grace and Thom Hodgson Charles A. Dinarello El-Amin Fleming Susan S. Golden Hopi E. Hoekstra Michael Dine Wendell H. Fleming Cheryl Goldsleger Joseph F. Hoffman Martha DoByns Judith and Jerald Florman Rebecca Goldstein Tomas Hokfelt Robert H. Dodds Samuel C. Florman Aaron Golub Michael Holder Jualynne E. Dodson George W. Flynn Melissa Gonzales Frank Hole Barbara A. Dosher Carl Folke John Goodman H. Robert Horvitz Patricia M. Dove Edward Forscher Enoch Gordis Brian J. Hoskins Tracy Drain Maurice Foushee Geoffrey D. Gosling Kendall N. Houk Robert D. Drennan Eduardo Fradkin Emil C. Gotschlich Michael Hout Gideon and Susan Dreyfuss Pamela J. Fraker Gary L. Gottlieb Amy Houtrow Vladimir Drinfeld Janet Franklin Roy W. Gould John R. Howell Leonid Dubinksy Barbara Fraser Ana Suarez and John Graetz Davorin D. Hrovat Judy R. Dubno Steven Frates James Scott Graham Angie Hu Denis Duboule Daniel (Daan) Frenkel Robert B. Griffiths Thomas J. R. Hughes William Dunlay Perry A. Frey Lewis Grimm Charles Hull Felton Earls and Maya Philip Friedel Nancy B. Grimm Christopher Hunter Carlson Jeffry Frieden and Anabela Carol A. Gross Frances Huxley Scott V. Edwards Costa Martin Gruebele Louis and Sharon Ignarro Lawrence H. Einhorn Ying-Hui Fu Mary Lou Guerinot and Sumio Iijima James Eisenach Charles Fuhs Rob McClung Joseph Incandela David and Lucy T. Hillel H. Furstenberg Fernando A. Guerra Lonnie O. Ingram Eisenberg Douglas J. Futuyma Edward H. Haertel Nancy S. and Thomas S. Richard Eisenberg Fred H. Gage Maura E. Hagan Inui Theodore V. Galambos John L. Hall Luciana Iorio Names in bold print are NAS members. *Deceased 35

Michael Ireland Tyler Krage Renu Malhotra Jonathan D. Moreno Judith T. Irvine Wendy Kram M. Brian Maple Granger and Betty Morgan Ralph R. Isberg Stephen G. and Sara Joyce Marcus Anne C. Morris Akiko Iwasaki Dunham Kraskin Rudolph A. Marcus Edward and Stephanie Reginald Jackson John H. Krystal Stephen Marcus Moses Douglas B. Jackson-Smith Fikri J. Kuchuk Eve E. Marder Ellen S. Mosley-Thompson Linos J. Jacovides Peter Kurzhals Lisa B. Marflak Sezaki K. Mtingwa Richard Jaffe Bruce M. Lake Andrew R. Marks Walter H. Munk Jean W. Jagendorf Michael Lambert Michael Marletta and Diane Murphy Jodie L. Janowiak Janice Lamphier Margaret Gutowski Robert Murphy Bryant Jenkins Leslie B. Lamport Robert R. Marshak Roger B. Myerson Klavs F. Jensen V. A. Lancaster George M. Martin David Myles Nicholas P. and Debra J. Barbara Landau Egon and Irene Marx Milap C. Nahata Jewell Lynn T. Landmesser Eric S. Maskin Raymond Najjar John D. Joannopoulos Katarina Landstrom Deborah Matherly Ngani Ndimbie Latoya Johnson Arthur Landy Diane Mathis Alan Needleman Mark A. Johnson Neal F. Lane Goran and Susan Linda A. Nelson Sabrina Johnson Brian A. Larkins Matijasevic Mark T. Nelson Jane Johnston Clark S. Larsen Pamela A. Matson Jo-Ann Neuhaus Iain M. Johnstone Sandra Q. Larson Rowena and Larry Daniel M. Neumark Marcelle Jones John LaRue Matthews Eviatar Nevo Thomas H. Jordan Thomas Larwin Cheikh S. Mbacke Robin P. Newhouse Eugenia Kalnay Mitchell A. Lazar J. Andrew McCammon Elissa L. Newport Gideon Kantor Marvin & Annette Lee Kathryn McCance William T. Newsome Dimitrios Karampelas Foundation Pender M. McCarter Kyriacos C. Nicolaou Arthur Karlin Sam Lee Jill McCluskey Elena and Stuart Nightingale Alex Karner Andrew Lemer Susan R. McCouch Krishna K. Niyogi Martin Karplus Estella B. Leopold James L. McGaugh Charles Noble Daniel Kastner Margaret Levi Timothy J. McGrath Ronald and Joan Nordgren Bryan Katz Aaron Levine Christopher F. McKee Eric Noreen Algirdis Kaubrys Edward Levine Anne McKinnon Andrew Norman Jay Kavi Harris A. Lewin Patrick Mcmahon Lyle Norton David Keen Carol Lewis James C. McWilliams Luigi D. Notarangelo Peter B. Kelemen Albert and Irene Libchaber David Mechanic Roeland Nusse James Kellenberger Mary E. Lidstrom Douglas L. Medin Sarah Nusser K. I. Kellermann Richard P. Lifton Ruslan Medzhitov Andrew Oakley Charles F. Kennel Peter W. Likins Diane E. Meier Bonnie Oakley Robert O. Keohane Katherine Lindsey David J. Meltzer Charles P. O'Brien James Kiefer Elana and Gene Lippa Xiang-Jin Meng Piermaria J. Oddone Susan W. Kieffer Jennifer Lippincott- David E. Meyer David Odell Christopher King Schwartz Josef Michl Rochelle O'Donnell Ivan R. King Nathan and Barbara Liskov Ronald T. Milam Jim and Janet Ohta Toichiro Kinoshita Kristine Liwag Paul R. Milgrom Marc Okrand Todd R. Klaenhammer Richard Locksley and Kari William W. Millar Peter L. Olson Jack Klodzinski Connolly Janice M. Miller Roger Olson Genevieve Knezo Stephen Lockwood Jeffery F. Miller Elaine S. Oran Andrew H. Knoll Kathleen M. Lopez Kyoko Miller David Orr Lesley C. Knowles Doug Lorenzen Larry Miller Donald R. Ort Don and Jill Knuth Thomas Louis Stephen Miller Fran and Kwadwo Osseo- Richard D. Kolodner Daniel H. Lowenstein Kiyoshi Mizuuchi Asare Travis Konda Tom C. Lubensky Robert A. Moffitt Sarah P. Otto Eva Kondorosi Hope Luhman Sherri Mohebbi Juanita Owens Bill and Ann Koros Rex Luk Patricia L. Mokhtarian Mavros Panagioti Conrad P. Kottak Joe Lutkenhaus David D. Moore Morton B. Panish Andrew Kowske Ting Ma Mary Beth Moore Fanis Papadimitriou Bryna R. Kra Glen M. MacDonald Claude Morelli Names in bold print are NAS members. *Deceased 36

Alagusundaramoorthy Charles C. Richardson John H. Schwarz Donita Strausbaugh Paramasivan Jane S. Richardson Frank J. Sciulli Anne Strauss-Wieder Hyun-A Park Greg Riessen Robert Scopatz Galen and Kaaren Stucky Frank L. Parker Danielle Rinsler Paul Segall Brian and Deborah Stutz Mike Parker Dean Roberts Amita Sehgal Moira Sucharov George W. Parshall Morton S. Roberts John H. Seinfeld Michael F. Summers Narendra Parson R. Michael Roberts Dorothy Cheney* and Hisham Sunna Barbara H. Partee Gene E. and Julia Robinson Robert Seyfarth Ivan E. Sutherland Ellen Partridge George Robinson Goldie Shabad Vernon Swing Ira H. Pastan Henry L. Roediger, III Michael N. Shadlen Jack W. Szostak Harold W. Paxton Wendell Roelofs Anwar Shah Joseph S. Takahashi Claudio Pellegrini Jacqueline Rojas Carla J. Shatz Masatoshi Takeichi J. B. Pendry Barbara A. Romanowicz Peter M. Shearer Antony Talalay Nicole Perlman Sandra Rosenbloom Elly Shelswell-White Susan Talalay Thomas D. Petes David Rosner Christine Shemanski Jessica H. Tava Gordon H. Pettengill Lucia B. Rothman-Denes Stephen H. Shenker Simon Tavare Craig S. Pikaard Rodney Rothstein Charles Shepard Shelley E. Taylor Jeffrey L. Platt Angel Rubio Fraser Shilling Martin Teicher Jackie Ploch Alexander Rudensky Ben A. Shneiderman Jacob Terry Stephen Polasky Thomas W. Rudin Melvyn Shochet Saul A. Teukolsky Mu-Ming Poo Sheila Runke Tom Shorebird Athanasios Theologis and Lia and William Poorvu Benjamin Rusek Ira Shoulson Linda C. Giudice Milan Popelka Eugene R. Russell Barb Siegel Aaron Thomas Alejandro Portes Brendan Russo Frederick J. Sigworth Libby Thomas Daniel A. Portnoy Donald G. Saari Thomas J. Silhavy Stephanie Thomas Kathleen M. Potempa Jeremy A. Sabloff Karl Simon Craig B. Thompson James M. Poterba Linda J. Saif Kellie Sims Butler Elizabeth A. Thompson Deborah E. Powell Andrej Sali Paul and Roz Slovic Hugh Thompson John R. Pringle and Nicholas P. Samios William S. Sly Lonnie G. Thompson Beverly S. Mitchell Robert Samis Marcy Carlson and Timothy Bruce Thurman Louis J. Ptacek Hugh A. Sampson Smeeding Alvin V. and Janine M. Alison Purvis Robert J. Sampson Stephen Smith Tollestrup* Bob and Rosemary Putnam Gary D. Sandefur V. Kerry Smith Robert E. Tranquada Alana Quinn Rebecca Sanders Janille Smith-Colin Michael Trentacoste Devon Quinn Melanie S. Sanford Darlene J. Solomon Marianne Tropp and Chris Helen R. Quinn Myriam P. Sarachik Edward I. Solomon Loughner Regina Quinn Jose Sarukhan Douglas E. Soltis John C. Tully Martin Raff Martin Saunders Pamela S. Soltis Katherine F. Turnbull Adrian E. Raftery Robert E. Schapire Hugo F. Sonnenschein Michael S. Turner Alexander S. Raikhel David G. Schatz Patricia G. Spear Maria Tutica and Angelina Natasha Raikhel Jose A. Scheinkman Nancy A. Speck Bailey Nayereh Rajabi Douglas W. Schemske Charles S. Spencer Hannah Twaddell Mary Lou Ralls Newman Dietram Scheufele Thomas C. Spencer J. Anthony Tyson Kandiah Ramanitharan Stacy Schill Daniel Sperling Sandy and Myron Uman Robert Ramsdell Stuart F. Schlossman Daniel A. Spielman Arild Underdal Judith L. Rapoport Kay L. Schlozman Nicholas C. Spitzer Cumrun Vafa Robert A. Rapp Curt and Elina Schmidt Harold Stark Joan S. Valentine Gerardo Ravago Dean Schnider Charles C. Steidel James L. Van Etten A. R. Ravishankara Robin Schoen Naomi Stein George F. Vande Woude Mr. Terry Reagan William R. Schowalter Stephen Still David Vanderbilt Robin Reitzes Bonnie Schroeder Bruce W. Stillman Amiy Varma Mark Reno Julian I. Schroeder Mary Stockton Ramkumar Venkatanarayana Valerie F. Reyna Matthias Schueller J. Fraser Stoddart E. C. Verba Kenneth A. Ribet Albert and Susan Schultz Michael R. Strand Sidney Verba T. M. Rice Gertrud M. Schupbach Joan Strassmann and Alison Vickers Paul L. Richards Lily Khlood Schwartz David Queller Barbara Vickrey Names in bold print are NAS members. *Deceased 37

Kishnan Viswanathan Sheldon Weinbaum Evelyn M. Witkin Peidong Yang Peter Vitousek Arthur Weiss Joan and Richard Witter Douglas E. Yen David A. Vogan, Jr. Herbert Weissbach Richard V. Wolfenden Wayne and Lynn Dan-Virgil Voiculescu Mary Jane West-Eberhard Mariana F. Wolfner Yokoyama Leslie B. Vosshall Michael J. White James E. Womack Jonathan Yorba Gerhard Wagner Stanley White Alex Wong Stephen G. Young Thomas H. Wakeman Steven R. White Kum Wong William R. Young Thomas A. Waldmann Kenneth B. Wiberg Diane Wood Bin Yu and Kening Shen Robert B. Wallace Sarah Widner-Hess Amber Woodburn John Yules Susan Wallace Eric F. Wieschaus George M. Woodwell Bryant Zadegan Christopher A. and Diana Pauline W. Wiessner Catherine Workman Rafia Zafar C. Walsh Clifford M. Will Tim Wörle Patricia C. Zambryski Rydell Walthall Diana Williams Peter E. Wright Maria E. Zavala Ebonya Washington Ruth J. Williams Ray Wright Beth Zgoda Michael S. Waterman Ian A. Wilson Hao Wu C. Zilliacus George D. Watkins Roger W. Wilson Su-Syin Wu Mariia Zimmerman James Watson Adam Winkleman Eli Yablonovitch Samuel Zimmerman John D. Weeks Mark B. Wise Huanming Yang and Ren Huda Y. Zoghbi Richard Weiland Paul Wisner Liu Anonymous (1) Names in bold print are NAS members. *Deceased 38

Tributes In memory of Thomas C. Bruice In honor of Martin Chalfie John A. Carbon Wolfgang Schuerer In memory of Ralph J. Cicerone In honor of Purnell W. Choppin Harry B. Gray Naomi L. Gerber In memory of Stephen E. Fienberg In honor of Bruce B. Darling Alicia L. Carriquiry Clyde J. Behney In memory of David S. Greer In honor of Victor J. Dzau Vincent Mor Barry S. Coller In memory of Charles G. Gross In honor of William E. Evans Michael E. Goldberg Julie A. Johnson In memory of David A. Hamburg In honor of Harvey V. Fineberg Linda S. Wilson Susan C. Scrimshaw In memory of Luther Higginbotham In honor of Larry A. Green Eve J. Higginbotham Andrew W. Bazemore In memory of Fitzhugh Mullan In honor of Margaret A. Hamburg Lynn R. Goldman Sylvia Karasu In memory of George W. Parshall In honor of Robert M. Hauser Anna Buhl Dalton Conley, Robert A. Moffitt, Gary D. Sandefur, Yu Xie In memory of Julius B. Richmond Robert S. Lawrence In honor of Georgia L. Holland Robert D. Beauchamp In memory of Rudi Schmid Deborah Greenspan, John S. Greenspan In honor of Scott J. Hultgren Nils Hultgren, Scott J. Hultgren In memory of Geoffrey Shellam Barry J. Marshall In honor of Timothy R. Johnson John O. DeLancey In memory of Paul Talalay Antony Talalay In honor of Michael Katz Jordan S. Orange In memory of Harold A. Thomas Frank L. Parker In honor of Margaret A. McCoy Elena Fuentes-Afflick In memory of Karl K. Turekian Roxanne Turekian In honor of Christine Mirzayan James Kiefer In memory of Sidney Verba Rebecca Goldstein, Lia G. Poorvu, Robert D. Putnam, In honor of Mary Ellen O’Connell Kay L. Schlozman, Goldie Shabad, E. C. Verba Robert M. Hauser In honor of John L. Anderson In honor of Stuart H. Orkin Subhash Mahajan Scott A. Armstrong In honor of Mark L. Carter In honor of Samuel O. Their Reginald Jackson George E. Thibault 39

Foundations, Corporations, and Other Organizations 2019 Gifts and Grants We gratefully acknowledge the following foundations, corporations, and other organizations that provided funding in 2019 to support the work of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. $1 million or more The Ford Foundation The Kavli Foundation Johnson & Johnson Innovation The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation $500,000 to $999,999 AARP Foundation Schwab Charitable Fund The JPB Foundation Alfred P. Sloan Foundation The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation WEM Foundation Schmidt Futures $100,000 to $499,999 AbbVie Janssen Research & Development, LLC Alzheimer's Association Johnson & Johnson Arnold Ventures Kaiser Permanente AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals LP Richard Lounsbery Foundation Biogen, Inc. The Henry Luce Foundation Blavatnik Family Foundation Medtronic, Inc. Blue Shield of California Foundation The Mehta Family Foundation Bristol-Myers Squibb Company Merck & Company, Inc. The California Endowment Microsoft Corporation The Annie E. Casey Foundation The Cynthia and George Mitchell Foundation CVS HealthOne New York State Health Foundation D. E. Shaw Research, LLC Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute Charles A. Dana Foundation Inc. Pfizer, Inc. Eisai Inc. Premier Healthcare Alliance Epic Quadrivium Foundation ExxonMobil Corporation V. Kann Rasmussen Foundation Family Medicine for America's Health Rita Allen Foundation Fidelity Charitable Gift Fund Saint Louis Community Foundation The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Samueli Foundation Geisinger Health System Sanofi-Aventis William T. Grant Foundation The Simons Foundation The John A. Hartford Foundation, Inc. Tennessee Walking Horse Foundation Heising-Simons Foundation UnitedHealth Group, Inc. The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation The University of Hong Kong Conrad N. Hilton Foundation Vanguard Charitable Endowment Program $50,000 to $99,999 Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics American College of Physicians Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education American Hospital Association Aetna Foundation American Medical Association Paul G. Allen Family Foundation American Psychological Association American Academy of Family Physicians American Public Transportation Association American Board of Pediatrics Foundation Amgen Foundation American Cancer Society, Inc. Amgen, Inc. 40

Annual Reviews IEEE Anthem Blue Cross Blue Shield Eli Lilly and Company Foundation Arcadia Lockheed Martin Corporation Association of American Medical Colleges Mars Incorporated Association of American Railroads Missouri Foundation for Health Autism Speaks, Inc. Northwell Health Blue Cross Blue Shield North Carolina Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation Burroughs Wellcome Fund Novo Nordisk California Dental Association The Ohio State University Caplan Foundation for Early Childhood Optum Health Marguerite Casey Foundation Fannie E. Rippel Foundation Cedars Sinai Medical Center Takeda Pharmaceuticals CEO Roundtable on Cancer University of Alaska The Commonwealth Fund University of California, Los Angeles Downey Unified School District University of Kentucky Eli Lilly and Company University of Michigan Google LLC University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Hospital Corporation of America Vanderbilt University Medical Center Humana, Inc. $25,000 to $49,999 Advisory Center for Health Professionals Duke University Alkermes, Inc. Econolite Group Alliance for Academic Internal Medicine Excellus Health Plan American Academy of Pediatrics Federation of State Medical Boards American Association for Cancer Research General Mills, Inc. American College of Obstetricians & Gynecologists The George Washington University American Osteopathic Association GlaxoSmithKline American Society of Health System Pharmacists Grable Foundation American University in Cairo Greater Rochester Health Foundation Ascension Health Healthcare Financial Management Association Association of State and Territorial Health Officials Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Austin Community Foundation W.M. Keck Foundation Benevity Community Impact Fund Keurig Dr Pepper Inc. Blue Cross Blue Shield Arizona LeadingAge, Inc. Blue Cross Blue Shield Association Los Angeles Community College District Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts Michigan Department of the Treasury Blue Cross Blue Shield of North Carolina Foundation National Comprehensive Cancer Network, Inc. The Boeing Company Nemours Foundation Brewster Foundation Nestle USA, Inc. CAMBIA Health Solutions Ocean Spray Cranberries, Inc. Government of Canada Otsuka America Pharmaceutical Cargill, Inc. Peace Initiative Carnegie Mellon University Pioneer Hi-Bred International, Inc. CDC Foundation, Inc. Princeton University Yupo & Susan Chan Charitable Trust Purdue University Children's Hospital Los Angeles RTI International The Coca-Cola Company Stanford University College of American Pathologists Stanley Consultants The Colorado Trust TAWANI Foundation Dartmouth College The Tegan and Sara Foundation 41

Temple University of the Commonwealth University of Illinois Hospital & Health Sciences Texas A&M University-College Station Systems The Johns Hopkins University University of Kansas Toyota Research Institute University of Massachusetts Unilever Manufacturing University of Miami University of California, Berkeley University of Pittsburgh University of California, San Diego University of Wisconsin System University of California, San Francisco The UPS Foundation University of California, Santa Barbara Vanderbilt University University of California, Santa Cruz Vulcan, Inc. The University of Chicago Washington University in St. Louis University of Cincinnati The Wellcome Trust University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign West Virginia University $10,000 to $24,999 AARP Catholic Health Association of the United States ABFM Foundation Inc. Catholic Health Initiatives Academia Sinica Charles River Laboratories International, Inc. Academic Collaborative for Integrative Health Color Genomics, Inc. Advanced Regenerative Manufacturing Institute Colorado College Aetna, Inc. Colorado School of Mines Agilent Technologies Combined Jewish Philanthropies Alta Planning Design Commission of Accreditation of Athletic Training American Academy of Neurology Education American Academy of Nursing Cornell University American College of Emergency Physicians The Council of Medical Specialty Societies American College of Radiology Council on Social Work Education American Council of Academic Physical Therapy Inc. CTA Foundation American Endowment Foundation The Dow Chemical Company American Nurses Credentialing Center DuPont Company American Psychiatric Association Dynetics, Inc. American Society of Clinical Oncology EcoHealth Alliance Annenberg Public Policy Center Edelman AP Management Emergency Nurses Association Argonne National Laboratory Emory University Association of American Cancer Institutes Flatiron Health Association of American Universities Florida Atlantic University Association of Schools and Colleges of Optometry Foundation for the National Institutes of Health Association of Schools of Allied Health Professions Greater Washington Community Foundation Auburn University The Greenwall Foundation Bader Philanthropies, Inc. Grinnell College Baltimore Family Fund Heron Therapeutics, Inc. Battelle Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Hogg Foundation for Mental Health Baylor College of Medicine Infectious Diseases Society of America The Beall Family Foundation International Food Information Council Becton Dickinson and Company Jewish Community Foundation San Diego Bell Family Foundation Kimberly-Clark Corporation Broad Institute Lundbeck Research USA, Inc. California Institute for Regenerative Medicine Mallinckrodt Pharmaceuticals California Institute of Technology Massachusetts Institute of Technology Carnegie Corporation of New York Medical College of Wisconsin 42

National Association of Chain Drug Stores Foundation Society for Simulation in Healthcare National Association of Emergency Medical Society of General Internal Medicine Technicians State of California National Association of Social Workers State of Washington National Board for Certified Counselors, Inc. Switch CITIES National Council of State Boards of Nursing Tennessee Dept. of Transportation National League for Nursing, Inc. Tien Family Foundation National Society of Genetic Counselors University Health Network Northeastern University University of Alabama at Birmingham Oncology Nursing Society University of California, Merced Onconova Therapeutics, Inc. University of Colorado Organization for Associate Degree Nursing University of Florida Oxford University Press The University of New Mexico Palladian Partners Inc. University of Pennsylvania Parkinson's Foundation University of Southern California Partners HealthCare Systems, Inc. The University of Tennessee, Knoxville The Pershing Square Foundation University of Vermont Medical Center Physician Assistant Education Association University of Wisconsin-Madison The Procter & Gamble Company Vibrent Health Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Washington State University Ronald McDonald House Charities Well-Being Trust Siemens Global Shared Services WSP USA Vesto M. Slipher Charitable Trust WW International Snowy Owl Foundation Zerhouni Family Charitable Foundation, Inc. Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer, Inc. Zero to Three $1,000 to $9,999 AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety California State University Academic Pediatric Association California Wellness Foundation Alliance for a Healthier Generation, Inc. Chinese Society for Immunology Alliance for Care at the End of Life The City College of the City University of New York American Academy of Hospice and Palliative City of New York Medicine Coalition to Transform Advanced Care American Century Investments Foundation Community Foundation for Southeast Michigan American College of Clinical Pharmacy Community Foundation of New Jersey American College of Medical Genetics Council on Finnish Academies American College of Sports Medicine Deutsche Akademie American Geriatrics Society RG & AM Douglas Foundation American Heart Association eVision Partners The American Veterinary Medical Association Filmnation AMG Charitable Gift Foundation Fort Lewis College Arkema Inc. Foundation Friends of Cancer Research Association for Molecular Pathology, Inc. Gatsby Charitable Foundation Association of Professional Chaplains Georgia Institute of Technology Association of Rehabilitation Nurses Greater Kansas City Community Foundation The AYCO Charitable Foundation Healthcare Ready Bank of America Charitable Gift Fund Honeywell International Charity Matching Banner - University Medical Center Phoenix Horizons Foundation Benedict College Hospice and Palliative Nurses Association Branscomb Family Foundation Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai Brinkman Family Foundation International Health Foundation 43

International Ombudsman Association The Seattle Foundation International Slurry Surfacing Social Work Hospice and Palliative Care Network International Society for Cellular Therapy Society of Academic Emergency Medicine The Jackson Laboratory Society of Behavioral Medicine Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie Society of Clinical and Adolescent Psychology Lab Animal Welfare Training Exchange (LAWTE) Southwest Research Institute Louisiana State University Foundation Springer Nature The Lubin Family Foundation Stanley Shalom Zielony Foundation Maricopa Association of Governments Stantec Consulting Services Maricopa County State of New Jersey Miami Foundation Stephen and Rosamund Forrest Family Foundation The Milken Institute Study Oregon Morgan Stanley Smith Barney Global Impact Funding Supporters of Agricultural Research (SoAR) Trust, Inc Foundation National Coalition for Hospice and Palliative Care TALGO, Inc. National Patient Advocate Foundation Texas A&M Transportation Institute National Recreation and Park Association TIAA Charitable National Stone and Gravel Transamerica Life Insurance Company The New York Academy of Medicine Triangle Community Foundation, Inc. Obesity Action Coalition Trinity Industries The Obesity Society The U.S. Charitable Gift Trust Ohio Department of Transportation University at Buffalo Olin College of Engineering University of California, Davis Orcas Island Community Foundation University of California, Irvine Panter Foundation University of California PATH University of Houston PayPal Charitable Giving Fund University of Maryland Faculty Physicians, Inc. Pfizer Foundation Matching Gifts Program University of Minnesota The Philadelphia Foundation University of Notre Dame Princeton Area Community Foundation, Inc. University of Rhode Island Providence Health & Services The University of Texas at Austin PYA, P.C. Virginia Commonwealth University Reinvestment Fund, TRF Operating Vivantech, INC. (DBA Streamlyne) Rice University Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey Joan and Sanford I. Weill Medical College & Graduate The Salk Institute for Biological Studies School Sause Bros., Inc. WVU Foundation The Charles Schwab Corporation We have made every effort to list donors accurately and according to their wishes. If we have made an error, please accept our apologies and contact the Office of Development at 202.334.2431 so that we may correct our records. 44

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Report of the Treasurer for the Year Ended December 31, 2019 Get This Book
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The income that supports the activities of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) comes from two major sources: program revenue received from sponsors to pay for the myriad studies and other activities undertaken each year by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, and a much smaller sum that is obtained from our endowment under the endowment spending policies adopted by the Council. The goal of the endowment is to provide stable support for the Academy's programs and activities. To achieve this goal, the Council, acting on the recommendations of the Finance Committee, has historically authorized spending from the portfolio at a rate designed to maintain the purchasing power of the endowment over time.

This Report of the Treasurer of the National Academy of Sciences presents the financial position and results of operations as well as a review of the endowment, trust, and other long-term investments portfolio activities of our Academy for the year ended December 31, 2019. While this book provides essential financial summary to key personnel, it also serves as a vital informative resource for various members of the public, private, and governmental sectors.

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