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Suggested Citation:"FRONT MATTER." National Research Council. 1994. The Funding of Young Investigators in the Biological and Biomedical Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4746.
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THE FUNDING OF YOUNG INVESTIGATORS IN THE BIOLOGICAL AND BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES

Committee on the Funding of Young Investigators in the Biological and Biomedical Sciences

Board on Biology

Commission on Life Sciences

National Research Council


NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
Washington, D.C.
1994

Suggested Citation:"FRONT MATTER." National Research Council. 1994. The Funding of Young Investigators in the Biological and Biomedical Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4746.
×
Suggested Citation:"FRONT MATTER." National Research Council. 1994. The Funding of Young Investigators in the Biological and Biomedical Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4746.
×
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Suggested Citation:"FRONT MATTER." National Research Council. 1994. The Funding of Young Investigators in the Biological and Biomedical Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4746.
×

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competence and with regard for appropriate balance.

The report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.

This study by the National Research Council's Commission on Life Sciences was sponsored by Department of Defense PO MDA903-91-M5267, Department of Energy grant DE-FG05-91-ER61167, National Institutes of Health PO 263-MD-107969 and 263-MD-12904, National Science Foundation grant BBS9023767, Markey Foundation grant 90-44, and the National Research Council Basic Science Fund.

Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 94-66103

International Standard Book No. 0-309-05077-4

Additional copies of this report are available from:
National Academy Press
2101 Constitution Avenue, NW Box 285 Washington, DC 20055 800-624-6242 202-334-3313 (in the Washington Metropolitan Area)

Copyright 1994 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested Citation:"FRONT MATTER." National Research Council. 1994. The Funding of Young Investigators in the Biological and Biomedical Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4746.
×

COMMITTEE ON THE FUNDING OF YOUNG INVESTIGATORS IN THE BIOLOGICAL AND BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES

Shirley M. Tilghman (Co-chair),

Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey

Torsten N. Wiesel (Co-chair),

Rockefeller University, New York, New York

Harold Amos,

Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts

Pamela J. Bjorkman,

California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California

Donald D. Brown,

Carnegie Institution of Washington, Baltimore, Maryland

Francis J. Bullock,

Arthur D. Little, Inc., Cambridge, Massachusetts

Nicholas R. Cozzarelli,

University of California, Berkeley, California

William H. Danforth,

Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri

Charlotte V. Kuh,

Educational Testing Service, Princeton, New Jersey

Robert T. Paine,

University of Washington, Seattle, Washington

Robin E. Reed,

Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts

Rebecca W. Rimel,

Pew Charitable Trusts, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Luis Sequeira,

University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin

Staff

Peggy Fischer

John E. Burris

Joseph L. Zelibor

Alvin G. Lazen

Norman Grossblatt, Editor

Suggested Citation:"FRONT MATTER." National Research Council. 1994. The Funding of Young Investigators in the Biological and Biomedical Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4746.
×

BOARD ON BIOLOGY

Michael T. Clegg (Chair),

University of California, Riverside, California

Ananda M. Chakrabarty,

University of Illinois Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois

Gerald D. Fischbach,

Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts

Richard E. Lenski,

Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan

Barbara J. Mazur,

E. I. du Pont de Nemours, Wilmington, Delaware

Daniel Morse,

University of California, Santa Barbara, California

Mary Lou Pardue,

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts

Daniel Simberloff,

Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida

Michael E. Soulé,

University of California, Santa Cruz, California

Shirley M. Tilghman,

Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey

Geerat J. Vermeij,

University of California, Davis, California

Staff

Eric A. Fischer, Director

Paulette A. Adams, Administrative Assistant

Suggested Citation:"FRONT MATTER." National Research Council. 1994. The Funding of Young Investigators in the Biological and Biomedical Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4746.
×

COMMISSION ON LIFE SCIENCES

Thomas D. Pollard (Chair),

Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland

Bruce N. Ames,

University of California, Berkeley, California

John C. Bailar III,

McGill University, Montreal, Canada

J. Michael Bishop,

University of California Medical Center, San Francisco, California

John E. Burris,

Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, Massachusetts

Michael T. Clegg,

University of California, Riverside, California

Glenn A. Crosby,

Washington State University, Pullman, Washington

Leroy E. Hood,

University of Washington, Seattle, Washington

Marian E. Koshland,

University of California, Berkeley, California

Richard E. Lenski,

Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan

Emil A. Pfitzer,

Hoffmann-La Roche Inc., Nutley, New Jersey

Malcolm C. Pike,

University of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California

Henry C. Pitot,

University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin

Paul G. Risser,

Miami University of Ohio, Oxford, Ohio

Jonathan M. Samet,

University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico

Harold M. Schmeck, Jr.,

Armonk, New York

Carla J. Shatz,

University of California, Berkeley, California

Susan S. Taylor,

University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California

P. Roy Vagelos,

Merck & Company, Inc., Rahway, New Jersey

John L. VandeBerg,

Southwest Foundation for Medical Research, San Antonio, Texas

Torsten N. Wiesel,

Rockefeller University, New York, New York

Staff

Paul Gilman, Executive Director

Alvin G. Lazen, Associate Executive Director

Solveig M. Padilla, Administrative Assistant

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"FRONT MATTER." National Research Council. 1994. The Funding of Young Investigators in the Biological and Biomedical Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4746.
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The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, selfperpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Robert M. White is president of the National Academy of Engineering.

The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of public policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I. Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine.

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and of advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce Alberts and Dr. Robert M. White are chairman and vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council.

Suggested Citation:"FRONT MATTER." National Research Council. 1994. The Funding of Young Investigators in the Biological and Biomedical Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4746.
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Suggested Citation:"FRONT MATTER." National Research Council. 1994. The Funding of Young Investigators in the Biological and Biomedical Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4746.
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Suggested Citation:"FRONT MATTER." National Research Council. 1994. The Funding of Young Investigators in the Biological and Biomedical Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4746.
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The Funding of Young Investigators in the Biological and Biomedical Sciences Get This Book
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This book brings to light trends in the support of life scientists beginning their professional careers. In 1985, 3,040 scientists under the age of 36 applied for individual investigator (R01) grants from the National Institutes of Health, and 1,002 received awards, for a "success rate" of 33%. In 1993, 1,389 scientists under the age of 36 applied for R01 grants and 302 received awards, for a success rate of 21.7%. Even when R23/R29 grant awards (both intended for new investigators) are added to the R01 awards, the number of R01 plus R23 awards made in 1985 was 1,308, and in 1993, the number of R01 plus R29 was 527. These recent trends in the funding of young biomedical research scientists, and the fact that young nonbiomedical scientists historically have had a smaller base of support to draw upon when beginning their careers, raises serious questions about the future of life science research. It is the purpose of this volume to present data about the trends and examine their implications.

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