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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. 2021 Nobel Prize Summit: Our Planet, Our Future: Proceedings of a Summit. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26310.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. 2021 Nobel Prize Summit: Our Planet, Our Future: Proceedings of a Summit. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26310.
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“Technological innovations
are leveraging and combining
developments in artificial intelligence,
biotechnology, nanotechnology, and other
areas, whereas the social innovations are
being driven by a much more informed,
demanding, and doubting society,
contributing to both co-creation
and consensus-based innovation.”

—Leena Srivastava

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. 2021 Nobel Prize Summit: Our Planet, Our Future: Proceedings of a Summit. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26310.
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Image

2021 Nobel Prize Summit:

OUR PLANET, OUR FUTURE

PROCEEDINGS OFA SUMMIT

Franklin Carrero-Martínez, Negin Sobhani,
Emi Kameyama, and Paula Whitacre, Rapporteurs

Committee on 2021 Nobel Prize Summit: Our Planet, Our Future

Global Sustainability and Development

Policy and Global Affairs

images

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, DC
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. 2021 Nobel Prize Summit: Our Planet, Our Future: Proceedings of a Summit. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26310.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

This activity was supported by Academia Sinica, Arizona State University, af Jochnick Foundation, Carl Bennet AB, Carnegie Corporation of New York under award number G-21-58294, Elsevier, JPB Foundation under award number 2020-1963, Peace Department, Porticus, Sea Change Foundation, and Walton Family Foundation under award number 00102256. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-09366-8
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-09366-X
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/26310

Additional copies of this publication are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu.

Copyright 2021 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America

Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Nobel Prize Summit: Our Planet, Our Future: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/26310.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. 2021 Nobel Prize Summit: Our Planet, Our Future: Proceedings of a Summit. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26310.
×

Image

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to bring the practices of engineering to advising the nation. Members are elected by their peers for extraordinary contributions to engineering. Dr. John L. Anderson is president.

The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president.

The three Academies work together as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. The National Academies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine.

Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org.


Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task.

Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. 2021 Nobel Prize Summit: Our Planet, Our Future: Proceedings of a Summit. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26310.
×

“Whether humankind has the collective wisdom
to navigate the Anthropocene to sustain a livable biosphere
for generations to come and for the rest of life with
which we share the planet is the most formidable
challenge facing our species.”

—Carl Folke

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. 2021 Nobel Prize Summit: Our Planet, Our Future: Proceedings of a Summit. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26310.
×

STEERING COMMITTEE ON NOBEL PRIZE SUMMIT:
Image OUR PLANET, OUR FUTURE Image

NOBEL PRIZE SUMMIT STEERING COMMITTEE
Image

Peter Doherty* (NAS/NAM), Laureate Professor, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Melbourne

Jennifer Doudna* (NAS/NAM), Professor, Department of Molecular and Cell Biology and Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley

Ottmar Edenhofer, Director and Chief Economist, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research; Professor, Technical University of Berlin

Carl Folke (NAS), Director and Professor, Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences

Vidar Helgesen, Executive Director, Nobel Foundation

Jane Lubchenco (NAS), Deputy Director for Climate and the Environment, White House Office of Science and Technology Policy; Professor, Oregon State University

Marcia McNutt (NAS/NAE), President, National Academy of Sciences

William Nordhaus* (NAS), Sterling Professor of Economics, Department of Economics, Yale University

Paul Nurse* (NAS), Director, The Francis Crick Institute

Johan Rockström, Director, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research; Professor, University of Potsdam

Hans Joachim Schellnhuber (NAS), Director Emeritus, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research

Brian Schmidt* (NAS), Vice Chancellor, President, Chief Executive Officer, and Professor, Australian National University

Yuan Tseh Lee* (NAS), President Emeritus, Institute of Atomic and Molecular Sciences, Academia Sinica

Laurence Tubiana, Chief Executive Officer, European Climate Foundation

NOBEL PRIZE SUMMIT PLANNING COMMITTEE
Image

Carl Folke (NAS) (Chair), Director and Professor, Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences

David Dzombak (NAE), Hamerschlag University Professor and Head, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University

Susan Hanson (NAS), Distinguished University Professor Emerita, School of Geography, Clark University

Vidar Helgesen, Executive Director, Nobel Foundation

Johan Rockström, Director, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research; Professor, University of Potsdam

NATIONAL ACADEMIES STAFF
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Franklin Carrero-Martínez, Senior Director, Global Sustainability and Development and Science and Technology for Sustainability Program

Negin Sobhani, Senior Program Officer, Global Sustainability and Development

Ann Merchant, Deputy Executive Director, Office of the Chief Communications Officer

Emi Kameyama, Program Officer, Science and Technology for Sustainability Program

CONSULTANT
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Paula Tarnapol Whitacre, Principal, Full Circle Communications, LLC

___________________

*Nobel laureates.

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. 2021 Nobel Prize Summit: Our Planet, Our Future: Proceedings of a Summit. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26310.
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“Let us make it our goal that our discussions
resonate with everyone on the planet and the
theme ‘Our Planet, Our Future’ rings true
to everyone, regardless of who they are,
where they come from, and
where they live.”

—Magdalena Skipper

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. 2021 Nobel Prize Summit: Our Planet, Our Future: Proceedings of a Summit. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26310.
×

PREFACE AND ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

On a train to the 2018 World Economic Forum Annual Meeting in Davos, Switzerland, former Nobel Foundation CEO Lars Heikensten and then incoming director of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research Johan Rockström agreed to convene a global event bringing together “a selected group of laureates in a scientific dialogue on the global sustainability challenge for humanity.” In September 2018, Potsdam Institute leadership proposed a collaboration to U.S. National Academy of Sciences (NAS) President Marcia McNutt to help contribute the scientific foundation for what later became known as the Nobel Prize Summit.

Shortly afterward, a steering committee, including the NAS president and other NAS and National Academy of Medicine members, was established to begin the planning process for the summit in partnership with the Nobel Foundation, NAS, the Potsdam Institute, and the Stockholm Resilience Centre/Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics. Starting in 2018, a core working group from these institutions met via teleconference on a weekly basis and also in person in June 2019, October 2019, and January 2020 to plan the summit. The October 2019 meeting included a selected group of world-leading experts, which helped set the scientific underpinnings for the event. The Nobel Prize Summit was originally scheduled for April 2020 at the NAS building in Washington, DC, but was postponed due to the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). To help set the stage for the summit, a virtual workshop on Progress, Challenges, and Opportunities for Sustainability Science was held in fall 2020, which allowed additional scientific experts to provide input to the summit and bring parts of the climate change and sustainability communities together based on six cross-cutting capacities of sustainability science (see Box 2-2 in Chapter 2). In January 2021, the committee launched the Nobel Prize Summit Webinar Series as a way to have additional, in-depth discussions ahead of the summit. In addition, a white paper on the Anthropocene biosphere was developed as the basis of planning the Nobel Prize Summit (see Chapter 2).

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. 2021 Nobel Prize Summit: Our Planet, Our Future: Proceedings of a Summit. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26310.
×

On April 26–28, 2021, the first-ever Nobel Prize Summit: Our Planet, Our Future was convened as a virtual event focused on pressing global challenges: climate change and biodiversity loss; rising inequality; and rapid societal transformation enabled by emerging and converging technologies. These three topics were selected in consultation with the summit steering committee and partner organizations to continue building trust in scientific reasoning while exploring transformative models for people and the planet on some of the most pressing existential challenges faced by humanity on Earth. The COVID-19 pandemic has awoken the world to the fact that some crises can only be solved on a global scale, and the themes addressed at the Nobel Prize Summit were deeply connected and linked to human health. This was a unique opportunity to examine challenges and opportunities for global sustainability science and evidence-based solutions by building a bridge between Nobel laureates and other world-leading scientists and experts, business executives, artists, and young leaders. Moving to a virtual format allowed the summit to reach a larger global audience with high-impact content, including 27,838 registered for the summit representing 210 countries and territories, more than 21,500 unique visitors to the platform during the 3 days, and 38 Nobel laureates actively engaging in the summit.

The Nobel Prize Summit would not have been possible without the sponsors of the summit, including Academia Sinica, Arizona State University’s Julie Ann Wrigley Global Futures Laboratory, af Jochnick Foundation, Carl Bennet AB, Carnegie Corporation of New York, Elsevier, JPB Foundation, the Peace Department, Porticus, Sea Change Foundation, and Walton Family Foundation. Other partner organizations included DICCE, the Embassy of Italy in the United States, the Embassy of Sweden in the United States, the Global Solutions Summit, PeaceTech Lab, Project Syndicate, S&R Foundation, and the Club of Rome. Other partner organizations included DICCE, the Embassy of Italy in the United States, the Embassy of Sweden in the United States, the Global Solutions Summit, the Peace Department, PeaceTech Lab, Project Syndicate, S&R Foundation, and the Club of Rome. The planning sessions in October 2019 and fall 2020 were made possible by financial support from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s George and Cynthia Mitchell Endowment for Sustainability Science.

On behalf of the National Academies, we want to express our sincere appreciation to the summit executive team responsible for organizing the summit, namely, Owen Gaffney, Potsdam Institute and Stockholm Resilience Centre/Beijer Institute; Holger Hoff, Potsdam Institute; Anna Sjöström Douagi, Nobel Foundation; and Negin Sobhani, the National Academies. The committee also recognizes the contribution of colleagues in the communications teams from the Nobel Foundation (Lena Abrahamsson, Ebba Bourghardt, Magnus Gylje, Rebecka Oxelström, and Maria von Konow), Potsdam Institute (Nadin Gaasch, Marie Kimbel, Juliane Otto, Jonas Viering, and Lila Warszawski), Stockholm Resilience Centre/Beijer Institute (Sturle Simonsen), and the National Academies (Jeffrey Fishman, Molly Galvin, William Kearney, David May, Ann Merchant, and Cortney Sloan) for their support and assistance with summit activities.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. 2021 Nobel Prize Summit: Our Planet, Our Future: Proceedings of a Summit. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26310.
×

This Proceedings of a Summit was prepared by the rapporteurs as a factual summary of what was presented and discussed at the summit. The planning committee’s role was limited to planning and convening the summit. The statements made are those of the rapporteurs and do not necessarily represent positions of the summit participants as a whole, the planning committee, or the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. We wish to extend sincere thanks to all the members of the planning committee for their contributions in scoping, developing, and carrying out this project.

This Proceedings of a Summit was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published proceedings as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process.

We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings: Thomas Lovejoy, George Mason University; Kate Pickett, University of York; and Miguel Román, Universities Space Research Association. Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the proceedings, nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this proceedings was overseen by Frances Colón, Jasperi Consulting. She was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this proceedings was carried out in accordance with standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the rapporteurs and the National Academies.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. 2021 Nobel Prize Summit: Our Planet, Our Future: Proceedings of a Summit. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26310.
×

“We can no longer act incrementally,
we must act exponentially, collectively,
and in parallel.”

—Johan Rockström

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. 2021 Nobel Prize Summit: Our Planet, Our Future: Proceedings of a Summit. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26310.
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FROM THE SCIENCE SESSIONS: Breakthroughs in Technologies and Social Innovation for Resilient Societies and Global Sustainability

Important Innovations

Mobilizing Political Will and Trust in Science

References

4 Our Future

MAIN STAGE: A View to the Future

European Perspective

Connecting Science and Engineering

MAIN STAGE: Lessons from the Pandemic

MAIN STAGE: Reaching Beyond Science: Spirituality and the Arts

Paying Attention to “Inner Science”

Messages within Music

Greek Tragedy with a Modern Lesson

SOLUTION SESSIONS

Transformational Economics: Valuing Our Future

Roots of Change: Empathy as a Collective Responsibility

Our Planet: From Human Impact to Climate Action and Sustainable Industry Solutions

The Future of Sustainability Education

Start-up Solutions: How Social Enterprises Are Addressing 21st Century Challenges

From Results in the Lab to Results on the Ground

Online Disinformation and Human Rights

Smart Cities and New Green Solutions

A Call for an Intergovernmental Panel on the Information Environment

Critical Pathway: Implementing Comprehensive Design Models for People and Planet

Acting Today for an Ambitious Tomorrow

The Sustainable Development Goals and International Research Collaboration

FROM THE SCIENCE SESSIONS: Toward Sustainable Futures: Governance, Inclusivity, and Stewardship

FROM THE SCIENCE SESSIONS: Call for Action and Concluding Remarks

References


Appendix A Main Stages Agenda

Appendix B Academic Science Sesssions Agenda

Appendix C Solution Sessions Agenda

Appendix D An Urgent Call for Action

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. 2021 Nobel Prize Summit: Our Planet, Our Future: Proceedings of a Summit. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26310.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. 2021 Nobel Prize Summit: Our Planet, Our Future: Proceedings of a Summit. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26310.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. 2021 Nobel Prize Summit: Our Planet, Our Future: Proceedings of a Summit. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26310.
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2021 Nobel Prize Summit: Our Planet, Our Future: Proceedings of a Summit Get This Book
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Our future depends on our collective ability to become effective stewards of the global commons - the climate, ice, land, ocean, fresh water, forests, soils and rich diversity of life. Hosted by the Nobel Foundation and organized by the US National Academy of Sciences in partnership with the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research and the Stockholm Resilience Centre/Beijer Institute, the first Nobel Prize Summit brought together Nobel Prize laureates, scientists, policy makers, business leaders, and youth leaders to explore the question: What can be achieved in this decade to put the world on a path to a more sustainable, more prosperous future for all of humanity?

From April 26-28, 2021, this virtual event combined keynotes and lively discussion with live performance and theatre. Framed around the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals, speakers explored solutions to some of humanity's greatest challenges: climate change and biodiversity loss, increasing inequality, and technological innovation in support of societal goals. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions of the Summit.

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