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Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Improved Test Methods and Practices for Characterizing Steel Corrosion Potential of Earthen Materials. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25925.
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Page 81
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Improved Test Methods and Practices for Characterizing Steel Corrosion Potential of Earthen Materials. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25925.
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Page 81
Page 82
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Improved Test Methods and Practices for Characterizing Steel Corrosion Potential of Earthen Materials. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25925.
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Page 82

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

72 References AASHTO T 288-12 (2016). "Determining minimum laboratory soil resistivity." American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, DC. AASHTO T 289-91 (2018). "Determining pH of soil for use in corrosion testing." American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, DC. AASHTO T 290-95 (2016). "Determining water-soluble sulfate ion content insoil." American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, DC. AASHTO T 291-94 (2013). "Determining water-woluble chloride ion content insoil." American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, DC. Ahmad, S. (2003). "Reinforcement corrosion in concrete structures, its monitoring and service life prediction––a review." Cement and Concrete Composites, 25(4-5), 459-471. Arciniega, J.L., Walker, W. S., Nazarian, S., and Fishman, K. L. (2018). “A Process for Optimizing Gradation of Marginal Backfill of Mechanically Stabilized Earth Walls to Achieve Acceptable Resistivity,” Transportation Research Record, Journal of the Transportation Research Board, Vol. 2672, Issue 52, Sage Publications, Washington, DC, 7 p. Arciniega, J.L., Walker, W. S., Nazarian, S., and Fishman, K. L. (2019). “A Model for Estimating Resistivity of In-Service Backfill of Mechanically Stabilized Earth Walls Based on Minimum Resistivity and Degree of Saturation,” Transportation Research Record, Journal of the Transportation Research Board, https://doi.org/10.1177/0361198118825121, 7 p. ASTM D4327-17 (2017). "Standard test method for anions in water by suppressed ion chromatography." ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA. ASTM D4972-19 (2019). "Standard test methods for pH of soils." ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA. ASTM G57-06 (2012). "Standard test method for field measurement of soil resistivity using the Wenner four-electrode method." ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA. ASTM WK24621 (2015). “Measurement of Coarse Aggreate Resistivity Using the Two-Eelctrode Soil Box,” Draft Documet, 08-28-2015, for consideration by ASTM Subcommittee C- 09.20. ASTM G187-18 (2018). "Standard test method for measurement of soil resistivity using the two- electrode soil box method." ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA. Brady, K.C. and McMahon, W. (1994), “The Durability of Corrugated Steel Buried Structures,” Transportation Research Laboratory, UK. Bronson, A., Rocha, S., Nazarian, S., Borrock, D.M. (2013), “Characterization of Coarse Backfill Materials for Prevention of Corrosion of MSE Metallic Wall Reinforcement,” Report No. FHWA/TX 11/0-6359-1, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia, 137p. Elias, V. (1990). "Durability/corrosion of soil reinforced structures." FHWA-RD-89-186, Office of Engineering and Highway Operations, R&D, McLean, VA. Elias V., Fishman, K.L., Christopher, B.R. and Berg, R.R. (2009) “Corrosion/Degradation of Soil Reinforcements for Mechanically Stabilized Earth Walls and Reinforced Soil Slopes,” Report FHWA-NHI-09-087, National Highway Institute, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, D.C.

73 Eyre, D. and Lewis, D.A. (1987), “Soil Corrosivity Assessment,” Contractor Report 54, Transportation Road Research Laboratory, UK. Fishman, K.L. and Withiam, J.L. (2011). “LRFD Metal Loss and Service-Life Strength Reduction Factors for Metal-Reinforced Systems,” NCHRP Report 675, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 105p. Hageman, P.L. (2007), “U.S. Geological Survey Field Leach Test for Assessing Water Reactivity and Leaching Potential of Mine Wastes, Soils, and Other Geologic and Environmental Materials,” U.S. Geologic Survey Techniques and Methods, Book 5, Chapter D3, U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geologic Survey, Reston, VA, 14 p. Highway Agency, United Kingdom (2000), “Design Manual for Roads and Bridges”, BD 42/00, Vol. 2, Section 1, Part 2. < http://www.standardsforhighways.co.uk/ha/standards/ > (Oct 21, 2019). Jones, C.J.F.P. (1985), “Durability,” Chapter 10, Earth Reinforcements and Soil Structures, Butterworths, London, pp. 138. Jones, D. A. (1996). Principles and Prevention of Corrosion, Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 40-74. King, R. (1977). "A review of soil corrosiveness with particular reference to reinforced earth." TRRL Supplementary Report 316, Transport and Road Research Laboratory, Crowthorne, Berkshire, England. Lehigh Hanson Company (2019). "Crushed stone materials." <https://www.lehighhanson.com/products/aggregates/crushed-stone >. (Oct 16, 2019). McCarter, W. J. (1984). “The electrical resistivity characteristics of compacted clays.” Geotechnique, 34(2), 263-267. NCHRP 21-06 (2009). “Corrosion in the Soil Environment: Soil Resistivity and pH Measurements,” Draft Final Report, prepared by William S. Vilda III, Corrpro Companies, Inc., Ocean CIty Research Group, Ocean City, NJ, Janaury 2009, 106 pp. Oman, M. (2004). "Advancement of grading & base material testing." Office of Materials, Minnesota Department of Transportation, Maplewood, MN, USA. Page, A. (1982). Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2. Chemical and Microbiological Properties, American Society of Agronomy. Rehm, G. (1980). "The service life of reinforced earth structures from a corrosion technology standpoint." The Reinforced Earth Company (RECO), Vienna, VA. Romanoff, M. (1957). Underground Corrosion, National Bureau of Standards, Circular 579, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, DC. Sagues, A., Poor, N. D., Caseres, L., and Akhoondan, M. (2009). "Development of a rational method for predicting corrosion rates of metals in soils and waters." Report No. BD497, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia. Shreir, L.L., Jarman, R.A., and Barstein, G.T. (1994), Corrosion, 3rd Edition, Vol. 1, Elsevier, p. 2:85. SCT 143 (2008). "Method of preparing coarse aggregate sample for pH and resistivity testing in the laboratory." South Carolina Department of Transportation (SCDOT), Columbia, SC. Siddharthan, R. V., Thornley, J., and Luke, B. (2010). "Investigation of corrosion of MSE walls in Nevada." Research No. 2009-03, University of Nevada, Reno, Reno, NV. Tait, W. S. (1994). An Introduction to Electrochemical Corrosion Testing for Practicing Engineers and Scientists, PairODocs, Racine, WI.

74 Tex-110-E (1999). “Particle Size Analysis of Soils,” Texas Department of Transportation, Austin, TX. Tex-128-E (1999). "Determining soil pH." Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT), Austin, TX. Tex-129-E (1999). "Measuring the resistivity of soil materials." Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT), Austin, TX. Tex-129-M (2018). “Test Procedure for Measuring the Resistivity of Soils and Aggregates,” Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT), Austin, TX. Tex-620-J (2005). "Determining chloride and sulfate contents in soil." Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT), Austin, TX. Tex-620-M (2018). “Test Procedure for Determining the Conductivity, pH, Sulfate Contnet, and Chloride Content of Soil and Coarse Aggregate,” Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT), Austin, TX. Wenner, F. (1915). "A method for measuring earth resistivity." Journal of the washington academy of sciences, 5(16), 561-563. William, V. (2009). "Corrosion in the soil environment: soil resistivity and pH measurements." NCHRP 21-06, National Cooperative Highway Research Program, Washington, DC.

Next: Appendix A. Test Protocols Recommended Electrochemical Test Methods to Evaluate the Corrosion Potential of Earthen Materials »
Improved Test Methods and Practices for Characterizing Steel Corrosion Potential of Earthen Materials Get This Book
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Electrochemical properties of earthen materials such as electrical resistivity, pH, salt concentrations, and organic contents are commonly used to characterize the corrosion potential of buried metal elements that are in direct contact with the surrounding soil.

The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program'sNCHRP Research Report 958: Improved Test Methods and Practices for Characterizing Steel Corrosion Potential of Earthen Materials proposes a protocol describing best practices for sampling, testing, and characterizing the steel corrosion potential of earthen materials.

The protocol incorporates alternatives to the current AASHTO test standards for measuring electrochemical properties.

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