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Isotopes for Medicine and the Life Sciences (1995)

Chapter: C Acronyms and Abbreviations

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Suggested Citation:"C Acronyms and Abbreviations." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Isotopes for Medicine and the Life Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4818.
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APPENDIX C Acronyms and Abbreviations


AEC

Atomic Energy Commission

AECL

Atomic Energy of Canada, Ltd.

AGS

alternating gradient synchrotron

AMS

accelerator mass spectrometry

ANL

Argonne National Laboratory

ANS

Advanced Neutron Source

AUI

Associated Universities, Inc.

AVLIS

atomic vapor laser isotope separation


BLIP

Brookhaven Linac Isotope Production Facility

BNL

Brookhaven National Laboratory


CEBAF

Continuous-Electron-Beam Accelerator Facility

CFR

Code of Federal Regulations

Ci

curie

CRADA

cooperative research and development agreement


DOE

U.S. Department of Energy


ERDA

Energy Research and Development Agency


FDA

U.S. Food and Drug Administration

FTC

U.S. Federal Trade Commission


GAO

U.S. General Accounting Office


IPDP

Isotope Production and Distribution Program

IRE

Institute National des Radioéléments

Suggested Citation:"C Acronyms and Abbreviations." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Isotopes for Medicine and the Life Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4818.
×

KeV

thousand electron volts


LAMPF

Los Alamos Meson Physics Facility

LANL

Los Alamos National Laboratory

LBL

Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory

Linac

linear accelerator

LLNL

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

LLRW

low-level radioactive waste


MeV

million electron volts

MURR

University of Missouri Research Reactor

MW

megawatts


NBTF

National Biomedical Tracer Facility

NIP

National Isotope Program

NMR

nuclear magnetic resonance

NRC

U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission

NSF

National Science Foundation


OHER

U.S. DOE Office of Health and Environmental Research

ORNL

Oak Ridge National Laboratory


PET

positron-emission tomography


RCC

Radiochemical Company (division of AECL)


SPECT

single-photon emission computed tomography

SUNY-SB

State University of New York - Stony Brook

Sv

Sievert


TRIUMF

Tri-University Meson Facility


VAC

vacuum arc centrifuge
Suggested Citation:"C Acronyms and Abbreviations." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Isotopes for Medicine and the Life Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4818.
×
Page 123
Suggested Citation:"C Acronyms and Abbreviations." Institute of Medicine. 1995. Isotopes for Medicine and the Life Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4818.
×
Page 124
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Radioactive isotopes and enriched stable isotopes are used widely in medicine, agriculture, industry, and science, where their application allows us to perform many tasks more accurately, more simply, less expensively, and more quickly than would otherwise be possible. Indeed, in many cases--for example, biological tracers--there is no alternative. In a stellar example of "technology transfer" that began before the term was popular, the Department of Energy (DOE) and its predecessors has supported the development and application of isotopes and their transfer to the private sector. The DOE is now at an important crossroads: Isotope production has suffered as support for DOE's laboratories has declined. In response to a DOE request, this book is an intensive examination of isotope production and availability, including the education and training of those who will be needed to sustain the flow of radioactive and stable materials from their sources to the laboratories and medical care facilities in which they are used. Chapters include an examination of enriched stable isotopes; reactor and accelerator-produced radionuclides; partnerships among industries, national laboratories, and universities; and national isotope policy.

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