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Visual Arts Programs at Airports A Synthesis of Airport Practice Timothy R. Karaskiewicz Midwest Airport ConsultAnts Glendale, WI 2020 Research sponsored by the Federal Aviation Administration Subscriber Categories Aviation A I R P O R T C O O P E R A T I V E R E S E A R C H P R O G R A M ACRP SYNTHESIS 114
ACRP SYNTHESIS 114 Project 11-03, Topic S01-21 ISSN 1935-9187 ISBN 978-0-309-67354-9 Library of Congress Control Number 2020947551 Â© 2020 National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. COPYRIGHT INFORMATION Authors herein are responsible for the authenticity of their materials and for obtaining written permissions from publishers or persons who own the copyright to any previously published or copyrighted material used herein. Cooperative Research Programs (CRP) grants permission to reproduce material in this publication for classroom and not-for-profit purposes. Permission is given with the understanding that none of the material will be used to imply TRB, AASHTO, FAA, FHWA, FTA, GHSA, NHTSA, or TDC endorsement of a particular product, method, or practice. It is expected that those reproducing the material in this document for educational and not-for-profit uses will give appropriate acknowledgment of the source of any reprinted or reproduced material. For other uses of the material, request permission from CRP. Cover photo: Karen Kinney, Points of Departure (2017), vintage book covers on wood panels. Photography by Panic Studio LA, courtesy of Los Angeles World Airports and the City of Los Angeles Department of Cultural Affairs. NOTICE The report was reviewed by the technical panel and accepted for publication according to procedures established and overseen by the Transportation Research Board and approved by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The opinions and conclusions expressed or implied in this report are those of the researchers who performed the research and are not necessarily those of the Transportation Research Board; the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine; or the program sponsors. The Transportation Research Board; the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine; and the sponsors of the Airport Cooperative Research Program do not endorse products or manufacturers. Trade or manufacturersâ names appear herein solely because they are considered essential to the object of the report. Published reports of the AIRPORT COOPERATIVE RESEARCH PROGRAM are available from Transportation Research Board Business Office 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001 and can be ordered through the Internet by going to https://www.nationalacademies.org and then searching for TRB Printed in the United States of America AIRPORT COOPERATIVE RESEARCH PROGRAM Airports are vital national resources. They serve a key role in trans- portation of people and goods and in regional, national, and interna- tional commerce. They are where the nationâs aviation system connects with other modes of transportation and where federal responsibility for managing and regulating air traffic operations intersects with the role of state and local governments that own and operate most airports. Research is necessary to solve common operating problems, to adapt appropriate new technologies from other industries, and to introduce innovations into the airport industry. The Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) serves as one of the principal means by which the airport industry can develop innovative near-term solutions to meet demands placed on it. The need for ACRP was identified in TRB Special Report 272: Airport Research Needs: Cooperative Solutions in 2003, based on a study spon- sored by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). ACRP carries out applied research on problems that are shared by airport operating agen- cies and not being adequately addressed by existing federal research programs. ACRP is modeled after the successful National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) and Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP). ACRP undertakes research and other technical activi- ties in various airport subject areas, including design, construction, legal, maintenance, operations, safety, policy, planning, human resources, and administration. ACRP provides a forum where airport operators can cooperatively address common operational problems. ACRP was authorized in December 2003 as part of the Vision 100â Century of Aviation Reauthorization Act. 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The panels prepare project statements (requests for proposals), select contractors, and provide technical guidance and counsel throughout the life of the project. The process for developing research problem statements and selecting research agencies has been used by TRB in managing coop- erative research programs since 1962. As in other TRB activities, ACRP project panels serve voluntarily without compensation. Primary emphasis is placed on disseminating ACRP results to the intended users of the research: airport operating agencies, service pro- viders, and academic institutions. ACRP produces a series of research reports for use by airport operators, local agencies, the FAA, and other interested parties; industry associations may arrange for workshops, training aids, field visits, webinars, and other activities to ensure that results are implemented by airport industry practitioners.
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CRP STAFF FOR ACRP SYNTHESIS 114 Christopher J. Hedges, Director, Cooperative Research Programs Lori L. Sundstrom, Deputy Director, Cooperative Research Programs Marci A. Greenberger, Manager, Airport Cooperative Research Program Gail R. Staba, Senior Program Officer Demisha Williams, Senior Program Assistant Eileen P. Delaney, Director of Publications Natalie Barnes, Associate Director of Publications ACRP PROJECT 11-03 PANEL Joshua D. Abramson, Tupelo Regional Airport, Tupelo, MS (Chair) Debbie K. Alke, Helena, MT Gloria G. Bender, TransSolutions, LLC, Fort Worth, TX David A. Byers, Quadrex Aviation LLC, Melbourne, FL Traci Clark, Allegheny County Airport Authority, West Mifflin, PA David N. Edwards, Jr., GreenvilleâSpartanburg Airport Commission, Greer, SC Brenda L. Enos, Burns & McDonnell, Newton, MA Patrick Magnotta, FAA Liaison Liying Gu, Airports Council InternationalâNorth America Liaison Adam Williams, Aircraft Owners &Pilots Association Liaison Christine L. Gerencher, TRB Liaison TOPIC S01-21 PANEL Sarah M. Cifarelli, Los Angeles World Airports, Los Angeles, CA Leah Douglas, Philadelphia International Airport, Philadelphia, PA Kathy Greenwood, Albany International Airport, Albany, NY Tommy Gregory, Seattle Tacoma International Airport, Seattle, WA Cory Hurless, Austin-Bergstrom International Airport, Austin, TX Gendry Sherer, Miami International Airport, Miami, FL Elizabeth Arritt, American Association of Airport Executives Liaison Thomas Cuddy, FAA Liaison Rebecca Kaczkowski, Smithsonian American Art Museum Liaison Christine L. Gerencher, TRB Liaison C O O P E R A T I V E R E S E A R C H P R O G R A M S
ABOUT THE ACRP SYNTHESIS PROGRAM Airport administrators, engineers, and researchers often face problems for which information already exists, either in documented form or as undocumented experience and practice. This infor- mation may be fragmented, scattered, and unevaluated. As a consequence, full knowledge of what has been learned about a problem may not be brought to bear on its solution. Costly research findings may go unused, valuable experience may be overlooked, and due consideration may not be given to recommended practices for solving or alleviating the problem. There is information on nearly every subject of concern to the airport industry. Much of it derives from research or from the work of practitioners faced with problems in their day-to-day work. To provide a systematic means for assembling and evaluating such useful information and to make it available to the entire airport community, the Airport Cooperative Research Program authorized the Transportation Research Board to undertake a continuing project. This project, ACRP Project 11-03, âSynthesis of Information Related to Airport Practices,â searches out and synthesizes useful knowl- edge from all available sources and prepares concise, documented reports on specific topics. Reports from this endeavor constitute an ACRP report series, Synthesis of Airport Practice. This synthesis series reports on current knowledge and practice, in a compact format, without the detailed directions usually found in handbooks or design manuals. Each report in the series provides a compendium of the best knowledge available on those measures found to be the most successful in resolving specific problems. FOREWORD By Gail R. Staba Staff Officer Transportation Research Board This synthesis of airport practice is an initial compilation of practices that airport arts professionals use for understanding the operations, management, and benefits of temporary visual arts programs at their airports. Information described in this study was acquired through a literature review, survey, and interviews of 13 airport arts managers. Because not all of the arts managers at the studied air- ports administer exhibitions featuring the performing arts, those exhibitions are discussed to a lesser extent. Permanent art collections, museums, and art funded through percent for the art programs were not the subject of research for this paper and are, therefore, not included in this synthesis. Perhaps the most significant common element among the studied rotating visual art exhibition programs is the number of benefits such programs yield in relation to their relatively modest pro- gram costs. Additional conclusions, including other common elements shared among arts programs, differences among programs, and benefits to travelers, can also be found in the report. Case examples from the studied airport arts programs are found in Appendix A, which is not published herein but can be found by going to www.TRB.org and searching for âACRP Synthesis 114.â Timothy R. Karaskiewicz, Esq., of Midwest Airport Consultants, synthesized the information and wrote the report. The members of the topic panel are acknowledged on page iv. This synthesis is an immediately useful document that records the practices that were acceptable within the limitations of the knowledge available at the time of its preparation. As progress in research and practice continues, new knowledge will be added to that now at hand.
AUTHOR ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The author would like to thank the following airport arts managers for their assistance in providing information and documents for use in this synthesis and for their careful review of the findings and conclusions contained in this report. Sarah M. Cifarelli, Los Angeles World Airports Gendry Sherer, Miami International Airport Cory Hurless, AustinâBergstrom International Airport Kathy Greenwood, Albany International Airport Tommy Gregory, SeattleâTacoma International Airport Leah Douglas, Philadelphia International Airport Chris Chalupsky, San Diego International Airport Wendy Given, Portland International Airport Katie Norman, Indianapolis International Airport Cathy Holland, Nashville International Airport Matt Evans, San Antonio International Airport Carole Sesko, Truckee/Tahoe Airport Megan Callan, San Francisco International Airport The author would also like to thank the following for their review of the draft of this synthesis: Rebecca Kaczkowski, Smithsonian American Art Museum Thomas Cuddy, FAA, Airport Planning and Environmental Division (APP-400)
Note: Photographs, figures, and tables in this report may have been converted from color to grayscale for printing. The electronic version of the report (posted on the web at www.trb.org) retains the color versions. 1 Summary 4 Chapter 1 Introduction 4 1.1 Overview of the Synthesis 6 1.2 Types of Airport Arts Programs 7 1.3 Rotating Visual Arts Programs Discussed in This Synthesis 7 1.4 Benefits of Airport Arts Programs 8 1.5 Research Method Followed for This Synthesis 13 Chapter 2 State of Practice of Airport Arts Programs 13 2.1 Airport Arts Program Vision and Mission Statements 15 2.2 Airport Arts Program Audience and Stakeholders 16 2.3 Staffing Airport Arts Programs 17 2.4 Airport Arts Programming Process 19 2.5 2018 Airport Arts Program Budgets 21 2.6 Measuring Passenger Engagement with Airport Arts Programming 23 2.7 Marketing and Promoting Airport Arts Programming 24 2.8 Risk Management and Airport Arts Programs 25 2.9 Ethics Codes for Airport Arts Programs 26 2.10 Benefits of Airport Arts Programs 33 Chapter 3 Conclusions 33 Findings 34 Further Research 37 Bibliography 39 References 41 Appendices C O N T E N T S