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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D - References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Guidance for Diversity in Airport Business Contracting and Workforce Programs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25896.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D - References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Guidance for Diversity in Airport Business Contracting and Workforce Programs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25896.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D - References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Guidance for Diversity in Airport Business Contracting and Workforce Programs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25896.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D - References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Guidance for Diversity in Airport Business Contracting and Workforce Programs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25896.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D - References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Guidance for Diversity in Airport Business Contracting and Workforce Programs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25896.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D - References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Guidance for Diversity in Airport Business Contracting and Workforce Programs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25896.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D - References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Guidance for Diversity in Airport Business Contracting and Workforce Programs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25896.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D - References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Guidance for Diversity in Airport Business Contracting and Workforce Programs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25896.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D - References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Guidance for Diversity in Airport Business Contracting and Workforce Programs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25896.
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D-2 Guidance for Diversity in Airport Business Contracting and Workforce Programs Chua, R. Y. J. 2009 [Online]. Innovation Communication in Multicultural Networks: Deficits in Inter-cultural Capability and Affect-based Trust as Barriers to New Idea Sharing in Inter-Cultural Relationships. Har- vard Business School. Available: https://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/innovation-communication-in-multicultural- networks-deficits-in-inter-cultural-capability-and-affect-based-trust-as-barriers-to-new-idea-sharing-in- inter-cultural-relationships [accessed Jul. 18, 2019]. City of Houston. 2017 [Online]. Goals for the Participation of Airport Concession Disadvantaged Business Enterprises (ACDBEs) at George Bush Intercontinental and William P. Hobby Airports October 1, 2017 – September 30, 2020. Available: https://d14ik00wldmhq.cloudfront.net/media/filer_public/aa/70/aa70e9e9- a586-4548-9a70-7391ef7df9d8/proposed_acdbe_goals_for_participation_ffy_2018_-_2020.pdf [accessed Jul. 18, 2019]. City of Los Angeles. 2017 [Online]. Rules and Regulations Implementing the Fair Chance Initiative for Hiring (Ban the Box) Ordinance. Available: https://bca.lacity.org/Uploads/fciho/Fair%20Chance%20Ordinance%20 Rules%20and%20Regulations%20Final.pdf [accessed Jul. 18, 2019]. City of New York. 2019 [Online]. Fair Chance Act, Legal Enforcement Guidance. Available: https://www.nyc.gov/ site/cchr/law/fair-chance-act.page [accessed Jul. 18, 2019]. City of Philadelphia. 2010 [Online]. Inclusion Works: Economic Opportunity Strategic Plan. Available: http:// legacy.phila.gov/commerce/Documents/Economic%20Opportunity%20Strategic%20Plan.pdf [accessed Jul. 18, 2019]. City of Phoenix. n.d. [Online]. Small Business Enterprise Program. Available: https://www.phoenix.gov/eod/programs/ sbeservices [accessed Jul. 18, 2019]. City of Richmond v. J. A. Croson Co., 488 U.S. 469 (1989). Cohen, J. J., B. A. Gabriel, C. Terrell, 2002. “The Case For Diversity in the Health Care Workforce,” Health Affairs, Vol. 21, no. 5. Columbus Regional Airport Authority. n.d. [Online]. DBE/ACDBE Program. Available: https://columbusairports. com/doing-business-with-us/business-diversity [accessed Jul. 18, 2019]. Conlin v. Blanchard, 890 F.2d 811 (6th Cir. 1989). Contreras, A. 2016 [Online]. The Airport of Tomorrow: Putting the Passenger at the Heart of the Experience. Sabre. Available: https://www.sabre.com/insights/the-airport-of-tomorrow-putting-the-passenger-at-the-heart- of-the-experience/ [accessed Jul. 18, 2019]. Cornelio, R. n.d. “Best Practices for Identifying and Utilizing DBE’s,” Presentation at US Department of Trans- portation/Federal Transit Administration DOORs program. Cronin, C., et al. 2016 [Online]. ACRP Report 28: Identifying and Evaluating Airport Workforce Requirements. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies. 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References D-3 DFW: Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport. 2013 [Online]. Connecting the World, Celebrating the Community: FY2013 Diversity and Inclusion Report. Available: https://www.dfwairport.com/cs/groups/webcontent/ documents/webasset/p2_258863.pdf [accessed Jul. 19, 2019]. DFW: Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport. 2009 [Online]. Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport an Effective DBE Program Overview of DBE Best Practices. DFW: Dallas Fort Worth International Airport. n.d. [Online]. Business Diversity & Development. Available: www.dfwairport.com/bdd/. Diversity Best Practices. 2009 [Online]. Diversity Primer Chapter 2: The ROI of Diversity and Inclusion. Bonnier Corporation. Available: https://www.diversitybestpractices.com/sites/diversitybestpractices.com/files/ import/embedded/anchors/files/diversity_primer_chapter_02.pdf [accessed Jul. 18, 2019]. Econsult Solutions, Inc. 2017 [Online]. Regional Economic Impact of Philadelphia International Airport, Final Report. 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D-4 Guidance for Diversity in Airport Business Contracting and Workforce Programs HAS: Houston Airport System. 2016a [Online]. Houston Airport System Honored at Annual AMAC Conference. Available: https://www.fly2houston.com/newsroom/articles/houston-airport-system-honored-annual- amac-conference/ [accessed Jul. 18, 2019]. HAS: Houston Airport System. 2016b [Online]. State of the Airports 2016: Growth Continues on All Fronts at Houston Airports. Available: https://www.fly2houston.com/newsroom/releases/state-airports-2016-growth- continues-all-fronts-houston-airports/ [accessed Jul. 18, 2019]. HAS: Houston Airport System. n.d.a [Online]. Industry Day Resources. https://www.fly2houston.com/biz/ opportunities/industry-day-documents/ [accessed Jul. 18, 2019]. HAS: Houston Airport System. n.d.b [Online]. Office of Business Opportunity. Available: https://www. fly2houston.com/biz/opportunities/office-of-business-opportunity/ [accessed Jul. 18, 2019]. 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ACRP Report 19: Developing an Airport Performance-Measurement System. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies. Available: http://www.trb.org/Publications/Blurbs/164175.aspx [accessed Jul. 18, 2019]. Jackson Municipal Airport Authority. 2017 [Online]. Strategic Plan 2021. Available: https://jmaa.com/download/ strategic-plan-2021/?wpdmdl=1247&refresh=5d2ca55fd105c1563207007 [accessed Jul. 18, 2019]. Jana-Rock Constr., Inc. v. New York State Dep’t of Econ. Dev. 438 F.3d 195, 200 (2nd Cir. 2006). J. G. Hollins Builders. n.d. [Online]. Available: https://jghollins.com/ [accessed Jul. 18, 2019]. Kamark, K. N. 2019. Diversity, Inclusion, and Equal Opportunity in the Armed Services: Background and Issues for Congress, Congressional Research Service. [Accessed online Aug 6, 2019.] Kemeny T. and A. Cooke. 2017 [Online]. The Riches of the Melting Pot, How Diversity in Metropolitan Areas Helps Grow the Wages of Low- and High-Wage Workers. New American Economy. 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Moran, and B. Kotschwar. 2016 [Online]. Is Gender Diversity Profitable? Evidence from a Global Survey. Peterson Institute for International Economics, Working Paper Series; 16, February 2016. Available: https://www.piie.com/publications/wp/wp16-3.pdf [accessed Sept. 19, 2019]. Oever, K., A. Gittens, S. Warner-Dooley, A. Zaslov, H. Tremont, T. Snipes, and S. Hoerter. 2011 [Online]. ACRP Report 33: Guidebook for Developing and Managing Airport Contracts. Available: http://www.trb.org/Publications/ Blurbs/164803.aspx [accessed Jul. 18, 2019]. Office of Business Opportunity. n.d.a [Online]. Disparity Study. City of Houston. https://www.houstontx.gov/ obo/disparity_study.html [accessed Jul. 18, 2019]. Office of Business Opportunity. n.d.b [Online]. Hire Houston First. City of Houston. http://www.houstontx.gov/ obo/hirehoustonfirst.html [accessed Jul. 18, 2019]. Office of Business Opportunity. n.d.c [Online]. Success Stories. 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Abbreviations and acronyms used without definitions in TRB publications: A4A Airlines for America AAAE American Association of Airport Executives AASHO American Association of State Highway Officials AASHTO American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials ACI–NA Airports Council International–North America ACRP Airport Cooperative Research Program ADA Americans with Disabilities Act APTA American Public Transportation Association ASCE American Society of Civil Engineers ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials ATA American Trucking Associations CTAA Community Transportation Association of America CTBSSP Commercial Truck and Bus Safety Synthesis Program DHS Department of Homeland Security DOE Department of Energy EPA Environmental Protection Agency FAA Federal Aviation Administration FAST Fixing America’s Surface Transportation Act (2015) FHWA Federal Highway Administration FMCSA Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration FRA Federal Railroad Administration FTA Federal Transit Administration HMCRP Hazardous Materials Cooperative Research Program IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers ISTEA Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 ITE Institute of Transportation Engineers MAP-21 Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (2012) NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASAO National Association of State Aviation Officials NCFRP National Cooperative Freight Research Program NCHRP National Cooperative Highway Research Program NHTSA National Highway Traffic Safety Administration NTSB National Transportation Safety Board PHMSA Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration RITA Research and Innovative Technology Administration SAE Society of Automotive Engineers SAFETEA-LU Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (2005) TCRP Transit Cooperative Research Program TDC Transit Development Corporation TEA-21 Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (1998) TRB Transportation Research Board TSA Transportation Security Administration U.S. DOT United States Department of Transportation

TRA N SPO RTATIO N RESEA RCH BO A RD 500 Fifth Street, N W W ashington, D C 20001 A D D RESS SERV ICE REQ U ESTED N O N -PR O FIT O R G . U .S. PO STA G E PA ID C O LU M B IA , M D PER M IT N O . 88 G uidance for D iversity in A irport Business Contracting and W orkforce Program s A CRP Research Report 217 TRB ISBN 978-0-309-48171-7 9 7 8 0 3 0 9 4 8 1 7 1 7 9 0 0 0 0

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Many airports are already taking active steps to address and unlock the benefits of a diverse and inclusive workforce. These programs provide benefits to the airport and surrounding communities, but there has not been a comprehensive benefit-cost analysis for diversity contracting programs and their impact on the workforce.

The TRB Airport Cooperative Research Program's ACRP Research Report 217: Guidance for Diversity in Airport Business Contracting and Workforce Programs provides guidelines to assist airport operators and various stakeholders at airports of all types and sizes to identify and quantify the benefits, costs, and regional economic impact of diversity contracting for airport businesses.

As recipients of federal funds, airports are required to administer a federal program that seeks to provide equal access for participation in airport-related business opportunities. Likewise, many airports are also obligated to do so under state and local programs.

The report includes additional materials: an Airport Diversity Contracting Tool and a Tool Users Guide.

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